Array.GetLowerBound(Int32) Array.GetLowerBound(Int32) Array.GetLowerBound(Int32) Array.GetLowerBound(Int32) Method

Definición

Obtiene el índice del primer elemento de la dimensión especificada en la matriz.Gets the index of the first element of the specified dimension in the array.

public:
 int GetLowerBound(int dimension);
public int GetLowerBound (int dimension);
member this.GetLowerBound : int -> int
Public Function GetLowerBound (dimension As Integer) As Integer

Parámetros

dimension
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Dimensión de base cero de la matriz cuyo índice de inicio debe determinarse.A zero-based dimension of the array whose starting index needs to be determined.

Devoluciones

El índice del primer elemento de la dimensión especificada en la matriz.The index of the first element of the specified dimension in the array.

Excepciones

dimension es menor que cero.dimension is less than zero.

O bien-or- dimension es igual o mayor que Rank.dimension is equal to or greater than Rank.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se GetLowerBound utilizan GetUpperBound los métodos y para mostrar los límites de una matriz unidimensional y bidimensional y para mostrar los valores de sus elementos de matriz.The following example uses the GetLowerBound and GetUpperBound methods to display the bounds of a one-dimensional and two-dimensional array and to display the values of their array elements.

using namespace System;

void main()  
{
   // Create a one-dimensional integer array.
   array<int>^ integers = { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 };
   // Get the upper and lower bound of the array.
   int upper = integers->GetUpperBound(0);
   int lower = integers->GetLowerBound(0);
   Console::WriteLine("Elements from index {0} to {1}:", lower, upper);
   // Iterate the array.
   for (int ctr = lower; ctr <= upper; ctr++)
     Console::Write("{0}{1}{2}", ctr == lower ? "   " : "", 
                                 integers[ctr], 
                                 ctr < upper ? ", " : Environment::NewLine);

   Console::WriteLine();
   
   // Create a two-dimensional integer array.
   array<int, 2>^ integers2d = { {2, 4}, {3, 9}, {4, 16}, {5, 25}, 
                                 {6, 36}, {7, 49}, {8, 64}, {9, 81} }; 
   // Get the number of dimensions.                               
   int rank = integers2d->Rank;  
   Console::WriteLine("Number of dimensions: {0}", rank);      
   for (int ctr = 0; ctr < rank; ctr++)
     Console::WriteLine("   Dimension {0}: from {1} to {2}",
                        ctr, integers2d->GetLowerBound(ctr),
                        integers2d->GetUpperBound(ctr));

   // Iterate the 2-dimensional array and display its values.
   Console::WriteLine("   Values of array elements:");
   for (int outer = integers2d->GetLowerBound(0); outer <= integers2d->GetUpperBound(0);
        outer++)
     for (int inner = integers2d->GetLowerBound(1); inner <= integers2d->GetUpperBound(1);
          inner++)
        Console::WriteLine("      {3}{0}, {1}{4} = {2}", outer, inner,
                           integers2d->GetValue(outer, inner), "{", "}");
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Elements from index 0 to 9:
//          2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20
//       
//       Number of dimensions: 2
//          Dimension 0: from 0 to 7
//          Dimension 1: from 0 to 1
//          Values of array elements:
//             {0, 0} = 2
//             {0, 1} = 4
//             {1, 0} = 3
//             {1, 1} = 9
//             {2, 0} = 4
//             {2, 1} = 16
//             {3, 0} = 5
//             {3, 1} = 25
//             {4, 0} = 6
//             {4, 1} = 36
//             {5, 0} = 7
//             {5, 1} = 49
//             {6, 0} = 8
//             {6, 1} = 64
//             {7, 0} = 9
//             {7, 1} = 81
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()  
   {
      // Create a one-dimensional integer array.
      int[] integers = { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 };
      // Get the upper and lower bound of the array.
      int upper = integers.GetUpperBound(0);
      int lower = integers.GetLowerBound(0);
      Console.WriteLine($"Elements from index {lower} to {upper}:");
      // Iterate the array.
      for (int ctr = lower; ctr <= upper; ctr++)
        Console.Write($"{(ctr == lower ?"   " : "")}{integers[ctr]}" +
                      $"{(ctr < upper ? ", " : Environment.NewLine)}");

      Console.WriteLine();
      
      // Create a two-dimensional integer array.
      int[,] integers2d= { {2, 4}, {3, 9}, {4, 16}, {5, 25}, 
                           {6, 36}, {7, 49}, {8, 64}, {9, 81} }; 
      // Get the number of dimensions.                               
      int rank = integers2d.Rank;  
      Console.WriteLine($"Number of dimensions: {rank}");      
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr < rank; ctr++)
        Console.WriteLine($"   Dimension {ctr}: " + 
                          $"from {integers2d.GetLowerBound(ctr)} to {integers2d.GetUpperBound(ctr)}");

      // Iterate the 2-dimensional array and display its values.
      Console.WriteLine("   Values of array elements:");
      for (int outer = integers2d.GetLowerBound(0); outer <= integers2d.GetUpperBound(0);
           outer++)
        for (int inner = integers2d.GetLowerBound(1); inner <= integers2d.GetUpperBound(1);
             inner++)
           Console.WriteLine($"      {'\u007b'}{outer}, {inner}{'\u007d'} = " +
                             $"{integers2d.GetValue(outer, inner)}");

   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Elements from index 0 to 9:
//          2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20
//       
//       Number of dimensions: 2
//          Dimension 0: from 0 to 7
//          Dimension 1: from 0 to 1
//          Values of array elements:
//             {0, 0} = 2
//             {0, 1} = 4
//             {1, 0} = 3
//             {1, 1} = 9
//             {2, 0} = 4
//             {2, 1} = 16
//             {3, 0} = 5
//             {3, 1} = 25
//             {4, 0} = 6
//             {4, 1} = 36
//             {5, 0} = 7
//             {5, 1} = 49
//             {6, 0} = 8
//             {6, 1} = 64
//             {7, 0} = 9
//             {7, 1} = 81
Public Module Example    
    Public Sub Main()
        ' Create a one-dimensional integer array.
        Dim integers() As Integer = { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 }
        ' Get the upper and lower bound of the array.
        Dim upper As Integer = integers.GetUpperBound(0)
        Dim lower As Integer = integers.GetLowerBound(0)
        Console.WriteLine($"Elements from index {lower} to {upper}:")
        ' Iterate the array.
        For ctr As Integer = lower To upper
           Console.Write("{0}{1}{2}", If(ctr = lower, "   ", ""), 
                                     integers(ctr), 
                                     If(ctr < upper, ", ", vbCrLf))
        Next
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Create a two-dimensional integer array.
        Dim integers2d(,) As Integer = {{2, 4}, {3, 9}, {4, 16}, {5, 25}, 
                                       {6, 36}, {7, 49}, {8, 64}, {9, 81} } 
        ' Get the number of dimensions.                               
        Dim rank As Integer = integers2d.Rank  
        Console.WriteLine($"Number of dimensions: {rank}")      
        For ctr As Integer = 0 To rank - 1
           Console.WriteLine($"   Dimension {ctr}: " +
                             $"from {integers2d.GetLowerBound(ctr)} to {integers2d.GetUpperBound(ctr)}")
        Next
        ' Iterate the 2-dimensional array and display its values.
        Console.WriteLine("   Values of array elements:")
        For outer = integers2d.GetLowerBound(0) To integers2d.GetUpperBound(0)
           For inner = integers2d.GetLowerBound(1) To integers2d.GetUpperBound(1)
              Console.WriteLine($"      {ChrW(&h07b)}{outer}, {inner}{ChrW(&h007d)} = " +
                                $"{integers2d.GetValue(outer, inner)}")
           Next
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output.
'       Elements from index 0 to 9:
'          2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20
'       
'       Number of dimensions: 2
'          Dimension 0: from 0 to 7
'          Dimension 1: from 0 to 1
'          Values of array elements:
'             {0, 0} = 2
'             {0, 1} = 4
'             {1, 0} = 3
'             {1, 1} = 9
'             {2, 0} = 4
'             {2, 1} = 16
'             {3, 0} = 5
'             {3, 1} = 25
'             {4, 0} = 6
'             {4, 1} = 36
'             {5, 0} = 7
'             {5, 1} = 49
'             {6, 0} = 8
'             {6, 1} = 64
'             {7, 0} = 9
'             {7, 1} = 81

Comentarios

GetLowerBound(0)Devuelve el índice inicial de la primera dimensión de la matriz y GetLowerBound(Rank - 1) devuelve el índice inicial de la última dimensión de la matriz.GetLowerBound(0) returns the starting index of the first dimension of the array, and GetLowerBound(Rank - 1) returns the starting index of the last dimension of the array.

El GetLowerBound método siempre devuelve un valor que indica el índice del límite inferior de la matriz, incluso si la matriz está vacía.The GetLowerBound method always returns a value that indicates the index of the lower bound of the array, even if the array is empty.

Tenga en cuenta que, aunque la mayoría de las matrices del .NET Framework son de base cero (es GetLowerBound decir, el método devuelve cero para cada dimensión de una matriz), el .NET Framework admite matrices que no son de base cero.Note that, although most arrays in the .NET Framework are zero-based (that is, the GetLowerBound method returns zero for each dimension of an array), the .NET Framework does support arrays that are not zero-based. Estas matrices se pueden crear con el CreateInstance(Type, Int32[], Int32[]) método y también se pueden devolver desde código no administrado.Such arrays can be created with the CreateInstance(Type, Int32[], Int32[]) method, and can also be returned from unmanaged code.

Este método es una operación O (1).This method is an O(1) operation.

Se aplica a

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