Converter<TInput,TOutput> Delegado

Definición

Representa un método que convierte un tipo de objeto a otro tipo.Represents a method that converts an object from one type to another type.

generic <typename TInput, typename TOutput>
public delegate TOutput Converter(TInput input);
public delegate TOutput Converter<in TInput,out TOutput>(TInput input);
type Converter<'Input, 'Output> = delegate of 'Input -> 'Output
Public Delegate Function Converter(Of In TInput, Out TOutput)(input As TInput) As TOutput 

Parámetros de tipo

TInput

Tipo de objeto que se va a convertir.The type of object that is to be converted.

TOutput

Tipo al que se va a convertir el objeto de entrada.The type the input object is to be converted to.

Parámetros

input

Objeto que se va a convertir.The object to convert.

Valor devuelto

TOutput

TOutput que representa el TInput convertido.The TOutput that represents the converted TInput.

Herencia
Converter<TInput,TOutput>

Ejemplos

Esta sección contiene dos ejemplos de código.This section contains two code examples. En el primero se Converter<TInput,TOutput> muestra el delegado ConvertAll con el método Array de la clase y en el segundo se muestra el ConvertAll delegado con el List<T> método de la clase genérica.The first demonstrates the Converter<TInput,TOutput> delegate with the ConvertAll method of the Array class, and the second demonstrates the delegate with the ConvertAll method of the List<T> generic class.

Ejemplo 1Example 1

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se define PointFToPoint un método denominado que PointF convierte una estructura Point en una estructura.The following code example defines a method named PointFToPoint that converts a PointF structure to a Point structure. A continuación, en el ejemplo se PointF crea una matriz de Converter<PointF, Point> estructuras,Converter(Of PointF, Point) se crea un delegado (en PointFToPoint Visual Basic) para representar el método y se ConvertAll pasa el delegado al método.The example then creates an array of PointF structures, creates a Converter<PointF, Point> delegate (Converter(Of PointF, Point) in Visual Basic) to represent the PointFToPoint method, and passes the delegate to the ConvertAll method. El ConvertAll método pasa cada elemento de la lista de entrada PointFToPoint al método y coloca los elementos convertidos en una nueva lista Point de estructuras.The ConvertAll method passes each element of the input list to the PointFToPoint method and puts the converted elements into a new list of Point structures. Se muestran ambas listas.Both lists are displayed.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
{
    return Point((int) pf.X, (int) pf.Y);
};

void main()
{
    // Create an array of PointF objects.
    array<PointF>^ apf = {
        PointF(27.8F, 32.62F),
        PointF(99.3F, 147.273F),
        PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F) };


    // Display each element in the PointF array.
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(PointF p in apf)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }

    // Convert each PointF element to a Point object.
    array<Point>^ ap = 
        Array::ConvertAll(apf, 
            gcnew Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint)
        );

    // Display each element in the Point array.
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(Point p in ap)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create an array of PointF objects.
        PointF[] apf = {
            new PointF(27.8F, 32.62F),
            new PointF(99.3F, 147.273F),
            new PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F) };

        // Display each element in the PointF array.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( PointF p in apf )
            Console.WriteLine(p);

        // Convert each PointF element to a Point object.
        Point[] ap = Array.ConvertAll(apf, 
            new Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint));

        // Display each element in the Point array.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( Point p in ap )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(p);
        }
    }

    public static Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
    {
        return new Point(((int) pf.X), ((int) pf.Y));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create an array of PointF objects.
        Dim apf() As PointF = { _
            New PointF(27.8, 32.62), _
            New PointF(99.3, 147.273), _
            New PointF(7.5, 1412.2)  }

        ' Display each element in the PointF array.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As PointF In apf
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next
        
        ' Convert each PointF element to a Point object.
        Dim ap() As Point = Array.ConvertAll(apf, _
            New Converter(Of PointF, Point)(AddressOf PointFToPoint))

        ' Display each element in the Point array.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As Point In ap
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function PointFToPoint(ByVal pf As PointF) _
        As Point

        Return New Point(CInt(pf.X), CInt(pf.Y))
    End Function
End Class
' The example produces the following output:
'       {X=27.8, Y=32.62}
'       {X=99.3, Y=147.273}
'       {X=7.5, Y=1412.2}
'       
'       {X=28,Y=33}
'       {X=99,Y=147}
'       {X=8,Y=1412}

Ejemplo 2Example 2

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se define PointFToPoint un método denominado que PointF convierte una estructura Point en una estructura.The following code example defines a method named PointFToPoint that converts a PointF structure to a Point structure. A continuación, en el List<T> ejemplo PointF Converter\<PointF, Point> Converter(Of PointF, Point) secreaPointFToPoint un de estructuras, se crea un delegado (en Visual Basic) para representar el método y se pasa el delegado al método.ConvertAllThe example then creates a List<T> of PointF structures, creates a Converter\<PointF, Point> delegate (Converter(Of PointF, Point) in Visual Basic) to represent the PointFToPoint method, and passes the delegate to the ConvertAll method. El ConvertAll método pasa cada elemento de la lista de entrada PointFToPoint al método y coloca los elementos convertidos en una nueva lista Point de estructuras.The ConvertAll method passes each element of the input list to the PointFToPoint method and puts the converted elements into a new list of Point structures. Se muestran ambas listas.Both lists are displayed.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
{
    return Point((int) pf.X, (int) pf.Y);
};

void main()
{
    List<PointF>^ lpf = gcnew List<PointF>();

    lpf->Add(PointF(27.8F, 32.62F));
    lpf->Add(PointF(99.3F, 147.273F));
    lpf->Add(PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F));

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(PointF p in lpf)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }

    List<Point>^ lp = 
        lpf->ConvertAll<Point>(
            gcnew Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint)
        );

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(Point p in lp)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<PointF> lpf = new List<PointF>();

        lpf.Add(new PointF(27.8F, 32.62F));
        lpf.Add(new PointF(99.3F, 147.273F));
        lpf.Add(new PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F));

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( PointF p in lpf )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(p);
        }

        List<Point> lp = lpf.ConvertAll( 
            new Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint));

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( Point p in lp )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(p);
        }
    }

    public static Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
    {
        return new Point(((int) pf.X), ((int) pf.Y));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim lpf As New List(Of PointF)

        lpf.Add(New PointF(27.8, 32.62))
        lpf.Add(New PointF(99.3, 147.273))
        lpf.Add(New PointF(7.5, 1412.2))

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As PointF In lpf
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next

        Dim lp As List(Of Point) = lpf.ConvertAll( _
            New Converter(Of PointF, Point)(AddressOf PointFToPoint))

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As Point In lp
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next

    End Sub

    Public Shared Function PointFToPoint(ByVal pf As PointF) _
        As Point

        Return New Point(CInt(pf.X), CInt(pf.Y))
    End Function
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
'{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
'{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}
'
'{X=28,Y=33}
'{X=99,Y=147}
'{X=8,Y=1412}

Comentarios

Este ConvertAll delegado lo utiliza el método de la Array clase y el ConvertAll método de la List<T> clase para convertir cada elemento de la colección de un tipo a otro.This delegate is used by the ConvertAll method of the Array class and the ConvertAll method of the List<T> class to convert each element of the collection from one type to another.

Métodos de extensión

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtiene un objeto que representa el método representado por el delegado especificado.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Se aplica a