IPAddress IPAddress IPAddress IPAddress Class

Definición

Proporciona una dirección Protocolo Internet (Internet Protocol, IP).Provides an Internet Protocol (IP) address.

public ref class IPAddress
[System.Serializable]
public class IPAddress
type IPAddress = class
Public Class IPAddress
Herencia
IPAddressIPAddressIPAddressIPAddress
Atributos

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo consultar un servidor para obtener las direcciones de familia y las direcciones IP que admite.The following code example shows how to query a server to obtain the family addresses and the IP addresses it supports.

// This program shows how to use the IPAddress class to obtain a server 
// IP addressess and related information.
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Net;
using namespace System::Net::Sockets;
using namespace System::Text::RegularExpressions;

/**
* The IPAddresses method obtains the selected server IP address information.
* It then displays the type of address family supported by the server and its 
* IP address in standard and byte format.
**/
void IPAddresses( String^ server )
{
   try
   {
      System::Text::ASCIIEncoding^ ASCII = gcnew System::Text::ASCIIEncoding;
      
      // Get server related information.
      IPHostEntry^ heserver = Dns::GetHostEntry( server );
      
      // Loop on the AddressList
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = heserver->AddressList->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         IPAddress^ curAdd = safe_cast<IPAddress^>(myEnum->Current);
         
         // Display the type of address family supported by the server. If the
         // server is IPv6-enabled this value is: InterNetworkV6. If the server
         // is also IPv4-enabled there will be an additional value of InterNetwork.
         Console::WriteLine( "AddressFamily: {0}", curAdd->AddressFamily );
         
         // Display the ScopeId property in case of IPV6 addresses.
         if ( curAdd->AddressFamily.ToString() == ProtocolFamily::InterNetworkV6.ToString() )
                  Console::WriteLine( "Scope Id: {0}", curAdd->ScopeId );

         // Display the server IP address in the standard format. In 
         // IPv4 the format will be dotted-quad notation, in IPv6 it will be
         // in in colon-hexadecimal notation.
         Console::WriteLine( "Address: {0}", curAdd );
         
         // Display the server IP address in byte format.
         Console::Write( "AddressBytes: " );
         
         array<Byte>^bytes = curAdd->GetAddressBytes();
         for ( int i = 0; i < bytes->Length; i++ )
         {
            Console::Write( bytes[ i ] );

         }

         Console::WriteLine( "\r\n" );
      }
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "[DoResolve] Exception: {0}", e );
   }

}


// This IPAddressAdditionalInfo displays additional server address information.
void IPAddressAdditionalInfo()
{
   try
   {
      // Display the flags that show if the server supports IPv4 or IPv6
      // address schemas.
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nSupportsIPv4: {0}", Socket::SupportsIPv4 );
      Console::WriteLine( "SupportsIPv6: {0}", Socket::SupportsIPv6 );
      if ( Socket::SupportsIPv6 )
      {
         // Display the server Any address. This IP address indicates that the server 
         // should listen for client activity on all network interfaces. 
         Console::WriteLine( "\r\nIPv6Any: {0}", IPAddress::IPv6Any );

         // Display the server loopback address. 
         Console::WriteLine( "IPv6Loopback: {0}", IPAddress::IPv6Loopback );

         // Used during autoconfiguration first phase.
         Console::WriteLine( "IPv6None: {0}", IPAddress::IPv6None );
         Console::WriteLine( "IsLoopback(IPv6Loopback): {0}", IPAddress::IsLoopback( IPAddress::IPv6Loopback ) );
      }
      Console::WriteLine( "IsLoopback(Loopback): {0}", IPAddress::IsLoopback( IPAddress::Loopback ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "[IPAddresses] Exception: {0}", e );
   }

}

int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();
   String^ server = nullptr;

   // Define a regular expression to parse user's input.
   // This is a security check. It allows only
   // alphanumeric input string between 2 to 40 character long.
   Regex^ rex = gcnew Regex( "^[a-zA-Z]\\w{1,39}$" );
   if ( args->Length < 2 )
   {
      // If no server name is passed as an argument to this program, use the current 
      // server name as default.
      server = Dns::GetHostName();
      Console::WriteLine( "Using current host: {0}", server );
   }
   else
   {
      server = args[ 1 ];
      if (  !(rex->Match(server))->Success )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Input string format not allowed." );
         return  -1;
      }
   }

   // Get the list of the addresses associated with the requested server.
   IPAddresses( server );

   // Get additonal address information.
   IPAddressAdditionalInfo();
}

// This program shows how to use the IPAddress class to obtain a server 
// IP addressess and related information.

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

namespace Mssc.Services.ConnectionManagement
{

  class TestIPAddress 
  {

    /**
      * The IPAddresses method obtains the selected server IP address information.
      * It then displays the type of address family supported by the server and its 
      * IP address in standard and byte format.
      **/
    private static void IPAddresses(string server) 
    {
      try 
      {
        System.Text.ASCIIEncoding ASCII = new System.Text.ASCIIEncoding();
  
        // Get server related information.
        IPHostEntry heserver = Dns.GetHostEntry(server);

        // Loop on the AddressList
        foreach (IPAddress curAdd in heserver.AddressList) 
        {


          // Display the type of address family supported by the server. If the
          // server is IPv6-enabled this value is: InterNetworkV6. If the server
          // is also IPv4-enabled there will be an additional value of InterNetwork.
          Console.WriteLine("AddressFamily: " + curAdd.AddressFamily.ToString());
          
          // Display the ScopeId property in case of IPV6 addresses.
          if(curAdd.AddressFamily.ToString() == ProtocolFamily.InterNetworkV6.ToString())
            Console.WriteLine("Scope Id: " + curAdd.ScopeId.ToString());


          // Display the server IP address in the standard format. In 
          // IPv4 the format will be dotted-quad notation, in IPv6 it will be
          // in in colon-hexadecimal notation.
          Console.WriteLine("Address: " + curAdd.ToString());
        
          // Display the server IP address in byte format.
          Console.Write("AddressBytes: ");



          Byte[] bytes = curAdd.GetAddressBytes();
          for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++) 
          {
            Console.Write(bytes[i]);
          }                          

          Console.WriteLine("\r\n");

        }

      }
      catch (Exception e) 
      {
        Console.WriteLine("[DoResolve] Exception: " + e.ToString());
      }
    }

    // This IPAddressAdditionalInfo displays additional server address information.
    private static void IPAddressAdditionalInfo() 
    {
      try 
      {
        // Display the flags that show if the server supports IPv4 or IPv6
        // address schemas.
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nSupportsIPv4: " + Socket.SupportsIPv4);
        Console.WriteLine("SupportsIPv6: " + Socket.SupportsIPv6);

        if (Socket.SupportsIPv6)
        {
          // Display the server Any address. This IP address indicates that the server 
          // should listen for client activity on all network interfaces. 
          Console.WriteLine("\r\nIPv6Any: " + IPAddress.IPv6Any.ToString());

          // Display the server loopback address. 
          Console.WriteLine("IPv6Loopback: " + IPAddress.IPv6Loopback.ToString());
      
          // Used during autoconfiguration first phase.
          Console.WriteLine("IPv6None: " + IPAddress.IPv6None.ToString());
      
          Console.WriteLine("IsLoopback(IPv6Loopback): " + IPAddress.IsLoopback(IPAddress.IPv6Loopback));
        }
        Console.WriteLine("IsLoopback(Loopback): " + IPAddress.IsLoopback(IPAddress.Loopback));
      }
      catch (Exception e) 
      {
        Console.WriteLine("[IPAddresses] Exception: " + e.ToString());
      }
    }


    public static void Main(string[] args) 
    {
      string server = null;
    
      // Define a regular expression to parse user's input.
      // This is a security check. It allows only
      // alphanumeric input string between 2 to 40 character long.
      Regex rex = new Regex(@"^[a-zA-Z]\w{1,39}$");

      if (args.Length < 1)
      {
        // If no server name is passed as an argument to this program, use the current 
        // server name as default.
        server = Dns.GetHostName();
        Console.WriteLine("Using current host: " + server);
      }
      else
      {
        server = args[0];
        if (!(rex.Match(server)).Success)
        {
          Console.WriteLine("Input string format not allowed.");
          return;
        }
      }

      // Get the list of the addresses associated with the requested server.
      IPAddresses(server);
    
      // Get additonal address information.
      IPAddressAdditionalInfo();
    }

  }
}
' This program shows how to use the IPAddress class to obtain a server 
' IP addressess and related information.
Imports System.Net
Imports System.Net.Sockets
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions

Namespace Mssc.Services.ConnectionManagement
  Module M_TestIPAddress

    Class TestIPAddress

      'The IPAddresses method obtains the selected server IP address information.
      'It then displays the type of address family supported by the server and 
      'its IP address in standard and byte format.
      Private Shared Sub IPAddresses(ByVal server As String)
        Try
          Dim ASCII As New System.Text.ASCIIEncoding()

          ' Get server related information.
          Dim heserver As IPHostEntry = Dns.Resolve(server)

          ' Loop on the AddressList
          Dim curAdd As IPAddress
          For Each curAdd In heserver.AddressList

            ' Display the type of address family supported by the server. If the
            ' server is IPv6-enabled this value is: InterNetworkV6. If the server
            ' is also IPv4-enabled there will be an additional value of InterNetwork.
            Console.WriteLine(("AddressFamily: " + curAdd.AddressFamily.ToString()))

            ' Display the ScopeId property in case of IPV6 addresses.
            If curAdd.AddressFamily.ToString() = ProtocolFamily.InterNetworkV6.ToString() Then
              Console.WriteLine(("Scope Id: " + curAdd.ScopeId.ToString()))
            End If

            ' Display the server IP address in the standard format. In 
            ' IPv4 the format will be dotted-quad notation, in IPv6 it will be
            ' in in colon-hexadecimal notation.
            Console.WriteLine(("Address: " + curAdd.ToString()))

            ' Display the server IP address in byte format.
            Console.Write("AddressBytes: ")



            Dim bytes As [Byte]() = curAdd.GetAddressBytes()
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To bytes.Length - 1
              Console.Write(bytes(i))
            Next i
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + ControlChars.Lf)
          Next curAdd 

        Catch e As Exception
          Console.WriteLine(("[DoResolve] Exception: " + e.ToString()))
        End Try
      End Sub


      ' This IPAddressAdditionalInfo displays additional server address information.
      Private Shared Sub IPAddressAdditionalInfo()
        Try
          ' Display the flags that show if the server supports IPv4 or IPv6
          ' address schemas.
          Console.WriteLine((ControlChars.Cr + ControlChars.Lf + "SupportsIPv4: " + Socket.SupportsIPv4.ToString()))
          Console.WriteLine(("SupportsIPv6: " + Socket.SupportsIPv6.ToString()))

          If Socket.SupportsIPv6 Then
            ' Display the server Any address. This IP address indicates that the server 
            ' should listen for client activity on all network interfaces. 
            Console.WriteLine((ControlChars.Cr + ControlChars.Lf + "IPv6Any: " + IPAddress.IPv6Any.ToString()))

            ' Display the server loopback address. 
            Console.WriteLine(("IPv6Loopback: " + IPAddress.IPv6Loopback.ToString()))

            ' Used during autoconfiguration first phase.
            Console.WriteLine(("IPv6None: " + IPAddress.IPv6None.ToString()))

            Console.WriteLine(("IsLoopback(IPv6Loopback): " + IPAddress.IsLoopback(IPAddress.IPv6Loopback).ToString()))
          End If
          Console.WriteLine(("IsLoopback(Loopback): " + IPAddress.IsLoopback(IPAddress.Loopback).ToString()))
        Catch e As Exception
          Console.WriteLine(("[IPAddresses] Exception: " + e.ToString()))
        End Try
      End Sub

      Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Dim server As String = Nothing

        ' Define a regular expression to parse user's input.
        ' This is a security check. It allows only
        ' alphanumeric input string between 2 to 40 character long.
        Dim rex As New Regex("^[a-zA-Z]\w{1,39}$")

        If args.Length < 1 Then
          ' If no server name is passed as an argument to this program, use the current 
          ' server name as default.
          server = Dns.GetHostName()
          Console.WriteLine(("Using current host: " + server))
        Else
          server = args(0)
          If Not rex.Match(server).Success Then
            Console.WriteLine("Input string format not allowed.")
            Return
          End If
        End If

        ' Get the list of the addresses associated with the requested server.
        IPAddresses(server)

        ' Get additonal address information.
        IPAddressAdditionalInfo()
      End Sub
    End Class
  End Module
End Namespace

Comentarios

La IPAddress clase contiene la dirección de un equipo en una red IP.The IPAddress class contains the address of a computer on an IP network.

Constructores

IPAddress(Byte[]) IPAddress(Byte[]) IPAddress(Byte[]) IPAddress(Byte[])

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase IPAddress con la dirección especificada como matriz Byte.Initializes a new instance of the IPAddress class with the address specified as a Byte array.

IPAddress(Byte[], Int64) IPAddress(Byte[], Int64) IPAddress(Byte[], Int64) IPAddress(Byte[], Int64)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase IPAddress con la dirección especificada como matriz Byte y el identificador de ámbito especificado.Initializes a new instance of the IPAddress class with the address specified as a Byte array and the specified scope identifier.

IPAddress(Int64) IPAddress(Int64) IPAddress(Int64) IPAddress(Int64)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase IPAddress con la dirección especificada como Int64.Initializes a new instance of the IPAddress class with the address specified as an Int64.

IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>) IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>) IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>) IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)
IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int64) IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int64) IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int64) IPAddress(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int64)

Campos

Any Any Any Any

Proporciona una dirección IP que indica que el servidor debe escuchar la actividad del cliente en todas las interfaces de red.Provides an IP address that indicates that the server must listen for client activity on all network interfaces. Este campo es de solo lectura.This field is read-only.

Broadcast Broadcast Broadcast Broadcast

Proporciona la dirección de difusión IP.Provides the IP broadcast address. Este campo es de solo lectura.This field is read-only.

IPv6Any IPv6Any IPv6Any IPv6Any

El método Bind(EndPoint) usa el campo IPv6Any para indicar que un objeto Socket debe escuchar la actividad del cliente en todas las interfaces de red.The Bind(EndPoint) method uses the IPv6Any field to indicate that a Socket must listen for client activity on all network interfaces.

IPv6Loopback IPv6Loopback IPv6Loopback IPv6Loopback

Proporciona la dirección de retorno de bucle IP.Provides the IP loopback address. Esta propiedad es de sólo lectura.This property is read-only.

IPv6None IPv6None IPv6None IPv6None

Proporciona una dirección IP que indica que no debe utilizarse ninguna interfaz de red.Provides an IP address that indicates that no network interface should be used. Esta propiedad es de sólo lectura.This property is read-only.

Loopback Loopback Loopback Loopback

Proporciona la dirección de retorno de bucle IP.Provides the IP loopback address. Este campo es de solo lectura.This field is read-only.

None None None None

Proporciona una dirección IP que indica que no debe utilizarse ninguna interfaz de red.Provides an IP address that indicates that no network interface should be used. Este campo es de solo lectura.This field is read-only.

Propiedades

Address Address Address Address

Dirección Protocolo Internet (Internet Protocol, IP).An Internet Protocol (IP) address.

AddressFamily AddressFamily AddressFamily AddressFamily

Obtiene la familia de direcciones de la dirección IP.Gets the address family of the IP address.

IsIPv4MappedToIPv6 IsIPv4MappedToIPv6 IsIPv4MappedToIPv6 IsIPv4MappedToIPv6

Determina si la dirección IP es una dirección IPv6 de IPv4 asignado.Gets whether the IP address is an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

IsIPv6LinkLocal IsIPv6LinkLocal IsIPv6LinkLocal IsIPv6LinkLocal

Determina si la dirección es una dirección local de vínculo IPv6.Gets whether the address is an IPv6 link local address.

IsIPv6Multicast IsIPv6Multicast IsIPv6Multicast IsIPv6Multicast

Determina si la dirección es una dirección de multidifusión global IPv6.Gets whether the address is an IPv6 multicast global address.

IsIPv6SiteLocal IsIPv6SiteLocal IsIPv6SiteLocal IsIPv6SiteLocal

Determina si la dirección es una dirección local de sitio IPv6.Gets whether the address is an IPv6 site local address.

IsIPv6Teredo IsIPv6Teredo IsIPv6Teredo IsIPv6Teredo

Obtiene un valor que indica si la dirección es una dirección Teredo IPv6.Gets whether the address is an IPv6 Teredo address.

ScopeId ScopeId ScopeId ScopeId

Obtiene o establece el identificador de ámbito de las direcciones IPv6.Gets or sets the IPv6 address scope identifier.

Métodos

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Compara dos direcciones IP.Compares two IP addresses.

GetAddressBytes() GetAddressBytes() GetAddressBytes() GetAddressBytes()

Proporciona una copia de IPAddress como matriz de bytes.Provides a copy of the IPAddress as an array of bytes.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Devuelve un valor hash de una dirección IP.Returns a hash value for an IP address.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
HostToNetworkOrder(Int16) HostToNetworkOrder(Int16) HostToNetworkOrder(Int16) HostToNetworkOrder(Int16)

Convierte un valor corto del orden de bytes del host al orden de bytes de la red.Converts a short value from host byte order to network byte order.

HostToNetworkOrder(Int32) HostToNetworkOrder(Int32) HostToNetworkOrder(Int32) HostToNetworkOrder(Int32)

Convierte un valor entero del orden de bytes del host al orden de bytes de la red.Converts an integer value from host byte order to network byte order.

HostToNetworkOrder(Int64) HostToNetworkOrder(Int64) HostToNetworkOrder(Int64) HostToNetworkOrder(Int64)

Convierte un valor largo del orden de bytes del host al orden de bytes de la red.Converts a long value from host byte order to network byte order.

IsLoopback(IPAddress) IsLoopback(IPAddress) IsLoopback(IPAddress) IsLoopback(IPAddress)

Indica si la dirección IP especificada es la dirección de retorno de bucle.Indicates whether the specified IP address is the loopback address.

MapToIPv4() MapToIPv4() MapToIPv4() MapToIPv4()

Asigna el objeto IPAddress a una dirección IPv4.Maps the IPAddress object to an IPv4 address.

MapToIPv6() MapToIPv6() MapToIPv6() MapToIPv6()

Asigna el objeto IPAddress a una dirección IPv6.Maps the IPAddress object to an IPv6 address.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del objeto Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
NetworkToHostOrder(Int16) NetworkToHostOrder(Int16) NetworkToHostOrder(Int16) NetworkToHostOrder(Int16)

Convierte un valor corto del orden de bytes de la red al orden de bytes del host.Converts a short value from network byte order to host byte order.

NetworkToHostOrder(Int32) NetworkToHostOrder(Int32) NetworkToHostOrder(Int32) NetworkToHostOrder(Int32)

Convierte un valor entero del orden de bytes de la red al orden de bytes del host.Converts an integer value from network byte order to host byte order.

NetworkToHostOrder(Int64) NetworkToHostOrder(Int64) NetworkToHostOrder(Int64) NetworkToHostOrder(Int64)

Convierte un valor largo del orden de bytes de la red al orden de bytes del host.Converts a long value from network byte order to host byte order.

Parse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>) Parse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>) Parse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>) Parse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>)
Parse(String) Parse(String) Parse(String) Parse(String)

Convierte una cadena de dirección IP en una instancia de IPAddress.Converts an IP address string to an IPAddress instance.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Convierte una dirección de Internet a su notación estándar.Converts an Internet address to its standard notation.

TryFormat(Span<Char>, Int32) TryFormat(Span<Char>, Int32) TryFormat(Span<Char>, Int32) TryFormat(Span<Char>, Int32)
TryParse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, IPAddress) TryParse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, IPAddress) TryParse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, IPAddress) TryParse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, IPAddress)
TryParse(String, IPAddress) TryParse(String, IPAddress) TryParse(String, IPAddress) TryParse(String, IPAddress)

Determina si una cadena es una dirección IP válida.Determines whether a string is a valid IP address.

TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32) TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32) TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32) TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32)

Se aplica a