X509Store X509Store X509Store X509Store Class

Definición

Representa un almacén de X.509 que es un almacén físico donde se conservan y administran certificados.Represents an X.509 store, which is a physical store where certificates are persisted and managed. Esta clase no puede heredarse.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class X509Store sealed : IDisposable
public sealed class X509Store : IDisposable
type X509Store = class
    interface IDisposable
Public NotInheritable Class X509Store
Implements IDisposable
Herencia
X509StoreX509StoreX509StoreX509Store
Implementaciones

Ejemplos

Esta sección contiene dos ejemplos.This section contains two examples. En el primer ejemplo se muestra cómo puede abrir almacenes X. 509 estándar y mostrar el número de certificados en cada uno de ellos.The first example demonstrates how you can open standard X.509 stores and list the number of certificates in each.

En el segundo ejemplo se muestra cómo se pueden agregar y quitar los certificados y rangos de certificados individuales.The second example demonstrates how you can add and remove single certificates and ranges of certificates.

Ejemplo 1Example 1

En este ejemplo se intenta abrir cada almacén estándar en cada ubicación estándar del equipo actual.This example tries to open each standard store in each standard location on the current computer. Imprime un resumen que muestra si cada almacén existe y, si es así, el número de certificados que contiene.It prints a summary that shows whether each store exists and, if so, the number of certificates it contains.

En el ejemplo se X509Store crea un objeto para cada combinación de nombre estándar y ubicación estándar.The example creates an X509Store object for each combination of standard name and standard location. Llama al Open método con la OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly marca, que abre el almacén físico solo si ya existe.It calls the Open method with the OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly flag, which opens the physical store only if it already exists. Si el almacén físico existe, en el ejemplo se Nameusan Locationlas propiedades Certificates , y para mostrar el número de certificados en el almacén.If the physical store exists, the example uses the Name, Location, and Certificates properties to display the number of certificates in the store.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

public class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nExists Certs Name and Location");
        Console.WriteLine("------ ----- -------------------------");

        foreach (StoreLocation storeLocation in (StoreLocation[]) 
            Enum.GetValues(typeof(StoreLocation)))
        {
            foreach (StoreName storeName in (StoreName[]) 
                Enum.GetValues(typeof(StoreName)))
            {
                X509Store store = new X509Store(storeName, storeLocation);

                try
                {
                    store.Open(OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

                    Console.WriteLine("Yes    {0,4}  {1}, {2}", 
                        store.Certificates.Count, store.Name, store.Location);
                }   
                catch (CryptographicException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("No           {0}, {1}", 
                        store.Name, store.Location);
                }
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

Exists Certs Name and Location
------ ----- -------------------------
Yes       1  AddressBook, CurrentUser
Yes      25  AuthRoot, CurrentUser
Yes     136  CA, CurrentUser
Yes      55  Disallowed, CurrentUser
Yes      20  My, CurrentUser
Yes      36  Root, CurrentUser
Yes       0  TrustedPeople, CurrentUser
Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, CurrentUser

No           AddressBook, LocalMachine
Yes      25  AuthRoot, LocalMachine
Yes     131  CA, LocalMachine
Yes      55  Disallowed, LocalMachine
Yes       3  My, LocalMachine
Yes      36  Root, LocalMachine
Yes       0  TrustedPeople, LocalMachine
Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, LocalMachine

 */
Option Strict On

Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates

Module Example

    Sub Main()

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Exists Certs Name and Location")
        Console.WriteLine("------ ----- -------------------------")

        For Each storeLocation As StoreLocation In _
                CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(StoreLocation)), StoreLocation())

            For Each storeName As StoreName In _
                    CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(StoreName)), StoreName())

                Dim store As New X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation)

                Try
                    store.Open(OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)
                    Console.WriteLine("Yes    {0,4}  {1}, {2}", _
                        store.Certificates.Count, store.Name, store.Location)
                Catch e As CryptographicException
                    Console.WriteLine("No           {0}, {1}", _
                        store.Name, store.Location)
                End Try
            Next

            Console.WriteLine()
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' This example produces output similar to the following:

'Exists Certs Name and Location
'------ ----- -------------------------
'Yes       1  AddressBook, CurrentUser
'Yes      25  AuthRoot, CurrentUser
'Yes     136  CA, CurrentUser
'Yes      55  Disallowed, CurrentUser
'Yes      20  My, CurrentUser
'Yes      36  Root, CurrentUser
'Yes       0  TrustedPeople, CurrentUser
'Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, CurrentUser

'No           AddressBook, LocalMachine
'Yes      25  AuthRoot, LocalMachine
'Yes     131  CA, LocalMachine
'Yes      55  Disallowed, LocalMachine
'Yes       3  My, LocalMachine
'Yes      36  Root, LocalMachine
'Yes       0  TrustedPeople, LocalMachine
'Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, LocalMachine

Ejemplo 2Example 2

En este ejemplo se abre un almacén de certificados X. 509, se agregan y eliminan certificados y, a continuación, se cierra el almacén.This example opens an X.509 certificate store, adds and deletes certificates, and then closes the store. Se supone que tiene tres certificados para agregar y quitar de un almacén local.It assumes that you have three certificates to add to and remove from a local store.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   
   //Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
   X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store( "teststore",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
   store->Open( OpenFlags::ReadWrite );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate = gcnew X509Certificate2;
   
   //Create certificates from certificate files.
   //You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate1 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate2 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate5 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   
   //Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ collection = gcnew X509Certificate2Collection;
   collection->Add( certificate2 );
   collection->Add( certificate5 );
   
   //Add certificates to the store.
   store->Add( certificate1 );
   store->AddRange( collection );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "Store name: {0}", store->Name );
   Console::WriteLine( "Store location: {0}", store->Location );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = storecollection->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
   }

   
   //Remove a certificate.
   store->Remove( certificate1 );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection2 = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}Store name: {0}", store->Name, Environment::NewLine );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = storecollection2->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
   {
      X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum1->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
   }

   
   //Remove a range of certificates.
   store->RemoveRange( collection );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection3 = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}Store name: {0}", store->Name, Environment::NewLine );
   if ( storecollection3->Count == 0 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Store contains no certificates." );
   }
   else
   {
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = storecollection3->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
      {
         X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum2->Current);
         Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
      }
   }

   
   //Close the store.
   store->Close();
}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.IO;

public class X509store2
{
    public static void Main (string[] args)
    {
        //Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
        X509Store store = new X509Store ("teststore", StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
        store.Open (OpenFlags.ReadWrite);
        X509Certificate2 certificate = new X509Certificate2 ();

        //Create certificates from certificate files.
        //You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
        X509Certificate2 certificate1 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");
        X509Certificate2 certificate2 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");
        X509Certificate2 certificate5 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");

        //Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
        X509Certificate2Collection collection = new X509Certificate2Collection ();
        collection.Add (certificate2);
        collection.Add (certificate5);

        //Add certificates to the store.
        store.Add (certificate1);
        store.AddRange (collection);

        X509Certificate2Collection storecollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
        Console.WriteLine ("Store name: {0}", store.Name);
        Console.WriteLine ("Store location: {0}", store.Location);
        foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}",x509.Subject);
        }

        //Remove a certificate.
        store.Remove (certificate1);
        X509Certificate2Collection storecollection2 = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
        Console.WriteLine ("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine);
        foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection2)
        {
            Console.WriteLine ("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject);
        }

        //Remove a range of certificates.
        store.RemoveRange (collection);
        X509Certificate2Collection storecollection3 = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
        Console.WriteLine ("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine);
        if (storecollection3.Count == 0)
        {
            Console.WriteLine ("Store contains no certificates.");
        }
        else
        {
            foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection3)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject);
            }
        }

        //Close the store.
        store.Close ();
    }	
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.IO



Class X509store2

    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        'Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
        Dim store As New X509Store("teststore", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadWrite)
        Dim certificate As New X509Certificate2()

        'Create certificates from certificate files.
        'You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
        Dim certificate1 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")
        Dim certificate2 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")
        Dim certificate5 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")

        'Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
        Dim collection As New X509Certificate2Collection()
        collection.Add(certificate2)
        collection.Add(certificate5)

        'Add certificates to the store.
        store.Add(certificate1)
        store.AddRange(collection)

        Dim storecollection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("Store name: {0}", store.Name)
        Console.WriteLine("Store location: {0}", store.Location)
        Dim x509 As X509Certificate2
        For Each x509 In storecollection
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject)
        Next x509

        'Remove a certificate.
        store.Remove(certificate1)
        Dim storecollection2 As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine)
        Dim x509a As X509Certificate2
        For Each x509a In storecollection2
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509a.Subject)
        Next x509a

        'Remove a range of certificates.
        store.RemoveRange(collection)
        Dim storecollection3 As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine)
        If storecollection3.Count = 0 Then
            Console.WriteLine("Store contains no certificates.")
        Else
            Dim x509b As X509Certificate2
            For Each x509b In storecollection3
                Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509b.Subject)
            Next x509b
        End If

        'Close the store.
        store.Close()

    End Sub
End Class

Comentarios

Utilice esta clase para trabajar con un almacén X. 509.Use this class to work with an X.509 store.

Importante

A .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6partir de, este tipo implementa la IDisposable interfaz.Starting with the .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6, this type implements the IDisposable interface. Cuando haya terminado de utilizar el tipo, debe desecharlo directa o indirectamente.When you have finished using the type, you should dispose of it either directly or indirectly. Para eliminar el tipo directamente, llame a su método Dispose en un bloque try/catch.To dispose of the type directly, call its Dispose method in a try/catch block. Para deshacerse de él indirectamente, use una construcción de lenguaje como using (en C#) o Using (en Visual Basic).To dispose of it indirectly, use a language construct such as using (in C#) or Using (in Visual Basic). Para más información, vea la sección "Uso de objetos que implementan IDisposable" en el tema de la interfaz IDisposable.For more information, see the "Using an Object that Implements IDisposable" section in the IDisposable interface topic.

En el caso de las .NET Framework 4.5.2.NET Framework 4.5.2 aplicaciones que tienen como destino X509Store y versiones anteriores, la IDisposable clase no implementa la interfaz y, Dispose por tanto, no tiene un método.For apps that target the .NET Framework 4.5.2.NET Framework 4.5.2 and earlier versions, the X509Store class does not implement the IDisposable interface and therefore does not have a Dispose method.

Constructores

X509Store() X509Store() X509Store() X509Store()

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store mediante los certificados personales del almacén de usuario actual.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the personal certificates of the current user store.

X509Store(IntPtr) X509Store(IntPtr) X509Store(IntPtr) X509Store(IntPtr)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store utilizando un identificador Intptr para un almacén HCERTSTORE.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using an Intptr handle to an HCERTSTORE store.

X509Store(StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreLocation)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store usando el valor de StoreLocation especificado.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified StoreLocation value.

X509Store(StoreName) X509Store(StoreName) X509Store(StoreName) X509Store(StoreName)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store usando el valor de StoreName especificado.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified StoreName value.

X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store mediante los valores especificados de StoreName y StoreLocation.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified StoreName and StoreLocation values.

X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags)
X509Store(String) X509Store(String) X509Store(String) X509Store(String)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store utilizando el nombre de almacén especificado.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified store name.

X509Store(String, StoreLocation) X509Store(String, StoreLocation) X509Store(String, StoreLocation) X509Store(String, StoreLocation)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase X509Store utilizando una cadena que representa un valor de la enumeración StoreName y un valor de la enumeración StoreLocation.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using a string that represents a value from the StoreName enumeration and a value from the StoreLocation enumeration.

X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags)

Propiedades

Certificates Certificates Certificates Certificates

Devuelve una colección de certificados situada en un almacén de certificados X.509.Returns a collection of certificates located in an X.509 certificate store.

IsOpen IsOpen IsOpen IsOpen
Location Location Location Location

Obtiene la ubicación del almacén de certificados X.509.Gets the location of the X.509 certificate store.

Name Name Name Name

Obtiene el nombre del almacén de certificados X.509.Gets the name of the X.509 certificate store.

StoreHandle StoreHandle StoreHandle StoreHandle

Obtiene un identificador IntPtr para un almacén HCERTSTORE.Gets an IntPtr handle to an HCERTSTORE store.

Métodos

Add(X509Certificate2) Add(X509Certificate2) Add(X509Certificate2) Add(X509Certificate2)

Agrega un certificado a un almacén de certificados X.509.Adds a certificate to an X.509 certificate store.

AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection) AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection) AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection) AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection)

Agrega una colección de certificados a un almacén de certificados X.509.Adds a collection of certificates to an X.509 certificate store.

Close() Close() Close() Close()

Cierra un almacén de certificados X.509.Closes an X.509 certificate store.

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Libera los recursos utilizados por este objeto X509Store.Releases the resources used by this X509Store.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determina si el objeto especificado es igual al objeto actual.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Sirve como la función hash predeterminada.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del objeto Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Open(OpenFlags) Open(OpenFlags) Open(OpenFlags) Open(OpenFlags)

Abre un almacén de certificados X.509 o crea un nuevo almacén, según la configuración del marcador OpenFlags.Opens an X.509 certificate store or creates a new store, depending on OpenFlags flag settings.

Remove(X509Certificate2) Remove(X509Certificate2) Remove(X509Certificate2) Remove(X509Certificate2)

Quita un certificado de un almacén de certificados X.509.Removes a certificate from an X.509 certificate store.

RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection) RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection) RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection) RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection)

Quita un intervalo de certificados de un almacén de certificados X.509.Removes a range of certificates from an X.509 certificate store.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa el objeto actual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Se aplica a