TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones Método

Definición

Devuelve una colección ordenada de todas las zonas horarias acerca de las cuales hay información disponible en el sistema local.

public:
 static System::Collections::ObjectModel::ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo ^> ^ GetSystemTimeZones();
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> GetSystemTimeZones ();
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
[System.Security.SecurityTreatAsSafe]
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> GetSystemTimeZones ();
static member GetSystemTimeZones : unit -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>
[<System.Security.SecurityCritical>]
[<System.Security.SecurityTreatAsSafe>]
static member GetSystemTimeZones : unit -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>
Public Shared Function GetSystemTimeZones () As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo)

Devoluciones

ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>

Colección de solo lectura de objetos TimeZoneInfo.

Atributos

Excepciones

No hay memoria suficiente para almacenar toda la información de la zona horaria.

El usuario no tiene permiso para leer las claves del Registro que contienen información de la zona horaria.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se recupera una colección de objetos de zona horaria que representan las zonas horarias definidas en un equipo y escribe información sobre ellos en un archivo de texto.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      const string OUTPUTFILENAME = @"C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt";
   
      DateTimeFormatInfo dateFormats = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat;
      ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones(); 
      StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, false);
   
      foreach (TimeZoneInfo timeZone in timeZones)
      {
         bool hasDST = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime;
         TimeSpan offsetFromUtc = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset;
         TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] adjustRules;
         string offsetString;
      
         sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}", timeZone.Id);
         sw.WriteLine("   Display Name: {0, 40}", timeZone.DisplayName);
         sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.StandardName);
         sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.DaylightName);
         sw.Write(hasDST ? "   ***Has " : "   ***Does Not Have ");
         sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***");
         offsetString = String.Format("{0} hours, {1} minutes", offsetFromUtc.Hours, offsetFromUtc.Minutes);
         sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0, 40}", offsetString);
         adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules();
         sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0, 26}", adjustRules.Length);  
         if (adjustRules.Length > 0)
         {
            sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:");
            foreach (TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule rule in adjustRules)
            {
               TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transTimeStart = rule.DaylightTransitionStart;
               TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transTimeEnd = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd; 
            
               sw.WriteLine("      From {0} to {1}", rule.DateStart, rule.DateEnd);
               sw.WriteLine("      Delta: {0}", rule.DaylightDelta);
               if (! transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule)
               {
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                                transTimeStart.DayOfWeek,                                                                                 
                                                                                transTimeStart.Week, 
                                                                                dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]);
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay,
                                                                                transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, 
                                                                                transTimeEnd.Week,
                                                                                dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]);
               }
               else
               {
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                 transTimeStart.Day, 
                                                                 dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]);
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, 
                                                               transTimeEnd.Day, 
                                                               dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]);
               }
            }
         }            
      }
      sw.Close();
   }
}
open System
open System.Globalization
open System.IO
open System.Collections.ObjectModel

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let OUTPUTFILENAME = @"C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt"

    let dateFormats = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat
    let timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones() 
    use sw = new StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, false)

    for timeZone in timeZones do
        let hasDST = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
        let offsetFromUtc = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset
    
        sw.WriteLine $"ID: {timeZone.Id}"
        sw.WriteLine $"   Display Name: {timeZone.DisplayName, 40}"
        sw.WriteLine $"   Standard Name: {timeZone.StandardName, 39}"
        sw.Write $"   Daylight Name: {timeZone.DaylightName, 39}"
        sw.Write(if hasDST then "   ***Has " else "   ***Does Not Have ")
        sw.WriteLine "Daylight Saving Time***"
        let offsetString = $"{offsetFromUtc.Hours} hours, {offsetFromUtc.Minutes} minutes"
        sw.WriteLine $"   Offset from UTC: {offsetString, 40}"
        let adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
        sw.WriteLine $"   Number of adjustment rules: {adjustRules.Length, 26}"
        if adjustRules.Length > 0 then
            sw.WriteLine "   Adjustment Rules:"
            for rule in adjustRules do
                let transTimeStart = rule.DaylightTransitionStart
                let transTimeEnd = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd 
            
                sw.WriteLine $"      From {rule.DateStart} to {rule.DateEnd}"
                sw.WriteLine $"      Delta: {rule.DaylightDelta}"
                if not transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule then
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Begins at {transTimeStart.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeStart.DayOfWeek} of week {transTimeStart.Week} of {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]}"
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Ends at {transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek} of week {transTimeEnd.Week} of {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]}"
                else
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Begins at {transTimeStart.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeStart.Day} {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]}"
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Ends at {transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeEnd.Day} {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]}"
    0
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.IO

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Const OUTPUTFILENAME As String = "C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt"
      
      Dim timeZones As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo) = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones() 
      Dim sw As StreamWriter = New StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, False)
      
      For Each timeZone As TimeZoneInfo in timeZones
         Dim hasDST As Boolean = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
         Dim offsetFromUtc As TimeSpan = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset
         Dim adjustRules() As System.TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule
         Dim offsetString As String
         
         sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}", timeZone.Id)
         sw.WriteLine("   Display Name: {0, 40}", timeZone.DisplayName)
         sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.StandardName)
         sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.DaylightName)
         sw.Write(iif(hasDST, "   ***Has ", "   ***Does Not Have "))
         sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***")
         offsetString = String.Format("{0} hours, {1} minutes", offsetFromUtc.Hours, offsetFromUtc.Minutes)
         sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0, 40}", offsetString)
         adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
         sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0, 26}", adjustRules.Length)  
         If adjustRules.Length > 0 Then
            sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:")
            For Each rule As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule In adjustRules
               Dim transTimeStart As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = rule.DaylightTransitionStart
               Dim transTimeEnd As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd 
               
               sw.WriteLine("      From {0} to {1}", rule.DateStart, rule.DateEnd)
               sw.WriteLine("      Delta: {0}", rule.DaylightDelta)
               If Not transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                                transTimeStart.DayOfWeek, _
                                                                                transTimeStart.Week, _
                                                                                MonthName(transTimeStart.Month))
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                                transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, _
                                                                                transTimeEnd.Week, _
                                                                                MonthName(transTimeEnd.Month))
               Else
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                 transTimeStart.Day, _
                                                                 MonthName(transTimeStart.Month))
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, _
                                                               transTimeEnd.Day, _
                                                               MonthName(transTimeEnd.Month))
               End If
            Next
         End If            
      Next
      sw.Close()
#  Get timezone/date details and open a stream writer
$DateFormats    = [System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat
$TimeZones      = [System.TimeZoneInfo]::GetSystemTimeZones()
$OutputFileName = 'C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt'
$Sw             = New-Object -TypeName System.IO.StreamWriter -ArgumentList $OutputFileName,$false
# Write overview information
$Sw.WriteLine('{0} Time zones on this system' -f $TimeZones.Count)

# Process each timezone on the system
# Write details to the streamwriter
foreach ($TimeZone in $TimeZones) {
 $HasDST        = $TimeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
 $OffsetFromUtc = $TimeZone.BaseUtcOffset
 $Sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}" -f $TimeZone.Id)
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Display Name:  {0}" -f $TimeZone.DisplayName)
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0}" -f $TimeZone.StandardName)
 $Sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0}" -f $TimeZone.DaylightName)
 $Sw.Write( $(If ($HasDST) {"  ***Has: "} Else {"  ***Does Not Have: "}))
 $Sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***")
 $OffsetString = "{0} hours, {1} minutes" -f $OffsetFromUtc.Hours, $OffsetFromUtc.Minutes
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0}"  -f $offsetString)
 $AdjustRules = $timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0}" -f $adjustRules.Count)
 If ($AdjustRules.Count -gt 0)
 {
    $Sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:")
    foreach ($Rule in $AdjustRules)
    {
       $TransTimeStart = $Rule.DaylightTransitionStart
       $TransTimeEnd   = $Rule.DaylightTransitionEnd
       $Sw.WriteLine(("     From   {0} to {1}" -f $Rule.DateStart, $Rule.DateEnd))
       $Sw.WriteLine(("       Delta: {0}" -f $Rule.DaylightDelta))
       if (-Not  $TransTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule)
       {
          $Sw.WriteLine(("       Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}" -f $TransTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                             $TransTimeStart.DayOfWeek,                                                                                 
                                                                             $TransTimeStart.Week, 
                                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$TransTimeStart.Month - 1]))
          $Sw.WriteLine(("       Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}" -f $TransTimeEnd.TimeOfDay,
                                                                             $TransTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, 
                                                                             $TransTimeEnd.Week,
                                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[[int] $TransTimeEnd.Month - 1]))
       }
     else
       {
         $Sw.WriteLine(("       Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}" -f $TransTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                             $TransTimeStart.Day, 
                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$transTimeStart.Month - 1]))
         $Sw.WriteLine(("       Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}"   -f $TransTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, 
                                                             $TransTimeEnd.Day, 
                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$transTimeEnd.Month - 1]))        
       }
    } # End of processing each adjustment rule
 } # End of checking adjustment rules
} # End of processing Time Zones

# Close stream writer then display output in notepad
$Sw.Close() 

#  Output of 1st three time zones:
#  135 Time zones on this system
#  ID: Dateline Standard Time
#     Display Name:  (UTC-12:00) International Date Line West
#     Standard Name: Dateline Standard Time
#     Daylight Name: Dateline Summer Time  ***Does Not Have: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -12 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 0
#  ID: UTC-11
#     Display Name:  (UTC-11:00) Co-ordinated Universal Time-11
#     Standard Name: UTC-11
#     Daylight Name: UTC-11  ***Does Not Have: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -11 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 0
#  ID: Aleutian Standard Time
#     Display Name:  (UTC-10:00) Aleutian Islands
#     Standard Name: Aleutian Standard Time
#     Daylight Name: Aleutian Summer Time  ***Has: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -10 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 2
#     Adjustment Rules:
#       From   01/01/0001 00:00:00 to 31/12/2006 00:00:00
#         Delta: 01:00:00
#         Begins at 02:00 on Sunday of week 1 of April
#         Ends at 02:00 on Sunday of week 5 of October
#       From   01/01/2007 00:00:00 to 31/12/9999 00:00:00
#         Delta: 01:00:00
#         Begins at 02:00 on Sunday of week 2 of March
#         Ends at 02:00 on Sunday of week 1 of November

Comentarios

El GetSystemTimeZones método recupera toda la información de zona horaria disponible de las subclaves de la clave HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Time Zones del Registro en sistemas Windows y desde la biblioteca de ICU en Linux y macOS. Si no puede recuperar y analizar correctamente los valores de determinadas propiedades de cadena de objetos individuales TimeZoneInfo , este método establece su valor en una cadena vacía ("").

Importante

El GetSystemTimeZones método devuelve una colección de TimeZoneInfo objetos solo para zonas horarias definidas en el registro de Windows o la biblioteca de ICU. No incluye zonas horarias creadas con las sobrecargas del CreateCustomTimeZone método . Solo se puede acceder a ellos a través de la referencia de objeto devuelta por el método de creación de zona horaria.

La colección devuelta por este método se ordena por desplazamiento UTC y, para las zonas horarias que tienen el mismo desplazamiento UTC, por el nombre para mostrar mediante la referencia cultural actual. Para obtener información sobre el nombre para mostrar, vea DisplayName.

El ReadOnlyCollection<T> objeto devuelto por este método admite la IEnumerable<T> interfaz , lo que significa que se puede iterar mediante las foreach instrucciones (en C#) o For Each…Next (en Visual Basic). Cada iteración del bucle proporciona el siguiente TimeZoneInfo objeto de la colección.

La colección de TimeZoneInfo objetos representa zonas horarias definidas en el equipo local; no proporciona necesariamente información completa para todas las zonas horarias durante todos los períodos de tiempo. Si la aplicación requiere zonas horarias no encontradas en el equipo local, puede crear zonas horarias personalizadas mediante las sobrecargas del CreateCustomTimeZone método . Para obtener más información, vea Cómo: Crear zonas horarias sin reglas de ajuste y Cómo: Crear zonas horarias con reglas de ajuste.

También puede determinar si se define una zona horaria individual en el equipo local llamando al FindSystemTimeZoneById método y proporcionando el identificador de la zona horaria que desea recuperar como parámetro.

Se aplica a