Membership.CreateUser Membership.CreateUser Membership.CreateUser Membership.CreateUser Method

Definición

Agrega un nuevo usuario al origen de datos.Adds a new user to the data store.

Sobrecargas

CreateUser(String, String) CreateUser(String, String) CreateUser(String, String) CreateUser(String, String)

Agrega un nuevo usuario al origen de datos.Adds a new user to the data store.

CreateUser(String, String, String) CreateUser(String, String, String) CreateUser(String, String, String) CreateUser(String, String, String)

Agrega al almacén de datos un nuevo usuario con la dirección de correo electrónico especificada.Adds a new user with a specified email address to the data store.

CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus)

Agrega un nuevo usuario con los valores de propiedades especificados al almacén de datos y devuelve un parámetro de estado que indica que el usuario se ha creado correctamente o el motivo del error en la creación del usuario.Adds a new user with specified property values to the data store and returns a status parameter indicating that the user was successfully created or the reason the user creation failed.

CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus)

Agrega a un nuevo usuario con los valores de propiedades especificados y un identificador único al almacén de datos y devuelve un parámetro de estado que indica que el usuario se ha creado correctamente o el motivo del error en la creación del usuario.Adds a new user with specified property values and a unique identifier to the data store and returns a status parameter indicating that the user was successfully created or the reason the user creation failed.

CreateUser(String, String) CreateUser(String, String) CreateUser(String, String) CreateUser(String, String)

Agrega un nuevo usuario al origen de datos.Adds a new user to the data store.

public:
 static System::Web::Security::MembershipUser ^ CreateUser(System::String ^ username, System::String ^ password);
public static System.Web.Security.MembershipUser CreateUser (string username, string password);
static member CreateUser : string * string -> System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
Public Shared Function CreateUser (username As String, password As String) As MembershipUser

Parámetros

username
String String String String

Nombre de usuario del nuevo usuario.The user name for the new user.

password
String String String String

La contraseña para el nuevo usuario.The password for the new user.

Devoluciones

Objeto MembershipUser para el usuario recién creado.A MembershipUser object for the newly created user.

Excepciones

El usuario no se creó.The user was not created. Vea la propiedad StatusCode para obtener un valor MembershipCreateStatus.Check the StatusCode property for a MembershipCreateStatus value.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se crea un nuevo usuario para una aplicación ASP.NET configurada para usar autenticación de formularios y la pertenencia a ASP.NET.The following code example creates a new user for an ASP.NET application configured to use forms authentication and ASP.NET membership. Si el usuario no se crea correctamente, se muestra un mensaje al usuario.If the user is not created successfully, a message is displayed to the user. En caso contrario, se redirige al usuario a la página de inicio de sesión para la aplicación.Otherwise, the user is redirected to the login page for the application.

Importante

En este ejemplo contiene un cuadro de texto que acepta datos proporcionados por el usuario, que puede suponer una amenaza de seguridad.This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. De forma predeterminada, ASP.NET Web Pages valida que los datos proporcionados por el usuario no incluyen elementos HTML ni de script.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Para más información, consulte Información general sobre los ataques mediante scripts.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void CreateUser_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  try
  {
    // Create new user.

    MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(UsernameTextbox.Text, PasswordTextbox.Text);


    // If user created successfully, set password question and answer (if applicable) and 
    // redirect to login page. Otherwise return an error message.

    if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer)
    {
      newUser.ChangePasswordQuestionAndAnswer(PasswordTextbox.Text,
                                              PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text,
                                              PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text);
    }

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx");
  }
  catch (MembershipCreateUserException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode);
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
  }
}

public string GetErrorMessage(MembershipCreateStatus status)
{
   switch (status)
   {
      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName:
        return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail:
        return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword:
        return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail:
        return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer:
        return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion:
        return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName:
        return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError:
        return "The authentication provider returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected:
        return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      default:
        return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";
   }
}

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>


<% if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer) { %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% } %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Public Sub CreateUser_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  Try
    ' Create new user.

    Dim newUser As MembershipUser = Membership.CreateUser(UsernameTextbox.Text, PasswordTextbox.Text)


    ' If user created successfully, set password question and answer (if applicable) and 
    ' redirect to login page. Otherwise Return an error message.

    If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then
    
      newUser.ChangePasswordQuestionAndAnswer(PasswordTextbox.Text, _
                                              PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text, _
                                              PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text)
    End If

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx")
  Catch e As MembershipCreateUserException
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode)
  Catch e As HttpException
    Msg.Text = e.Message
  End Try
End Sub

Public Function GetErrorMessage(status As MembershipCreateStatus) As String

   Select Case status
      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName
        Return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail
        Return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword
        Return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail
        Return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer
        Return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion
        Return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName
        Return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError
        Return "The authentication provider Returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected
        Return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case Else
        Return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."
   End Select
End Function

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>


<% If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% End If %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Comentarios

CreateUser Agrega un nuevo usuario al almacén de datos y devuelve un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario recién creado.CreateUser adds a new user to the data store and returns a MembershipUser object for the newly created user. Si se produce un error en la creación del usuario, un MembershipCreateUserException se produce.If the user creation fails, a MembershipCreateUserException is thrown. Puede recuperar un MembershipCreateStatus valor desde el StatusCode propiedad de la MembershipCreateUserException que indica el motivo del error de creación de usuario.You can retrieve a MembershipCreateStatus value from the StatusCode property of the MembershipCreateUserException that indicates why user creation failed.

Una vez que se ha creado un usuario de pertenencia y tiene una referencia a un MembershipUser objeto para ese usuario, puede modificar la configuración para ese usuario con el MembershipUser métodos públicos, como ChangePasswordQuestionAndAnswer para las aplicaciones donde RequiresQuestionAndAnswer es true, o estableciendo los valores de propiedad de la MembershipUser objetos y pasarlos a la UpdateUser método.Once a membership user has been created and you have a reference to a MembershipUser object for that user, you can modify the settings for that user with the MembershipUser public methods, such as ChangePasswordQuestionAndAnswer for applications where RequiresQuestionAndAnswer is true, or by setting the property values of the MembershipUser object and passing them to the UpdateUser method.

Si un usuario ya existe en el origen de datos para la aplicación, puede obtener un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario ya existente con el GetUser método.If a user already exists in the data source for the application, you can obtain a MembershipUser object for the existing user with the GetUser method.

El SqlMembershipProvider proporciona una opción para requerir una dirección de correo electrónico única para cada usuario.The SqlMembershipProvider provides an option to require a unique email address for each user. Si el RequiresUniqueEmail propiedad es true, deberá usar uno de los CreateUser sobrecargas que le permite especificar una dirección de correo electrónico para el usuario que se va a crear.If the RequiresUniqueEmail property is true, you will need to use one of the CreateUser overloads that allows you to specify an email address for the user being created. En caso contrario, un MembershipCreateUserException se iniciará.Otherwise, a MembershipCreateUserException will be thrown.

Espacios iniciales y finales se recortan de todos los valores de parámetro.Leading and trailing spaces are trimmed from all parameter values.

Consulte también:

CreateUser(String, String, String) CreateUser(String, String, String) CreateUser(String, String, String) CreateUser(String, String, String)

Agrega al almacén de datos un nuevo usuario con la dirección de correo electrónico especificada.Adds a new user with a specified email address to the data store.

public:
 static System::Web::Security::MembershipUser ^ CreateUser(System::String ^ username, System::String ^ password, System::String ^ email);
public static System.Web.Security.MembershipUser CreateUser (string username, string password, string email);
static member CreateUser : string * string * string -> System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
Public Shared Function CreateUser (username As String, password As String, email As String) As MembershipUser

Parámetros

username
String String String String

Nombre de usuario del nuevo usuario.The user name for the new user.

password
String String String String

La contraseña para el nuevo usuario.The password for the new user.

email
String String String String

La dirección de correo electrónico para el nuevo usuario.The email address for the new user.

Devoluciones

Objeto MembershipUser para el usuario recién creado.A MembershipUser object for the newly created user.

Excepciones

El usuario no se creó.The user was not created. Vea la propiedad StatusCode para obtener un valor MembershipCreateStatus.Check the StatusCode property for a MembershipCreateStatus value.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se crea un nuevo usuario para una aplicación ASP.NET configurada para usar autenticación de formularios y la pertenencia a ASP.NET.The following code example creates a new user for an ASP.NET application configured to use forms authentication and ASP.NET membership. Si el usuario no se crea correctamente, se muestra un mensaje al usuario.If the user is not created successfully, a message is displayed to the user. En caso contrario, se redirige al usuario a la página de inicio de sesión para la aplicación.Otherwise, the user is redirected to the login page for the application.

Importante

En este ejemplo contiene un cuadro de texto que acepta datos proporcionados por el usuario, que puede suponer una amenaza de seguridad.This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. De forma predeterminada, ASP.NET Web Pages valida que los datos proporcionados por el usuario no incluyen elementos HTML ni de script.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Para más información, consulte Información general sobre los ataques mediante scripts.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void CreateUser_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  MembershipCreateStatus result;

  try
  {
    // Create new user.

    if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer)
    {
      MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(
        UsernameTextbox.Text, 
        PasswordTextbox.Text, 
        EmailTextbox.Text,
        PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text,
        PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text,
        false,
        out result);
    }
    else 
    {
      MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(
        UsernameTextbox.Text, 
        PasswordTextbox.Text, 
        EmailTextbox.Text);
    }

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx");
  }
  catch (MembershipCreateUserException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode);
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
  }
}

public string GetErrorMessage(MembershipCreateStatus status)
{
   switch (status)
   {
      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName:
        return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail:
        return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword:
        return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail:
        return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer:
        return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion:
        return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName:
        return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError:
        return "The authentication provider returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected:
        return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      default:
        return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";
   }
}

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer) { %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% } %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Public Sub CreateUser_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  Dim result As MembershipCreateStatus
  Try
    ' Create new user.

    Dim newUser As MembershipUser
    If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then
      newUser  = Membership.CreateUser( _
        UsernameTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordTextbox.Text, _
        EmailTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text, _
        false, _
        result)
    Else
      newUser  = Membership.CreateUser( _
        UsernameTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordTextbox.Text, _
        EmailTextbox.Text)
    End If

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx")

  Catch e As MembershipCreateUserException
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode)
  Catch e As HttpException
    Msg.Text = e.Message
  End Try
End Sub

Public Function GetErrorMessage(status As MembershipCreateStatus) As String

   Select Case status
      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName
        Return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail
        Return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword
        Return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail
        Return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer
        Return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion
        Return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName
        Return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError
        Return "The authentication provider Returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected
        Return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case Else
        Return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."
   End Select
End Function

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% End If %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Comentarios

CreateUser Agrega un nuevo usuario al almacén de datos y devuelve un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario recién creado.CreateUser adds a new user to the data store and returns a MembershipUser object for the newly created user. Si se produce un error en la creación del usuario, un MembershipCreateUserException se produce.If the user creation fails, a MembershipCreateUserException is thrown. Puede recuperar un MembershipCreateStatus valor desde el StatusCode propiedad de la MembershipCreateUserException que indica el motivo del error de creación de usuario.You can retrieve a MembershipCreateStatus value from the StatusCode property of the MembershipCreateUserException that indicates why user creation failed.

Una vez que se ha creado un usuario de pertenencia y tiene una referencia a un MembershipUser objeto para ese usuario, puede modificar la configuración para ese usuario con el MembershipUser métodos públicos, como ChangePasswordQuestionAndAnswer para las aplicaciones donde RequiresQuestionAndAnswer es true, o estableciendo los valores de propiedad de la MembershipUser objetos y pasarlos a la UpdateUser método.Once a membership user has been created and you have a reference to a MembershipUser object for that user, you can modify the settings for that user with the MembershipUser public methods, such as ChangePasswordQuestionAndAnswer for applications where RequiresQuestionAndAnswer is true, or by setting the property values of the MembershipUser object and passing them to the UpdateUser method.

Si un usuario ya existe en el origen de datos para la aplicación, puede obtener un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario ya existente con el GetUser método.If a user already exists in the data source for the application, you can obtain a MembershipUser object for the existing user with the GetUser method.

Espacios iniciales y finales se recortan de todos los valores de parámetro.Leading and trailing spaces are trimmed from all parameter values.

Consulte también:

CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, MembershipCreateStatus)

Agrega un nuevo usuario con los valores de propiedades especificados al almacén de datos y devuelve un parámetro de estado que indica que el usuario se ha creado correctamente o el motivo del error en la creación del usuario.Adds a new user with specified property values to the data store and returns a status parameter indicating that the user was successfully created or the reason the user creation failed.

public:
 static System::Web::Security::MembershipUser ^ CreateUser(System::String ^ username, System::String ^ password, System::String ^ email, System::String ^ passwordQuestion, System::String ^ passwordAnswer, bool isApproved, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::Web::Security::MembershipCreateStatus % status);
public static System.Web.Security.MembershipUser CreateUser (string username, string password, string email, string passwordQuestion, string passwordAnswer, bool isApproved, out System.Web.Security.MembershipCreateStatus status);
static member CreateUser : string * string * string * string * string * bool *  -> System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
Public Shared Function CreateUser (username As String, password As String, email As String, passwordQuestion As String, passwordAnswer As String, isApproved As Boolean, ByRef status As MembershipCreateStatus) As MembershipUser

Parámetros

username
String String String String

Nombre de usuario del nuevo usuario.The user name for the new user.

password
String String String String

La contraseña para el nuevo usuario.The password for the new user.

email
String String String String

La dirección de correo electrónico para el nuevo usuario.The email address for the new user.

passwordQuestion
String String String String

El valor de la pregunta de contraseña para el usuario de pertenencia.The password-question value for the membership user.

passwordAnswer
String String String String

El valor de la respuesta de contraseña para el usuario de pertenencia.The password-answer value for the membership user.

isApproved
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

Un booleano que indica si el nuevo usuario puede iniciar la sesión.A Boolean that indicates whether the new user is approved to log on.

status
MembershipCreateStatus MembershipCreateStatus MembershipCreateStatus MembershipCreateStatus

Objeto MembershipCreateStatus que indica que el usuario se ha creado correctamente o el motivo del error en la creación.A MembershipCreateStatus indicating that the user was created successfully or the reason that creation failed.

Devoluciones

Objeto MembershipUser para el usuario recién creado.A MembershipUser object for the newly created user. Si no se ha creado ningún usuario, este método devuelve null.If no user was created, this method returns null.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se crea un nuevo usuario para una aplicación ASP.NET configurada para usar autenticación de formularios y la pertenencia a ASP.NET.The following code example creates a new user for an ASP.NET application configured to use forms authentication and ASP.NET membership. Si el usuario no se crea correctamente, se muestra un mensaje al usuario.If the user is not created successfully, a message is displayed to the user. En caso contrario, se redirige al usuario a la página de inicio de sesión para la aplicación.Otherwise, the user is redirected to the login page for the application.

Importante

En este ejemplo contiene un cuadro de texto que acepta datos proporcionados por el usuario, que puede suponer una amenaza de seguridad.This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. De forma predeterminada, ASP.NET Web Pages valida que los datos proporcionados por el usuario no incluyen elementos HTML ni de script.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Para más información, consulte Información general sobre los ataques mediante scripts.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void CreateUser_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  // Create new user and retrieve create status result.

  MembershipCreateStatus status;
  string passwordQuestion = "";
  string passwordAnswer = "";

  if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer)
  {
    passwordQuestion = PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text;
    passwordAnswer = PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text;
  }

  try
  {
    MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(UsernameTextbox.Text, PasswordTextbox.Text, 
                                                   EmailTextbox.Text, passwordQuestion,
                                                   passwordAnswer, true, out status);
    if (newUser == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(status);
    }
    else
    {
      Response.Redirect("login.aspx");
    }
  }
  catch
  {
    Msg.Text = "An exception occurred creating the user.";
  }
}

public string GetErrorMessage(MembershipCreateStatus status)
{
   switch (status)
   {
      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName:
        return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail:
        return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword:
        return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail:
        return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer:
        return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion:
        return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName:
        return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError:
        return "The authentication provider returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected:
        return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      default:
        return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";
   }
}

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer) { %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% } %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Public Sub CreateUser_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)

  ' Create new user and retrieve create status result.

  Dim status As MembershipCreateStatus
  Dim passwordQuestion As String = ""
  Dim passwordAnswer As String = ""

  If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then
    passwordQuestion = PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text
    passwordAnswer = PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text
  End If

  Try
    Dim newUser As MembershipUser = Membership.CreateUser(UsernameTextbox.Text, PasswordTextbox.Text, _
                                                   EmailTextbox.Text, passwordQuestion, _
                                                   passwordAnswer, True, status)
    If newUser Is Nothing Then
      Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(status)
    Else
       Response.Redirect("login.aspx")
    End If
  Catch
    Msg.Text = "An exception occurred creating the user."
  End Try

End Sub

Public Function GetErrorMessage(status As MembershipCreateStatus) As String

   Select Case status
   
      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName:
        Return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail:
        Return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword:
        Return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail:
        Return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer:
        Return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion:
        Return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName
        Return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError:
        Return "The authentication provider returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected:
        Return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case Else:
        Return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."
   End Select

End Function

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>
  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" />
  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% End If %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Comentarios

CreateUser Agrega un nuevo usuario al almacén de datos y devuelve un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario recién creado.CreateUser adds a new user to the data store and returns a MembershipUser object for the newly created user. Si se produce un error en la creación del usuario, puede recuperar un MembershipCreateStatus valor desde el status parámetro de salida que indica el motivo del error de creación de usuario.If the user creation fails, you can retrieve a MembershipCreateStatus value from the status output parameter that indicates why user creation failed.

El CreateUser método devolverá null si password es una cadena vacía o null, username es una cadena vacía o null o contiene una coma (,), passwordQuestion no null y es una cadena vacía, o passwordAnswer no null y contiene una cadena vacía.The CreateUser method will return null if password is an empty string or null, username is an empty string or null or contains a comma (,), passwordQuestion is not null and is an empty string, or passwordAnswer is not null and contains an empty string.

Una vez que se ha creado un usuario de pertenencia y tiene una referencia a un MembershipUser objeto para ese usuario, puede modificar la configuración para ese usuario con el MembershipUser métodos públicos y estableciendo los valores de propiedad de la MembershipUser objeto y, a continuación, pasar el MembershipUser de objeto para el UpdateUser método.Once a membership user has been created and you have a reference to a MembershipUser object for that user, you can modify the settings for that user with the MembershipUser public methods and by setting the property values of the MembershipUser object and then passing the MembershipUser object to the UpdateUser method.

Si un usuario ya existe en el origen de datos para la aplicación, puede obtener un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario ya existente con el GetUser método.If a user already exists in the data source for the application, you can obtain a MembershipUser object for the existing user with the GetUser method.

Espacios iniciales y finales se recortan de todos los valores de parámetro de cadena.Leading and trailing spaces are trimmed from all string parameter values.

Consulte también:

CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus) CreateUser(String, String, String, String, String, Boolean, Object, MembershipCreateStatus)

Agrega a un nuevo usuario con los valores de propiedades especificados y un identificador único al almacén de datos y devuelve un parámetro de estado que indica que el usuario se ha creado correctamente o el motivo del error en la creación del usuario.Adds a new user with specified property values and a unique identifier to the data store and returns a status parameter indicating that the user was successfully created or the reason the user creation failed.

public:
 static System::Web::Security::MembershipUser ^ CreateUser(System::String ^ username, System::String ^ password, System::String ^ email, System::String ^ passwordQuestion, System::String ^ passwordAnswer, bool isApproved, System::Object ^ providerUserKey, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::Web::Security::MembershipCreateStatus % status);
public static System.Web.Security.MembershipUser CreateUser (string username, string password, string email, string passwordQuestion, string passwordAnswer, bool isApproved, object providerUserKey, out System.Web.Security.MembershipCreateStatus status);
static member CreateUser : string * string * string * string * string * bool * obj *  -> System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
Public Shared Function CreateUser (username As String, password As String, email As String, passwordQuestion As String, passwordAnswer As String, isApproved As Boolean, providerUserKey As Object, ByRef status As MembershipCreateStatus) As MembershipUser

Parámetros

username
String String String String

Nombre de usuario del nuevo usuario.The user name for the new user.

password
String String String String

La contraseña para el nuevo usuario.The password for the new user.

email
String String String String

La dirección de correo electrónico para el nuevo usuario.The email address for the new user.

passwordQuestion
String String String String

El valor de la pregunta de contraseña para el usuario de pertenencia.The password-question value for the membership user.

passwordAnswer
String String String String

El valor de la respuesta de contraseña para el usuario de pertenencia.The password-answer value for the membership user.

isApproved
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

Un booleano que indica si el nuevo usuario puede iniciar la sesión.A Boolean that indicates whether the new user is approved to log on.

providerUserKey
Object Object Object Object

El identificador de usuario para el usuario que se debería almacenar en el almacén de datos de la pertenencia.The user identifier for the user that should be stored in the membership data store.

status
MembershipCreateStatus MembershipCreateStatus MembershipCreateStatus MembershipCreateStatus

Objeto MembershipCreateStatus que indica que el usuario se ha creado correctamente o el motivo del error en la creación.A MembershipCreateStatus indicating that the user was created successfully or the reason creation failed.

Devoluciones

Objeto MembershipUser para el usuario recién creado.A MembershipUser object for the newly created user. Si no se ha creado ningún usuario, este método devuelve null.If no user was created, this method returns null.

Comentarios

CreateUser Agrega un nuevo usuario al almacén de datos y devuelve un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario recién creado.CreateUser adds a new user to the data store and returns a MembershipUser object for the newly created user. Si se produce un error en la creación del usuario, puede recuperar un MembershipCreateStatus valor desde el status parámetro de salida que indica el motivo del error de creación de usuario.If the user creation fails, you can retrieve a MembershipCreateStatus value from the status output parameter that indicates why user creation failed. Puede especificar un identificador único para el usuario, como un valor de clave principal de una base de datos mediante el providerUserKey parámetro.You can specify a unique identifier for the user, such as a primary key value for a database, by using the providerUserKey parameter.

El CreateUser método devolverá null si password es una cadena vacía o null, username es una cadena vacía o null o contiene una coma (,), passwordQuestion no null y contiene un valor vacío cadena, o passwordAnswer no null y contiene una cadena vacía.The CreateUser method will return null if password is an empty string or null, username is an empty string or null or contains a comma (,), passwordQuestion is not null and contains an empty string, or passwordAnswer is not null and contains an empty string.

Una vez que se ha creado un usuario de pertenencia y tiene una referencia a un MembershipUser objeto para ese usuario, puede modificar la configuración para ese usuario con el MembershipUser métodos públicos y estableciendo los valores de propiedad de la MembershipUser objeto y, a continuación, pasar el MembershipUser de objeto para el UpdateUser método.Once a membership user has been created and you have a reference to a MembershipUser object for that user, you can modify the settings for that user with the MembershipUser public methods and by setting the property values of the MembershipUser object and then passing the MembershipUser object to the UpdateUser method.

Si un usuario ya existe en el origen de datos para la aplicación, puede obtener un MembershipUser objeto para el usuario ya existente con el GetUser método.If a user already exists in the data source for the application, you can obtain a MembershipUser object for the existing user with the GetUser method.

Espacios iniciales y finales se recortan de todos los valores de parámetro de cadena.Leading and trailing spaces are trimmed from all string parameter values.

Consulte también:

Se aplica a