Control.OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) Método

Definición

Genera el evento Paint.Raises the Paint event.

protected:
 virtual void OnPaint(System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs ^ e);
protected virtual void OnPaint (System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e);
abstract member OnPaint : System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs -> unit
override this.OnPaint : System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs -> unit
Protected Overridable Sub OnPaint (e As PaintEventArgs)

Parámetros

e
PaintEventArgs

Objeto PaintEventArgs que contiene los datos del evento.A PaintEventArgs that contains the event data.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se permite al usuario arrastrar un archivo de imagen o imagen al formulario y hacer que se muestre en el punto en el que se coloca.The following code example enables the user to drag an image or image file onto the form, and have it be displayed at the point on which it is dropped. El método OnPaint se invalida para volver a dibujar la imagen cada vez que se pinta el formulario; en caso contrario, la imagen solo persistiría hasta el siguiente repintado.The OnPaint method is overridden to repaint the image each time the form is painted; otherwise the image would only persist until the next repainting. El método de control de eventos DragEnter determina el tipo de datos que se arrastran al formulario y proporciona la información adecuada.The DragEnter event-handling method determines the type of data being dragged into the form and provides the appropriate feedback. El método de control de eventos DragDrop muestra la imagen en el formulario, si se puede crear un Image a partir de los datos.The DragDrop event-handling method displays the image on the form, if an Image can be created from the data. Dado que los valores DragEventArgs.X y DragEventArgs.Y son coordenadas de pantalla, en el ejemplo se usa el método PointToClient para convertirlos en coordenadas de cliente.Because the DragEventArgs.X and DragEventArgs.Y values are screen coordinates, the example uses the PointToClient method to convert them to client coordinates.

private:
   Image^ picture;
   Point pictureLocation;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      
      // Enable drag-and-drop operations and
      // add handlers for DragEnter and DragDrop.
      this->AllowDrop = true;
      this->DragDrop += gcnew DragEventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_DragDrop );
      this->DragEnter += gcnew DragEventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_DragEnter );
   }

protected:
   virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      
      // If there is an image and it has a location,
      // paint it when the Form is repainted.
      Form::OnPaint( e );
      if ( this->picture != nullptr && this->pictureLocation != Point::Empty )
      {
         e->Graphics->DrawImage( this->picture, this->pictureLocation );
      }
   }

private:
   void Form1_DragDrop( Object^ /*sender*/, DragEventArgs^ e )
   {
      
      // Handle FileDrop data.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::FileDrop ) )
      {
         // Assign the file names to a String* array, in
         // case the user has selected multiple files.
         array<String^>^files = (array<String^>^)e->Data->GetData( DataFormats::FileDrop );
         try
         {
            // Assign the first image to the picture variable.
            this->picture = Image::FromFile( files[ 0 ] );
            
            // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
            this->pictureLocation = this->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( ex->Message );
            return;
         }

      }
      
      // Handle Bitmap data.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::Bitmap ) )
      {
         try
         {
            // Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
            this->picture = dynamic_cast<Image^>(e->Data->GetData( DataFormats::Bitmap ));

            // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
            this->pictureLocation = this->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
      this->Invalidate();
   }

   void Form1_DragEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DragEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::Bitmap ) || e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::FileDrop ) )
      {
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Copy;
      }
      else
      {
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;
      }
   }
private Image picture;
private Point pictureLocation;

public Form1()
{
   // Enable drag-and-drop operations and 
   // add handlers for DragEnter and DragDrop.
   this.AllowDrop = true;
   this.DragDrop += new DragEventHandler(this.Form1_DragDrop);
   this.DragEnter += new DragEventHandler(this.Form1_DragEnter);
}

protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
{
   // If there is an image and it has a location, 
   // paint it when the Form is repainted.
   base.OnPaint(e);
   if(this.picture != null && this.pictureLocation != Point.Empty)
   {
      e.Graphics.DrawImage(this.picture, this.pictureLocation);
   }
}

private void Form1_DragDrop(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
{
   // Handle FileDrop data.
   if(e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) )
   {
      // Assign the file names to a string array, in 
      // case the user has selected multiple files.
      string[] files = (string[])e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.FileDrop);
      try
      {
         // Assign the first image to the picture variable.
         this.picture = Image.FromFile(files[0]);
         // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         this.pictureLocation = this.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y) );
      }
      catch(Exception ex)
      {
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
         return;
      }
   }

   // Handle Bitmap data.
   if(e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) )
   {
      try
      {
         // Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
         this.picture = (Image)e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.Bitmap);
         // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         this.pictureLocation = this.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y) );
      }
      catch(Exception ex)
      {
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
         return;
      }
   }
   // Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
   this.Invalidate();
}

private void Form1_DragEnter(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
{
   // If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
   if (e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) || 
      e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) ) 
   {
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy;
   }
   else
   {
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
   }
}
Private picture As Image
Private pictureLocation As Point

Public Sub New()
   ' Enable drag-and-drop operations.
   Me.AllowDrop = True
End Sub

Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)
   MyBase.OnPaint(e)

   ' If there is an image and it has a location, 
   ' paint it when the Form is repainted.
   If (Me.picture IsNot Nothing) And _
     Not (Me.pictureLocation.Equals(Point.Empty)) Then
      e.Graphics.DrawImage(Me.picture, Me.pictureLocation)
   End If
End Sub

Private Sub Form1_DragDrop(ByVal sender As Object, _
  ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles MyBase.DragDrop
   ' Handle FileDrop data.
   If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) Then
      ' Assign the file names to a string array, in 
      ' case the user has selected multiple files.
      Dim files As String() = CType(e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.FileDrop), String())
      Try
         ' Assign the first image to the 'picture' variable.
         Me.picture = Image.FromFile(files(0))
         ' Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         Me.pictureLocation = Me.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y))
      Catch ex As Exception
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message)
         Return
      End Try
   End If

   ' Handle Bitmap data.
   If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) Then
      Try
         ' Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
         Me.picture = CType(e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.Bitmap), Image)
         ' Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         Me.pictureLocation = Me.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y))
      Catch ex As Exception
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message)
         Return
      End Try
   End If

   ' Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
   Me.Invalidate()
End Sub

Private Sub Form1_DragEnter(ByVal sender As Object, _
  ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles MyBase.DragEnter
   ' If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
   If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) _
      Or e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) Then
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy
   Else
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
   End If
End Sub
   // This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it.
   // This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is
   // connected to the Load event of the form.
private:
   PictureBox^ pictureBox1;
   void Form1_Load( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      pictureBox1 = gcnew PictureBox;

      // Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
      pictureBox1->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
      pictureBox1->BackColor = Color::White;

      // Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
      pictureBox1->Paint += gcnew System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventHandler( this, &Form1::pictureBox1_Paint );

      // Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
      this->Controls->Add( pictureBox1 );
   }

   void pictureBox1_Paint( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
      Graphics^ g = e->Graphics;

      // Draw a string on the PictureBox.
      g->DrawString( "This is a diagonal line drawn on the control",
         gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",10 ), System::Drawing::Brushes::Blue, Point(30,30) );

      // Draw a line in the PictureBox.
      g->DrawLine( System::Drawing::Pens::Red, pictureBox1->Left, pictureBox1->Top,
         pictureBox1->Right, pictureBox1->Bottom );
   }
// This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it.
// This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is
// connected to the Load event of the form.

private PictureBox pictureBox1 = new PictureBox();
// Cache font instead of recreating font objects each time we paint.
private Font fnt = new Font("Arial",10);
private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    // Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
    pictureBox1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
    pictureBox1.BackColor = Color.White;
    // Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
    pictureBox1.Paint += new System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventHandler(this.pictureBox1_Paint);

    // Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
    this.Controls.Add(pictureBox1);
}

private void pictureBox1_Paint(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e)
{
    // Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
    Graphics g = e.Graphics;

    // Draw a string on the PictureBox.
    g.DrawString("This is a diagonal line drawn on the control",
        fnt, System.Drawing.Brushes.Blue, new Point(30,30));
    // Draw a line in the PictureBox.
    g.DrawLine(System.Drawing.Pens.Red, pictureBox1.Left, pictureBox1.Top,
        pictureBox1.Right, pictureBox1.Bottom);
}
' This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it. 
' This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is connected 
' to the Load event of the form.
Private pictureBox1 As New PictureBox()
Private fnt as New Font("Arial", 10)

Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    ' Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
    pictureBox1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    pictureBox1.BackColor = Color.White
    ' Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
    AddHandler pictureBox1.Paint, AddressOf Me.pictureBox1_Paint

    ' Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
    Me.Controls.Add(pictureBox1)
End Sub


Private Sub pictureBox1_Paint(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs)
    ' Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
    Dim g As Graphics = e.Graphics

    ' Draw a string on the PictureBox.
    g.DrawString("This is a diagonal line drawn on the control", _
        fnt, Brushes.Red, New PointF(30.0F, 30.0F))
    ' Draw a line in the PictureBox.
    g.DrawLine(System.Drawing.Pens.Red, pictureBox1.Left, _ 
        pictureBox1.Top, pictureBox1.Right, pictureBox1.Bottom)
End Sub

Comentarios

Cuando se genera un evento, se invoca el controlador de eventos a través de un delegado.Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. Para obtener más información, consulte controlar y provocar eventos.For more information, see Handling and Raising Events.

El método OnPaint también permite que las clases derivadas controlen el evento sin asociar un delegado.The OnPaint method also enables derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. Ésta es la técnica preferida para controlar el evento en una clase derivada.This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

Notas a los desarrolladores de herederos

Al reemplazar OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) en una clase derivada, asegúrese de llamar al método OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) de la clase base para que los delegados registrados reciban el evento.When overriding OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) in a derived class, be sure to call the base class's OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) method so that registered delegates receive the event.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: