DataGridViewRow.DefaultCellStyle Propiedad

Definición

Obtiene o establece los estilos predeterminados para la fila, que se utilizan para representar las celdas de la fila a menos que se reemplacen los estilos.Gets or sets the default styles for the row, which are used to render cells in the row unless the styles are overridden.

public:
 virtual property System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ DefaultCellStyle { System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ get(); void set(System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(true)]
public override System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle DefaultCellStyle { get; set; }
member this.DefaultCellStyle : System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle with get, set
Public Overrides Property DefaultCellStyle As DataGridViewCellStyle

Valor de propiedad

DataGridViewCellStyle que se debe aplicar como estilo predeterminado.The DataGridViewCellStyle to be applied as the default style.

Atributos

Excepciones

Al establecer esta propiedad, la fila está en un control DataGridView y es una fila compartida.When setting this property, the row is in a DataGridView control and is a shared row.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo utilizar esta propiedad en un control DataGridView diseñado principalmente para la presentación.The following code example illustrates how to use this property in a DataGridView control intended primarily for display. En este ejemplo, la apariencia visual del control se personaliza de varias maneras y el control se configura para una interactividad limitada.In this example, the visual appearance of the control is customized in several ways and the control is configured for limited interactivity. Este ejemplo forma parte de un ejemplo más grande disponible en la información general de la clase DataGridViewCellStyle.This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridViewCellStyle class overview.

// Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
private void InitializeDataGridView()
{
    // Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D;

    // Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    // limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = true;
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = true;
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect;
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = false;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = false;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing;

    // Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black;

    // Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    // value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty;

    // Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    // The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray;

    // Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;

    // Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    // the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns["Last Prepared"].DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y";

    // Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    using (Font font = new Font(
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold))
    {
        dataGridView1.Columns["Rating"].DefaultCellStyle.Font = font;
    }

    // Attach a handler to the CellFormatting event.
    dataGridView1.CellFormatting += new
        DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellFormatting);
}
' Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
Private Sub InitializeDataGridView()

    ' Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D

    ' Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    ' limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = True
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = True
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = False
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = False
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = False
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing

    ' Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black

    ' Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    ' value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty

    ' Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    ' The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray

    ' Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black

    ' Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    ' the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns("Last Prepared").DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y"

    ' Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    Dim font As New Font( _
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold)
    Try
        dataGridView1.Columns("Rating").DefaultCellStyle.Font = font
    Finally
        font.Dispose()
    End Try

End Sub

Comentarios

El control DataGridView muestra sus celdas usando los estilos indicados por la propiedad Cell InheritedStyle, que hereda los estilos de otras propiedades de tipo DataGridViewCellStyle.The DataGridView control displays its cells using the styles indicated by the cell InheritedStyle property, which inherits styles from other properties of type DataGridViewCellStyle. En el caso de las celdas de esta fila, los estilos especificados mediante la propiedad DefaultCellStyle reemplazan a los estilos especificados a través de las propiedades DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridView.RowsDefaultCellStyley DataGridView.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle, pero se reemplazan por los estilos especificados mediante la propiedad DataGridViewCell.Style.For cells in this row, the styles specified through the DefaultCellStyle property override the styles specified through the DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridView.RowsDefaultCellStyle, and DataGridView.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle properties, but are overridden by the styles specified through the DataGridViewCell.Style property.

Para obtener más información, vea estilos de celda en el control DataGridView de Windows Forms.For more information, see Cell Styles in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

Al obtener esta propiedad, se creará un DataGridViewCellStyle con valores predeterminados si aún no se ha accedido a la propiedad.When getting this property, a DataGridViewCellStyle with default values will be created if the property has not already been accessed. Esto puede producir un impacto en el rendimiento al obtener esta propiedad para muchas filas.This can cause a performance impact when getting this property for many rows. Siempre que sea posible, use un único DataGridViewCellStyle para establecer esta propiedad para varias filas.Whenever possible, use a single DataGridViewCellStyle to set this property for multiple rows. Para obtener más información, consulte Procedimientos recomendados para ajustar la escala del control DataGridView en Windows Forms.For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: