DragEventArgs.Effect DragEventArgs.Effect DragEventArgs.Effect DragEventArgs.Effect Property

Definición

Obtiene o establece el efecto de colocación en el destino de una operación de arrastrar y colocar.Gets or sets the target drop effect in a drag-and-drop operation.

public:
 property System::Windows::Forms::DragDropEffects Effect { System::Windows::Forms::DragDropEffects get(); void set(System::Windows::Forms::DragDropEffects value); };
public System.Windows.Forms.DragDropEffects Effect { get; set; }
member this.Effect : System.Windows.Forms.DragDropEffects with get, set
Public Property Effect As DragDropEffects

Valor de propiedad

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra una operación de arrastrar y colocar entre dos ListBox controles.The following example demonstrates a drag-and-drop operation between two ListBox controls. El ejemplo llama a la DoDragDrop método cuando se inicia la acción de arrastrar.The example calls the DoDragDrop method when the drag action starts. La acción de arrastrar se inicia si se ha movido el mouse más de SystemInformation.DragSize desde la ubicación del mouse durante el MouseDown eventos.The drag action starts if the mouse has moved more than SystemInformation.DragSize from the mouse location during the MouseDown event. El IndexFromPoint método se utiliza para determinar el índice del elemento que se va a arrastrar durante el MouseDown eventos.The IndexFromPoint method is used to determine the index of the item to drag during the MouseDown event.

El ejemplo también muestra cómo utilizar cursores personalizados para la operación de arrastrar y colocar.The example also demonstrates using custom cursors for the drag-and-drop operation. En el ejemplo se da por supuesto que dos archivos de cursor 3dwarro.cur y 3dwno.cur, existe en el directorio de aplicación para la operación de arrastre personalizado y no colocar cursores, respectivamente.The example assumes that two cursor files, 3dwarro.cur and 3dwno.cur, exist in the application directory, for the custom drag and no-drop cursors, respectively. Los cursores personalizados que se usará si el UseCustomCursorsCheck CheckBox está activada.The custom cursors will be used if the UseCustomCursorsCheckCheckBox is checked. Los cursores personalizados se establecen el GiveFeedback controlador de eventos.The custom cursors are set in the GiveFeedback event handler.

El estado del teclado se evalúa en el DragOver controlador de eventos para el derecho ListBox, para determinar cuál será la operación de arrastre en función del estado de las teclas MAYÚS, CTRL, ALT o CTRL + ALT.The keyboard state is evaluated in the DragOver event handler for the right ListBox, to determine what the drag operation will be based upon state of the SHIFT, CTRL, ALT, or CTRL+ALT keys. La ubicación en la ListBox donde se produciría la operación de colocar también se determina durante el DragOver eventos.The location in the ListBox where the drop would occur is also determined during the DragOver event. Si los datos que se va a quitar no están un String, el DragEventArgs.Effect está establecido en DragDropEffects.None.If the data to drop is not a String, then the DragEventArgs.Effect is set to DragDropEffects.None. Por último, se muestra el estado de la operación de colocar en el DropLocationLabel Label.Finally, the status of the drop is displayed in the DropLocationLabelLabel.

Los datos que se va a quitar de la derecha ListBox viene determinada en el DragDrop controlador de eventos y el String valor se agrega en el lugar adecuado en el ListBox.The data to drop for the right ListBox is determined in the DragDrop event handler and the String value is added at the appropriate place in the ListBox. Si la operación de arrastre sobrepasa los límites del formulario y, después, se cancela la operación de arrastrar y colocar en el QueryContinueDrag controlador de eventos.If the drag operation moves outside the bounds of the form, then the drag-and-drop operation is canceled in the QueryContinueDrag event handler.

Este fragmento de código muestra cómo utilizar el DragEventArgs clase.This code excerpt demonstrates using the DragEventArgs class. Consulte la DoDragDrop método para el ejemplo de código completo.See the DoDragDrop method for the complete code example.

void ListDragTarget_DragOver( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::DragEventArgs^ e )
{
   // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
   // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
   if (  !e->Data->GetDataPresent( System::String::typeid ) )
   {
      e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;
      DropLocationLabel->Text = "None - no string data.";
      return;
   }

   // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
   if ( (e->KeyState & (8 + 32)) == (8 + 32) && ((e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Link) == DragDropEffects::Link) )
   {
      // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT
      // Link drag-and-drop effect.
      e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Link;
   }
   else
   if ( (e->KeyState & 32) == 32 && ((e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Link) == DragDropEffects::Link) )
   {
      // ALT KeyState for link.
      e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Link;
   }
   else
   if ( (e->KeyState & 4) == 4 && ((e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Move) == DragDropEffects::Move) )
   {
      // SHIFT KeyState for move.
      e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Move;
   }
   else
   if ( (e->KeyState & 8) == 8 && ((e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Copy) == DragDropEffects::Copy) )
   {
      // CTL KeyState for copy.
      e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Copy;
   }
   else
   if ( (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Move) == DragDropEffects::Move )
   {
      // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
      e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Move;
   }
   else
            e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;





   
   // Get the index of the item the mouse is below.
   // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be
   // converted to client coordinates.
   indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = ListDragTarget->IndexFromPoint( ListDragTarget->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) ) );
   
   // Updates the label text.
   if ( indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox::NoMatches )
   {
      DropLocationLabel->Text = String::Concat( "Drops before item # ", (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1) );
   }
   else
            DropLocationLabel->Text = "Drops at the end.";
}
private void ListDragTarget_DragOver(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.DragEventArgs e) 
{

    // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    if (!e.Data.GetDataPresent(typeof(System.String))) {

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data.";
        return;
    }

    // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    if ((e.KeyState & (8+32)) == (8+32) && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {
        // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        // Link drag-and-drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 32) == 32 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {

        // ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 4) == 4 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move) {

        // SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 8) == 8 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Copy) == DragDropEffects.Copy) {

        // CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy;

    } else if ((e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move)  {

        // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        
    // Get the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    // converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = 
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y)));

    // Updates the label text.
    if (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox.NoMatches){

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" + (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1);
    } else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end.";

}
Private Sub ListDragTarget_DragOver(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles ListDragTarget.DragOver
    ' Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    ' the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    If Not (e.Data.GetDataPresent(GetType(System.String))) Then

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data."
        Return
    End If

    ' Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    If ((e.KeyState And (8 + 32)) = (8 + 32) And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Link) = DragDropEffects.Link) Then
        ' KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        ' Link drag-and-drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 32) = 32 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Link) = DragDropEffects.Link) Then

        ' ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 4) = 4 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Move) = DragDropEffects.Move) Then

        ' SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 8) = 8 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Copy) = DragDropEffects.Copy) Then

        ' CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy

    ElseIf ((e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Move) = DragDropEffects.Move) Then

        ' By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move

    Else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
    End If

    ' Gets the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    ' The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    ' converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = _
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y)))

    ' Updates the label text.
    If (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop <> ListBox.NoMatches) Then

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" & (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1)
    Else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end."
    End If

End Sub

Comentarios

De forma predeterminada, el efecto aplicado determina el cursor del mouse para el destino de una operación de arrastrar y colocar.By default, the effect applied determines the mouse cursor for the target of a drag-and-drop operation. Esto es útil para proporcionar comentarios al usuario sobre la operación que se producirá.This is useful to provide feedback to the user on the operation that will occur. Por ejemplo, si presiona la tecla CTRL cuando se arrastra un archivo desde un origen, especifique DragDropEffects.Copy para indicar el destino intentará realizar una operación de copia.For example, if you press the CTRL key when you drag a file from a source, specify DragDropEffects.Copy to indicate the target will try to perform a copy operation.

Para utilizar cursores personalizados para una operación de arrastre, vea GiveFeedbackEventArgs.UseDefaultCursors.To use custom cursors for a drag operation, see GiveFeedbackEventArgs.UseDefaultCursors.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: