Console.SetOut(TextWriter) Método

Definición

Establece la propiedad Out para establecer el destino del objeto TextWriter.Sets the Out property to target the TextWriter object.

public:
 static void SetOut(System::IO::TextWriter ^ newOut);
public static void SetOut (System.IO.TextWriter newOut);
static member SetOut : System.IO.TextWriter -> unit
Public Shared Sub SetOut (newOut As TextWriter)

Parámetros

newOut
TextWriter

Escritor de texto que se usará como la nueva salida estándar.A text writer to be used as the new standard output.

Excepciones

newOut es null.newOut is null.

El llamador no dispone del permiso requerido.The caller does not have the required permission.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra el uso del método SetOut.The following example illustrates the use of the SetOut method. Reemplaza cuatro caracteres de espacio consecutivos en una cadena con un carácter de tabulación.It replaces four consecutive space characters in a string with a tab character. Para ejecutarlo, debe proporcionar dos argumentos de la línea de comandos.To run it, you must supply two command line arguments. El primero es el nombre de un archivo de texto existente al que se va a redirigir el flujo de entrada estándar.The first is the name of an existing text file to redirect the standard input stream to. El segundo es el nombre de un archivo al que se va a redirigir el flujo de salida estándar.The second is the name of a file to redirect the standard output stream to. No es necesario que exista este archivo.This file need not exist. Si existe, se sobrescribirá su contenido.If it does, its contents will be overwritten.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;

int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();
   const int tabSize = 4;
   String^ usageText = "Usage: INSERTTABS inputfile.txt outputfile.txt";
   StreamWriter^ writer = nullptr;
   if ( args->Length < 3 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( usageText );
      return 1;
   }

   try
   {
      // Attempt to open output file.
      writer = gcnew StreamWriter( args[ 2 ] );
      // Redirect standard output from the console to the output file.
      Console::SetOut( writer );
      // Redirect standard input from the console to the input file.
      Console::SetIn( gcnew StreamReader( args[ 1 ] ) );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ e ) 
   {
      TextWriter^ errorWriter = Console::Error;
      errorWriter->WriteLine( e->Message );
      errorWriter->WriteLine( usageText );
      return 1;
   }

   String^ line;
   while ( (line = Console::ReadLine()) != nullptr )
   {
      String^ newLine = line->Replace( ((String^)"")->PadRight( tabSize, ' ' ), "\t" );
      Console::WriteLine( newLine );
   }

   writer->Close();
   
   // Recover the standard output stream so that a 
   // completion message can be displayed.
   StreamWriter^ standardOutput = gcnew StreamWriter( Console::OpenStandardOutput() );
   standardOutput->AutoFlush = true;
   Console::SetOut( standardOutput );
   Console::WriteLine( "INSERTTABS has completed the processing of {0}.", args[ 1 ] );
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.IO;

public class InsertTabs
{
    private const int tabSize = 4;
    private const string usageText = "Usage: INSERTTABS inputfile.txt outputfile.txt";
    public static int Main(string[] args)
    {
        if (args.Length < 2)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(usageText);
            return 1;
        }

        try
        {
            // Attempt to open output file.
            using (var writer = new StreamWriter(args[1]))
            {
                using (var reader = new StreamReader(args[0]))
                {
                    // Redirect standard output from the console to the output file.
                    Console.SetOut(writer);
                    // Redirect standard input from the console to the input file.
                    Console.SetIn(reader);
                    string line;
                    while ((line = Console.ReadLine()) != null)
                    {
                        string newLine = line.Replace(("").PadRight(tabSize, ' '), "\t");
                        Console.WriteLine(newLine);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch(IOException e)
        {
            TextWriter errorWriter = Console.Error;
            errorWriter.WriteLine(e.Message);
            errorWriter.WriteLine(usageText);
            return 1;
        }

        // Recover the standard output stream so that a
        // completion message can be displayed.
        var standardOutput = new StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardOutput());
        standardOutput.AutoFlush = true;
        Console.SetOut(standardOutput);
        Console.WriteLine($"INSERTTABS has completed the processing of {args[0]}.");
        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Public Module InsertTabs
    Private Const tabSize As Integer = 4
    Private Const usageText As String = "Usage: INSERTTABS inputfile.txt outputfile.txt"
   
    Public Function Main(args As String()) As Integer
        If args.Length < 2 Then
            Console.WriteLine(usageText)
            Return 1
        End If
      
        Try
            ' Attempt to open output file.
            Using writer As New StreamWriter(args(1))
                Using reader As New StreamReader(args(0))
                    ' Redirect standard output from the console to the output file.
                    Console.SetOut(writer)
                    ' Redirect standard input from the console to the input file.
                    Console.SetIn(reader)
                    Dim line As String = Console.ReadLine()
                    While line IsNot Nothing
                        Dim newLine As String = line.Replace("".PadRight(tabSize, " "c), ControlChars.Tab)
                        Console.WriteLine(newLine)
                        line = Console.ReadLine()
                    End While
                End Using
            End Using
        Catch e As IOException
            Dim errorWriter As TextWriter = Console.Error
            errorWriter.WriteLine(e.Message)
            errorWriter.WriteLine(usageText)
            Return 1
        End Try

        ' Recover the standard output stream so that a 
        ' completion message can be displayed.
        Dim standardOutput As New StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardOutput())
        standardOutput.AutoFlush = True
        Console.SetOut(standardOutput)
        Console.WriteLine($"INSERTTABS has completed the processing of {args(0)}.")
        Return 0
    End Function 
End Module

Comentarios

De forma predeterminada, la Out propiedad se establece en el flujo de salida estándar.By default, the Out property is set to the standard output stream.

Un StreamWriter que encapsula un FileStream se puede usar para enviar la salida a un archivo.A StreamWriter that encapsulates a FileStream can be used to send output to a file. Por ejemplo:For example:

Console::WriteLine("Hello World");
FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream("Test.txt", FileMode::Create);
// First, save the standard output.
TextWriter^ tmp = Console::Out;
StreamWriter^ sw = gcnew StreamWriter(fs);
Console::SetOut(sw);
Console::WriteLine("Hello file");
Console::SetOut(tmp);
Console::WriteLine("Hello World");
sw->Close();
Console.WriteLine("Hello World");
FileStream fs = new FileStream("Test.txt", FileMode.Create);
// First, save the standard output.
TextWriter tmp = Console.Out;
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fs);
Console.SetOut(sw);
Console.WriteLine("Hello file");
Console.SetOut(tmp);
Console.WriteLine("Hello World");
sw.Close();
Console.WriteLine("Hello World")
Dim fs As New FileStream("Test.txt", FileMode.Create)
' First, save the standard output.
Dim tmp as TextWriter = Console.Out
Dim sw As New StreamWriter(fs)
Console.SetOut(sw)
Console.WriteLine("Hello file")
Console.SetOut(tmp)
Console.WriteLine("Hello World")
sw.Close()

El objeto real devuelto por Out puede ser un contenedor sincronizado alrededor del escritor de texto proporcionado.The actual object returned by Out may be a synchronized wrapper around the provided text writer.

Se aplica a

Consulte también