X509Certificate2.PrivateKey X509Certificate2.PrivateKey X509Certificate2.PrivateKey X509Certificate2.PrivateKey Property

Définition

Obtient ou définit l'objet AsymmetricAlgorithm qui représente la clé privée associée à un certificat.Gets or sets the AsymmetricAlgorithm object that represents the private key associated with a certificate.

public:
 property System::Security::Cryptography::AsymmetricAlgorithm ^ PrivateKey { System::Security::Cryptography::AsymmetricAlgorithm ^ get(); void set(System::Security::Cryptography::AsymmetricAlgorithm ^ value); };
public System.Security.Cryptography.AsymmetricAlgorithm PrivateKey { get; set; }
member this.PrivateKey : System.Security.Cryptography.AsymmetricAlgorithm with get, set
Public Property PrivateKey As AsymmetricAlgorithm

Valeur de propriété

Objet AsymmetricAlgorithm qui est un fournisseur de services de chiffrement RSA ou DSA.An AsymmetricAlgorithm object, which is either an RSA or DSA cryptographic service provider.

Exceptions

La valeur n'est pas celle d'une clé RSA ou DSA, ou la clé est illisible.The key value is not an RSA or DSA key, or the key is unreadable.

La valeur définie pour cette propriété est null.The value being set for this property is null.

L'algorithme de clé pour cette clé privée n'est pas pris en charge.The key algorithm for this private key is not supported.

La clé du fournisseur de services de chiffrement est null.The cryptographic service provider key is null.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant ouvre le magasin de certificats utilisateur actuel, sélectionne uniquement les certificats actifs, puis permet à l’utilisateur à sélectionner un ou plusieurs certificats.The following code example opens the current user certificate store, selects only active certificates, then allows the user to select one or more certificates. L’exemple écrit ensuite les informations de certificat dans la console.The example then writes certificate information to the console.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
int main()
{
   try
   {
      X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store( "MY",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
      store->Open( static_cast<OpenFlags>(OpenFlags::ReadOnly | OpenFlags::OpenExistingOnly) );
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ collection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ fcollection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(collection->Find( X509FindType::FindByTimeValid, DateTime::Now, false ));
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ scollection = X509Certificate2UI::SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag::MultiSelection);
      Console::WriteLine( "Number of certificates: {0}{1}", scollection->Count, Environment::NewLine );
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = scollection->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum->Current);
         array<Byte>^rawdata = x509->RawData;
         Console::WriteLine( "Content Type: {0}{1}", X509Certificate2::GetCertContentType( rawdata ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Friendly Name: {0}{1}", x509->FriendlyName, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}", x509->Verify(), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Simple Name: {0}{1}", x509->GetNameInfo( X509NameType::SimpleName, true ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}", x509->SignatureAlgorithm->FriendlyName, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Private Key: {0}{1}", x509->PrivateKey->ToXmlString( false ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Public Key: {0}{1}", x509->PublicKey->Key->ToXmlString( false ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}", x509->Archived, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}", x509->RawData->Length, Environment::NewLine );
         x509->Reset();
      }
      store->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Information could not be written out for this certificate." );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

class CertSelect
{
    static void Main()
    {
        X509Store store = new X509Store("MY",StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

        X509Certificate2Collection collection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
        X509Certificate2Collection fcollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid,DateTime.Now,false);
        X509Certificate2Collection scollection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection);
        Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}",scollection.Count,Environment.NewLine);

        foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in scollection)
        {
            try
            {
                byte[] rawdata = x509.RawData;
                Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}",X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}",x509.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}",x509.Verify(),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}",x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName,true),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}",x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Private Key: {0}{1}",x509.PrivateKey.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}",x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}",x509.Archived,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}",x509.RawData.Length,Environment.NewLine);
                X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509);
                x509.Reset();
            }
            catch (CryptographicException)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.");
            }
        }
        store.Close();
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates

Class CertSelect

    Shared Sub Main()

        Dim store As New X509Store("MY", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly Or OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)

        Dim collection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Dim fcollection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid, DateTime.Now, False), X509Certificate2Collection)
        Dim scollection As X509Certificate2Collection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select", "Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate", X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection)
        Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}", scollection.Count, Environment.NewLine)
         
        For Each x509 As X509Certificate2 In scollection
            Try
                Dim rawdata As Byte() = x509.RawData
                Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}", X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}", x509.FriendlyName, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}", x509.Verify(), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}", x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName, True), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}", x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Private Key: {0}{1}", x509.PrivateKey.ToXmlString(False), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}", x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(False), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}", x509.Archived, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}", x509.RawData.Length, Environment.NewLine)
                X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509)
                x509.Reset()         
             Catch cExcept As CryptographicException
                 Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.")
             End Try
        Next x509

        store.Close()
    End Sub
End Class

Remarques

Actuellement cette propriété prend en charge uniquement les clés RSA ou DSA, elle retourne un un RSACryptoServiceProvider ou un DSACryptoServiceProvider objet.Currently this property supports only RSA or DSA keys, so it returns either an RSACryptoServiceProvider or a DSACryptoServiceProvider object. Si aucune clé privée n’est associé au certificat, elle retourne null.If no private key is associated with the certificate, it returns null.

Avertissement

Si vous définissez cette propriété sur null ou une autre clé sans d’abord supprimé, un fichier de clé privée reste sur le disque.If you set this property to null or to another key without first deleting it, a private key file is left on the disk.

Pour supprimer correctement la clé privée associée à cette propriété, définissez PersistKeyInCsp à false, puis appelez le Clear (méthode).To properly delete the private key associated with this property, set PersistKeyInCsp to false, and then call the Clear method.

S’applique à