Type.Missing Champ

Définition

Représente une valeur manquante dans les informations Type.Represents a missing value in the Type information. Ce champ est en lecture seule.This field is read-only.

public: static initonly System::Object ^ Missing;
public static readonly object Missing;
 staticval mutable Missing : obj
Public Shared ReadOnly Missing As Object 

Valeur de champ

Object

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation du Missing champ pour appeler une méthode avec ses arguments par défaut.The following code example shows the use of the Missing field to invoke a method with its default arguments.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::CodeDom::Compiler;

ref class Example
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // VB source for example. Not all versions of CS and CPP compilers
        // support optional arguments.
        String^ codeLines =
            "Imports System\n\n" +
            "Public Class OptionalArg\n" +
            "  Public Sub MyMethod(ByVal a As Integer, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal b As Double = 1.2, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal c As Integer = 1)\n\n" +
            "    Console.WriteLine(\"a = \" & a & \" b = \" & b & \" c = \" & c)\n" +
            "  End Sub\n" +
            "End Class\n";

        // Generate a OptionalArg instance from the source above.
        Object^ o = GenerateObjectFromSource("OptionalArg", codeLines, "VisualBasic");
        Type^ t;

        t = o->GetType();
        BindingFlags bf = BindingFlags::Public | BindingFlags::Instance |
            BindingFlags::InvokeMethod | BindingFlags::OptionalParamBinding;

        t->InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, nullptr, o, gcnew array<Object^> {10, 55.3, 12});
        t->InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, nullptr, o, gcnew array<Object^> {10, 1.3, Type::Missing});
        t->InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, nullptr, o, gcnew array<Object^> {10, Type::Missing, Type::Missing});
    }

private:
    static Object^ GenerateObjectFromSource(String^ objectName,
        String^ sourceLines, String^ providerName)
    {
        Object^ genObject = nullptr;
        CodeDomProvider^ codeProvider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider(providerName);
        CompilerParameters^ cp = gcnew CompilerParameters();

        cp->GenerateExecutable = false;
        cp->GenerateInMemory = true;

        CompilerResults^ results =
            codeProvider->CompileAssemblyFromSource(cp, sourceLines);
        if (results->Errors->Count == 0)
        {
            genObject = results->CompiledAssembly->CreateInstance(objectName);
        }

        return genObject;
    }
};

int main()
{
    Example::Main();
}
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // VB source for example. Not all versions of CS and CPP compilers
        // support optional arguments.
        string codeLines =
            "Imports System\n\n" +
            "Public Class OptionalArg\n" +
            "  Public Sub MyMethod(ByVal a As Integer, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal b As Double = 1.2, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal c As Integer = 1)\n\n" +
            "    Console.WriteLine(\"a = \" & a & \" b = \" & b & \" c = \" & c)\n" +
            "  End Sub\n" +
            "End Class\n";

        // Generate a OptionalArg instance from the source above.
        object o = GenerateObjectFromSource("OptionalArg", codeLines, "VisualBasic");
        Type t;

        t = o.GetType();
        BindingFlags bf = BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance |
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod | BindingFlags.OptionalParamBinding;

        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, null, o, new object[] {10, 55.3, 12});
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, null, o, new object[] {10, 1.3, Type.Missing});
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, null, o, new object[] {10, Type.Missing, Type.Missing});
    }

    private static object GenerateObjectFromSource(string objectName,
        string sourceLines, string providerName)
    {
        object genObject = null;
        CodeDomProvider codeProvider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider(providerName);
        CompilerParameters cp = new CompilerParameters();

        cp.GenerateExecutable = false;
        cp.GenerateInMemory = true;

        CompilerResults results =
            codeProvider.CompileAssemblyFromSource(cp, sourceLines);
        if (results.Errors.Count == 0)
        {
            genObject = results.CompiledAssembly.CreateInstance(objectName);
        }

        return genObject;
    }
}
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class OptionalArg
    Public Sub MyMethod(ByVal a As Integer, _
        Optional ByVal b As Double = 1.2, _
        Optional ByVal c As Integer = 1)
        
        Console.WriteLine("a = " & a & " b = " & b & " c = " & c)
    End Sub
End Class

Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim o As New OptionalArg()
        Dim t As Type
        t = GetType(OptionalArg)

        Dim bf As BindingFlags = _
            BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance Or _
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod Or BindingFlags.OptionalParamBinding

        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, Nothing, o, New Object() {10, 55.3, 12})
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, Nothing, o, New Object() {10, 1.3, Type.Missing})
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, Nothing, o, New Object() {10, Type.Missing, Type.Missing})
    End Sub
End Class

Ce code génère la sortie suivante :This code produces the following output:

a = 10 b = 55,3 c = 12a = 10 b = 55.3 c = 12

a = 10 b = 1,3 c = 1a = 10 b = 1.3 c = 1

a = 10 b = 1,2 c = 1a = 10 b = 1.2 c = 1

Remarques

Utilisez le Missing champ pour l’appel via la réflexion pour obtenir la valeur par défaut d’un paramètre.Use the Missing field for invocation through reflection to obtain the default value of a parameter. Si le Missing champ est passé pour une valeur de paramètre et qu’il n’existe pas de valeur par défaut pour ce paramètre, une ArgumentException exception est levée.If the Missing field is passed in for a parameter value and there is no default value for that parameter, an ArgumentException is thrown.

S’applique à

Voir aussi