GridViewSortEventHandler Délégué

Définition

Représente la méthode qui gère l'événement Sorting d'un contrôle GridView.Represents the method that handles the Sorting event of a GridView control.

public delegate void GridViewSortEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, GridViewSortEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void GridViewSortEventHandler(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e);
type GridViewSortEventHandler = delegate of obj * GridViewSortEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub GridViewSortEventHandler(sender As Object, e As GridViewSortEventArgs)

Paramètres

sender
Object

Source de l'événement.The source of the event.

e
GridViewSortEventArgs

Objet GridViewSortEventArgs qui contient les données d'événement.A GridViewSortEventArgs object that contains the event data.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant montre comment ajouter par programme un GridViewSortEventHandler délégué à l' Sorting événement d’un GridView contrôle.The following example demonstrates how to programmatically add a GridViewSortEventHandler delegate to the Sorting event of a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        
        // Create a new GridView object.
        GridView authorGridView = new GridView();
         
        // Set the GridView object's properties.
        authorGridView.ID = "AuthorGridView";
        authorGridView.DataSourceID = "AuthorsSqlDataSource"; 
        authorGridView.AutoGenerateColumns = true;
        authorGridView.AllowSorting = true;
        
        // Programmatically register the event-handling methods.
        authorGridView.Sorting += new GridViewSortEventHandler(this.AuthorsGridView_Sorting);
        
        // Add the GridView object to the Controls collection
        // of the PlaceHolder control.
        GridViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(authorGridView);
        
    }
    
    void AuthorsGridView_Sorting(Object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
    {
    
        // Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts to sort
        // the Contract column.
        if(e.SortExpression == "contract")
        {
            e.Cancel = true;
            Message.Text = "You cannot sort the Contract column.";
        }
        else
        {
            // Clear the message label.
            Message.Text = "";
        }
    
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewSortEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
            <h3>GridViewSortEventHandler Example</h3>
            
            <asp:label id="Message"
                forecolor="Red"
                runat="server"/>
                
            <br/>
            
            <asp:placeholder id="GridViewPlaceHolder"
                runat="Server"/>
            
            <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects -->
            <!-- to the Pubs sample database.                         -->
            <asp:sqldatasource id="AuthorsSqlDataSource"  
                selectcommand="SELECT [au_id], [au_lname], [au_fname], [address], [city], [state], [zip], [contract] FROM [authors]"
                updatecommand="UPDATE authors SET au_lname=@au_lname, au_fname=@au_fname, address=@address, city=@city, state=@state, zip=@zip, contract=@contract WHERE (authors.au_id = @au_id)"
                connectionstring="server=localhost;database=pubs;integrated security=SSPI"
                runat="server">
            </asp:sqldatasource>
            
        </form>
    </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        
        ' Create a new GridView object.
        Dim authorGridView As GridView = New GridView
         
        ' Set the GridView object's properties.
        authorGridView.ID = "AuthorGridView"
        authorGridView.DataSourceID = "AuthorsSqlDataSource"
        authorGridView.AutoGenerateColumns = True
        authorGridView.AllowSorting = True
        
        ' Programmatically register the event-handling methods.
        AddHandler authorGridView.Sorting, AddressOf AuthorsGridView_Sorting
        
        ' Add the GridView object to the Controls collection
        ' of the PlaceHolder control.
        GridViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(authorGridView)
        
    End Sub
    
    Sub AuthorsGridView_Sorting(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewSortEventArgs)
    
        ' Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts to sort
        ' the Contract column.
        If e.SortExpression = "contract" Then

            e.Cancel = True
            Message.Text = "You cannot sort the Contract column."
        
        Else
      
            ' Clear the message label.
            Message.Text = ""
        
        End If
    
    End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewSortEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
            <h3>GridViewSortEventHandler Example</h3>
            
            <asp:label id="Message"
                forecolor="Red"
                runat="server"/>
                
            <br/>
            
            <asp:placeholder id="GridViewPlaceHolder"
                runat="Server"/>
            
            <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects -->
            <!-- to the Pubs sample database.                         -->
            <asp:sqldatasource id="AuthorsSqlDataSource"  
                selectcommand="SELECT [au_id], [au_lname], [au_fname], [address], [city], [state], [zip], [contract] FROM [authors]"
                updatecommand="UPDATE authors SET au_lname=@au_lname, au_fname=@au_fname, address=@address, city=@city, state=@state, zip=@zip, contract=@contract WHERE (authors.au_id = @au_id)"
                connectionstring="server=localhost;database=pubs;integrated security=SSPI"
                runat="server">
            </asp:sqldatasource>
            
        </form>
    </body>
</html>

L’exemple suivant montre comment ajouter de façon déclarative un GridViewSortEventHandler délégué à l' Sorting événement d’un GridView contrôle.The following example demonstrates how to declaratively add a GridViewSortEventHandler delegate to the Sorting event of a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void CustomersGridView_Sorting(Object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    // to sort by address.
    if (e.SortExpression == "Address")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address.";
      SortInformationLabel.Text = "";
    }
    else
    {
      Message.Text = "";
    }
  }

  void CustomersGridView_Sorted(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " +
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() +
      " in " + CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() +
      " order.";
  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/>
        
      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">
                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomersGridView_Sorting(sender As Object, e As GridViewSortEventArgs)
  
    ' Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    ' to sort by address.
    If e.SortExpression = "Address" Then
    
      e.Cancel = True
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address."
      SortInformationLabel.Text = ""
    
    Else
    
      Message.Text = ""
      
    End If
    
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_Sorted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
 
    ' Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " & _
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() & _
      " in " & CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() & _
      " order."
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorted and Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sorted and Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/>
        
      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">
                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Remarques

L' Sorting événement est déclenché lorsque l’utilisateur clique sur le lien hypertexte pour trier une colonne, mais avant que le GridView contrôle ne gère l’opération de tri.The Sorting event is raised when the hyperlink to sort a column is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the sort operation. Cela vous permet de fournir une méthode de gestion des événements qui exécute une routine personnalisée, telle que l’annulation de l’opération de tri, chaque fois que cet événement se produit.This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the sorting operation, whenever this event occurs.

Lorsque vous créez un délégué GridViewSortEventHandler, vous identifiez la méthode qui gérera l'événement.When you create a GridViewSortEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. Pour associer l'événement au gestionnaire d'événements, ajoutez une instance du délégué à l'événement.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. Le gestionnaire d'événements est appelé chaque fois qu'un événement se produit, sauf si vous supprimez le délégué.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. Pour plus d’informations sur les délégués de gestionnaires d’événements, consultez gestion et déclenchement d’événements.For more information about event-handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

Méthodes d’extension

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtient un objet qui représente la méthode représentée par le délégué spécifié.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

S’applique à

Voir aussi