S'abonner à des événements UI Automation

Notes

cette documentation est destinée aux développeurs .NET Framework qui souhaitent utiliser les classes UI Automation managées définies dans l' System.Windows.Automation espace de noms. pour obtenir les informations les plus récentes sur ui automation, consultez Windows API automation : ui automation.

Cette rubrique montre comment s’abonner à des événements déclenchés par des fournisseurs UI Automation.

Exemple 1

L’exemple de code suivant inscrit un gestionnaire d’événements pour l’événement qui est déclenché quand un contrôle tel qu’un bouton est appelé, et le supprime à la fermeture du formulaire d’application. L’événement est identifié par un AutomationEvent passé comme paramètre à AddAutomationEventHandler.

// Member variables.
AutomationElement ElementSubscribeButton;
AutomationEventHandler UIAeventHandler;

/// <summary>
/// Register an event handler for InvokedEvent on the specified element.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="elementButton">The automation element.</param>
public void SubscribeToInvoke(AutomationElement elementButton)
{
    if (elementButton != null)
    {
        Automation.AddAutomationEventHandler(InvokePattern.InvokedEvent,
             elementButton, TreeScope.Element,
             UIAeventHandler = new AutomationEventHandler(OnUIAutomationEvent));
        ElementSubscribeButton = elementButton;
    }
}

/// <summary>
/// AutomationEventHandler delegate.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="src">Object that raised the event.</param>
/// <param name="e">Event arguments.</param>
private void OnUIAutomationEvent(object src, AutomationEventArgs e)
{
    // Make sure the element still exists. Elements such as tooltips
    // can disappear before the event is processed.
    AutomationElement sourceElement;
    try
    {
        sourceElement = src as AutomationElement;
    }
    catch (ElementNotAvailableException)
    {
        return;
    }
    if (e.EventId == InvokePattern.InvokedEvent)
    {
        // TODO Add handling code.
    }
    else
    {
        // TODO Handle any other events that have been subscribed to.
    }
}

private void ShutdownUIA()
{
    if (UIAeventHandler != null)
    {
        Automation.RemoveAutomationEventHandler(InvokePattern.InvokedEvent,
            ElementSubscribeButton, UIAeventHandler);
    }
}
' Member variables.
Private ElementSubscribeButton As AutomationElement
Private UIAeventHandler As AutomationEventHandler


''' <summary>
''' Register an event handler for InvokedEvent on the specified element.
''' </summary>
''' <param name="elementButton">The automation element.</param>
Public Sub SubscribeToInvoke(ByVal elementButton As AutomationElement)
    If (elementButton IsNot Nothing) Then
        UIAeventHandler = New AutomationEventHandler(AddressOf OnUIAutomationEvent)
        Automation.AddAutomationEventHandler(InvokePattern.InvokedEvent, elementButton, _
        TreeScope.Element, UIAeventHandler)
        ElementSubscribeButton = elementButton
    End If

End Sub


''' <summary>
''' AutomationEventHandler delegate.
''' </summary>
''' <param name="src">Object that raised the event.</param>
''' <param name="e">Event arguments.</param>
Private Sub OnUIAutomationEvent(ByVal src As Object, ByVal e As AutomationEventArgs)
    ' Make sure the element still exists. Elements such as tooltips can disappear
    ' before the event is processed.
    Dim sourceElement As AutomationElement
    Try
        sourceElement = DirectCast(src, AutomationElement)
    Catch ex As ElementNotAvailableException
        Exit Sub
    End Try
    If e.EventId Is InvokePattern.InvokedEvent Then
        ' TODO Add handling code.
    Else
    End If
    ' TODO Handle any other events that have been subscribed to.
    Console.WriteLine("Event: " & e.EventId.ProgrammaticName)
End Sub

Private Sub ShutdownUIA()
    If (UIAeventHandler IsNot Nothing) Then
        Automation.RemoveAutomationEventHandler(InvokePattern.InvokedEvent, ElementSubscribeButton, UIAeventHandler)
    End If

End Sub

Exemple 2

L’exemple suivant montre comment utiliser l’automatisation de l’interface utilisateur de Microsoft pour s’abonner à un événement qui est déclenché lorsque le focus est modifié. L’inscription du gestionnaire d’événements est annulée dans une méthode qui peut être appelée à l’arrêt de l’application, ou quand la notification d’événements d’interface utilisateur n’est plus obligatoire.

AutomationFocusChangedEventHandler focusHandler = null;

/// <summary>
/// Create an event handler and register it.
/// </summary>
public void SubscribeToFocusChange()
{
    focusHandler = new AutomationFocusChangedEventHandler(OnFocusChange);
    Automation.AddAutomationFocusChangedEventHandler(focusHandler);
}

/// <summary>
/// Handle the event.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="src">Object that raised the event.</param>
/// <param name="e">Event arguments.</param>
private void OnFocusChange(object src, AutomationFocusChangedEventArgs e)
{
    // TODO Add event handling code.
    // The arguments tell you which elements have lost and received focus.
}

/// <summary>
/// Cancel subscription to the event.
/// </summary>
public void UnsubscribeFocusChange()
{
    if (focusHandler != null)
    {
        Automation.RemoveAutomationFocusChangedEventHandler(focusHandler);
    }
}
Private focusHandler As AutomationFocusChangedEventHandler = Nothing


''' <summary>
''' Create an event handler and register it.
''' </summary>
Public Sub SubscribeToFocusChange()
    focusHandler = New AutomationFocusChangedEventHandler(AddressOf OnFocusChange)
    Automation.AddAutomationFocusChangedEventHandler(focusHandler)

End Sub


''' <summary>
''' Handle the event.
''' </summary>
''' <param name="src">Object that raised the event.</param>
''' <param name="e">Event arguments.</param>
Private Sub OnFocusChange(ByVal src As Object, ByVal e As AutomationFocusChangedEventArgs)

End Sub

' TODO Add event handling code.
' The arguments tell you which elements have lost and received focus.

''' <summary>
''' Cancel subscription to the event.
''' </summary>
Public Sub UnsubscribeFocusChange()
    If (focusHandler IsNot Nothing) Then
        Automation.RemoveAutomationFocusChangedEventHandler(focusHandler)
    End If

End Sub

Voir aussi