Procédure : partager des données liées entre formulaires à l’aide du composant BindingSourceHow to: Share Bound Data Across Forms Using the BindingSource Component

Vous pouvez facilement partager des données entre des formulaires à l'aide du composant BindingSource.You can easily share data across forms using the BindingSource component. Par exemple, vous souhaiterez peut-être afficher un formulaire en lecture seule qui résume les données de la source de données et un autre formulaire modifiable qui contient des informations détaillées sur l'élément actuellement sélectionné dans la source de données.For example, you may want to display one read-only form that summarizes the data-source data and another editable form that contains detailed information about the currently selected item in the data source. Cet exemple illustre ce scénario.This example demonstrates this scenario.

ExempleExample

L'exemple de code suivant montre comment partager un BindingSource et ses données liées entre des formulaires.The following code example demonstrates how to share a BindingSource and its bound data across forms. Dans cet exemple, le BindingSource partagé est passé au constructeur du formulaire enfant.In this example, the shared BindingSource is passed to the constructor of the child form. Le formulaire enfant permet à l'utilisateur de modifier les données de l'élément actuellement sélectionné dans le formulaire principal.The child form allows the user to edit the data for the currently selected item in the main form.

Notes

L'événement BindingComplete pour le composant BindingSource est géré dans l'exemple pour garantir que les deux formulaires restent synchronisés.The BindingComplete event for the BindingSource component is handled in the example to ensure that the two forms remain synchronized. Pour plus d’informations sur la raison de cette opération , consultez Procédure: Assurez-vous que plusieurs contrôles liés à la même sourcede données restent synchronisés.For more information about why this is done, see How to: Ensure Multiple Controls Bound to the Same Data Source Remain Synchronized.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;

namespace BindingSourceMultipleForms
{
    public class MainForm : Form
    {
        public MainForm()
        {
            this.Load += new EventHandler(MainForm_Load);
        }

        private BindingSource bindingSource1;
        private Button button1;
        
        private void MainForm_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            InitializeData();
        }

        private void InitializeData()
        {
            bindingSource1 = new System.Windows.Forms.BindingSource();
            
            // Handle the BindingComplete event to ensure the two forms
            // remain synchronized.
            bindingSource1.BindingComplete +=  
                new BindingCompleteEventHandler(bindingSource1_BindingComplete);
            ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
            DataSet dataset1 = new DataSet();

            // Some xml data to populate the DataSet with.
            string musicXml =
                "<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>" +
                "<music>" +
                 "<recording><artist>Dave Matthews</artist>" +
                 "<cd>Under the Table and Dreaming</cd>" + 
                 "<releaseDate>1994</releaseDate><rating>3.5</rating></recording>" +
                 "<recording><artist>Coldplay</artist><cd>X&amp;Y</cd>" + 
                 "<releaseDate>2005</releaseDate><rating>4</rating></recording>" +
                 "<recording><artist>Dave Matthews</artist>" + 
                 "<cd>Live at Red Rocks</cd>" + 
                 "<releaseDate>1997</releaseDate><rating>4</rating></recording>" +
                 "<recording><artist>U2</artist>" + 
                 "<cd>Joshua Tree</cd><releaseDate>1987</releaseDate>" + 
                 "<rating>5</rating></recording>" +
                 "<recording><artist>U2</artist>" +
                 "<cd>How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb</cd>" + 
                 "<releaseDate>2004</releaseDate><rating>4.5</rating></recording>" +
                 "<recording><artist>Natalie Merchant</artist>" +
                 "<cd>Tigerlily</cd><releaseDate>1995</releaseDate>" +
                 "<rating>3.5</rating></recording>" +
                 "</music>";

            // Read the xml.
            System.IO.StringReader reader = new System.IO.StringReader(musicXml);
            dataset1.ReadXml(reader); 

            // Get a DataView of the table contained in the dataset.
            DataTableCollection tables = dataset1.Tables;
            DataView view1 = new DataView(tables[0]);

            // Create a DataGridView control and add it to the form.
            DataGridView datagridview1 = new DataGridView();
            datagridview1.ReadOnly = true;
            datagridview1.AutoGenerateColumns = true;
            datagridview1.Width = 300;
            this.Controls.Add(datagridview1);
            bindingSource1.DataSource = view1;
            datagridview1.DataSource = bindingSource1;
            datagridview1.Columns.Remove("artist");
            datagridview1.Columns.Remove("releaseDate");
            
            // Create and add a button to the form. 
            button1 = new Button();
            button1.AutoSize = true;
            button1.Text = "Show/Edit Details";
            this.Controls.Add(button1);
            button1.Location = new Point(50, 200);
            button1.Click += new EventHandler(button1_Click);
        }

        // Handle the BindingComplete event to ensure the two forms
        // remain synchronized.
        private void bindingSource1_BindingComplete(object sender, BindingCompleteEventArgs e)
        {
            if (e.BindingCompleteContext == BindingCompleteContext.DataSourceUpdate
                && e.Exception == null)
                e.Binding.BindingManagerBase.EndCurrentEdit();
        }

        // The detailed form will be shown when the button is clicked.
        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            DetailForm detailForm = new DetailForm(bindingSource1);
            detailForm.Show();
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new MainForm());
        }
    }

    // The detail form class. 
    public class DetailForm : Form
    {
        private BindingSource formDataSource;

        // The constructor takes a BindingSource object.
        public DetailForm(BindingSource dataSource)
        {
            formDataSource = dataSource;
            this.ClientSize = new Size(240, 200);
            TextBox textBox1 = new TextBox();
            this.Text = "Selection Details";
            textBox1.Width = 220;
            TextBox textBox2 = new TextBox();
            TextBox textBox3 = new TextBox();
            TextBox textBox4 = new TextBox();
            textBox4.Width = 30;
            textBox3.Width = 50;

            // Associate each text box with a column from the data source.
            textBox1.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "cd", true, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged);
            
            textBox2.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "artist", true);
            textBox3.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "releaseDate", true);
            textBox4.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "rating", true);
            textBox1.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            textBox2.Location = new Point(10, 40);
            textBox3.Location = new Point(10, 80);
            textBox4.Location = new Point(10, 120);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] { textBox1, textBox2, textBox3, textBox4 });
        }

    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Data

Public Class MainForm
    Inherits Form

    Public Sub New()
    End Sub

    Private WithEvents bindingSource1 As BindingSource
    Private WithEvents button1 As Button

    Private Sub MainForm_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles Me.Load

        InitializeData()
    End Sub


    Private Sub InitializeData()
        bindingSource1 = New System.Windows.Forms.BindingSource()
        Dim dataset1 As New DataSet()
        ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)

        ' Some xml data to populate the DataSet with.
        ' Some xml data to populate the DataSet with.
        Dim musicXml As String = "<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>" & _
            "<music><recording><artist>Dave Matthews</artist>" & _
            "<cd>Under the Table and Dreaming</cd>" & _
            "<releaseDate>1994</releaseDate><rating>3.5</rating></recording>" & _
            "<recording><artist>Coldplay</artist><cd>X&amp;Y</cd>" & _
            "<releaseDate>2005</releaseDate><rating>4</rating></recording>" & _
            "<recording><artist>Dave Matthews</artist>" & _
            "<cd>Live at Red Rocks</cd>" & _
            "<releaseDate>1997</releaseDate><rating>4</rating></recording>" & _
            "<recording><artist>U2</artist>" & _
            "<cd>Joshua Tree</cd><releaseDate>1987</releaseDate>" & _
            "<rating>5</rating></recording>" & _
            "<recording><artist>U2</artist>" & _
            "<cd>How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb</cd>" & _
            "<releaseDate>2004</releaseDate><rating>4.5</rating></recording>" & _
            "<recording><artist>Natalie Merchant</artist>" & _
            "<cd>Tigerlily</cd><releaseDate>1995</releaseDate>" & _
            "<rating>3.5</rating></recording>" & _
            "</music>"

        ' Read the xml.
        Dim reader As New System.IO.StringReader(musicXml)
        dataset1.ReadXml(reader)

        ' Get a DataView of the table contained in the dataset.
        Dim tables As DataTableCollection = dataset1.Tables
        Dim view1 As New DataView(tables(0))

        ' Create a DataGridView control and add it to the form.
        Dim datagridview1 As New DataGridView()
        datagridview1.ReadOnly = True
        datagridview1.AutoGenerateColumns = True
        datagridview1.Width = 300
        Me.Controls.Add(datagridview1)
        bindingSource1.DataSource = view1
        datagridview1.DataSource = bindingSource1
        datagridview1.Columns.Remove("artist")
        datagridview1.Columns.Remove("releaseDate")

        ' Create and add a button to the form. 
        button1 = New Button()
        button1.AutoSize = True
        button1.Text = "Show/Edit Details"
        Me.Controls.Add(button1)
        button1.Location = New Point(50, 200)

    End Sub

    ' Handle the BindingComplete event to ensure the two forms
    ' remain synchronized.
    Private Sub bindingSource1_BindingComplete(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As BindingCompleteEventArgs) Handles bindingSource1.BindingComplete
        If e.BindingCompleteContext = BindingCompleteContext.DataSourceUpdate _
            AndAlso e.Exception Is Nothing Then
            e.Binding.BindingManagerBase.EndCurrentEdit()
        End If

    End Sub

    ' The detailed form will be shown when the button is clicked.
    Private Sub button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles button1.Click

        Dim detailForm As New DetailForm(bindingSource1)
        detailForm.Show()
    End Sub


    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New MainForm())

    End Sub
End Class

' The detail form class. 
Public Class DetailForm
    Inherits Form
    Private formDataSource As BindingSource

    ' The constructor takes a BindingSource object.
    Public Sub New(ByVal dataSource As BindingSource)
        formDataSource = dataSource
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(240, 200)
        Dim textBox1 As New TextBox()
        Me.Text = "Selection Details"
        textBox1.Width = 220
        Dim textBox2 As New TextBox()
        Dim textBox3 As New TextBox()
        Dim textBox4 As New TextBox()
        textBox4.Width = 30
        textBox3.Width = 50

        ' Associate each text box with a column from the data source.
        textBox1.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "cd", _
            True, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged)

        textBox2.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "artist", True)
        textBox3.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "releaseDate", True)
        textBox4.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "rating", True)
        textBox1.Location = New Point(10, 10)
        textBox2.Location = New Point(10, 40)
        textBox3.Location = New Point(10, 80)
        textBox4.Location = New Point(10, 120)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {textBox1, textBox2, textBox3, _
            textBox4})

    End Sub
End Class

Compilation du codeCompiling the Code

Cet exemple nécessite :This example requires:

  • Références aux assemblys System, System.Windows.Forms, System.Drawing, System.Data et System.Xml.References to the System, System.Windows.Forms, System.Drawing, System.Data, and System.Xml assemblies.

Voir aussiSee also