Utilisation d'un délégué AsyncCallback pour terminer une opération asynchroneUsing an AsyncCallback Delegate to End an Asynchronous Operation

Les applications qui peuvent continuer à effectuer d’autres tâches en attendant les résultats d’une opération asynchrone ne doivent pas se bloquer en attendant que cette opération se termine.Applications that can do other work while waiting for the results of an asynchronous operation should not block waiting until the operation completes. Pour poursuivre l’exécution des instructions tout en attendant la fin d’une opération asynchrone, utilisez l’une des options suivantes :Use one of the following options to continue executing instructions while waiting for an asynchronous operation to complete:

  • Utilisez un délégué AsyncCallback pour traiter les résultats de l’opération asynchrone dans un thread distinct.Use an AsyncCallback delegate to process the results of the asynchronous operation in a separate thread. Cette approche est illustrée dans cette rubrique.This approach is demonstrated in this topic.

  • Utilisez la propriété IsCompleted du IAsyncResult retourné par la méthode BeginOperationName de l’opération asynchrone pour déterminer si cette dernière est terminée.Use the IsCompleted property of the IAsyncResult returned by the asynchronous operation's BeginOperationName method to determine whether the operation has completed. Vous trouverez un exemple illustrant cette approche sur la page Demander l’état d’une opération asynchrone.For an example that demonstrates this approach, see Polling for the Status of an Asynchronous Operation.

ExempleExample

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment utiliser des méthodes asynchrones dans la classe Dns pour récupérer les informations du DNS (Domain Name System) pour des ordinateurs spécifiés par l’utilisateur.The following code example demonstrates using asynchronous methods in the Dns class to retrieve Domain Name System (DNS) information for user-specified computers. Cet exemple crée un délégué AsyncCallback qui référence la méthode ProcessDnsInformation,This example creates an AsyncCallback delegate that references the ProcessDnsInformation method. appelée une fois par demande asynchrone d’informations DNS.This method is called once for each asynchronous request for DNS information.

Vous remarquerez que l’hôte spécifié par l’utilisateur est transmis au paramètre BeginGetHostByNameObject.Note that the user-specified host is passed to the BeginGetHostByNameObject parameter. Vous trouverez un exemple illustrant la définition et l’utilisation d’un objet d’état plus complexe sur la page Utiliser un délégué AsyncCallback et un objet d’état.For an example that demonstrates defining and using a more complex state object, see Using an AsyncCallback Delegate and State Object.

/*
The following example demonstrates using asynchronous methods to
get Domain Name System information for the specified host computers.
This example uses a delegate to obtain the results of each asynchronous 
operation.
*/

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Threading;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Collections;

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class UseDelegateForAsyncCallback
    {
        static int requestCounter;
        static ArrayList hostData = new ArrayList();
        static StringCollection hostNames = new StringCollection();
        static void UpdateUserInterface()
        {
            // Print a message to indicate that the application
            // is still working on the remaining requests.
            Console.WriteLine("{0} requests remaining.", requestCounter);
        }
        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create the delegate that will process the results of the 
            // asynchronous request.
            AsyncCallback callBack = new AsyncCallback(ProcessDnsInformation);
            string host;
            do
            {
                Console.Write(" Enter the name of a host computer or <enter> to finish: ");
                host = Console.ReadLine();
                if (host.Length > 0)
                {
                    // Increment the request counter in a thread safe manner.
                    Interlocked.Increment(ref requestCounter);
                    // Start the asynchronous request for DNS information.
                    Dns.BeginGetHostEntry(host, callBack, host);
                 }
            } while (host.Length > 0);
            // The user has entered all of the host names for lookup.
            // Now wait until the threads complete.
            while (requestCounter > 0)
            {
                UpdateUserInterface();
            }
            // Display the results.
            for (int i = 0; i< hostNames.Count; i++)
            {
                object data = hostData [i];
                string message = data as string;
                // A SocketException was thrown.
                if (message != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Request for {0} returned message: {1}", 
                        hostNames[i], message);
                    continue;
                }
                // Get the results.
                IPHostEntry h = (IPHostEntry) data;
                string[] aliases = h.Aliases;
                IPAddress[] addresses = h.AddressList;
                if (aliases.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Aliases for {0}", hostNames[i]);
                    for (int j = 0; j < aliases.Length; j++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("{0}", aliases[j]);
                    }
                }
                if (addresses.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Addresses for {0}", hostNames[i]);
                    for (int k = 0; k < addresses.Length; k++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("{0}",addresses[k].ToString());
                    }
                }
            }
       }

        // The following method is called when each asynchronous operation completes.
        static void ProcessDnsInformation(IAsyncResult result)
        {
            string hostName = (string) result.AsyncState;
            hostNames.Add(hostName);
            try 
            {
                // Get the results.
                IPHostEntry host = Dns.EndGetHostEntry(result);
                hostData.Add(host);
            }
            // Store the exception message.
            catch (SocketException e)
            {
                hostData.Add(e.Message);
            }
            finally 
            {
                // Decrement the request counter in a thread-safe manner.
                Interlocked.Decrement(ref requestCounter);
            }
        }
    }
}

'The following example demonstrates using asynchronous methods to
'get Domain Name System information for the specified host computers.
'This example uses a delegate to obtain the results of each asynchronous 
'operation.

Imports System.Net
Imports System.Net.Sockets
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Collections

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations

    Public Class UseDelegateForAsyncCallback
    
        Dim Shared requestCounter as Integer
        Dim Shared hostData as ArrayList = new ArrayList()
        Dim Shared hostNames as StringCollection = new StringCollection()
        Shared Sub UpdateUserInterface()
        
            ' Print a message to indicate that the application
            ' is still working on the remaining requests.
            Console.WriteLine("{0} requests remaining.", requestCounter)
        End Sub
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            ' Create the delegate that will process the results of the 
            ' asynchronous request.
            Dim callBack as AsyncCallback
            Dim host as string
            Dim i, j, k as Integer
            callback = AddressOf ProcessDnsInformation
            Do
                Console.Write(" Enter the name of a host computer or <enter> to finish: ")
                host = Console.ReadLine()
                If host.Length > 0
                    ' Increment the request counter in a thread safe manner.
                    Interlocked.Increment(requestCounter)
                    ' Start the asynchronous request for DNS information.
                    Dns.BeginGetHostEntry(host, callBack, host)
                End If
            Loop While (host.Length > 0)
            
            ' The user has entered all of the host names for lookup.
            ' Now wait until the threads complete.
            Do While requestCounter > 0
            
                UpdateUserInterface()
            Loop
            
            ' Display the results.
            For i = 0 To hostNames.Count -1
                Dim dataObject as Object = hostData (i)
                Dim message as String 
                
                ' Was a SocketException was thrown?
                If TypeOf dataObject is String
                    message = CType(dataObject, String)
                    Console.WriteLine("Request for {0} returned message: {1}", _ 
                        hostNames(i), message)
                Else
                    ' Get the results.
                    Dim h as IPHostEntry = CType(dataObject, IPHostEntry) 
                    Dim aliases() as String = h.Aliases
                    Dim addresses() as IPAddress = h.AddressList
                    If aliases.Length > 0
                        Console.WriteLine("Aliases for 0}", hostNames(i))
                        For j = 0 To aliases.Length -1
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}", aliases(j))
                        Next j
                    End If
                    If addresses.Length > 0
                        Console.WriteLine("Addresses for {0}", hostNames(i))
                        For k = 0 To addresses.Length -1
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}",addresses(k).ToString())
                        Next k
                    End If
                End If
            Next i
       End Sub

        ' The following method is called when each asynchronous operation completes.
        Shared Sub ProcessDnsInformation(result as IAsyncResult)
        
            Dim hostName as String = CType(result.AsyncState, String)
            hostNames.Add(hostName)
            Try 
                ' Get the results.
                Dim host as IPHostEntry = Dns.EndGetHostEntry(result)
                hostData.Add(host)
            ' Store the exception message.
            Catch e as SocketException
                hostData.Add(e.Message)
            Finally 
                ' Decrement the request counter in a thread-safe manner.
                Interlocked.Decrement(requestCounter)
            End Try
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

Voir aussiSee also