ListDictionary.GetEnumerator Metodo

Definizione

Restituisce un oggetto IDictionaryEnumerator che esegue l'iterazione di ListDictionary.Returns an IDictionaryEnumerator that iterates through the ListDictionary.

public:
 virtual System::Collections::IDictionaryEnumerator ^ GetEnumerator();
public System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator GetEnumerator ();
abstract member GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator
override this.GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator
Public Function GetEnumerator () As IDictionaryEnumerator

Restituisce

IDictionaryEnumerator

IDictionaryEnumerator per l'oggetto ListDictionary.An IDictionaryEnumerator for the ListDictionary.

Implementazioni

Esempio

Nell'esempio di codice seguente vengono enumerati gli elementi di un oggetto ListDictionary .The following code example enumerates the elements of a ListDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( ListDictionary^ myCol );

int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new ListDictionary.
   ListDictionary^ myCol = gcnew ListDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
   myCol->Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using for each. This is the preferred method.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using for each:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );
}

// Uses the for each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
// NOTE: The for each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol )  {
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for each ( DictionaryEntry^ de in myCol )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol )
{
   IDictionaryEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator->Key, myEnumerator->Value );

   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
void PrintKeysAndValues3( ListDictionary^ myCol )
{
   array<String^>^myKeys = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->Keys->CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[ i ], myCol[ myKeys[ i ] ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using for each:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Braeburn Apples           1.49
   1     Fuji Apples               1.29
   2     Gala Apples               1.49
   3     Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   5     Red Delicious Apples      0.99

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesListDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ListDictionary.
      ListDictionary myCol = new ListDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
      myCol.Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using foreach:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );
   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary myCol )  {
      IDictionaryEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues3( ListDictionary myCol )  {
      String[] myKeys = new String[myCol.Count];
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );

      Console.WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[i], myCol[myKeys[i]] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using foreach:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Braeburn Apples           1.49
   1     Fuji Apples               1.29
   2     Gala Apples               1.49
   3     Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   5     Red Delicious Apples      0.99

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesListDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new ListDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New ListDictionary()
      myCol.Add("Braeburn Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Fuji Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Gala Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Granny Smith Apples", "0.89")
      myCol.Add("Red Delicious Apples", "0.99")

      ' Display the contents of the collection using For Each. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using For Each:")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:")
      PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:")
      PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol)

   End Sub


   ' Uses the For Each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(myCol As IDictionary)

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub


   ' Uses the enumerator. 
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol As IDictionary)
      Dim myEnumerator As IDictionaryEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value)
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub


   ' Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol As ListDictionary)
      Dim myKeys(myCol.Count) As [String]
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo(myKeys, 0)

      Console.WriteLine("   INDEX KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myCol.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys(i), myCol(myKeys(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Displays the elements using For Each:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'
'Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'
'Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
'   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
'   0     Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   1     Fuji Apples               1.29
'   2     Gala Apples               1.49
'   3     Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   5     Red Delicious Apples      0.99

Commenti

L'istruzione foreach del linguaggio C# (for each in Visual Basic) nasconde la complessità degli enumeratori.The foreach statement of the C# language (for each in Visual Basic) hides the complexity of the enumerators. Pertanto, si consiglia l'utilizzo di foreach, anziché la modifica diretta dell'enumeratore.Therefore, using foreach is recommended, instead of directly manipulating the enumerator.

È possibile utilizzare enumeratori per leggere i dati nella raccolta, ma non per modificare la raccolta sottostante.Enumerators can be used to read the data in the collection, but they cannot be used to modify the underlying collection.

Inizialmente l'enumeratore è posizionato davanti al primo elemento della raccolta.Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first element in the collection. Anche il metodo Reset riporta l'enumeratore in questa posizione.Reset also brings the enumerator back to this position. In questa posizione, la proprietà Current è indefinita.At this position, Current is undefined. Pertanto, è necessario chiamare il metodo MoveNext per spostare in avanti l'enumeratore, in corrispondenza del primo elemento della raccolta, prima di leggere il valore di Current.Therefore, you must call MoveNext to advance the enumerator to the first element of the collection before reading the value of Current.

Current restituisce lo stesso oggetto finché non viene chiamato il metodo MoveNext o Reset.Current returns the same object until either MoveNext or Reset is called. MoveNext imposta Current sull'elemento successivo.MoveNext sets Current to the next element.

Se MoveNext passa la fine della raccolta, l'enumeratore viene posizionato dopo l'ultimo elemento della raccolta e MoveNext restituisce false .If MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns false. Quando l'enumeratore si trova in questa posizione, anche le chiamate successive a MoveNext restituiscono false .When the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return false. Se l'ultima chiamata a MoveNext restituita false , non Current è definita.If the last call to MoveNext returned false, Current is undefined. Per impostare nuovamente la proprietà Current sul primo elemento della raccolta, è possibile chiamare il metodo Reset seguito da MoveNext.To set Current to the first element of the collection again, you can call Reset followed by MoveNext.

Un enumeratore rimane valido finché la raccolta rimane invariata.An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. In caso di modifiche alla raccolta, ad esempio aggiunta, modifica o eliminazione di elementi, l'enumeratore sarà reso non valido in modo irreversibile e il comportamento corrispondente non sarà definito.If changes are made to the collection, such as adding, modifying, or deleting elements, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and its behavior is undefined.

L'enumeratore non dispone di accesso esclusivo alla raccolta. L'enumerazione di una raccolta non è quindi una procedura thread-safe.The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the collection; therefore, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. Per assicurare la protezione del thread durante l'enumerazione, è possibile bloccare la raccolta durante l'intera enumerazione.To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. Per consentire l'accesso alla raccolta in lettura e scrittura da parte di più thread, è necessario implementare la propria sincronizzazione.To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.

Questo metodo è un'operazione O (1).This method is an O(1) operation.

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