Type.Missing Type.Missing Type.Missing Type.Missing Field

Definizione

Rappresenta un valore mancante nelle informazioni Type.Represents a missing value in the Type information. Questo campo è di sola lettura.This field is read-only.

public: static initonly System::Object ^ Missing;
public static readonly object Missing;
 staticval mutable Missing : obj
Public Shared ReadOnly Missing As Object 

Valore del campo

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato l'utilizzo Missing del campo per richiamare un metodo con i relativi argomenti predefiniti.The following code example shows the use of the Missing field to invoke a method with its default arguments.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::CodeDom::Compiler;

ref class Example
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // VB source for example. Not all versions of CS and CPP compilers
        // support optional arguments.
        String^ codeLines =
            "Imports System\n\n" +
            "Public Class OptionalArg\n" +
            "  Public Sub MyMethod(ByVal a As Integer, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal b As Double = 1.2, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal c As Integer = 1)\n\n" +
            "    Console.WriteLine(\"a = \" & a & \" b = \" & b & \" c = \" & c)\n" +
            "  End Sub\n" +
            "End Class\n";

        // Generate a OptionalArg instance from the source above.
        Object^ o = GenerateObjectFromSource("OptionalArg", codeLines, "VisualBasic");
        Type^ t;

        t = o->GetType();
        BindingFlags bf = BindingFlags::Public | BindingFlags::Instance |
            BindingFlags::InvokeMethod | BindingFlags::OptionalParamBinding;

        t->InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, nullptr, o, gcnew array<Object^> {10, 55.3, 12});
        t->InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, nullptr, o, gcnew array<Object^> {10, 1.3, Type::Missing});
        t->InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, nullptr, o, gcnew array<Object^> {10, Type::Missing, Type::Missing});
    }

private:
    static Object^ GenerateObjectFromSource(String^ objectName,
        String^ sourceLines, String^ providerName)
    {
        Object^ genObject = nullptr;
        CodeDomProvider^ codeProvider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider(providerName);
        CompilerParameters^ cp = gcnew CompilerParameters();

        cp->GenerateExecutable = false;
        cp->GenerateInMemory = true;

        CompilerResults^ results =
            codeProvider->CompileAssemblyFromSource(cp, sourceLines);
        if (results->Errors->Count == 0)
        {
            genObject = results->CompiledAssembly->CreateInstance(objectName);
        }

        return genObject;
    }
};

int main()
{
    Example::Main();
}
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // VB source for example. Not all versions of CS and CPP compilers
        // support optional arguments.
        string codeLines =
            "Imports System\n\n" +
            "Public Class OptionalArg\n" +
            "  Public Sub MyMethod(ByVal a As Integer, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal b As Double = 1.2, _\n" +
            "    Optional ByVal c As Integer = 1)\n\n" +
            "    Console.WriteLine(\"a = \" & a & \" b = \" & b & \" c = \" & c)\n" +
            "  End Sub\n" +
            "End Class\n";

        // Generate a OptionalArg instance from the source above.
        object o = GenerateObjectFromSource("OptionalArg", codeLines, "VisualBasic");
        Type t;

        t = o.GetType();
        BindingFlags bf = BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance |
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod | BindingFlags.OptionalParamBinding;

        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, null, o, new object[] {10, 55.3, 12});
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, null, o, new object[] {10, 1.3, Type.Missing});
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, null, o, new object[] {10, Type.Missing, Type.Missing});
    }

    private static object GenerateObjectFromSource(string objectName,
        string sourceLines, string providerName)
    {
        object genObject = null;
        CodeDomProvider codeProvider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider(providerName);
        CompilerParameters cp = new CompilerParameters();

        cp.GenerateExecutable = false;
        cp.GenerateInMemory = true;

        CompilerResults results =
            codeProvider.CompileAssemblyFromSource(cp, sourceLines);
        if (results.Errors.Count == 0)
        {
            genObject = results.CompiledAssembly.CreateInstance(objectName);
        }

        return genObject;
    }
}
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class OptionalArg
    Public Sub MyMethod(ByVal a As Integer, _
        Optional ByVal b As Double = 1.2, _
        Optional ByVal c As Integer = 1)
        
        Console.WriteLine("a = " & a & " b = " & b & " c = " & c)
    End Sub
End Class

Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim o As New OptionalArg()
        Dim t As Type
        t = GetType(OptionalArg)

        Dim bf As BindingFlags = _
            BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance Or _
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod Or BindingFlags.OptionalParamBinding

        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, Nothing, o, New Object() {10, 55.3, 12})
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, Nothing, o, New Object() {10, 1.3, Type.Missing})
        t.InvokeMember("MyMethod", bf, Nothing, o, New Object() {10, Type.Missing, Type.Missing})
    End Sub
End Class

L'output del codice è il seguente:This code produces the following output:

a = 10 b = 55,3 c = 12a = 10 b = 55.3 c = 12

a = 10 b = 1,3 c = 1a = 10 b = 1.3 c = 1

a = 10 b = 1,2 c = 1a = 10 b = 1.2 c = 1

Commenti

Per ottenere Missing il valore predefinito di un parametro, usare il campo per la chiamata tramite reflection.Use the Missing field for invocation through reflection to obtain the default value of a parameter. Se il Missing campo viene passato per un valore di parametro e non esiste alcun valore predefinito per il parametro, viene ArgumentException generata un'eccezione.If the Missing field is passed in for a parameter value and there is no default value for that parameter, an ArgumentException is thrown.

Si applica a

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