HybridDictionary クラス

定義

コレクションが小さいうちは ListDictionary を使用し、コレクションが大きくなってきたら Hashtable に切り替える IDictionary を実装します。Implements IDictionary by using a ListDictionary while the collection is small, and then switching to a Hashtable when the collection gets large.

public ref class HybridDictionary : System::Collections::IDictionary
[System.Serializable]
public class HybridDictionary : System.Collections.IDictionary
type HybridDictionary = class
    interface IDictionary
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public Class HybridDictionary
Implements IDictionary
継承
HybridDictionary
派生
属性
実装

次のコード例は、のHybridDictionaryプロパティとメソッドのいくつかを示しています。The following code example demonstrates several of the properties and methods of HybridDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary^ myCol );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
   HybridDictionary^ myCol = gcnew HybridDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
   myCol->Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
   myCol->Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
   myCol->Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
   myCol->Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
   myCol->Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
   myCol->Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using for each. This is the preferred method.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using for each:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );

   // Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
   array<DictionaryEntry>^myArr = gcnew array<DictionaryEntry>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

   // Displays the values in the array.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myArr->Length; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myArr[ i ].Key, myArr[ i ].Value );
   Console::WriteLine();

   // Searches for a key.
   if ( myCol->Contains( "Kiwis" ) )
      Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the key \"Kiwis\"." );
   else
      Console::WriteLine( "The collection does not contain the key \"Kiwis\"." );

   Console::WriteLine();

   // Deletes a key.
   myCol->Remove( "Plums" );
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"Plums\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Clears the entire collection.
   myCol->Clear();
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );
}

// Uses the for each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
// NOTE: The for each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol )  {
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for each ( DictionaryEntry^ de in myCol )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol )
{
   IDictionaryEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator->Key, myEnumerator->Value );

   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary^ myCol )
{
   array<String^>^myKeys = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->Keys->CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[ i ], myCol[ myKeys[ i ] ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using for each:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Strawberries              3.33
   1     Yellow Bananas            0.79
   2     Cranberries               5.98
   3     Grapes                    1.99
   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   5     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   6     Honeydew Melon            0.59
   7     Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   8     Navel Oranges             1.29
   9     Fuji Apples               1.29
   10    Plantain Bananas          1.49
   11    Gala Apples               1.49
   12    Pineapple                 1.49
   13    Plums                     1.69
   14    Braeburn Apples           1.49
   15    Peaches                   1.99
   16    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   17    Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection does not contain the key "Kiwis".

The collection contains the following elements after removing "Plums":
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesHybridDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      HybridDictionary myCol = new HybridDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
      myCol.Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
      myCol.Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
      myCol.Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
      myCol.Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
      myCol.Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
      myCol.Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using foreach:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );

      // Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      DictionaryEntry[] myArr = new DictionaryEntry[myCol.Count];
      myCol.CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

      // Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myArr[i].Key, myArr[i].Value );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Searches for a key.
      if ( myCol.Contains( "Kiwis" ) )
         Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the key \"Kiwis\"." );
      else
         Console.WriteLine( "The collection does not contain the key \"Kiwis\"." );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Deletes a key.
      myCol.Remove( "Plums" );
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"Plums\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear();
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator. 
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary myCol )  {
      IDictionaryEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary myCol )  {
      String[] myKeys = new String[myCol.Count];
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );

      Console.WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[i], myCol[myKeys[i]] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using foreach:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Strawberries              3.33
   1     Yellow Bananas            0.79
   2     Cranberries               5.98
   3     Grapes                    1.99
   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   5     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   6     Honeydew Melon            0.59
   7     Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   8     Navel Oranges             1.29
   9     Fuji Apples               1.29
   10    Plantain Bananas          1.49
   11    Gala Apples               1.49
   12    Pineapple                 1.49
   13    Plums                     1.69
   14    Braeburn Apples           1.49
   15    Peaches                   1.99
   16    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   17    Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection does not contain the key "Kiwis".

The collection contains the following elements after removing "Plums":
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesHybridDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New HybridDictionary()
      myCol.Add("Braeburn Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Fuji Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Gala Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Granny Smith Apples", "0.89")
      myCol.Add("Red Delicious Apples", "0.99")
      myCol.Add("Plantain Bananas", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Yellow Bananas", "0.79")
      myCol.Add("Strawberries", "3.33")
      myCol.Add("Cranberries", "5.98")
      myCol.Add("Navel Oranges", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Grapes", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Honeydew Melon", "0.59")
      myCol.Add("Seedless Watermelon", "0.49")
      myCol.Add("Pineapple", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Nectarine", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Plums", "1.69")
      myCol.Add("Peaches", "1.99")

      ' Display the contents of the collection using For Each. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using For Each:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:")
      PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:")
      PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol)

      ' Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      Dim myArr(myCol.Count) As DictionaryEntry
      myCol.CopyTo(myArr, 0)

      ' Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements in the array:")
      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myArr(i).Key, myArr(i).Value)
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Searches for a key.
      If myCol.Contains("Kiwis") Then
         Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the key ""Kiwis"".")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("The collection does not contain the key ""Kiwis"".")
      End If
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Deletes a key.
      myCol.Remove("Plums")
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after removing ""Plums"":")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear()
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

   End Sub

   ' Uses the For Each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol As IDictionary)

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub


   ' Uses the enumerator. 
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol As IDictionary)
      Dim myEnumerator As IDictionaryEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value)
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub


   ' Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol As HybridDictionary)
      Dim myKeys(myCol.Count) As [String]
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo(myKeys, 0)

      Console.WriteLine("   INDEX KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myCol.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys(i), myCol(myKeys(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Displays the elements using For Each:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
'   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
'   0     Strawberries              3.33
'   1     Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   2     Cranberries               5.98
'   3     Grapes                    1.99
'   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   5     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   6     Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   7     Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   8     Navel Oranges             1.29
'   9     Fuji Apples               1.29
'   10    Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   11    Gala Apples               1.49
'   12    Pineapple                 1.49
'   13    Plums                     1.69
'   14    Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   15    Peaches                   1.99
'   16    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   17    Nectarine                 1.99
'
'Displays the elements in the array:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'The collection does not contain the key "Kiwis".
'
'The collection contains the following elements after removing "Plums":
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
'   KEY                       VALUE

注釈

このクラスは、ディクショナリ内の要素の数が不明な場合に推奨されます。This class is recommended for cases where the number of elements in a dictionary is unknown. 小さいコレクションでは、 ListDictionaryのパフォーマンスが向上しています。を使用すると、よりListDictionary大きいHashtableコレクションを処理するに柔軟に切り替えることができます。It takes advantage of the improved performance of a ListDictionary with small collections, and offers the flexibility of switching to a Hashtable which handles larger collections better than ListDictionary.

コレクションの初期サイズがListDictionaryの最適なサイズよりも大きい場合、コレクションはに格納さHashtableれ、からListDictionaryHashtable要素をコピーする際のオーバーヘッドを回避します。If the initial size of the collection is greater than the optimal size for a ListDictionary, the collection is stored in a Hashtable to avoid the overhead of copying elements from the ListDictionary to a Hashtable.

コンストラクターはブール型パラメーターを受け取ります。このパラメーターを使用すると、コレクションが文字列を比較するときに大文字と小文字を区別しないかどうかを指定できます。The constructor accepts a Boolean parameter that allows the user to specify whether the collection ignores the case when comparing strings. コレクションで大文字と小文字が区別される場合は、とObject.GetHashCode Object.Equalsのキーの実装を使用します。If the collection is case-sensitive, it uses the key's implementations of Object.GetHashCode and Object.Equals. コレクションで大文字と小文字を区別しない場合は、単純な序数による大文字と小文字を区別しない比較が実行されます。これは、インバリアントカルチャの大文字と小文字の規則に従います。If the collection is case-insensitive, it performs a simple ordinal case-insensitive comparison, which obeys the casing rules of the invariant culture only. 既定では、コレクションでは大文字と小文字が区別されます。By default, the collection is case-sensitive. インバリアントカルチャの詳細についてはSystem.Globalization.CultureInfo、「」を参照してください。For more information on the invariant culture, see System.Globalization.CultureInfo.

キーを null にすることはできませんが、値を指定することはできます。A key cannot be null, but a value can.

言語のステートメント ( foreach For Each Visual Basic) は、コレクション内の要素の型のオブジェクトを返します。 C#The foreach statement of the C# language (For Each in Visual Basic) returns an object of the type of the elements in the collection. の各要素HybridDictionaryはキーと値のペアであるため、要素の型はキーの型でも、値の型でもありません。Since each element of the HybridDictionary is a key/value pair, the element type is not the type of the key or the type of the value. 代わりに、要素の型はDictionaryEntryです。Instead, the element type is DictionaryEntry. 次に例を示します。For example:

for each (DictionaryEntry^ de in myHybridDictionary)
{
    //...
}
foreach (DictionaryEntry de in myHybridDictionary)
{
    //...
}
For Each de In myHybridDictionary
    '...
Next

foreachステートメントは、列挙子のラッパーであり、コレクションへの書き込みではなく読み取りのみが許可されます。The foreach statement is a wrapper around the enumerator, which only allows reading from, not writing to, the collection.

コンストラクター

HybridDictionary()

大文字と小文字を区別する空の HybridDictionary を作成します。Creates an empty case-sensitive HybridDictionary.

HybridDictionary(Boolean)

大文字と小文字の区別を指定して、空の HybridDictionary を作成します。Creates an empty HybridDictionary with the specified case sensitivity.

HybridDictionary(Int32)

指定した初期サイズで、大文字と小文字を区別する HybridDictionary を作成します。Creates a case-sensitive HybridDictionary with the specified initial size.

HybridDictionary(Int32, Boolean)

初期サイズおよび大文字と小文字の区別を指定して、HybridDictionary を作成します。Creates a HybridDictionary with the specified initial size and case sensitivity.

プロパティ

Count

HybridDictionary に格納されているキー/値ペアの数を取得します。Gets the number of key/value pairs contained in the HybridDictionary.

IsFixedSize

HybridDictionary が固定サイズかどうかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value indicating whether the HybridDictionary has a fixed size.

IsReadOnly

HybridDictionary が読み取り専用かどうかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value indicating whether the HybridDictionary is read-only.

IsSynchronized

HybridDictionary が同期されている (スレッド セーフである) かどうかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value indicating whether the HybridDictionary is synchronized (thread safe).

Item[Object]

指定されたキーに関連付けられている値を取得または設定します。Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

Keys

HybridDictionary 内のキーを格納している ICollection を取得します。Gets an ICollection containing the keys in the HybridDictionary.

SyncRoot

HybridDictionary へのアクセスを同期するために使用できるオブジェクトを取得します。Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the HybridDictionary.

Values

ICollection 内の値を格納している HybridDictionary を取得します。Gets an ICollection containing the values in the HybridDictionary.

メソッド

Add(Object, Object)

指定したキーおよび値を持つエントリを HybridDictionary に追加します。Adds an entry with the specified key and value into the HybridDictionary.

Clear()

HybridDictionary からすべてのエントリを削除します。Removes all entries from the HybridDictionary.

Contains(Object)

HybridDictionary に特定のキーが格納されているかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the HybridDictionary contains a specific key.

CopyTo(Array, Int32)

1 次元の Array インスタンスの指定したインデックスに HybridDictionary のエントリをコピーします。Copies the HybridDictionary entries to a one-dimensional Array instance at the specified index.

Equals(Object)

指定したオブジェクトが、現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(継承元 Object)
GetEnumerator()

HybridDictionary を反復処理する IDictionaryEnumerator を返します。Returns an IDictionaryEnumerator that iterates through the HybridDictionary.

GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as the default hash function.

(継承元 Object)
GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(継承元 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(継承元 Object)
Remove(Object)

指定したキーを持つエントリを HybridDictionary から削除します。Removes the entry with the specified key from the HybridDictionary.

ToString()

現在のオブジェクトを表す文字列を返します。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(継承元 Object)

明示的なインターフェイスの実装

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

HybridDictionary を反復処理する IEnumerator を返します。Returns an IEnumerator that iterates through the HybridDictionary.

拡張メソッド

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable の要素を、指定した型にキャストします。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

指定された型に基づいて IEnumerable の要素をフィルター処理します。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

クエリの並列化を有効にします。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerableIQueryable に変換します。Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

適用対象

スレッド セーフ

パブリック静的 (Visual Basic ではShared) なこの型のメンバーはスレッド セーフですPublic static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. インスタンス メンバーの場合は、スレッド セーフであるとは限りません。Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

この実装は、 HybridDictionaryに対して同期された (スレッドセーフな) ラッパーを提供しませんが、派生クラスはSyncRootプロパティを使用して、 HybridDictionary独自の同期バージョンを作成できます。This implementation does not provide a synchronized (thread safe) wrapper for a HybridDictionary, but derived classes can create their own synchronized versions of the HybridDictionary using the SyncRoot property.

コレクションの列挙は、本質的にスレッド セーフなプロシージャではありません。Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. コレクションの同期がとられている場合でも、別のスレッドによってそのコレクションを変更できるため、変更の結果として列挙子は例外をスローします。Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. 列挙処理を確実にスレッド セーフに行うには、列挙中にコレクションをロックするか、他のスレッドによって行われた変更によってスローされる例外をキャッチします。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

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