MethodBody.InitLocals MethodBody.InitLocals MethodBody.InitLocals MethodBody.InitLocals Property

定義

メソッド本体のローカル変数がその型の既定値に初期化されるかどうかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value indicating whether local variables in the method body are initialized to the default values for their types.

public:
 property bool InitLocals { bool get(); };
public bool InitLocals { get; }
member this.InitLocals : bool
Public ReadOnly Property InitLocals As Boolean

プロパティ値

ローカル変数を、参照型であれば true に、値型であればゼロで初期化された値に初期化するコードがメソッド本体に含まれている場合は null。それ以外の場合は falsetrue if the method body contains code to initialize local variables to null for reference types, or to the zero-initialized value for value types; otherwise, false.

という名前MethodBodyExampleのテストメソッドを定義し、そのローカル変数情報と例外処理句を表示するコード例を次に示します。The following code example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample and displays its local variable information and exception-handling clauses. メソッドは、テストメソッドのオブジェクトMethodBodyを取得するために使用されます。 MethodBase.GetMethodBodyThe MethodBase.GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. プロパティMaxStackSizeInitLocalsプロパティが表示されます。The MaxStackSize and InitLocals properties are displayed.

このコード例は、 MethodBodyクラスに対して提供される大規模な例の一部です。This code example is part of a larger example provided for the MethodBody class.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the 
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", 
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", 
                ex.GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3

注釈

プロパティInitLocalsは、明示的に初期化されていない変数、つまりint x; in C#やDim x As Integer Visual Basic のなどの構文で宣言された変数を参照します。The InitLocals property refers to variables that are not explicitly initialized; that is, variables that are declared with syntax such as int x; in C# or Dim x As Integer in Visual Basic.

参照変数は、既定nullでに初期化されます。Reference variables are initialized to null by default. 数値変数は0に初期化されます。Numeric variables are initialized to zero.

適用対象