Semaphore.OpenExisting メソッド

定義

既に存在する場合は、指定した名前付きセマフォを開きます。Opens a specified named semaphore, if it already exists.

オーバーロード

OpenExisting(String)

既に存在する場合は、指定した名前付きセマフォを開きます。Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists.

OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights)

既に存在する場合は、必要なセキュリティ アクセスで指定した名前付きセマフォを開きます。Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists, with the desired security access.

OpenExisting(String)

既に存在する場合は、指定した名前付きセマフォを開きます。Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists.

public:
 static System::Threading::Semaphore ^ OpenExisting(System::String ^ name);
public static System.Threading.Semaphore OpenExisting (string name);
static member OpenExisting : string -> System.Threading.Semaphore
Public Shared Function OpenExisting (name As String) As Semaphore

パラメーター

name
String

開くシステム セマフォの名前。The name of the system semaphore to open.

戻り値

Semaphore

名前付きシステム セマフォを表すオブジェクト。An object that represents the named system semaphore.

例外

name が空の文字列です。name is an empty string.

または-or- name が 260 文字を超えています。name is longer than 260 characters.

namenull です。name is null.

名前付きセマフォが存在しません。The named semaphore does not exist.

Win32 エラーが発生しました。A Win32 error occurred.

名前付きセマフォは存在しますが、ユーザーにはそれを使用するために必要なセキュリティ アクセスがありません。The named semaphore exists, but the user does not have the security access required to use it.

次のコード例では、アクセス制御セキュリティを使用した名前付きセマフォのプロセス間の動作を示します。The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named semaphore with access control security. この例では、OpenExisting(String) メソッドオーバーロードを使用して、名前付きセマフォが存在するかどうかをテストします。The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named semaphore.

セマフォが存在しない場合は、最大カウント2とアクセス制御セキュリティを使用して作成されます。これにより、現在のユーザーがセマフォを使用する権限を拒否しますが、セマフォに対するアクセス許可の読み取りと変更の権限が付与されます。If the semaphore does not exist, it is created with a maximum count of two and with access control security that denies the current user the right to use the semaphore, but which grants the right to read and change permissions on the semaphore.

コンパイルされた例を2つのコマンドウィンドウから実行した場合、2番目のコピーは、OpenExisting(String) メソッドのオーバーロードの呼び出しでアクセス違反例外をスローします。If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to the OpenExisting(String) method overload. 例外がキャッチされ、この例では、OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) メソッドオーバーロードを使用して、アクセス許可の読み取りと変更に必要な権限を持つセマフォを開きます。The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) method overload to open the semaphore with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

アクセス許可が変更されると、セマフォを入力および解放するために必要な権限を使用してセマフォが開かれます。After the permissions are changed, the semaphore is opened with the rights required to enter and release it. コンパイルされた例を3番目のコマンドウィンドウから実行すると、新しいアクセス許可を使用して実行されます。If you run the compiled example from a third command window, it runs using the new permissions.

#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag::UnmanagedCode)]
   static void main()
   {
      String^ semaphoreName = L"SemaphoreExample5";

      Semaphore^ sem = nullptr;
      bool doesNotExist = false;
      bool unauthorized = false;
      
      // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
      try
      {
         // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
         // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
         // named semaphore.
         //
         sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );
      }
      catch ( WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Semaphore does not exist." );
         doesNotExist = true;
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
         unauthorized = true;
      }

      // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
      // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't
      // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
      // access.
      //
      if ( doesNotExist )
      {
         // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
         //
         // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
         // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
         // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
         //
         bool semaphoreWasCreated;
         
         // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
         // current user the right to enter or release the
         // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
         // security information for the semaphore.
         //
         String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
            L"\\", Environment::UserName );
         SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = gcnew SemaphoreSecurity;

         SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
               SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
            AccessControlType::Deny );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );

         rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
               SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ),
            AccessControlType::Allow );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
         
         // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
         // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
         // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
         // specified security access. The Boolean value that
         // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
         // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
         //
         sem = gcnew Semaphore( 3,3,semaphoreName,semaphoreWasCreated,semSec );
         
         // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
         // used by the current instance of this program, even
         // though the current user is denied access. The current
         // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
         // program.
         //
         if ( semaphoreWasCreated )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Created the semaphore." );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to create the semaphore." );
            return;
         }

      }
      else if ( unauthorized )
      {
         // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
         // control security. The access control security defined
         // above allows the current user to do this.
         //
         try
         {
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
                  SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ));
            
            // Get the current ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
            SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = sem->GetAccessControl();

            String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
               L"\\", Environment::UserName );
            
            // First, the rule that denied the current user
            // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
            // be removed.
            SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Deny );
            semSec->RemoveAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Now grant the user the correct rights.
            //
            rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Allow );
            semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Update the ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
            sem->SetAccessControl( semSec );

            Console::WriteLine( L"Updated semaphore security." );
            
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
            // enter and release the semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );

         }
         catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
      // exits.
      //
      try
      {
         sem->WaitOne();
         Console::WriteLine( L"Entered the semaphore." );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Press the Enter key to exit." );
         Console::ReadLine();
         sem->Release();
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string semaphoreName = "SemaphoreExample5";

        Semaphore sem = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        try
        {
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            // named semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
        }
        catch(WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            //
            // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
            // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
            //
            bool semaphoreWasCreated;

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to enter or release the 
            // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the semaphore.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                + Environment.UserName;
            SemaphoreSecurity semSec = new SemaphoreSecurity();

            SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                AccessControlType.Deny);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions,
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            // specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            //
            sem = new Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, 
                out semaphoreWasCreated, semSec);

            // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            // program.
            // 
            if (semaphoreWasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.");
                return;
            }
        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            // control security. The access control security defined
            // above allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(
                    semaphoreName, 
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions 
                        | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                SemaphoreSecurity semSec = sem.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                // be removed.
                SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                    user, 
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(user, 
                     SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                     AccessControlType.Allow);
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.");

                // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                // enter and release the semaphore.
                //
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
            }
            catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex.Message);
                return;
            }
        }

        // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            sem.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
            sem.Release();
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Security.AccessControl

Friend Class Example

    <MTAThread> _
    Friend Shared Sub Main()
        Const semaphoreName As String = "SemaphoreExample5"

        Dim sem As Semaphore = Nothing
        Dim doesNotExist as Boolean = False
        Dim unauthorized As Boolean = False

        ' Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        Try
            ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            ' named semaphore.
            '
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)
        Catch ex As WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.")
            doesNotExist = True
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message)
            unauthorized = True
        End Try

        ' There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        ' (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        ' have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        ' access.
        '
        If doesNotExist Then
            ' The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            '
            ' The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            ' constructor. It is True if the named system semaphore was
            ' created, and False if the named semaphore already existed.
            '
            Dim semaphoreWasCreated As Boolean

            ' Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            ' current user the right to enter or release the 
            ' semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            ' security information for the semaphore.
            '
            Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                & "\" & Environment.UserName
            Dim semSec As New SemaphoreSecurity()

            Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                AccessControlType.Deny)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions, _
                AccessControlType.Allow)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            ' Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            ' semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            ' maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            ' specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            ' indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            ' placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            '
            sem = New Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, _
                semaphoreWasCreated, semSec)

            ' If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            ' used by the current instance of this program, even 
            ' though the current user is denied access. The current
            ' program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            ' program.
            ' 
            If semaphoreWasCreated Then
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.")
                Return
            End If

        ElseIf unauthorized Then

            ' Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            ' control security. The access control security defined
            ' above allows the current user to do this.
            '
            Try
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName, _
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                    SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions)

                ' Get the current ACL. This requires 
                ' SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                Dim semSec As SemaphoreSecurity = sem.GetAccessControl()
                
                Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                    & "\" & Environment.UserName

                ' First, the rule that denied the current user 
                ' the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                ' be removed.
                Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Deny)
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule)

                ' Now grant the user the correct rights.
                ' 
                rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Allow)
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

                ' Update the ACL. This requires
                ' SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec)

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.")

                ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                ' enter and release the semaphore.
                '
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)

            Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", _
                    ex.Message)
                Return
            End Try

        End If

        ' Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        ' exits.
        '
        Try
            sem.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.")
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.")
            Console.ReadLine()
            sem.Release()
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", _
                ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub 
End Class 

注釈

OpenExisting メソッドは、指定された名前付きセマフォを開こうとします。The OpenExisting method tries to open the specified named semaphore. システムセマフォが存在しない場合、このメソッドはシステムセマフォを作成するのではなく、例外をスローします。If the system semaphore does not exist, this method throws an exception instead of creating the system semaphore. システムセマフォがまだ存在しない場合に作成するには、name パラメーターを持つ Semaphore コンストラクターのいずれかを使用します。To create the system semaphore when it does not already exist, use one of the Semaphore constructors that has a name parameter.

name に同じ値を使用するこのメソッドを複数回呼び出すことは、返されるオブジェクトが同じ名前付きシステムセマフォを表す場合でも、必ずしも同じ Semaphore オブジェクトを返すとは限りません。Multiple calls to this method that use the same value for name do not necessarily return the same Semaphore object, even though the objects that are returned represent the same named system semaphore.

このメソッドオーバーロードは、ビットごとの OR 演算を使用して、OpenExisting メソッドオーバーロードを呼び出し、SemaphoreRights.Synchronize および SemaphoreRights.Modify 権限を指定することと同じです。This method overload is equivalent to calling the OpenExisting method overload and specifying SemaphoreRights.Synchronize and SemaphoreRights.Modify rights, combined by using the bitwise OR operation.

SemaphoreRights.Synchronize フラグを指定すると、スレッドはセマフォに入ることができ、SemaphoreRights.Modify フラグを指定すると、スレッドは Release メソッドを呼び出すことができます。Specifying the SemaphoreRights.Synchronize flag allows a thread to enter the semaphore, and specifying the SemaphoreRights.Modify flag allows a thread to call the Release method.

こちらもご覧ください

OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights)

既に存在する場合は、必要なセキュリティ アクセスで指定した名前付きセマフォを開きます。Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists, with the desired security access.

public:
 static System::Threading::Semaphore ^ OpenExisting(System::String ^ name, System::Security::AccessControl::SemaphoreRights rights);
public static System.Threading.Semaphore OpenExisting (string name, System.Security.AccessControl.SemaphoreRights rights);
static member OpenExisting : string * System.Security.AccessControl.SemaphoreRights -> System.Threading.Semaphore
Public Shared Function OpenExisting (name As String, rights As SemaphoreRights) As Semaphore

パラメーター

name
String

開くシステム セマフォの名前。The name of the system semaphore to open.

rights
SemaphoreRights

必要なセキュリティ アクセス権を表す列挙値のビットごとの組み合わせ。A bitwise combination of the enumeration values that represent the desired security access.

戻り値

Semaphore

名前付きシステム セマフォを表すオブジェクト。An object that represents the named system semaphore.

例外

name が空の文字列です。name is an empty string.

または-or- name が 260 文字を超えています。name is longer than 260 characters.

namenull です。name is null.

名前付きセマフォが存在しません。The named semaphore does not exist.

Win32 エラーが発生しました。A Win32 error occurred.

名前付きセマフォは存在しますが、必要なセキュリティ アクセス権がユーザーにありません。The named semaphore exists, but the user does not have the desired security access rights.

次のコード例では、アクセス制御セキュリティを使用した名前付きセマフォのプロセス間の動作を示します。The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named semaphore with access control security. この例では、OpenExisting(String) メソッドオーバーロードを使用して、名前付きセマフォが存在するかどうかをテストします。The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named semaphore.

セマフォが存在しない場合は、最大カウント2とアクセス制御セキュリティを使用して作成され、現在のユーザーがセマフォを使用する権限を拒否します。ただし、セマフォに対するアクセス許可を読み取り、変更する権限を付与します。If the semaphore does not exist, it is created with a maximum count of two and with access control security that denies the current user the right to use the semaphore, but grants the right to read and change permissions on the semaphore.

コンパイルされた例を2つのコマンドウィンドウから実行した場合、2番目のコピーは、OpenExisting(String) メソッドの呼び出しでアクセス違反例外をスローします。If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to the OpenExisting(String) method. 例外がキャッチされ、この例では、OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) メソッドオーバーロードを使用して、アクセス許可の読み取りと変更に必要な権限を持つセマフォを開きます。The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) method overload to open the semaphore with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

アクセス許可が変更されると、セマフォを入力および解放するために必要な権限を使用してセマフォが開かれます。After the permissions are changed, the semaphore is opened with the rights required to enter and release it. コンパイルされた例を3番目のコマンドウィンドウから実行すると、新しいアクセス許可を使用して実行されます。If you run the compiled example from a third command window, it runs using the new permissions.

#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag::UnmanagedCode)]
   static void main()
   {
      String^ semaphoreName = L"SemaphoreExample5";

      Semaphore^ sem = nullptr;
      bool doesNotExist = false;
      bool unauthorized = false;
      
      // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
      try
      {
         // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
         // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
         // named semaphore.
         //
         sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );
      }
      catch ( WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Semaphore does not exist." );
         doesNotExist = true;
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
         unauthorized = true;
      }

      // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
      // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't
      // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
      // access.
      //
      if ( doesNotExist )
      {
         // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
         //
         // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
         // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
         // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
         //
         bool semaphoreWasCreated;
         
         // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
         // current user the right to enter or release the
         // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
         // security information for the semaphore.
         //
         String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
            L"\\", Environment::UserName );
         SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = gcnew SemaphoreSecurity;

         SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
               SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
            AccessControlType::Deny );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );

         rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
               SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ),
            AccessControlType::Allow );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
         
         // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
         // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
         // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
         // specified security access. The Boolean value that
         // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
         // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
         //
         sem = gcnew Semaphore( 3,3,semaphoreName,semaphoreWasCreated,semSec );
         
         // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
         // used by the current instance of this program, even
         // though the current user is denied access. The current
         // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
         // program.
         //
         if ( semaphoreWasCreated )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Created the semaphore." );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to create the semaphore." );
            return;
         }

      }
      else if ( unauthorized )
      {
         // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
         // control security. The access control security defined
         // above allows the current user to do this.
         //
         try
         {
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
                  SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ));
            
            // Get the current ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
            SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = sem->GetAccessControl();

            String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
               L"\\", Environment::UserName );
            
            // First, the rule that denied the current user
            // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
            // be removed.
            SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Deny );
            semSec->RemoveAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Now grant the user the correct rights.
            //
            rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Allow );
            semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Update the ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
            sem->SetAccessControl( semSec );

            Console::WriteLine( L"Updated semaphore security." );
            
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
            // enter and release the semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );

         }
         catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
      // exits.
      //
      try
      {
         sem->WaitOne();
         Console::WriteLine( L"Entered the semaphore." );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Press the Enter key to exit." );
         Console::ReadLine();
         sem->Release();
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string semaphoreName = "SemaphoreExample5";

        Semaphore sem = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        try
        {
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            // named semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
        }
        catch(WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            //
            // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
            // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
            //
            bool semaphoreWasCreated;

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to enter or release the 
            // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the semaphore.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                + Environment.UserName;
            SemaphoreSecurity semSec = new SemaphoreSecurity();

            SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                AccessControlType.Deny);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions,
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            // specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            //
            sem = new Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, 
                out semaphoreWasCreated, semSec);

            // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            // program.
            // 
            if (semaphoreWasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.");
                return;
            }
        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            // control security. The access control security defined
            // above allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(
                    semaphoreName, 
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions 
                        | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                SemaphoreSecurity semSec = sem.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                // be removed.
                SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                    user, 
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(user, 
                     SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                     AccessControlType.Allow);
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.");

                // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                // enter and release the semaphore.
                //
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
            }
            catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex.Message);
                return;
            }
        }

        // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            sem.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
            sem.Release();
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Security.AccessControl

Friend Class Example

    <MTAThread> _
    Friend Shared Sub Main()
        Const semaphoreName As String = "SemaphoreExample5"

        Dim sem As Semaphore = Nothing
        Dim doesNotExist as Boolean = False
        Dim unauthorized As Boolean = False

        ' Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        Try
            ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            ' named semaphore.
            '
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)
        Catch ex As WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.")
            doesNotExist = True
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message)
            unauthorized = True
        End Try

        ' There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        ' (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        ' have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        ' access.
        '
        If doesNotExist Then
            ' The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            '
            ' The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            ' constructor. It is True if the named system semaphore was
            ' created, and False if the named semaphore already existed.
            '
            Dim semaphoreWasCreated As Boolean

            ' Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            ' current user the right to enter or release the 
            ' semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            ' security information for the semaphore.
            '
            Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                & "\" & Environment.UserName
            Dim semSec As New SemaphoreSecurity()

            Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                AccessControlType.Deny)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions, _
                AccessControlType.Allow)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            ' Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            ' semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            ' maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            ' specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            ' indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            ' placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            '
            sem = New Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, _
                semaphoreWasCreated, semSec)

            ' If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            ' used by the current instance of this program, even 
            ' though the current user is denied access. The current
            ' program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            ' program.
            ' 
            If semaphoreWasCreated Then
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.")
                Return
            End If

        ElseIf unauthorized Then

            ' Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            ' control security. The access control security defined
            ' above allows the current user to do this.
            '
            Try
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName, _
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                    SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions)

                ' Get the current ACL. This requires 
                ' SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                Dim semSec As SemaphoreSecurity = sem.GetAccessControl()
                
                Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                    & "\" & Environment.UserName

                ' First, the rule that denied the current user 
                ' the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                ' be removed.
                Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Deny)
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule)

                ' Now grant the user the correct rights.
                ' 
                rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Allow)
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

                ' Update the ACL. This requires
                ' SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec)

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.")

                ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                ' enter and release the semaphore.
                '
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)

            Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", _
                    ex.Message)
                Return
            End Try

        End If

        ' Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        ' exits.
        '
        Try
            sem.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.")
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.")
            Console.ReadLine()
            sem.Release()
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", _
                ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub 
End Class 

注釈

rights パラメーターには、スレッドがセマフォに入ることを可能にするための SemaphoreRights.Synchronize フラグと、スレッドが Release メソッドを呼び出すことができるようにするための SemaphoreRights.Modify フラグを含める必要があります。The rights parameter must include the SemaphoreRights.Synchronize flag to allow threads to enter the semaphore, and the SemaphoreRights.Modify flag to allow threads to call the Release method.

OpenExisting メソッドは、既存の名前付きセマフォを開こうとします。The OpenExisting method tries to open an existing named semaphore. システムセマフォが存在しない場合、このメソッドはシステムセマフォを作成するのではなく、例外をスローします。If the system semaphore does not exist, this method throws an exception instead of creating the system semaphore. システムセマフォがまだ存在しない場合に作成するには、name パラメーターを持つ Semaphore コンストラクターのいずれかを使用します。To create the system semaphore when it does not already exist, use one of the Semaphore constructors that has a name parameter.

name に同じ値を使用するこのメソッドを複数回呼び出すことは、返されるオブジェクトが同じ名前付きシステムセマフォを表す場合でも、必ずしも同じ Semaphore オブジェクトを返すとは限りません。Multiple calls to this method that use the same value for name do not necessarily return the same Semaphore object, even though the objects that are returned represent the same named system semaphore.

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