CommandEventArgs CommandEventArgs CommandEventArgs CommandEventArgs Class

定義

Command イベントのデータを提供します。Provides data for the Command event.

public ref class CommandEventArgs : EventArgs
public class CommandEventArgs : EventArgs
type CommandEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class CommandEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
継承
CommandEventArgsCommandEventArgsCommandEventArgsCommandEventArgs
派生

次の例では、のCommandEventArgsプロパティにアクセスして、実行するコマンドを決定する方法を示します。The following example demonstrates how to access the properties in CommandEventArgs to determine the command to perform. この例では、 OnClick Buttonコントロールのプロパティを使用して、イベントハンドラーを宣言によって指定します。This example specifies the event handler declaratively, using the OnClick property of the Button control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      void CommandBtn_Click(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         switch(e.CommandName)
         {

            case "Sort":

               // Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List((String)e.CommandArgument);
               break;

            case "Submit":

               // Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Submit button";

               // Test whether the command argument is an empty string ("").
               if((String)e.CommandArgument == "")
               {
                  // End the message.
                  Message.Text += ".";
               }
               else
               {
                  // Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text += ", however the command argument is not recogized.";
               }                
               break;

            default:

               // The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized.";
               break; 

         }

      }

      void Sort_List(string commandArgument)
      {

         switch(commandArgument)
         {

            case "Ascending":
 
               // Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Ascending button.";
               break;

            case "Descending":
              
               // Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Descending button.";
               break;

            default:
        
               // The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized.";
               break;

         }

      }

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click on one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Sub CommandBtn_Click(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs) 

         Select e.CommandName

            Case "Sort"

               ' Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List(CType(e.CommandArgument, String))

            Case "Submit"

               ' Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Submit button"

               ' Test whether the command argument is an empty string ("").
               If CType(e.CommandArgument , String) = "" Then
              
                  ' End the message.
                  Message.Text &= "."
               
               Else
               
                  ' Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text &= ", however the command argument is not recogized."
               
               End If                

            Case Else

               ' The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Sort_List(commandArgument As String)

         Select commandArgument

            Case "Ascending"
 
               ' Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Ascending button."

            Case "Descending"
              
               ' Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Descending button."

            Case Else
        
               ' The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click on one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

イベントハンドラーを指定し、 Page_Loadメソッドのイベントにプログラムで追加する方法を次のコード例に示します。The following code example demonstrates how to specify the event handler and programmatically add it to the event in the Page_Load method.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      void CommandBtn_Click(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         switch(e.CommandName)
         {

            case "Sort":

               // Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List((String)e.CommandArgument);
               break;

            case "Submit":

               // Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Submit</b> button";

               // Test whether the Command Argument is an empty string ("").
               if((String)e.CommandArgument == "")
               {
                  // End the message.
                  Message.Text += ".";
               }
               else
               {
                  // Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text += ", but the command argument is not recogized.";
               }                
               break;

            default:

               // The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized.";
               break; 

         }

      }

      void Sort_List(string commandArgument)
      {

         switch(commandArgument)
         {

            case "Ascending":
 
               // Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Ascending</b> button.";
               break;

            case "Descending":
              
               // Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Descending</b> button.";
               break;

            default:
        
               // The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized.";
               break;

         }

      }

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Manually register the event-handling method for the Command  
         // event of the Button controls.
         Button1.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button2.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button3.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button4.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button5.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);

      }

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Sub CommandBtn_Click(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs) 

         Select e.CommandName

            Case "Sort"

               ' Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List(CType(e.CommandArgument, String))

            Case "Submit"

               ' Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Submit</b> button"

               ' Test whether the Command Argument is an empty string ("").
               If CType(e.CommandArgument , String) = "" Then
              
                  ' End the message.
                  Message.Text &= "."
               
               Else
               
                  ' Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text &= ", but the command argument is not recogized."
               
               End If                

            Case Else

               ' The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Sort_List(commandArgument As String)

         Select commandArgument

            Case "Ascending"
 
               ' Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Ascending</b> button."

            Case "Descending"
              
               ' Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Descending</b> button."

            Case Else
        
               ' The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Manually register the event-handling method for the Command  
         ' event of the Button controls.
         AddHandler Button1.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button2.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button3.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button4.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button5.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

注釈

イベントCommandは、コントロールButtonまたはImageButtonコントロールがクリックされたときに発生します。The Command event is raised when a Button or ImageButton control is clicked.

オブジェクトCommandEventArgsには、イベントハンドラー Commandでアクセスできるイベントに関するデータが含まれています。The CommandEventArgs object contains data about the Command event that can be accessed in the event handler. CommandEventArgsクラスで使用できるプロパティを使用して、などのコマンドAscendingを補完するオプションの引数に加えSortて、実行するコマンドの名前を指定できます。Using the properties available in the CommandEventArgs class, you can determine the name of the command to perform, such as Sort, in addition to an optional argument that supplements the command, such as Ascending.

CommandEventArgsインスタンスの初期プロパティ値の一覧についCommandEventArgsては、コンストラクターを参照してください。For a list of initial property values for an instance of CommandEventArgs, see the CommandEventArgs constructor.

イベントを処理する方法の詳細については、次を参照してください。処理とイベントの発生します。For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

コンストラクター

CommandEventArgs(CommandEventArgs) CommandEventArgs(CommandEventArgs) CommandEventArgs(CommandEventArgs) CommandEventArgs(CommandEventArgs)

他の CommandEventArgs オブジェクトを指定して、CommandEventArgs クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the CommandEventArgs class with another CommandEventArgs object.

CommandEventArgs(String, Object) CommandEventArgs(String, Object) CommandEventArgs(String, Object) CommandEventArgs(String, Object)

コマンド名および引数を指定して、CommandEventArgs クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the CommandEventArgs class with the specified command name and argument.

プロパティ

CommandArgument CommandArgument CommandArgument CommandArgument

コマンドの引数を取得します。Gets the argument for the command.

CommandName CommandName CommandName CommandName

コマンド名を取得します。Gets the name of the command.

メソッド

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

指定したオブジェクトが、現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

現在のオブジェクトを表す文字列を返します。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

適用対象

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