DetailsView.DataKey プロパティ

定義

表示されているレコードの主キーを表す DataKey オブジェクトを取得します。Gets a DataKey object that represents the primary key of the displayed record.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataKey ^ DataKey { System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataKey ^ get(); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataKey DataKey { get; }
member this.DataKey : System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataKey
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property DataKey As DataKey

プロパティ値

DataKey

表示されているレコードの主キーを表す DataKeyA DataKey that represents the primary key of the displayed record.

実装

属性

次のコード例では、DataKey プロパティを使用して、現在のレコードのキーフィールドと対応する値を決定する方法を示します。The following code example demonstrates how to use the DataKey property to determine the key field and corresponding value for the current record.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomerDetailView_ItemUpdated(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
  
    // Create a dictionary that contains the key fields and values using
    // the AllValues method of the DataKey object contained in the DataKey 
    // property.
    IOrderedDictionary keyList = CustomerDetailView.DataKey.Values;

    // Get the ArrayList objects that represent the key fields and values.
    ArrayList keys = (ArrayList)keyList.Keys;
    ArrayList values = (ArrayList)keyList.Values;

    // Get the key field and value for the current record. 
    String keyField = keys[0].ToString();
    String keyValue = values[0].ToString();
    
    // Log the update operation using the key field and value.
    LogUpdate(keyField, keyValue);

  }

  void LogUpdate(String keyField, String keyValue)
  {
    // Insert code to log the update operation.
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsView DataKey Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsView DataKey Example</h3>
                
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true" 
          allowpaging="true"
          onitemupdated="CustomerDetailView_ItemUpdated" 
          runat="server">
               
          <headerstyle backcolor="Navy"
            forecolor="White"/>
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
                    InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], 
            [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) 
            VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, 
            @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          UpdateCommand="UPDATE [Customers] SET 
            [CompanyName] = @CompanyName, 
            [Address] = @Address, [City] = @City,
            [PostalCode] = @PostalCode, [Country] = @Country
            WHERE [CustomerID] = @CustomerID">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    Sub CustomerDetailView_ItemUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs)
    
        ' Create a dictionary that contains the key fields and values 
        ' using the AllValues method of the DataKey object contained 
        ' in the DataKey property.
        
        Dim keyList As IOrderedDictionary = _
            CustomerDetailsView.DataKey.Values

        ' Get the ArrayList objects that represent the key fields 
        ' and values.
        Dim keys As ArrayList = CType(keyList.Keys, ArrayList)
        Dim values As ArrayList = CType(keyList.Values, ArrayList)

        ' Get the key field and value for the current record. 
        Dim keyField As String = keys(0).ToString()
        Dim keyValue As String = values(0).ToString()
    
        ' Log the update operation using the key field and value.
        LogUpdate(keyField, keyValue)

    End Sub

    Sub LogUpdate(ByVal keyField As String, ByVal keyValue As String)
  
        ' Insert code to log the update operation.
  
    End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>
            DetailsView DataKey Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        <h3>
            DetailsView DataKey Example</h3>
        <asp:DetailsView ID="CustomerDetailsView" 
          DataSourceID="DetailsViewSource" 
          DataKeyNames="CustomerID"
          AutoGenerateRows="true" 
          AutoGenerateEditButton="true" 
          AllowPaging="true" 
          OnItemUpdated="CustomerDetailView_ItemUpdated"
          runat="server">
          
          <HeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" ForeColor="White" />
        </asp:DetailsView>

        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
          InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID],
            [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) 
            VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, 
            @PostalCode, @Country)"
            SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
              [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] 
              From [Customers]"
            UpdateCommand="UPDATE [Customers] SET [CompanyName] = @CompanyName, 
            [Address] = @Address, [City] = @City,
            [PostalCode] = @PostalCode, [Country] = @Country
            WHERE [CustomerID] = @CustomerID"></asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

注釈

DataKeyNames プロパティが設定されている場合、DetailsView コントロールによって、現在のレコードのキーフィールドを表す DataKey オブジェクトが自動的に作成されます。When the DataKeyNames property is set, the DetailsView control automatically creates a DataKey object that represents the key field or fields for the current record. この DataKey オブジェクトを取得するには、DataKey プロパティを使用します。Use the DataKey property to get this DataKey object. このプロパティは、通常、DataKeyNames プロパティで指定されたフィールドのキーとそれに対応する値を取得するために使用されます。This property is commonly used to obtain the keys and their corresponding values for the fields specified in the DataKeyNames property.

注意

ショートカットとして、SelectedValue プロパティを使用して、DataKeyNames プロパティに一覧表示されている最初のキーフィールドの値を確認することもできます。As a shortcut, you can also use the SelectedValue property to determine the value of the first key field listed in the DataKeyNames property.

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください