Hashtable.Contains(Object) Hashtable.Contains(Object) Hashtable.Contains(Object) Hashtable.Contains(Object) Method

정의

Hashtable에 특정 키가 들어 있는지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines whether the Hashtable contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool Contains(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool Contains (object key);
abstract member Contains : obj -> bool
override this.Contains : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function Contains (key As Object) As Boolean

매개 변수

key
Object Object Object Object

Hashtable에서 찾을 수 있는 키입니다.The key to locate in the Hashtable.

반환

true에 지정한 키가 있는 요소가 포함되어 있으면 Hashtable이고, 그렇지 않으면 false입니다.true if the Hashtable contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

구현

예외

예제

다음 예제에서는 확인 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다 여부를 Hashtable 특정 요소를 포함 합니다.The following example shows how to determine whether the Hashtable contains a specific element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
   Hashtable^ myHT = gcnew Hashtable;
   myHT->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   myHT->Add( 1, "one" );
   myHT->Add( 2, "two" );
   myHT->Add( 3, "three" );
   myHT->Add( 4, "four" );
   
   // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
   Console::WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myValue = "nine";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
}

void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT )
{
   int i = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myHT->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry de =  *safe_cast<DictionaryEntry ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Hashtable contains the following values:
         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
         [0]:    4       four
         [1]:    3       three
         [2]:    2       two
         [3]:    1       one
         [4]:    0       zero

 The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
 The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
 The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
 The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesHashtable  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
      Hashtable myHT = new Hashtable();
      myHT.Add( 0, "zero" );
      myHT.Add( 1, "one" );
      myHT.Add( 2, "two" );
      myHT.Add( 3, "three" );
      myHT.Add( 4, "four" );

      // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
      Console.WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   }


   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable myHT )  {
      int i = 0;
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myHT )
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The Hashtable contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    4       four
        [1]:    3       three
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    1       one
        [4]:    0       zero

The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

*/ 
Imports System
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesHashtable

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Dim myHT As New Hashtable()
        myHT.Add(0, "zero")
        myHT.Add(1, "one")
        myHT.Add(2, "two")
        myHT.Add(3, "three")
        myHT.Add(4, "four")

        ' Displays the values of the Hashtable.
        Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT)

        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Console.Write("The key ""{0}"" is ", myKey)
        If(myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine("in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine("NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myKey = 6
        Console.Write("The key ""{0}"" is ", myKey)
        If(myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        Console.Write("The value ""{0}"" is ", myValue)
        If(myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myValue = "nine"
        Console.Write("The value ""{0}"" is ", myValue)
        If(myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

    End Sub 'Main

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT As Hashtable)
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "-INDEX-" + vbTab + "-KEY-" + vbTab + "-VALUE-")
        Dim de As DictionaryEntry
        For Each de In  myHT
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "[{0}]:" + vbTab + "{1}" + vbTab + "{2}", i, de.Key, de.Value)
            i = i + 1
        Next de
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues

End Class 'SamplesHashtable 


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Hashtable contains the following values:
'         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
'         [0]:    4       four
'         [1]:    3       three
'         [2]:    2       two
'         [3]:    1       one
'         [4]:    0       zero
'
' The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
' The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
' The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
' The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

설명

ContainsIDictionary.Contains를 구현합니다.Contains implements IDictionary.Contains. 와 동일 하 게 작동 ContainsKey합니다.It behaves exactly as ContainsKey.

이 방법은 O(1) 작업에 설명 합니다.This method is an O(1) operation.

컬렉션의 개체를 사용 하 여이 메서드는.NET Framework 2.0 부터는 Equals 하 고 CompareTo 메서드를 item 항목이 있는지 여부를 확인 하려면.Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. .NET Framework의 이전 버전을 사용 하 여이 결정 했습니다 합니다 EqualsCompareTo 의 메서드는 item 컬렉션의 개체에 대 한 매개 변수입니다.In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

적용 대상

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