INotifyPropertyChanged INotifyPropertyChanged INotifyPropertyChanged INotifyPropertyChanged Interface

정의

속성 값이 변경되었음을 클라이언트에 알립니다.Notifies clients that a property value has changed.

public interface class INotifyPropertyChanged
public interface INotifyPropertyChanged
type INotifyPropertyChanged = interface
Public Interface INotifyPropertyChanged
파생

예제

다음 코드 예제는 방법을 보여 줍니다. 구현 하는 INotifyPropertyChanged 인터페이스입니다.The following code example demonstrates the how to implement the INotifyPropertyChanged interface. 이 예제를 실행 하면 바인딩된 것을 알 수 있습니다 DataGridView 컨트롤 바인딩을 초기화할 필요 없이 데이터 원본에 변경 내용을 반영 합니다.When you run this example, you will notice the bound DataGridView control reflects the change in the data source without requiring the binding to be reset.

CallerMemberName 특성을 사용하는 경우 NotifyPropertyChanged 메서드 호출에서 속성 이름을 문자열 인수로 지정할 필요가 없습니다.If you use the CallerMemberName attribute, calls to the NotifyPropertyChanged method don't have to specify the property name as a string argument. 자세한 내용은 호출자 정보합니다.For more information, see Caller Information.

프로그램 Form1의 코드를 다음 코드로 대체 하 고 프로젝트의 이름으로 네임 스페이스를 변경 합니다.Replace the code in your Form1 with the following code and then change the namespace to the name of your project. 대신 만들 때 아래 네임 스페이스 이름의 프로젝트를 이름을 지정할 수 있습니다.As an alternative, you can name your project with the namespace name below when you create it.

using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.ComponentModel;  
using System.Drawing;  
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;  
using System.Windows.Forms;  

// Either change the following namespace to the name of your project,   
// or name your project with the following name when you create it.  
namespace TestNotifyPropertyChangedCS  
{  
    // This form demonstrates using a BindingSource to bind  
    // a list to a DataGridView control. The list does not  
    // raise change notifications. However the DemoCustomer type   
    // in the list does.  
    public partial class Form1 : Form  
    {  
        // This button causes the value of a list element to be changed.  
        private Button changeItemBtn = new Button();  

        // This DataGridView control displays the contents of the list.  
        private DataGridView customersDataGridView = new DataGridView();  

        // This BindingSource binds the list to the DataGridView control.  
        private BindingSource customersBindingSource = new BindingSource();  

        public Form1()  
        {  
            InitializeComponent();  

            // Set up the "Change Item" button.  
            this.changeItemBtn.Text = "Change Item";  
            this.changeItemBtn.Dock = DockStyle.Bottom;  
            this.changeItemBtn.Click +=  
                new EventHandler(changeItemBtn_Click);  
            this.Controls.Add(this.changeItemBtn);  

            // Set up the DataGridView.  
            customersDataGridView.Dock = DockStyle.Top;  
            this.Controls.Add(customersDataGridView);  

            this.Size = new Size(400, 200);  
        }  

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)  
        {  
            // Create and populate the list of DemoCustomer objects  
            // which will supply data to the DataGridView.  
            BindingList<DemoCustomer> customerList = new BindingList<DemoCustomer>();  
            customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer());  
            customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer());  
            customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer());  

            // Bind the list to the BindingSource.  
            this.customersBindingSource.DataSource = customerList;  

            // Attach the BindingSource to the DataGridView.  
            this.customersDataGridView.DataSource =  
                this.customersBindingSource;  

        }  

        // Change the value of the CompanyName property for the first   
        // item in the list when the "Change Item" button is clicked.  
        void changeItemBtn_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)  
        {  
            // Get a reference to the list from the BindingSource.  
            BindingList<DemoCustomer> customerList =  
                this.customersBindingSource.DataSource as BindingList<DemoCustomer>;  

            // Change the value of the CompanyName property for the   
            // first item in the list.  
            customerList[0].CustomerName = "Tailspin Toys";  
            customerList[0].PhoneNumber = "(708)555-0150";  
        }  

    }  

    // This is a simple customer class that   
    // implements the IPropertyChange interface.  
    public class DemoCustomer : INotifyPropertyChanged  
    {  
        // These fields hold the values for the public properties.  
        private Guid idValue = Guid.NewGuid();  
        private string customerNameValue = String.Empty;  
        private string phoneNumberValue = String.Empty;  

        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;  

        // This method is called by the Set accessor of each property.  
        // The CallerMemberName attribute that is applied to the optional propertyName  
        // parameter causes the property name of the caller to be substituted as an argument.  
        private void NotifyPropertyChanged([CallerMemberName] String propertyName = "")  
        {  
            PropertyChanged?.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        }  

        // The constructor is private to enforce the factory pattern.  
        private DemoCustomer()  
        {  
            customerNameValue = "Customer";  
            phoneNumberValue = "(312)555-0100";  
        }  

        // This is the public factory method.  
        public static DemoCustomer CreateNewCustomer()  
        {  
            return new DemoCustomer();  
        }  

        // This property represents an ID, suitable  
        // for use as a primary key in a database.  
        public Guid ID  
        {  
            get  
            {  
                return this.idValue;  
            }  
        }  

        public string CustomerName  
        {  
            get  
            {  
                return this.customerNameValue;  
            }  

            set  
            {  
                if (value != this.customerNameValue)  
                {  
                    this.customerNameValue = value;  
                    NotifyPropertyChanged();  
                }  
            }  
        }  

        public string PhoneNumber  
        {  
            get  
            {  
                return this.phoneNumberValue;  
            }  

            set  
            {  
                if (value != this.phoneNumberValue)  
                {  
                    this.phoneNumberValue = value;  
                    NotifyPropertyChanged();  
                }  
            }  
        }  
    }  
}  
Imports System  
Imports System.Collections.Generic  
Imports System.ComponentModel  
Imports System.Drawing  
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices  
Imports System.Windows.Forms  

' This form demonstrates using a BindingSource to bind  
' a list to a DataGridView control. The list does not  
' raise change notifications. However the DemoCustomer type   
' in the list does.  

Public Class Form1  
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form  
    ' This button causes the value of a list element to be changed.  
    Private changeItemBtn As New Button()  

    ' This DataGridView control displays the contents of the list.  
    Private customersDataGridView As New DataGridView()  

    ' This BindingSource binds the list to the DataGridView control.  
    Private customersBindingSource As New BindingSource()  

    Public Sub New()  
        InitializeComponent()  

        ' Set up the "Change Item" button.  
        Me.changeItemBtn.Text = "Change Item"  
        Me.changeItemBtn.Dock = DockStyle.Bottom  
        AddHandler Me.changeItemBtn.Click, AddressOf changeItemBtn_Click  
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.changeItemBtn)  

        ' Set up the DataGridView.  
        customersDataGridView.Dock = DockStyle.Top  
        Me.Controls.Add(customersDataGridView)  

        Me.Size = New Size(400, 200)  
    End Sub  

    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _  
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load  

        ' Create and populate the list of DemoCustomer objects  
        ' which will supply data to the DataGridView.  
        Dim customerList As New BindingList(Of DemoCustomer)  

        customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer())  
        customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer())  
        customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer())  

        ' Bind the list to the BindingSource.  
        Me.customersBindingSource.DataSource = customerList  

        ' Attach the BindingSource to the DataGridView.  
        Me.customersDataGridView.DataSource = Me.customersBindingSource  
    End Sub  

    ' This event handler changes the value of the CompanyName  
    ' property for the first item in the list.  
    Private Sub changeItemBtn_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)  
        ' Get a reference to the list from the BindingSource.  
        Dim customerList As BindingList(Of DemoCustomer) = _  
            CType(customersBindingSource.DataSource, BindingList(Of DemoCustomer))  

        ' Change the value of the CompanyName property for the   
        ' first item in the list.  
        customerList(0).CustomerName = "Tailspin Toys"  
        customerList(0).PhoneNumber = "(708)555-0150"  
    End Sub  
End Class  

' This class implements a simple customer type   
' that implements the IPropertyChange interface.  

Public Class DemoCustomer  
    Implements INotifyPropertyChanged  

    ' These fields hold the values for the public properties.  
    Private idValue As Guid = Guid.NewGuid()  
    Private customerNameValue As String = String.Empty  
    Private phoneNumberValue As String = String.Empty  

    Public Event PropertyChanged As PropertyChangedEventHandler _  
        Implements INotifyPropertyChanged.PropertyChanged  

    ' This method is called by the Set accessor of each property.  
    ' The CallerMemberName attribute that is applied to the optional propertyName  
    ' parameter causes the property name of the caller to be substituted as an argument.  
    Private Sub NotifyPropertyChanged(<CallerMemberName()> Optional ByVal propertyName As String = Nothing)  
        RaiseEvent PropertyChanged(Me, New PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName))  
    End Sub  

    ' The constructor is private to enforce the factory pattern.  
    Private Sub New()  
        customerNameValue = "Customer"  
        phoneNumberValue = "(312)555-0100"  
    End Sub  

    ' This is the public factory method.  
    Public Shared Function CreateNewCustomer() As DemoCustomer  
        Return New DemoCustomer()  
    End Function  

    ' This property represents an ID, suitable  
    ' for use as a primary key in a database.  
    Public ReadOnly Property ID() As Guid  
        Get  
            Return Me.idValue  
        End Get  
    End Property  

    Public Property CustomerName() As String  
        Get  
            Return Me.customerNameValue  
        End Get  

        Set(ByVal value As String)  
            If Not (value = customerNameValue) Then  
                Me.customerNameValue = value  
                NotifyPropertyChanged()  
            End If  
        End Set  
    End Property  

    Public Property PhoneNumber() As String  
        Get  
            Return Me.phoneNumberValue  
        End Get  

        Set(ByVal value As String)  
            If Not (value = phoneNumberValue) Then  
                Me.phoneNumberValue = value  
                NotifyPropertyChanged()  
            End If  
        End Set  
    End Property  
End Class  

설명

INotifyPropertyChanged 인터페이스 속성 값이 변경 되었음을 클라이언트에 바인딩하는 일반적으로 클라이언트에 알리는 데 사용 됩니다.The INotifyPropertyChanged interface is used to notify clients, typically binding clients, that a property value has changed.

예를 들어 한 Person 라는 속성을 사용 하 여 개체 FirstName합니다.For example, consider a Person object with a property called FirstName. 제네릭 속성 변경 알림을 제공 하는 Person 구현 입력를 INotifyPropertyChanged 인터페이스와 발생을 PropertyChanged 이벤트 때 FirstName 변경 됩니다.To provide generic property-change notification, the Person type implements the INotifyPropertyChanged interface and raises a PropertyChanged event when FirstName is changed.

바인딩된 클라이언트와 데이터 소스 간의 바인딩에서 되려면 변경 알림에 바인딩된 형식이 수행 해야 합니다.For change notification to occur in a binding between a bound client and a data source, your bound type should either:

  • 구현 된 INotifyPropertyChanged 인터페이스 (기본 설정).Implement the INotifyPropertyChanged interface (preferred).

  • 바인딩된 형식의 각 속성에 대 한 변경 이벤트를 제공 합니다.Provide a change event for each property of the bound type.

둘 다 수행 하지 않습니다.Do not do both.

이벤트

PropertyChanged PropertyChanged PropertyChanged PropertyChanged

속성 값이 변경될 때 발생합니다.Occurs when a property value changes.

적용 대상