Math.Sign 메서드

정의

숫자의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

오버로드

Sign(IntPtr)

네이티브 크기의 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수 값을 반환합니다.

Sign(Single)

단정밀도 부동 소수점 숫자의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(SByte)

8비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(Int64)

64비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(Decimal)

10진수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(Int16)

16비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(Double)

배정밀도 부동 소수점 수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(Int32)

32비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

Sign(IntPtr)

네이티브 크기의 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수 값을 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(IntPtr value);
public static int Sign (nint value);
static member Sign : nativeint -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As IntPtr) As Integer

매개 변수

value
IntPtr

nint

nativeint

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(IntPtr) 값의 IntPtr 부호를 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(Single)

단정밀도 부동 소수점 숫자의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(float value);
public static int Sign (float value);
static member Sign : single -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Single) As Integer

매개 변수

value
Single

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예외

value이(가) NaN와 같은 경우.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용 하 여 Sign(Single) 값의 Single 기호를 확인 하 고 콘솔에 표시 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(SByte)

중요

이 API는 CLS 규격이 아닙니다.

8비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(System::SByte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static int Sign (sbyte value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member Sign : sbyte -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As SByte) As Integer

매개 변수

value
SByte

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.
특성

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(SByte) 값의 SByte 부호를 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(Int64)

64비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(long value);
public static int Sign (long value);
static member Sign : int64 -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Long) As Integer

매개 변수

value
Int64

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(Int64) 값의 Int64 부호를 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(Decimal)

10진수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(System::Decimal value);
public static int Sign (decimal value);
static member Sign : decimal -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Decimal) As Integer

매개 변수

value
Decimal

부호 있는 10진수입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(Decimal) 값의 부호를 Decimal 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(Int16)

16비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(short value);
public static int Sign (short value);
static member Sign : int16 -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Short) As Integer

매개 변수

value
Int16

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(Int16) 값의 Int16 부호를 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(Double)

배정밀도 부동 소수점 수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(double value);
public static int Sign (double value);
static member Sign : double -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Double) As Integer

매개 변수

value
Double

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예외

value이(가) NaN와 같은 경우.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(Double) 값의 부호를 Double 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상

Sign(Int32)

32비트 부호 있는 정수의 부호를 나타내는 정수를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int Sign(int value);
public static int Sign (int value);
static member Sign : int -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Integer) As Integer

매개 변수

value
Int32

부호 있는 숫자입니다.

반환

Int32

다음 테이블과 같이 value의 부호를 나타내는 숫자입니다.

반환 값 의미
-1 value가 0보다 작은 경우
0 value가 0과 같습니다.
1 value가 0보다 큽니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 메서드를 사용하여 Sign(Int32) 값의 Int32 부호를 확인하고 콘솔에 표시하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

적용 대상