CustomAttributeBuilder 클래스

정의

사용자 지정 특성을 지정할 수 있도록 합니다.Helps build custom attributes.

public ref class CustomAttributeBuilder : System::Runtime::InteropServices::_CustomAttributeBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class CustomAttributeBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._CustomAttributeBuilder
type CustomAttributeBuilder = class
    interface _CustomAttributeBuilder
Public Class CustomAttributeBuilder
Implements _CustomAttributeBuilder
상속
CustomAttributeBuilder
특성
구현

예제

다음 코드 샘플에서는 CustomAttributeBuilder를 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.The following code sample illustrates the use of CustomAttributeBuilder.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;

// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public ref class ClassCreator: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ creator;

public:

   property String^ Creator 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return creator;
      }

   }
   ClassCreator( String^ name )
   {
      this->creator = name;
   }

};


// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public ref class DateLastUpdated: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ dateUpdated;

public:

   property String^ DateUpdated 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return dateUpdated;
      }

   }
   DateLastUpdated( String^ theDate )
   {
      this->dateUpdated = theDate;
   }

};

Type^ BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
{
   AppDomain^ currentDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
   AssemblyName^ myAsmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
   myAsmName->Name = "MyAssembly";
   AssemblyBuilder^ myAsmBuilder = currentDomain->DefineDynamicAssembly( myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::Run );
   ModuleBuilder^ myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder->DefineDynamicModule( "MyModule" );
   
   // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
   TypeBuilder^ myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder->DefineType( "MyType", TypeAttributes::Public );
   array<Type^>^temp6 = {String::typeid};
   array<Type^>^ctorParams = temp6;
   ConstructorInfo^ classCtorInfo = ClassCreator::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp0 = {"Joe Programmer"};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp0 );
   myTypeBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder );
   
   // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
   array<Type^>^temp1 = gcnew array<Type^>(0);
   MethodBuilder^ myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineMethod( "HelloWorld", MethodAttributes::Public, nullptr, temp1 );
   array<Type^>^temp7 = {String::typeid};
   ctorParams = temp7;
   classCtorInfo = DateLastUpdated::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp2 = {DateTime::Now.ToString()};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder2 = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp2 );
   myMethodBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder2 );
   ILGenerator^ myIL = myMethodBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   myIL->EmitWriteLine( "Hello, world!" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   return myTypeBuilder->CreateType();
}

int main()
{
   Type^ myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();
   Object^ myInstance = Activator::CreateInstance( myType );
   array<Object^>^customAttrs = myType->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':" );
   Object^ attrVal = nullptr;
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp3 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = ClassCreator::typeid->InvokeMember( "Creator", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp3 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':" );
   customAttrs = myType->GetMember( "HelloWorld" )[ 0 ]->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum2->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp4 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = DateLastUpdated::typeid->InvokeMember( "DateUpdated", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp4 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   array<Object^>^temp5 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
   Console::WriteLine( myType->InvokeMember( "HelloWorld", BindingFlags::InvokeMethod, nullptr, myInstance, temp5 ) );
}

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public class ClassCreator: Attribute

{
   private string creator;
   public string Creator 
   {
    get
    {
       return creator;
    }
   }	

   public ClassCreator(string name)
   {
      this.creator = name;
   }
}

// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public class DateLastUpdated: Attribute

{
   private string dateUpdated;
   public string DateUpdated
   {
    get
    {
       return dateUpdated;
    }
   }

   public DateLastUpdated(string theDate)
   {
    this.dateUpdated = theDate;
   } 
}

class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo

{

   public static Type BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
   {
    
    AppDomain currentDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    
    AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
    myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly";

    AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
                       myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

    ModuleBuilder myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule");

    // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.

    TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType",
                        TypeAttributes.Public);
    
    Type[] ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    ConstructorInfo classCtorInfo = typeof(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { "Joe Programmer" });

    myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder);

    // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.

    MethodBuilder myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld",
                    MethodAttributes.Public,
                    null,
                    new Type[] { });

    ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    classCtorInfo = typeof(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder2 = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { DateTime.Now.ToString() });

    myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2);

    ILGenerator myIL = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

    return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
   }

   public static void Main() 
   {

    Type myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();

    object myInstance = Activator.CreateInstance(myType);

    object[] customAttrs = myType.GetCustomAttributes(true);

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':");

    object attrVal = null;

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs) 
    {
       attrVal = typeof(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("Creator", 
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':");

    customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")[0].GetCustomAttributes(true);	

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs) 
    {
       attrVal = typeof(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("DateUpdated", 
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("---");

    Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld",
              BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
              null, myInstance, new object[] { }));
   }
}


Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _


' We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
Public Class ClassCreator

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private creator As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetCreator() As String
      Get
         Return creator
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(name As String)
      Me.creator = name
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

' We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
Public Class DateLastUpdated

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private dateUpdated As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetDateUpdated() As String
      Get
         Return dateUpdated
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(theDate As String)
      Me.dateUpdated = theDate
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

Class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo
   
   Public Shared Function BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod() As Type
      
      Dim currentDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, _
                            AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run)
      
      Dim myModBuilder As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule")
      
      ' First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
      Dim myTypeBuilder As TypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType", _
                            TypeAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim ctorParams() As Type = {GetType(String)}
      Dim classCtorInfo As ConstructorInfo = GetType(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {"Joe Programmer"})
      
      myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder)
      
      ' Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
      Dim myMethodBuilder As MethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld", _
                    MethodAttributes.Public, Nothing, New Type() {})
      
      ctorParams = New Type() {GetType(String)}
      classCtorInfo = GetType(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder2 As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {DateTime.Now.ToString()})
      
      myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2)
      
      Dim myIL As ILGenerator = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      Return myTypeBuilder.CreateType()

   End Function 'BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      Dim myType As Type = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
      
      Dim myInstance As Object = Activator.CreateInstance(myType)
      
      Dim customAttrs As Object() = myType.GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':")
      
      Dim attrVal As Object = Nothing
      
      Dim customAttr As Object
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("GetCreator", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':")
      
      customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")(0).GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("GetDateUpdated", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, _
                        Nothing, myInstance, New Object() {}))
   End Sub

End Class

설명

생성자에서 반환 된 CustomAttributeBuilder 개체를 사용 하 여 사용자 지정 특성을 설명 합니다.Use the CustomAttributeBuilder object returned by the constructor to describe the custom attribute. 해당 작성기 인스턴스에서 SetCustomAttribute 메서드를 호출 하 여 CustomAttribute를 작성기 인스턴스와 연결 합니다.Associate the CustomAttribute with a builder instance by calling the SetCustomAttribute method on that builder instance. 예를 들어 AssemblyCultureAttribute의 생성자와 해당 인수를 제공 하 여 AssemblyCultureAttribute의 인스턴스를 설명 하는 CustomAttributeBuilder을 만듭니다.For example, create a CustomAttributeBuilder to describe an instance of AssemblyCultureAttribute by supplying the constructor of AssemblyCultureAttribute and its argument. 그런 다음 AssemblyBuilder에서 SetCustomAttribute를 호출 하 여 연결을 설정 합니다.Then call SetCustomAttribute on an AssemblyBuilder to establish the association.

생성자

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[])

지정된 사용자 지정 특성의 생성자와 생성자에 대한 인수를 사용하여 CustomAttributeBuilder 클래스의 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute and the arguments to the constructor.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

사용자 지정 특성의 생성자, 이 생성자에 대한 인수 및 명명된 필드/값 쌍 집합이 제공되면 CustomAttributeBuilder 클래스의 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named field/value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[])

사용자 지정 특성의 생성자, 이 생성자에 대한 인수 및 명명된 속성 또는 값 쌍 집합이 제공되면 CustomAttributeBuilder 클래스의 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named property or value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

사용자 지정 특성의 생성자, 이 생성자에 대한 인수, 명명된 속성/값 쌍 집합 또는 명명된 필드/값 쌍 집합이 제공되면 CustomAttributeBuilder 클래스의 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, a set of named property or value pairs, and a set of named field or value pairs.

메서드

Equals(Object)

지정한 개체가 현재 개체와 같은지를 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
ToString()

현재 개체를 나타내는 string을 반환합니다.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)

명시적 인터페이스 구현

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

이름 집합을 해당하는 디스패치 식별자 집합에 매핑합니다.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

인터페이스의 형식 정보를 가져오는 데 사용할 수 있는 개체의 형식 정보를 검색합니다.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can then be used to get the type information for an interface.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

개체에서 제공하는 형식 정보 인터페이스의 수를 검색합니다(0 또는 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

_CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

개체에서 노출하는 메서드와 속성에 대한 액세스를 제공합니다.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

적용 대상