BitConverter.ToInt16 Método

Definição

Sobrecargas

ToInt16(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)

Converte um intervalo de bytes somente leitura em um inteiro com sinal de 16 bits.Converts a read-only byte span into a 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Byte[], Int32)

Retorna um inteiro com sinal de 16 bits convertido de dois bytes em uma posição especificada em uma matriz de bytes.Returns a 16-bit signed integer converted from two bytes at a specified position in a byte array.

ToInt16(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)

Converte um intervalo de bytes somente leitura em um inteiro com sinal de 16 bits.Converts a read-only byte span into a 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(ReadOnlySpan<System::Byte> value);
public static short ToInt16 (ReadOnlySpan<byte> value);
static member ToInt16 : ReadOnlySpan<byte> -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As ReadOnlySpan(Of Byte)) As Short

Parâmetros

value
ReadOnlySpan<Byte>

Um intervalo somente leitura que contém os bytes a serem convertidos.A read-only span containing the bytes to convert.

Retornos

Um inteiro com sinal de 16 bits que representa os bytes convertidos.A 16-bit signed integer representing the converted bytes.

Exceções

O tamanho de value é menor que 2.The length of value is less than 2.

ToInt16(Byte[], Int32)

Retorna um inteiro com sinal de 16 bits convertido de dois bytes em uma posição especificada em uma matriz de bytes.Returns a 16-bit signed integer converted from two bytes at a specified position in a byte array.

public:
 static short ToInt16(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ value, int startIndex);
public static short ToInt16 (byte[] value, int startIndex);
static member ToInt16 : byte[] * int -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Byte(), startIndex As Integer) As Short

Parâmetros

value
Byte[]

Uma matriz de bytes.An array of bytes.

startIndex
Int32

A posição inicial dentro de value.The starting position within value.

Retornos

Um inteiro com sinal de 16 bits formado por dois bytes, começando em startIndex.A 16-bit signed integer formed by two bytes beginning at startIndex.

Exceções

startIndex é igual ao comprimento de value menos 1.startIndex equals the length of value minus 1.

value é null.value is null.

startIndex é menor que zero ou maior que o tamanho de value menos 1.startIndex is less than zero or greater than the length of value minus 1.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir converte elementos de matrizes Byte em valores Int16 com o método ToInt16.The following code example converts elements of Byte arrays to Int16 values with the ToInt16 method.

// Example of the BitConverter::ToInt16 method.
using namespace System;

// Convert two byte array elements to a short and display it.
void BAToInt16( array<unsigned char>^bytes, int index )
{
   short value = BitConverter::ToInt16( bytes, index );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,5}{1,17}{2,10}", index, BitConverter::ToString( bytes, index, 2 ), value );
}

int main()
{
   array<unsigned char>^byteArray = {15,0,0,128,16,39,240,216,241,255,127};
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the BitConverter::ToInt16( unsigned "
   "char[ ], int ) \nmethod generates the following output. It "
   "converts elements of a \nbyte array to short values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( "initial byte array" );
   Console::WriteLine( "------------------" );
   Console::WriteLine( BitConverter::ToString( byteArray ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,5}{1,17}{2,10}", "index", "array elements", "short" );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,5}{1,17}{2,10}", "-----", "--------------", "-----" );
   
   // Convert byte array elements to short values.
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 1 );
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 0 );
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 8 );
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 4 );
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 6 );
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 9 );
   BAToInt16( byteArray, 2 );
}

/*
This example of the BitConverter::ToInt16( unsigned char[ ], int )
method generates the following output. It converts elements of a
byte array to short values.

initial byte array
------------------
0F-00-00-80-10-27-F0-D8-F1-FF-7F

index   array elements     short
-----   --------------     -----
    1            00-00         0
    0            0F-00        15
    8            F1-FF       -15
    4            10-27     10000
    6            F0-D8    -10000
    9            FF-7F     32767
    2            00-80    -32768
*/
// Example of the BitConverter.ToInt16 method.
using System;

class BytesToInt16Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,5}{1,17}{2,10}";
 
    // Convert two byte array elements to a short and display it.
    public static void BAToInt16( byte[ ] bytes, int index )
    {
        short value = BitConverter.ToInt16( bytes, index );

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, index, 
            BitConverter.ToString( bytes, index, 2 ), value );
    }
       
    public static void Main( )
    {
        byte[ ] byteArray = 
            { 15, 0, 0, 128, 16, 39, 240, 216, 241, 255, 127 };

        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of the BitConverter.ToInt16( byte[ ], " +
            "int ) \nmethod generates the following output. It " +
            "converts elements \nof a byte array to short values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( "initial byte array" );
        Console.WriteLine( "------------------" );
        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( byteArray ) );
        Console.WriteLine( );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "index", "array elements", "short" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "-----", "--------------", "-----" );
          
        // Convert byte array elements to short values.
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 1 );
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 0 );
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 8 );
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 4 );
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 6 );
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 9 );
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 2 );
    }
}

/*
This example of the BitConverter.ToInt16( byte[ ], int )
method generates the following output. It converts elements
of a byte array to short values.

initial byte array
------------------
0F-00-00-80-10-27-F0-D8-F1-FF-7F

index   array elements     short
-----   --------------     -----
    1            00-00         0
    0            0F-00        15
    8            F1-FF       -15
    4            10-27     10000
    6            F0-D8    -10000
    9            FF-7F     32767
    2            00-80    -32768
*/
' Example of the BitConverter.ToInt16 method.
Module BytesToInt16Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,5}{1,17}{2,10}"
 
    ' Convert two Byte array elements to a Short and display it.
    Sub BAToInt16( bytes( ) As Byte, index As Integer )

        Dim value As Short = BitConverter.ToInt16( bytes, index )

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, index, _
            BitConverter.ToString( bytes, index, 2 ), value )
    End Sub 
       
    Sub Main( )

        Dim byteArray as Byte( ) = { _
             15, 0, 0, 128, 16, 39, 240, 216, 241, 255, 127 }

        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the BitConverter.ToInt16( Byte( ), " & _
            "Integer ) " & vbCrLf & "method generates the " & _
            "following output. It converts elements " & vbCrLf & _
            "of a Byte array to Short values." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( "initial Byte array" )
        Console.WriteLine( "------------------" )
        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( byteArray ) )
        Console.WriteLine( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "index", "array elements", "Short" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "-----", "--------------", "-----" )
          
        ' Convert Byte array elements to Short values.
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 1 )
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 0 )
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 8 )
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 4 )
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 6 )
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 9 )
        BAToInt16( byteArray, 2 )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the BitConverter.ToInt16( Byte( ), Integer )
' method generates the following output. It converts elements
' of a Byte array to Short values.
' 
' initial Byte array
' ------------------
' 0F-00-00-80-10-27-F0-D8-F1-FF-7F
' 
' index   array elements     Short
' -----   --------------     -----
'     1            00-00         0
'     0            0F-00        15
'     8            F1-FF       -15
'     4            10-27     10000
'     6            F0-D8    -10000
'     9            FF-7F     32767
'     2            00-80    -32768

Comentários

O método ToInt16 converte os bytes do índice startIndex em startIndex + 1 em um valor Int16.The ToInt16 method converts the bytes from index startIndex to startIndex + 1 to an Int16 value. A ordem dos bytes na matriz deve refletir a endian da arquitetura do sistema do computador; para obter mais informações, consulte a seção comentários do tópico da classe BitConverter.The order of bytes in the array must reflect the endianness of the computer system's architecture; for more information, see the Remarks section of the BitConverter class topic.

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