DesignerTransaction Classe

Definição

Fornece uma maneira de agrupar uma série de ações de tempo de design para melhorar o desempenho e habilitar a maioria dos tipos de alterações a serem desfeitas.Provides a way to group a series of design-time actions to improve performance and enable most types of changes to be undone.

public ref class DesignerTransaction abstract : IDisposable
public abstract class DesignerTransaction : IDisposable
type DesignerTransaction = class
    interface IDisposable
Public MustInherit Class DesignerTransaction
Implements IDisposable
Herança
DesignerTransaction
Implementações

Exemplos

O programa de exemplo de código a seguir demonstra como criar um DesignerTransaction de um designer.The following code example program demonstrates how to create a DesignerTransaction from a designer. Para executar este exemplo, compile o código-fonte em uma biblioteca de classes.To run this sample, compile the source code into a class library. Você deve adicionar uma referência ao assembly System. Design.You must add a reference to the System.Design assembly. Em um novo projeto, adicione uma referência à DLL compilada e adicione o componente na biblioteca à caixa de ferramentas.In a new project, add a reference to the compiled DLL and add the component in the library to the Toolbox.

Há amplo suporte para esse recurso no Visual Studio.There is extensive support for this feature in Visual Studio.

Consulte também o passo a passos: populando automaticamente a caixa de ferramentas com componentes personalizados.Also see Walkthrough: Automatically Populating the Toolbox with Custom Components.

Opcionalmente, o designer pode exibir notificações sobre eventos de transação do designer.The designer can optionally display notifications about designer transaction events. Se você adicionar uma instância do DTComponent a um formulário no modo de design, será exibida uma caixa de mensagem perguntando se você deseja receber notificações de evento de transação do designer.If you add an instance of the DTComponent to a form while in design mode, a message box appears asking whether you would like to receive designer transaction event notifications. Você pode alternar essas notificações usando o menu de atalho que aparece quando você clica com o botão direito do mouse em uma instância do DTComponent.You may toggle these notifications using the shortcut menu that appears when you right-click an instance of the DTComponent. As transações são criadas quando você altera valores usando o janela Propriedades.Transactions are created when you change values using the Properties window. Você também pode fazer com que o designer execute uma transação clicando em executar exemplo de transação no menu de atalho para o componente.You can also have the designer perform a transaction by clicking Perform Example Transaction on the shortcut menu for the component.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.design.dll>
#using <system.windows.forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::ComponentModel::Design;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::Design;

/*
This sample demonstrates how to perform a series of actions in a designer
transaction, how to change values of properties of a component from a
designer, and how to complete transactions without being interrupted
by other activities.

To run this sample, add this code to a class library project and compile.
Create a new Windows Forms project or load a form in the designer. Add a
reference to the class library that was compiled in the first step.
Right-click the Toolbox in design mode and click Customize Toolbox.
Browse to the class library that was compiled in the first step and
select OK until the DTComponent item appears in the Toolbox.  Add an
instance of this component to the form.

When the component is created and added to the component tray for your
design project, the Initialize method of the designer is called.
This method displays a message box informing you that designer transaction
event handlers will be registered unless you click Cancel. When you set
properties in the properties window, each change will be encapsulated in
a designer transaction, allowing the change to be undone later.

When you right-click the component, the shortcut menu for the component
is displayed. The designer constructs this menu according to whether
designer transaction notifications are enabled, and offers the option
of enabling or disabling the notifications, depending on the current
mode. The shortcut menu also presents a Perform Example Transaction
item, which will set the values of the component's StringProperty and
CountProperty properties. You can undo the last designer transaction using
the Undo command provided by the Visual Studio development environment.
*/

private ref class DTDesigner: public ComponentDesigner
{
private:
   bool notification_mode;
   int count;
   void LinkDTNotifications( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if (  !notification_mode )
      {
         IDesignerHost^ host = dynamic_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
         if ( host != nullptr )
         {
            notification_mode = true;
            host->TransactionOpened += gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionOpened );
            host->TransactionClosed += gcnew DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionClosed );
         }
      }
   }

   void UnlinkDTNotifications( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if ( notification_mode )
      {
         IDesignerHost^ host = dynamic_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
         if ( host != nullptr )
         {
            notification_mode = false;
            host->TransactionOpened -= gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionOpened );
            host->TransactionClosed -= gcnew DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionClosed );
         }
      }
   }

   void OnDesignerTransactionOpened( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      MessageBox::Show( "A Designer Transaction was started. (TransactionOpened)" );
   }

   void OnDesignerTransactionClosed( Object^ /*sender*/, DesignerTransactionCloseEventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      MessageBox::Show( "A Designer Transaction was completed. (TransactionClosed)" );
   }

   void DoTransaction( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      IDesignerHost^ host = static_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
      DesignerTransaction^ t = host->CreateTransaction( "Change Text and Size" );
      
      /* The code within the using statement is considered to be a single transaction.
              When the user selects Undo, the system will undo everything executed in this code block.
              */
      if ( notification_mode )
            MessageBox::Show( "Entering a Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction" );

      // The .NET Framework automatically associates the TypeDescriptor with the correct component
      PropertyDescriptor^ someText = TypeDescriptor::GetProperties( Component )[ "StringProperty" ];
      someText->SetValue( Component, "This text was set by the designer for this component." );
      PropertyDescriptor^ anInteger = TypeDescriptor::GetProperties( Component )[ "CountProperty" ];
      anInteger->SetValue( Component, count );
      count++;

      // Complete the designer transaction.
      t->Commit();
      if ( notification_mode )
            MessageBox::Show( "Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction Completed" );
   }

public:
   property DesignerVerbCollection^ Verbs 
   {
      // The Verbs property is overridden from ComponentDesigner
      virtual DesignerVerbCollection^ get() override
      {
         DesignerVerbCollection^ dvc = gcnew DesignerVerbCollection;
         dvc->Add( gcnew DesignerVerb( "Perform Example Transaction",gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::DoTransaction ) ) );
         if ( notification_mode )
                  dvc->Add( gcnew DesignerVerb( "End Designer Transaction Notifications",
                     gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::UnlinkDTNotifications ) ) );
         else
                  dvc->Add( gcnew DesignerVerb( "Show Designer Transaction Notifications",
                     gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::LinkDTNotifications ) ) );

         return dvc;
      }
   }
   virtual void Initialize( IComponent^ component ) override
   {
      ComponentDesigner::Initialize( component );
      notification_mode = false;
      count = 10;
      IDesignerHost^ host = dynamic_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
      if ( host == nullptr )
      {
         MessageBox::Show( "The IDesignerHost service interface could not be obtained." );
         return;
      }

      if ( MessageBox::Show( "Press the Yes button to display notification message boxes for the designer transaction opened and closed notifications.", "Link DesignerTransaction Notifications?", MessageBoxButtons::YesNo, MessageBoxIcon::Question, MessageBoxDefaultButton::Button1, MessageBoxOptions::RightAlign ) == DialogResult::Yes )
      {
         host->TransactionOpened += gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionOpened );
         host->TransactionClosed += gcnew DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionClosed );
         notification_mode = true;
      }
   }

public:
   ~DTDesigner()
   {
      UnlinkDTNotifications( this, gcnew EventArgs );
   }
};

// Associate the DTDesigner with this component

[DesignerAttribute(DTDesigner::typeid)]
public ref class DTComponent: public System::ComponentModel::Component
{
private:
   String^ m_String;
   int m_Count;
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      m_String = "Initial Value";
      m_Count = 0;
   }

public:
   property String^ StringProperty 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return m_String;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         m_String = value;
      }
   }

   property int CountProperty 
   {
      int get()
      {
         return m_Count;
      }

      void set( int value )
      {
         m_Count = value;
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.ComponentModel.Design;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.Design;

/*
    This sample demonstrates how to perform a series of actions in a designer 
    transaction, how to change values of properties of a component from a 
    designer, and how to complete transactions without being interrupted 
    by other activities.

    To run this sample, add this code to a class library project and compile. 
    Create a new Windows Forms project or load a form in the designer. Add a 
    reference to the class library that was compiled in the first step.
    Right-click the Toolbox in design mode and click Customize Toolbox.  
    Browse to the class library that was compiled in the first step and 
    select OK until the DTComponent item appears in the Toolbox.  Add an 
    instance of this component to the form.  
    
    When the component is created and added to the component tray for your
    design project, the Initialize method of the designer is called. 
    This method displays a message box informing you that designer transaction
    event handlers will be registered unless you click Cancel. When you set 
    properties in the properties window, each change will be encapsulated in 
    a designer transaction, allowing the change to be undone later.  
    
    When you right-click the component,	the shortcut menu for the component 
    is displayed. The designer constructs this menu according to whether 
    designer transaction notifications are enabled, and offers the option
    of enabling or disabling the notifications, depending on the current 
    mode. The shortcut menu also presents a Perform Example Transaction 
    item, which will set the values of the component's StringProperty and 
    CountProperty properties. You can undo the last designer transaction using 
    the Undo command provided by the Visual Studio development environment.
*/

namespace DesignerTransactionSample
{
    // Associate the DTDesigner with this component
    [DesignerAttribute(typeof(DTDesigner))]
    public class DTComponent : System.ComponentModel.Component
    {
        private string m_String;
    private int m_Count;
            
    public string StringProperty
    {
        get
            { return m_String; }
        set
        { m_String = value; }
    }
            
    public int CountProperty
    {
        get
        { return m_Count; }
        set
        { m_Count = value; }
    }

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        m_String = "Initial Value";
        m_Count = 0;
    }
    }
    
    internal class DTDesigner : ComponentDesigner
    {
    private bool notification_mode = false;
    private int count = 10;
        
    // The Verbs property is overridden from ComponentDesigner
    public override DesignerVerbCollection Verbs
    {
        get
        {				
            DesignerVerbCollection dvc = new DesignerVerbCollection();				
        dvc.Add( new DesignerVerb("Perform Example Transaction", new EventHandler(this.DoTransaction)) );
        if(notification_mode)
            dvc.Add(new DesignerVerb("End Designer Transaction Notifications", new EventHandler(this.UnlinkDTNotifications)));
        else
            dvc.Add(new DesignerVerb("Show Designer Transaction Notifications", new EventHandler(this.LinkDTNotifications)));				return dvc;
        }
    }
        
        public override void Initialize(System.ComponentModel.IComponent component)
        {
            base.Initialize(component);

            IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));			
            if(host == null)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("The IDesignerHost service interface could not be obtained.");
                return;
            }

            if( MessageBox.Show("Press the Yes button to display notification message boxes for the designer transaction opened and closed notifications.","Link DesignerTransaction Notifications?", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo, MessageBoxIcon.Question, MessageBoxDefaultButton.Button1, MessageBoxOptions.RightAlign) == DialogResult.Yes )
            {							
            host.TransactionOpened += new EventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionOpened);
                host.TransactionClosed += new DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionClosed);
                notification_mode = true;
            }
        }
        
        private void LinkDTNotifications(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if(notification_mode == false)
            {
            IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));							
                if(host != null)
            {
            notification_mode = true;
                   host.TransactionOpened += new EventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionOpened);
                   host.TransactionClosed += new DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionClosed);
            }
        }
        }

        private void UnlinkDTNotifications(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        if(notification_mode)
            {
                IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));							
            if(host != null)
                {				
            notification_mode = false;
                    host.TransactionOpened -= new EventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionOpened);
                    host.TransactionClosed -= new DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionClosed);
                }
            }
        }

        private void OnDesignerTransactionOpened(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {			
        System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was started. (TransactionOpened)");
        }

        private void OnDesignerTransactionClosed(object sender, DesignerTransactionCloseEventArgs e)
        {			
        System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was completed. (TransactionClosed)");
        }   

        private void DoTransaction(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        {			
            IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));			
            DesignerTransaction t = host.CreateTransaction("Change Text and Size");

            /* The code within the using statement is considered to be a single transaction.
           When the user selects Undo, the system will undo everything executed in this code block. */
            using (t)
            {
            if(notification_mode)
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Entering a Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction");
                
                // The .NET Framework automatically associates the TypeDescriptor with the correct component
            PropertyDescriptor someText = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)["StringProperty"];
                someText.SetValue(Component, "This text was set by the designer for this component.");

                PropertyDescriptor anInteger = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)["CountProperty"];
            anInteger.SetValue(Component, count);
            count++;

                // Complete the designer transaction.
            t.Commit();
                
            if(notification_mode)
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction Completed");
            }
        }
        
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        UnlinkDTNotifications(this, new EventArgs());
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }
    }
}
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.ComponentModel.Design
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Design

'   This sample demonstrates how to perform a series of actions in a designer 
'   transaction, how to change values of properties of a component from a 
'   designer, and how to complete transactions without being interrupted 
'   by other activities.

'   To run this sample, add this code to a class library project and compile. 
'   Create a new Windows Forms project or load a form in the designer. Add a 
'   reference to the class library that was compiled in the first step.
'   Right-click the Toolbox in design mode and click Customize Toolbox.  
'   Browse to the class library that was compiled in the first step and 
'   select OK until the DTComponent item appears in the Toolbox.  Add an 
'   instance of this component to the form.  

'   When the component is created and added to the component tray for your
'   design project, the Initialize method of the designer is called. 
'   This method displays a message box informing you that designer transaction
'   event handlers are being registered unless you click Cancel. When you set 
'   properties in the properties window, each change will be encapsulated in 
'   a designer transaction, allowing the change to be undone later.  

'   When you right-click the component, the shortcut menu for the component 
'   is displayed. The designer constructs this menu according to whether 
'   designer transaction notifications are enabled, and offers the option
'   of enabling or disabling the notifications, depending on the current 
'   mode. The shortcut menu also presents a Perform Example Transaction 
'   item which will set the values of the component's StringProperty and 
'   CountProperty properties. You can undo the last designer transaction using 
'   the Undo command provided by the Visual Studio development environment.	

Namespace DesignerTransactionSample

    ' Associate the DTDesigner with this component
    <DesignerAttribute(GetType(DTDesigner))> _
    Public Class DTComponent
        Inherits System.ComponentModel.Component
        Private m_String As String
        Private m_Count As Integer

        Public Property StringProperty() As String
            Get
                Return m_String
            End Get
            Set(ByVal Value As String)
                m_String = Value
            End Set
        End Property

        Public Property CountProperty() As Integer
            Get
                Return m_Count
            End Get
            Set(ByVal Value As Integer)
                m_Count = Value
            End Set
        End Property

        Private Sub InitializeComponent()
            m_String = "Initial Value"
            m_Count = 0
        End Sub

    End Class

    Friend Class DTDesigner
        Inherits ComponentDesigner

        Private notification_mode As Boolean = False
        Private count As Integer = 10

        ' The Verbs property is overridden from ComponentDesigner
        Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Verbs() As DesignerVerbCollection
            Get
                Dim dvc As New DesignerVerbCollection()
                dvc.Add(New DesignerVerb("Perform Example Transaction", AddressOf Me.DoTransaction))
                If notification_mode Then
                    dvc.Add(New DesignerVerb("End Designer Transaction Notifications", AddressOf Me.UnlinkDTNotifications))
                Else
                    dvc.Add(New DesignerVerb("Show Designer Transaction Notifications", AddressOf Me.LinkDTNotifications))
                End If
                Return dvc
            End Get
        End Property

        Public Overrides Sub Initialize(ByVal component As System.ComponentModel.IComponent)
            MyBase.Initialize(component)

            Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
            If host Is Nothing Then
                MessageBox.Show("The IDesignerHost service interface could not be obtained.")
                Return
            End If

            If MessageBox.Show("Press the Yes button to display notification message boxes for the designer transaction opened and closed notifications.", "Link DesignerTransaction Notifications?", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo, MessageBoxIcon.Question, MessageBoxDefaultButton.Button1, MessageBoxOptions.RightAlign) = DialogResult.Yes Then
                AddHandler host.TransactionOpened, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionOpened
                AddHandler host.TransactionClosed, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionClosed
                notification_mode = True
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub LinkDTNotifications(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            If notification_mode = False Then
                Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
                If (host IsNot Nothing) Then
                    notification_mode = True
                    AddHandler host.TransactionOpened, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionOpened
                    AddHandler host.TransactionClosed, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionClosed
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub UnlinkDTNotifications(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            If notification_mode Then
                Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
                If (host IsNot Nothing) Then
                    notification_mode = False
                    RemoveHandler host.TransactionOpened, AddressOf Me.OnDesignerTransactionOpened
                    RemoveHandler host.TransactionClosed, AddressOf Me.OnDesignerTransactionClosed
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub OnDesignerTransactionOpened(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was started. (TransactionOpened)")
        End Sub

        Private Sub OnDesignerTransactionClosed(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DesignerTransactionCloseEventArgs)
            System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was completed. (TransactionClosed)")
        End Sub

        Private Sub DoTransaction(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
            Dim t As DesignerTransaction = host.CreateTransaction("Change Text and Size")

            ' The code within the using statement is considered to be a single transaction.
            ' When the user selects Undo, the system will undo everything executed in this code block. 
            Try
                If (notification_mode) Then
                    System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Entering a Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction")
                End If

                Dim someText As PropertyDescriptor = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)("StringProperty")
                someText.SetValue(Component, "This text was set by the designer for this component.")
                Dim anInteger As PropertyDescriptor = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)("CountProperty")
                anInteger.SetValue(Component, count)
                count = count + 1

                Exit Try
            Finally
                t.Commit()                
            End Try
            If (notification_mode) Then
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction Completed")
            End If
        End Sub

        Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            UnlinkDTNotifications(Me, New EventArgs())
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace 'DesignerTransactionSample

Comentários

As transações podem acompanhar ações que podem ser desfeitas posteriormente.Transactions can track actions that can be undone later. As alterações feitas durante uma transação podem ser revertidas cancelando uma transação, o que tenta reverter cada alteração automaticamente, definindo cada propriedade alterada para seu valor de alteração.Changes made during a transaction can be reversed by canceling a transaction, which automatically attempts to reverse each change by setting each changed property to its pre-change value. As transações também podem melhorar o desempenho durante uma série de operações, adiando atualizações para a exibição até a conclusão da transação.Transactions can also improve performance during a series of operations by deferring updates to the display until the completion of the transaction.

Quando uma transação está em andamento, alguns componentes adiam seu processamento até que a transação seja concluída ouvindo os eventos de TransactionOpening e TransactionClosed.When a transaction is in progress, some components defer their processing until the transaction has completed by listening to the TransactionOpening and TransactionClosed events. O janela Propriedades, por exemplo, não atualiza sua exibição depois que uma transação é aberta até que a transação seja fechada.The Properties window, for example, does not update its display after a transaction has opened until the transaction has closed.

Para usar transações para operações reversível ou múltiplas, faça com que seu designer crie um DesignerTransaction para cada operação ou série de operações que devem ser reversível.To use transactions for reversible or multiple operations, have your designer create a DesignerTransaction for each operation or series of operations which should be reversible. Tenha cuidado para não executar ações fora das transações que podem impedir que uma sequência de eventos de desfazer seja concluída com êxito.Be careful not to perform actions outside the transactions that might prevent a sequence of undo events from completing successfully.

Você pode obter um novo DesignerTransaction chamando o método CreateTransaction de um IDesignerHost.You can obtain a new DesignerTransaction by calling the CreateTransaction method of an IDesignerHost. Certifique-se de obter cada DesignerTransaction do IDesignerHost ativo para integrar corretamente com o mecanismo de processamento de transação do designer, em vez de criar um novo DesignerTransaction diretamente.Be sure to obtain each DesignerTransaction from the active IDesignerHost in order to correctly integrate with the designer transaction processing mechanism, rather than creating a new DesignerTransaction directly.

Para executar uma ação em uma transação, você deve primeiro criar uma transação.To perform an action within a transaction, you must first create a transaction. Em seguida, você deve chamar o método OnComponentChanging antes de cada alteração ou conjunto de alterações ocorrer, e o método OnComponentChanged após cada alteração ou conjunto de alterações.Then you must call the OnComponentChanging method before each change or set of changes occurs, and the OnComponentChanged method after each change or set of changes occur. Por fim, conclua e feche a transação chamando o método Commit.Finally, complete and close the transaction by calling the Commit method.

Observação

Ao fazer alterações nos valores de propriedade, use o método SetValue de um PropertyDescriptor, que chama os métodos de alteração de componente do IComponentChangeService e cria um DesignerTransaction que representa a alteração automaticamente.When making changes to property values, use the SetValue method of a PropertyDescriptor, which calls the component change methods of the IComponentChangeService and creates a DesignerTransaction representing the change automatically.

Para executar uma transação, conclua as seguintes etapas:To perform a transaction, complete the following steps:

  1. Chame CreateTransaction para obter uma DesignerTransaction que possa ser usada para controlar a transação.Call CreateTransaction to obtain a DesignerTransaction that can be used to control the transaction.

  2. Dentro de um bloco de try, para cada ação que você deseja controlar com um DesignerTransaction, chame o método OnComponentChanging, faça a alteração ou as alterações e, em seguida, chame o método OnComponentChanged para sinalizar que a alteração ou as alterações foram feitas.Within a try block, for each action that you want to track with a DesignerTransaction, call the OnComponentChanging method, make the change or changes, then call the OnComponentChanged method to signal that the change or changes have been made.

  3. Para concluir a transação, chame Commit de dentro de um bloco de finally.To complete the transaction, call Commit from within a finally block.

No C#, você pode usar a instrução using em vez de um bloco de try/finally, como no exemplo a seguir.In C#, you can use the using statement rather than a try/finally block, such as in the following example.

using (host.CreateTransaction() {  
// Insert your code here.  
}  

Para cancelar e tentar reverter uma transação antes de ela ser confirmada, chame o método Cancel.To cancel and attempt to roll back a transaction before it has been committed, call the Cancel method. Quando o método de Cancel é invocado, as ações rastreadas pelo DesignerTransaction são revertidas para tentar reverter as alterações.When the Cancel method is invoked, the actions tracked by the DesignerTransaction are reversed to attempt to roll back the changes. Para desfazer ações que ocorreram como parte de transações anteriores, você deve usar o comando desfazer fornecido pelo ambiente de desenvolvimento.To undo actions that occurred as part of earlier transactions, you must use the undo command provided by the development environment.

Construtores

DesignerTransaction()

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe DesignerTransaction sem nenhuma descrição.Initializes a new instance of the DesignerTransaction class with no description.

DesignerTransaction(String)

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe DesignerTransaction usando a descrição de transação especificada.Initializes a new instance of the DesignerTransaction class using the specified transaction description.

Propriedades

Canceled

Obtém um valor que indica se a transação foi cancelada.Gets a value indicating whether the transaction was canceled.

Committed

Obtém um valor que indica se a transação foi confirmada.Gets a value indicating whether the transaction was committed.

Description

Obtém uma descrição para a transação.Gets a description for the transaction.

Métodos

Cancel()

Cancela a transação e tenta reverter as alterações feitas pelos eventos da transação.Cancels the transaction and attempts to roll back the changes made by the events of the transaction.

Commit()

Confirma a transação.Commits this transaction.

Dispose(Boolean)

Libera os recursos não gerenciados usados pelo DesignerTransaction e, opcionalmente, libera os recursos gerenciados.Releases the unmanaged resources used by the DesignerTransaction and optionally releases the managed resources.

Equals(Object)

Determina se o objeto especificado é igual ao objeto atual.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Herdado de Object)
Finalize()

Libera todos os recursos do sistema operacional associados a este objeto.Releases the resources associated with this object. Esta substituição confirma esta transação se ela ainda não foi confirmada.This override commits this transaction if it was not already committed.

GetHashCode()

Serve como a função de hash padrão.Serves as the default hash function.

(Herdado de Object)
GetType()

Obtém o Type da instância atual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Herdado de Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Cria uma cópia superficial do Object atual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Herdado de Object)
OnCancel()

Gera o evento Cancel.Raises the Cancel event.

OnCommit()

Realiza o real trabalho de confirmar uma transação.Performs the actual work of committing a transaction.

ToString()

Retorna uma cadeia de caracteres que representa o objeto atual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Herdado de Object)

Implantações explícitas de interface

IDisposable.Dispose()

Libera todos os recursos usados pelo DesignerTransaction.Releases all resources used by the DesignerTransaction.

Aplica-se a

Veja também