String.StartsWith Método

Definição

Sobrecargas

StartsWith(Char)

Determina se esta instância de cadeia de caracteres inicia no caractere especificado.

StartsWith(String)

Determina se o começo desta instância de cadeia de caracteres corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada.

StartsWith(String, StringComparison)

Determina se o início dessa instância de cadeia de caracteres corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada quando comparado à opção de comparação especificada.

StartsWith(String, Boolean, CultureInfo)

Determina se o início dessa instância de cadeia de caracteres corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada quando comparada usando a cultura especificada.

StartsWith(Char)

Determina se esta instância de cadeia de caracteres inicia no caractere especificado.

public:
 bool StartsWith(char value);
public bool StartsWith (char value);
member this.StartsWith : char -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As Char) As Boolean

Parâmetros

value
Char

O caractere a ser comparado.

Retornos

Boolean

true se o value corresponde ao início dessa cadeia de caracteres; caso contrário, false.

Comentários

Este método executa uma comparação ordinal (diferencia maiúsculas de minúsculas e insensível à cultura).

Aplica-se a

StartsWith(String)

Determina se o começo desta instância de cadeia de caracteres corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada.

public:
 bool StartsWith(System::String ^ value);
public bool StartsWith (string value);
member this.StartsWith : string -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As String) As Boolean

Parâmetros

value
String

A cadeia de caracteres a ser comparada.

Retornos

Boolean

true se o value corresponde ao início dessa cadeia de caracteres; caso contrário, false.

Exceções

value é null.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir define um StripStartTags método que usa o StartsWith(String) método para remover marcas de início HTML do início de uma cadeia de caracteres. Observe que o StripStartTags método é chamado recursivamente para garantir que várias marcas de início HTML no início da linha sejam removidas. O exemplo não remove marcas HTML inseridas em uma cadeia de caracteres.

using namespace System;

String^ StripStartTags( String^ item )
{
   // Determine whether a tag begins the string.
   if (item->Trim()->StartsWith("<")) {
      // Find the closing tag.
      int lastLocation = item->IndexOf(">");
      
      // Remove the tag.
      if ( lastLocation >= 0 ) {
         item = item->Substring(lastLocation+ 1);
            
         // Remove any additional starting tags.
         item = StripStartTags(item);
      }      
   }

   return item;
}

int main()
{
   array<String^>^ strSource = { "<b>This is bold text</b>",
                   "<H1>This is large Text</H1>",
                   "<b><i><font color=green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>",
                   "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>",
                   "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" };
   
   // Display the initial string array.
   Console::WriteLine("The original strings:");
   Console::WriteLine("---------------------");
   for each (String^ s in strSource)    
      Console::WriteLine( s );
   Console::WriteLine();

   Console::WriteLine( "Strings after starting tags have been stripped:");
   Console::WriteLine( "-----------------------------------------------");
   
   // Display the strings with starting tags removed.
   for each (String^ s in strSource)
      Console::WriteLine(StripStartTags(s));
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The original strings:
//    ---------------------
//    <b>This is bold text</b>
//    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
//    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
//    
//    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
//    -----------------------------------------------
//    This is bold text</b>
//    This is large Text</H1>
//    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main() {
      string [] strSource = { "<b>This is bold text</b>", "<H1>This is large Text</H1>",
                "<b><i><font color=green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>",
                "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>",
                "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" };

      // Display the initial string array.
      Console.WriteLine("The original strings:");
      Console.WriteLine("---------------------");
      foreach (var s in strSource)
         Console.WriteLine(s);
      Console.WriteLine();

      Console.WriteLine("Strings after starting tags have been stripped:");
      Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------");

      // Display the strings with starting tags removed.
     foreach (var s in strSource)
        Console.WriteLine(StripStartTags(s));
   }

   private static string StripStartTags(string item)
   {
      // Determine whether a tag begins the string.
      if (item.Trim().StartsWith("<")) {
         // Find the closing tag.
         int lastLocation = item.IndexOf( ">" );
         // Remove the tag.
         if (lastLocation >= 0) {
            item =  item.Substring( lastLocation + 1 );

            // Remove any additional starting tags.
            item = StripStartTags(item);
         }
      }

      return item;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The original strings:
//    ---------------------
//    <b>This is bold text</b>
//    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
//    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
//
//    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
//    -----------------------------------------------
//    This is bold text</b>
//    This is large Text</H1>
//    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
let rec stripStartTags (item: string) =
    // Determine whether a tag begins the string.
    if item.Trim().StartsWith "<" then
        // Find the closing tag.
        let lastLocation = item.IndexOf ">"
        // Remove the tag.
        let item = 
            if lastLocation >= 0 then
                item.Substring( lastLocation + 1 )
            else 
                item

        // Remove any additional starting tags.
        stripStartTags item
    else
        item

let strSource = 
    [| "<b>This is bold text</b>"; "<H1>This is large Text</H1>"
       "<b><i><font color=green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>"
       "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>"
       "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" |]

// Display the initial string array.
printfn "The original strings:"
printfn "---------------------"
for s in strSource do
    printfn $"{s}"
printfn ""

printfn "Strings after starting tags have been stripped:"
printfn "-----------------------------------------------"

// Display the strings with starting tags removed.
for s in strSource do
    printfn $"{stripStartTags s}"

// The example displays the following output:
//    The original strings:
//    ---------------------
//    <b>This is bold text</b>
//    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
//    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
//
//    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
//    -----------------------------------------------
//    This is bold text</b>
//    This is large Text</H1>
//    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
Public Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim strSource() As String = { "<b>This is bold text</b>", 
                         "<H1>This is large Text</H1>", 
                         "<b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>", 
                         "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>", 
                         "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" }

      ' Display the initial string array.
      Console.WriteLine("The original strings:")
      Console.WriteLine("---------------------")
      For Each s In strSource
         Console.WriteLine(s)
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()

      Console.WriteLine("Strings after starting tags have been stripped:")
      Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------") 

      ' Display the strings with starting tags removed.
      For Each s In strSource
         Console.WriteLine(StripStartTags(s))
      Next 
   End Sub 

   Private Shared Function StripStartTags(item As String) As String
      ' Determine whether a tag begins the string.
      If item.Trim().StartsWith("<") Then
         ' Find the closing tag.
         Dim lastLocation As Integer = item.IndexOf(">")
         If lastLocation >= 0 Then
            ' Remove the tag.
            item = item.Substring((lastLocation + 1))
            
            ' Remove any additional starting tags.
            item = StripStartTags(item)
         End If
      End If
      
      Return item
   End Function 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    The original strings:
'    ---------------------
'    <b>This is bold text</b>
'    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
'    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
'    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
'    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
'    
'    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
'    -----------------------------------------------
'    This is bold text</b>
'    This is large Text</H1>
'    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
'    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
'    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified

Comentários

Esse método se compara à subcadeia de caracteres value no início desta instância que tem o mesmo comprimento valueque e retorna uma indicação se elas são iguais. Para ser igual, value deve ser uma cadeia de caracteres vazia (String.Empty), deve ser uma referência a essa mesma instância ou deve corresponder ao início dessa instância.

Este método executa uma comparação de palavra (diferencia maiúsculas de minúsculas e sensível à cultura) usando a cultura atual.

Notas aos Chamadores

Conforme explicado nas Práticas Recomendadas para Usar Cadeias de Caracteres, recomendamos que você evite chamar métodos de comparação de cadeia de caracteres que substituam valores padrão e, em vez disso, chame métodos que exigem que os parâmetros sejam especificados explicitamente. Para determinar se uma cadeia de caracteres começa com uma subcadeia de caracteres específica usando as regras de comparação de cadeia de caracteres da cultura atual, chame a sobrecarga do StartsWith(String, StringComparison) método com um valor de CurrentCulture seu comparisonType parâmetro.

Confira também

Aplica-se a

StartsWith(String, StringComparison)

Determina se o início dessa instância de cadeia de caracteres corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada quando comparado à opção de comparação especificada.

public:
 bool StartsWith(System::String ^ value, StringComparison comparisonType);
public bool StartsWith (string value, StringComparison comparisonType);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public bool StartsWith (string value, StringComparison comparisonType);
member this.StartsWith : string * StringComparison -> bool
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)>]
member this.StartsWith : string * StringComparison -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As String, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Boolean

Parâmetros

value
String

A cadeia de caracteres a ser comparada.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Um dos valores de enumeração que determina como essa cadeia de caracteres e value são comparados.

Retornos

Boolean

true se essa instância começar com value; caso contrário, false.

Atributos

Exceções

value é null.

comparisonType não é um valor StringComparison.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir pesquisa a cadeia de caracteres "o" no início de uma cadeia de caracteres mais longa que começa com a palavra "O". Como mostra a saída do exemplo, uma chamada para o StartsWith(String, StringComparison) método que executa uma comparação sem diferenciação de cultura, mas que diferencia maiúsculas de minúsculas, não corresponde à cadeia de caracteres, enquanto uma chamada que executa uma comparação que não diferencia cultura e maiúsculas de minúsculas corresponde à cadeia de caracteres.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   String^ title = "The House of the Seven Gables";
   String^ searchString = "the";
   StringComparison comparison = StringComparison::InvariantCulture;
   Console::WriteLine("'{0}':", title);
   Console::WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                      searchString, comparison,
                      title->StartsWith(searchString, comparison));

   comparison = StringComparison::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
   Console::WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                      searchString, comparison,
                      title->StartsWith(searchString, comparison));
   }
// The example displays the following output:
//       'The House of the Seven Gables':
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String title = "The House of the Seven Gables";
      String searchString = "the";
      StringComparison comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCulture;
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}':", title);
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison));

      comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       'The House of the Seven Gables':
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True
open System

let title = "The House of the Seven Gables"
let searchString = "the"
let comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCulture
printfn $"'{title}':"
printfn $"   Starts with '{searchString}' ({comparison:G} comparison): {title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison)}"

let comparison2 = StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
printfn $"   Starts with '{searchString}' ({comparison2:G} comparison): {title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison2)}"
// The example displays the following output:
//       'The House of the Seven Gables':
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim title As String = "The House of the Seven Gables"
      Dim searchString As String = "the"
      Dim comparison As StringComparison = StringComparison.InvariantCulture
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}':", title)
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison))

      comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    'The House of the Seven Gables':
'       Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
'       Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True

O exemplo a seguir determina se uma cadeia de caracteres começa com uma subcadeia de caracteres específica. Ele inicializa uma matriz de cadeia de caracteres bidimensional. O primeiro elemento na segunda dimensão contém uma cadeia de caracteres e o segundo elemento contém a cadeia de caracteres a ser pesquisada no início da primeira cadeia de caracteres. Os resultados são afetados pela escolha da cultura, se o caso é ignorado e se uma comparação ordinal é realizada. Observe que quando a instância de cadeia de caracteres contém uma ligatura, comparações sensíveis à cultura com seus caracteres consecutivos correspondem com êxito.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   array<String^, 2>^ strings = gcnew array<String^, 2> { {"ABCdef", "abc" },                    
                         {"ABCdef", "abc" }, {"œil","oe" }, 
                         { "læring}", "lae" } };
   for (int ctr1 = strings->GetLowerBound(0); ctr1 <= strings->GetUpperBound(0); ctr1++)
   {
         for each (String^ cmpName in Enum::GetNames(StringComparison::typeid))
         { 
            StringComparison strCmp = (StringComparison) Enum::Parse(StringComparison::typeid, 
                                                         cmpName);
            String^ instance = strings[ctr1, 0];
            String^ value = strings[ctr1, 1];
            Console::WriteLine("{0} starts with {1}: {2} ({3} comparison)", 
                               instance, value, 
                               instance->StartsWith(value, strCmp), 
                               strCmp); 
         }
         Console::WriteLine();   
   }   
}

// The example displays the following output:
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[,] strings = { {"ABCdef", "abc" },                    
                            {"ABCdef", "abc" },  
                            {"œil","oe" },
                            { "læring}", "lae" } };
      for (int ctr1 = strings.GetLowerBound(0); ctr1 <= strings.GetUpperBound(0); ctr1++)
      {
            foreach (string cmpName in Enum.GetNames(typeof(StringComparison)))
            { 
               StringComparison strCmp = (StringComparison) Enum.Parse(typeof(StringComparison), 
                                                      cmpName);
               string instance = strings[ctr1, 0];
               string value = strings[ctr1, 1];
               Console.WriteLine("{0} starts with {1}: {2} ({3} comparison)", 
                                 instance, value, 
                                 instance.StartsWith(value, strCmp), 
                                 strCmp); 
            }
            Console.WriteLine();   
      }   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
open System

let strings =
    array2D 
      [ [ "ABCdef"; "abc" ]
        [ "ABCdef"; "abc" ]
        [ "œil"; "oe" ]
        [ "læring}"; "lae" ] ]

for ctr1 = strings.GetLowerBound 0 to strings.GetUpperBound 0 do
    for cmpName in Enum.GetNames typeof<StringComparison> do
        let strCmp = Enum.Parse(typeof<StringComparison>, cmpName) :?> StringComparison
        let instance = strings[ctr1, 0]
        let value = strings[ctr1, 1]
        printfn $"{instance} starts with {value}: {instance.StartsWith(value, strCmp)} ({strCmp} comparison)"
    printfn ""
// The example displays the following output:
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim strings(,) As String = { {"ABCdef", "abc" },                    
                                   {"ABCdef", "abc" },  
                                   {"œil","oe" },
                                   { "læring}", "lae" } }
      For ctr1 As Integer = strings.GetLowerBound(0) To strings.GetUpperBound(0)
            For Each cmpName As String In [Enum].GetNames(GetType(StringComparison)) 
               Dim strCmp As StringComparison = CType([Enum].Parse(GetType(StringComparison), 
                                                      cmpName), StringComparison)
               Dim instance As String = strings(ctr1, 0)
               Dim value As String = strings(ctr1, 1)
               Console.WriteLine("{0} starts with {1}: {2} ({3} comparison)", 
                                 instance, value, 
                                 instance.StartsWith(value, strCmp), 
                                 strCmp) 
            Next
            Console.WriteLine()   
      Next   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
'       
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
'       
'       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
'       
'       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)

Comentários

O StartsWith método compara o value parâmetro com a subcadeia de caracteres no início dessa cadeia de caracteres e retorna um valor que indica se eles são iguais. Para ser igual, value deve ser uma referência a essa mesma cadeia de caracteres, deve ser a cadeia de caracteres vazia (") ou deve corresponder ao início dessa cadeia de caracteres. O tipo de comparação executado pelo StartsWith método depende do valor do comparisonType parâmetro. A comparação pode usar as convenções da cultura atual (StringComparison.CurrentCulture e StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) ou da cultura invariável (StringComparison.InvariantCulture e StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase), ou pode consistir em uma comparação caractere por caractere de pontos de código (StringComparison.Ordinal ou StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase). A comparação também pode diferenciar maiúsculas de minúsculas (StringComparison.CurrentCultureStringComparison.InvariantCultureou StringComparison.Ordinal), ou pode ignorar maiúsculas e minúsculas (StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase, StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, ). StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase

Confira também

Aplica-se a

StartsWith(String, Boolean, CultureInfo)

Determina se o início dessa instância de cadeia de caracteres corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada quando comparada usando a cultura especificada.

public:
 bool StartsWith(System::String ^ value, bool ignoreCase, System::Globalization::CultureInfo ^ culture);
public bool StartsWith (string value, bool ignoreCase, System.Globalization.CultureInfo? culture);
public bool StartsWith (string value, bool ignoreCase, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture);
member this.StartsWith : string * bool * System.Globalization.CultureInfo -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As String, ignoreCase As Boolean, culture As CultureInfo) As Boolean

Parâmetros

value
String

A cadeia de caracteres a ser comparada.

ignoreCase
Boolean

true para ignorar maiúsculas durante a comparação; do contrário, false.

culture
CultureInfo

As informações culturais que determinam como essa cadeia de caracteres e value são comparados. Se culture for null, a cultura atual será usada.

Retornos

Boolean

true se o parâmetro value corresponder ao início dessa cadeia de caracteres; caso contrário, false.

Exceções

value é null.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir determina se uma cadeia de caracteres ocorre no início de outra cadeia de caracteres. O StartsWith método é chamado várias vezes usando sensibilidade de maiúsculas e minúsculas, insensibilidade de caso e culturas diferentes que influenciam os resultados da pesquisa.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// System.String.StartsWith(String, ..., CultureInfo) method.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string msg1 = "Search for the target string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\".\n";
    string msg2 = "Using the {0} - \"{1}\" culture:";
    string msg3 = "  The string to search ends with the target string: {0}";
    bool result = false;
    CultureInfo ci;

// Define a target string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    string capitalARing = "\u00c5";

// Define a string to search. 
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    string aRingXYZ = "\u0061\u030a" + "xyz";

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear();

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine(msg1, capitalARing, aRingXYZ);

// Search using English-United States culture.
    ci = new CultureInfo("en-US");
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name);

    Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);

    Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Search using Swedish-Sweden culture.
    ci = new CultureInfo("sv-SE");
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name);

    Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);

    Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);
    }
}

/*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

Search for the target string "Å" in the string "a°xyz".

Using the English (United States) - "en-US" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: True

Using the Swedish (Sweden) - "sv-SE" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False

*/
// This code example demonstrates the
// System.String.StartsWith(String, ..., CultureInfo) method.

open System
open System.Globalization
 
[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let msg1 = "Search for the target string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\".\n"
    let msg2 = "Using the {0} - \"{1}\" culture:"
    let msg3 = "  The string to search ends with the target string: {0}"

    // Define a target string to search for.
    // U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    let capitalARing = "\u00c5"

    // Define a string to search.
    // The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING
    // RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character
    // LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    let aRingXYZ = "\u0061\u030a" + "xyz"

    // Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear()

    // Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine(msg1, capitalARing, aRingXYZ)

    // Search using English-United States culture.
    let ci = CultureInfo "en-US"
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)

    printfn "Case sensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)

    printfn "Case insensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
    printfn ""

    // Search using Swedish-Sweden culture.
    let ci = CultureInfo "sv-SE"
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)

    printfn "Case sensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)

    printfn "Case insensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
    0
(*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

Search for the target string "Å" in the string "a°xyz".

Using the English (United States) - "en-US" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: True

Using the Swedish (Sweden) - "sv-SE" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False

*)
' This code example demonstrates the 
' System.String.StartsWith(String, ..., CultureInfo) method.

Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Globalization

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim msg1 As String = "Search for the target string ""{0}"" in the string ""{1}""." & vbCrLf
        Dim msg2 As String = "Using the {0} - ""{1}"" culture:"
        Dim msg3 As String = "  The string to search ends with the target string: {0}"
        Dim result As Boolean = False
        Dim ci As CultureInfo
        
        ' Define a target string to search for.
        ' U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
        Dim capitalARing As String = "Å"
        
        ' Define a string to search. 
        ' The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
        ' RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
        Dim aRingXYZ As String = "å" & "xyz"
        
        ' Clear the screen and display an introduction.
        Console.Clear()
        
        ' Display the string to search for and the string to search.
        Console.WriteLine(msg1, capitalARing, aRingXYZ)
        
        ' Search using English-United States culture.
        ci = New CultureInfo("en-US")
        Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, False, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, True, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Search using Swedish-Sweden culture.
        ci = New CultureInfo("sv-SE")
        Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, False, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, True, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
    
    End Sub
End Class

'
'Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
'culture is "en-US" (English-United States).
'
'Search for the target string "Å" in the string "a°xyz".
'
'Using the English (United States) - "en-US" culture:
'Case sensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: False
'Case insensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: True
'
'Using the Swedish (Sweden) - "sv-SE" culture:
'Case sensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: False
'Case insensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: False
'

Comentários

Esse método compara o value parâmetro com a subcadeia de caracteres no início dessa cadeia de caracteres que tem o mesmo comprimento valuee retorna um valor que indica se eles são iguais. Para ser igual, value deve ser uma cadeia de caracteres vazia (String.Empty), deve ser uma referência a essa mesma instância ou deve corresponder ao início dessa instância.

Esse método executa uma comparação usando o casing e a cultura especificados.

Aplica-se a