EncoderExceptionFallback EncoderExceptionFallback EncoderExceptionFallback EncoderExceptionFallback Class

Definição

Fornece um mecanismo de tratamento de falha chamado fallback para um caractere de entrada que não pode ser convertido em uma sequência de bytes de saída.Provides a failure-handling mechanism, called a fallback, for an input character that cannot be converted to an output byte sequence. O fallback gerará uma exceção se um caractere de entrada não puder ser convertido em uma sequência de bytes de saída.The fallback throws an exception if an input character cannot be converted to an output byte sequence. Essa classe não pode ser herdada.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class EncoderExceptionFallback sealed : System::Text::EncoderFallback
[System.Serializable]
public sealed class EncoderExceptionFallback : System.Text.EncoderFallback
type EncoderExceptionFallback = class
    inherit EncoderFallback
Public NotInheritable Class EncoderExceptionFallback
Inherits EncoderFallback
Herança
EncoderExceptionFallbackEncoderExceptionFallbackEncoderExceptionFallbackEncoderExceptionFallback
Atributos

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir demonstra a EncoderExceptionFallback e EncoderFallbackException classes.The following code example demonstrates the EncoderExceptionFallback and EncoderFallbackException classes.

// This example demonstrates the EncoderExceptionFallback class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;

int main()
{
    // Create an encoding, which is equivalent to calling the
    // ASCIIEncoding class constructor.
    // The EncoderExceptionFallback parameter causes an exception to
    // be thrown when a character cannot be encoded.
    // A decoder exception fallback is also specified, but it is not
    // used because this example terminates during the encoding operation.

    Encoding^ asciiEncoding = Encoding::GetEncoding("us-ascii",
        gcnew EncoderExceptionFallback(), gcnew DecoderExceptionFallback());

    // The input string consists of the Unicode characters LEFT POINTING
    // DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK (U+00AB), 'X' (U+0058), and RIGHT
    // POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK (U+00BB).
    // The encoding can only encode characters in the US-ASCII range of
    // U+0000 through U+007F. Consequently, the characters bracketing the
    // 'X' character cause an exception.
    String^ inputString = L"\u00abX\u00bb";

    String^ twoNewLines = Environment::NewLine + Environment::NewLine;
    array<Byte>^ encodedBytes = gcnew array<Byte>(
        asciiEncoding->GetMaxByteCount(inputString->Length));
    int numberOfEncodedBytes = 0;

    // ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console::Clear();

    // Display the name of the encoding.
    Console::WriteLine("The name of the encoding is \"{0}\".{1}",
        asciiEncoding->WebName, Environment::NewLine);

    // Display the input string in text.
    Console::WriteLine("Input string ({0} characters): \"{1}\"",
        inputString->Length, inputString);

    // Display the input string in hexadecimal.
    Console::Write("Input string in hexadecimal: ");
    for each (char c in inputString)
    {
        Console::Write("0x{0:X2} ", c);
    }
    Console::Write(twoNewLines);

    // ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    // Attempt to encode the input string. However, an exception is thrown
    // before the input string can be encoded.

    Console::WriteLine("Encode the input string...");

    // The code example terminates during the call to the GetBytes() method.
    try
    {
        numberOfEncodedBytes = asciiEncoding->GetBytes(inputString, 0,
            inputString->Length, encodedBytes, 0);
        // This statement is never executed.
        Console::WriteLine("This statement is never executed.");
    }
    catch (EncoderFallbackException^ ex)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(ex);
        Console::WriteLine(
            "{0}*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***",
            Environment::NewLine);
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

The name of the encoding is "us-ascii".

Input string (3 characters): "X"
Input string in hexadecimal: 0xAB 0x58 0xBB

Encode the input string...
System.Text.EncoderFallbackException: Unable to translate Unicode character \u00AB at inde
x 0 to specified code page.
at System.Text.EncoderExceptionFallbackBuffer.Fallback(Char charUnknown, Int32 index)
at System.Text.EncoderFallbackBuffer.InternalFallback(Char ch, Char*& chars)
at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(Char* chars, Int32 charCount, Byte* bytes, Int32
byteCount, EncoderNLS encoder)
at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(String chars, Int32 charIndex, Int32 charCount, B
yte[] bytes, Int32 byteIndex)
at Sample.Main()

*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***

*/
// This example demonstrates the EncoderExceptionFallback class.

using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {

// Create an encoding, which is equivalent to calling the 
// ASCIIEncoding class constructor. 
// The EncoderExceptionFallback parameter causes an exception to
// be thrown when a character cannot be encoded. 
// A decoder exception fallback is also specified, but it is not 
// used because this example terminates during the encoding operation.  

    Encoding ae = Encoding.GetEncoding(
                  "us-ascii",
                  new EncoderExceptionFallback(), 
                  new DecoderExceptionFallback());

// The input string consists of the Unicode characters LEFT POINTING 
// DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK (U+00AB), 'X' (U+0058), and RIGHT POINTING 
// DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK (U+00BB). 
// The encoding can only encode characters in the US-ASCII range of U+0000 
// through U+007F. Consequently, the characters bracketing the 'X' character
// cause an exception.
    string inputString = "\u00abX\u00bb";

    string twoNewLines = "\n\n";
    byte[] encodedBytes = new byte[ae.GetMaxByteCount(inputString.Length)];
    int numberOfEncodedBytes = 0;

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console.Clear();

// Display the name of the encoding.
    Console.WriteLine("The name of the encoding is \"{0}\".\n", ae.WebName);

// Display the input string in text.
    Console.WriteLine("Input string ({0} characters): \"{1}\"", 
                       inputString.Length, inputString);

// Display the input string in hexadecimal.
    Console.Write("Input string in hexadecimal: ");
    foreach (char c in inputString.ToCharArray()) {
        Console.Write("0x{0:X2} ", (int)c);}
    Console.Write(twoNewLines);

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Attempt to encode the input string. However, an exception is thrown before
// the input string can be encoded.

    Console.WriteLine("Encode the input string...");

// The code example terminates during the call to the GetBytes() method.
    try {
        numberOfEncodedBytes = ae.GetBytes(inputString, 0, inputString.Length, 
                                           encodedBytes, 0);
        }
    catch (EncoderFallbackException e)
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e);
        Console.WriteLine("\n*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***");
        return;
        }

// This statement is never executed.
    Console.WriteLine("This statement is never executed.");
    }
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

The name of the encoding is "us-ascii".

Input string (3 characters): "«X»"
Input string in hexadecimal: 0xAB 0x58 0xBB

Encode the input string...
System.Text.EncoderFallbackException: Unable to translate Unicode character \u00AB at inde
x 0 to specified code page.
   at System.Text.EncoderExceptionFallbackBuffer.Fallback(Char charUnknown, Int32 index)
   at System.Text.EncoderFallbackBuffer.InternalFallback(Char ch, Char*& chars)
   at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(Char* chars, Int32 charCount, Byte* bytes, Int32
byteCount, EncoderNLS encoder)
   at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(String chars, Int32 charIndex, Int32 charCount, B
yte[] bytes, Int32 byteIndex)
   at Sample.Main()

*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***

*/
' This example demonstrates the EncoderExceptionFallback class.
Imports System
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        
        ' Create an encoding, which is equivalent to calling the 
        ' ASCIIEncoding class constructor. 
        ' The EncoderExceptionFallback parameter causes an exception to
        ' be thrown when a character cannot be encoded. 
        ' A decoder exception fallback is also specified, but it is not 
        ' used because this example terminates during the encoding operation.  


        Dim eef As New EncoderExceptionFallback()
        Dim def As New DecoderExceptionFallback()
        Dim ae As Encoding = Encoding.GetEncoding("us-ascii", eef, def)
        
        ' The input string consists of the Unicode characters LEFT POINTING 
        ' DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK (U+00AB), 'X' (U+0058), and RIGHT POINTING 
        ' DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK (U+00BB). 
        ' The encoding can only encode characters in the US-ASCII range of U+0000 
        ' through U+007F. Consequently, the characters bracketing the 'X' character
        ' cause an exception.

        Dim inputString As String = "«X»"
        
        Dim twoNewLines As String = vbCrLf & vbCrLf
        Dim numberOfEncodedBytes As Integer = ae.GetMaxByteCount(inputString.Length)
        ' Counteract the compiler adding an extra element.
        Dim encodedBytes(numberOfEncodedBytes - 1) As Byte
        
        ' --------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Console.Clear()
        
        ' Display the name of the encoding.
        Console.WriteLine("The name of the encoding is ""{0}""." & vbCrLf, ae.WebName)
        
        ' Display the input string in text.
        Console.WriteLine("Input string ({0} characters): ""{1}""", _
                           inputString.Length, inputString)
        
        ' Display the input string in hexadecimal. 
        ' Each element is converted to an integer with Convert.ToInt32.
        Console.Write("Input string in hexadecimal: ")
        Dim c As Char
        For Each c In  inputString.ToCharArray()
            Console.Write("0x{0:X2} ", Convert.ToInt32(c))
        Next c
        Console.Write(twoNewLines)
        
        ' --------------------------------------------------------------------------
        ' Attempt to encode the input string. However, an exception is thrown before
        ' the input string can be encoded.
        Console.WriteLine("Encode the input string...")
        
        ' The code example terminates during the call to the GetBytes() method.
        Try
            numberOfEncodedBytes = ae.GetBytes(inputString, 0, inputString.Length, _
                                               encodedBytes, 0)
        Catch e As EncoderFallbackException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
            Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & _
                              "*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***")
            Return
        End Try
        
        ' This statement is never executed.
        Console.WriteLine("This statement is never executed.")
    
    End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Sample
'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'The name of the encoding is "us-ascii".
'
'Input string (3 characters): "X"
'Input string in hexadecimal: 0xAB 0x58 0xBB
'
'Encode the input string...
'System.Text.EncoderFallbackException: Unable to translate Unicode character \u00AB at inde
'x 0 to specified code page.
'   at System.Text.EncoderExceptionFallbackBuffer.Fallback(Char charUnknown, Int32 index)
'   at System.Text.EncoderFallbackBuffer.InternalFallback(Char ch, Char*& chars)
'   at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(Char* chars, Int32 charCount, Byte* bytes, Int32
'byteCount, EncoderNLS encoder)
'   at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(String chars, Int32 charIndex, Int32 charCount, B
'yte[] bytes, Int32 byteIndex)
'   at Sample.Main()
'
'*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***
'

Comentários

Uma codificação mapeia um caractere Unicode para uma sequência codificada de bytes, que posteriormente podem ser transferidos para uma mídia física, como um disco, ou em um link de comunicações.An encoding maps a Unicode character to an encoded sequence of bytes, which can subsequently be transferred to a physical medium, such as a disk, or over a communications link. Caracteres podem ser mapeados de várias maneiras, e uma codificação específica é representada por um tipo derivado de Encoding classe.Characters can be mapped in various ways, and a particular encoding is represented by a type derived from the Encoding class. Do especificamente, o tipo de codificação GetBytes método codifica um caractere em uma sequência de bytes e o GetChars método decodifica uma sequência de bytes em um caractere.Specifically, the encoding type's GetBytes method encodes a character to a byte sequence, and the GetChars method decodes a byte sequence to a character.

Uma operação de codificação poderá falhar se o caractere de entrada não pode ser representado pela codificação.An encoding operation can fail if the input character cannot be represented by the encoding. Por exemplo, um ASCIIEncoding objeto não é possível codificar um caractere que gera um valor de ponto de código Unicode que está fora do intervalo de u+0000 a U + 007F.For example, a ASCIIEncoding object cannot encode a character that yields a Unicode code point value that is outside the range U+0000 to U+007F.

Em casos em que uma conversão de codificação ou decodificação não pode ser executada, o .NET Framework fornece um mecanismo de tratamento de falha chamado fallback.In cases where an encoding or decoding conversion cannot be performed, the .NET Framework provides a failure-handling mechanism called a fallback. Seu aplicativo pode usar o fallback do decodificador predefinido do .NET Framework, ou pode criar um fallback de codificador personalizado derivado de EncoderFallback e EncoderFallbackBuffer classes.Your application can use the predefined .NET Framework encoder fallback, or it can create a custom encoder fallback derived from the EncoderFallback and EncoderFallbackBuffer classes.

O .NET Framework fornece duas classes predefinidas que implementam diferentes estratégias de fallback para tratamento de falhas de conversão de codificação.The .NET Framework provides two predefined classes that implement different fallback strategies for handling encoding conversion failures. O EncoderReplacementFallback classe substitui uma cadeia de caracteres fornecida para qualquer caractere que não pode ser convertido de entrada.The EncoderReplacementFallback class substitutes a string provided for any input character that cannot be converted. A cadeia de caracteres substituta está codificada no lugar do caractere inválido e, em seguida, a operação de codificação continua convertendo o restante da entrada.The substitute string is encoded in place of the invalid character, and then the encoding operation continues converting the remainder of the input. Em contraste, o EncoderExceptionFallback classe gera uma EncoderFallbackException quando um caractere inválido for encontrado.In contrast, the EncoderExceptionFallback class throws a EncoderFallbackException when an invalid character is encountered.

Construtores

EncoderExceptionFallback() EncoderExceptionFallback() EncoderExceptionFallback() EncoderExceptionFallback()

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe EncoderExceptionFallback.Initializes a new instance of the EncoderExceptionFallback class.

Propriedades

MaxCharCount MaxCharCount MaxCharCount MaxCharCount

Obtém o número máximo de caracteres que esta instância pode retornar.Gets the maximum number of characters this instance can return.

Métodos

CreateFallbackBuffer() CreateFallbackBuffer() CreateFallbackBuffer() CreateFallbackBuffer()

Retorna um buffer de fallback do decodificador que gera uma exceção se não for possível converter uma sequência de caracteres em uma sequência de bytes.Returns an encoder fallback buffer that throws an exception if it cannot convert a character sequence to a byte sequence.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Indica se o objeto EncoderExceptionFallback atual e um objeto especificado são iguais.Indicates whether the current EncoderExceptionFallback object and a specified object are equal.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Recupera o código hash para essa instância.Retrieves the hash code for this instance.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtém o Type da instância atual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Cria uma cópia superficial do Object atual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Retorna uma cadeia de caracteres que representa o objeto atual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Aplica-se a

Veja também