GroupStyle.HeaderStringFormat Propriedade

Definição

Obtém ou define uma cadeia de caracteres de composição que especifica como formatar o cabeçalho, se ele é exibido como uma cadeia de caracteres.Gets or sets a composite string that specifies how to format the header if it is displayed as a string.

public:
 property System::String ^ HeaderStringFormat { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string HeaderStringFormat { get; set; }
member this.HeaderStringFormat : string with get, set
Public Property HeaderStringFormat As String

Valor da propriedade

Uma cadeia de caracteres composta que especifica como formatar o cabeçalho se ele for exibido como uma cadeia de caracteres.A composite string that specifies how to format the header if it is displayed as a string.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir cria um ListBox que agrupa uma coleção de itens por faixa de preços.The following example creates a ListBox that groups a collection of items by price range. O conversor, GroupByPrice, retorna um valor inteiro que está acima do preço de cada item.The converter, GroupByPrice, returns an integer value that is above each item's price. Por exemplo, se o preço de um item estiver entre 0 e 100, o conversor retornará 100.For example, if an item's price is between 0 and 100, the converter returns 100. O exemplo usa o HeaderStringFormat para criar uma cadeia de caracteres que inclui o limite superior para cada intervalo de preços.The example uses the HeaderStringFormat to create a string that includes the upper limit for each price range. Por exemplo, no Estados Unidos, os itens que estão abaixo de 100 dólares são agrupados sob um título que diz "itens em $100".For example, in the United States, items that are under 100 dollars are grouped under a heading that says "Items under $100".

<StackPanel>
  <StackPanel.Resources>

      <src:ItemsForSale x:Key="MyData"/>
      <src:GroupByPrice x:Key="GroupByPrice"/>
  
      <CollectionViewSource x:Key="PriceGroup" Source="{StaticResource MyData}">
      
        <CollectionViewSource.GroupDescriptions>
          <PropertyGroupDescription PropertyName="Price"
                                    Converter="{StaticResource GroupByPrice}"/>
      </CollectionViewSource.GroupDescriptions>
    </CollectionViewSource>
  </StackPanel.Resources>
  
  <ListBox ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource PriceGroup}}"
           DisplayMemberPath="Description">
    <ListBox.GroupStyle>
      <GroupStyle HeaderStringFormat="Items under {0:c}"/>
    </ListBox.GroupStyle>
  </ListBox>
</StackPanel>

O exemplo a seguir mostra a classe GroupByPrice, a classe PurchaseItem e a coleção à qual o ListBox está associado.The following example shows the GroupByPrice class, the PurchaseItem class, and the collection that the ListBox is bound to.

// The converter to group the items.
public class GroupByPrice : IValueConverter
{
    public object Convert(object value,
                          Type targetType,
                          object parameter,
                          System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {

        if (!(value is double))
        {
            return null;
        }

        double itemPrice = (double)value;

        if (itemPrice < 100)
        {
            return 100;
        }

        if (itemPrice < 250)
        {
            return 250;
        }

        if (itemPrice < 500)
        {
            return 500;
        }

        return 1000;
    }

    public object ConvertBack(object value,
                              Type targetType,
                              object parameter,
                              System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        throw new NotImplementedException();
    }
}

// The type of objects that are added to the ItemsControl.
public class PurchaseItem 
{
    public string Description { get; set; }
    public double Price { get; set; }
    public DateTime OfferExpires { get; set; }

    public PurchaseItem()
    {
    }

    public PurchaseItem(string desc, double price, DateTime endDate)
    {
        Description = desc;
        Price = price;
        OfferExpires = endDate;
    }

    public override string ToString()
    {
        return String.Format("{0}, {1:c}, {2:D}", Description, Price, OfferExpires);
    }
}

// The source of the ItemsControl.
public class ItemsForSale : ObservableCollection<PurchaseItem>
{

    public ItemsForSale()
    {
        Add((new PurchaseItem("Snowboard and bindings", 120, new DateTime(2009, 1, 1))));
        Add((new PurchaseItem("Inside C#, second edition", 10, new DateTime(2009, 2, 2))));
        Add((new PurchaseItem("Laptop - only 1 year old", 499.99, new DateTime(2009, 2, 28))));
        Add((new PurchaseItem("Set of 6 chairs", 120, new DateTime(2009, 2, 28))));
        Add((new PurchaseItem("My DVD Collection", 15, new DateTime(2009, 1, 1))));
        Add((new PurchaseItem("TV Drama Series", 39.985, new DateTime(2009, 1, 1))));
        Add((new PurchaseItem("Squash racket", 60, new DateTime(2009, 2, 28))));
    }
}
' The converter to group the items.
Public Class GroupByPrice
    Implements IValueConverter
    Public Function Convert(ByVal value As Object, ByVal targetType As Type, ByVal parameter As Object, ByVal culture As System.Globalization.CultureInfo) As Object Implements IValueConverter.Convert

        If Not(TypeOf value Is Double) Then
            Return Nothing
        End If

        Dim itemPrice As Double = CDbl(value)

        If itemPrice < 100 Then
            Return 100
        End If

        If itemPrice < 250 Then
            Return 250
        End If

        If itemPrice < 500 Then
            Return 500
        End If

        Return 1000



    End Function

    Public Function ConvertBack(ByVal value As Object, ByVal targetType As Type, ByVal parameter As Object, ByVal culture As System.Globalization.CultureInfo) As Object Implements IValueConverter.ConvertBack
        Throw New NotImplementedException()
    End Function
End Class

' The type of objects that are added to the ItemsControl.
Public Class PurchaseItem
    Public Property Description() As String
    Public Property Price() As Double
    Public Property OfferExpires() As Date

    Public Sub New()
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal desc As String, ByVal price As Double, ByVal endDate As Date)
        Description = desc
        Me.Price = price
        OfferExpires = endDate
    End Sub

    Public Overrides Function ToString() As String
        Return String.Format("{0}, {1:c}, {2:D}", Description, Price, OfferExpires)
    End Function
End Class

' The source of the ItemsControl.
Public Class ItemsForSale
    Inherits ObservableCollection(Of PurchaseItem)

    Public Sub New()
        Add((New PurchaseItem("Snowboard and bindings", 120, New Date(2009, 1, 1))))
        Add((New PurchaseItem("Inside VB, second edition", 10, New Date(2009, 2, 2))))
        Add((New PurchaseItem("Laptop - only 1 year old", 499.99, New Date(2009, 2, 28))))
        Add((New PurchaseItem("Set of 6 chairs", 120, New Date(2009, 2, 28))))
        Add((New PurchaseItem("My DVD Collection", 15, New Date(2009, 1, 1))))
        Add((New PurchaseItem("TV Drama Series", 39.985, New Date(2009, 1, 1))))
        Add((New PurchaseItem("Squash racket", 60, New Date(2009, 2, 28))))

    End Sub

End Class

Comentários

HeaderStringFormat pode ser um formato de cadeia de caracteres predefinido, composto ou personalizado.HeaderStringFormat can be a predefined, composite, or custom string format. Para obter mais informações sobre formatos de cadeia de caracteres, consulte tipos de formatação.For more information about string formats, see Formatting Types. Se você definir a propriedade HeaderTemplate ou HeaderTemplateSelector de um GroupStyle, a propriedade HeaderStringFormat será ignorada.If you set the HeaderTemplate or HeaderTemplateSelector property of a GroupStyle, the HeaderStringFormat property is ignored.

Aplica-se a