XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute Classe

Definição

Especifica que o membro pode ser detectado ainda mais usando uma enumeração.Specifies that the member can be further detected by using an enumeration.

public ref class XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue, AllowMultiple=false)]
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute : Attribute
type XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public Class XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Herança
XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute
Atributos

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir serializa uma classe denominada Choices que inclui dois campos, ManyChoices MyChoice e.The following example serializes a class named Choices that includes two fields, MyChoice and ManyChoices. O XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute é aplicado a cada campo que especifica (por meio MemberName da propriedade) outro membro de classe que Obtém ou define uma enumeração que detecta o valor do membro.The XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute is applied to each field that specifies (through the MemberName property) another class member that gets or sets an enumeration that detects the member value. O MyChoice campo pode ser definido como um único valor, com um membro de enumeração correspondente encontrado EnumType no campo.The MyChoice field can be set to a single value, with a corresponding enumeration member found in the EnumType field. O ManyChoices campo retorna uma matriz de objetos.The ManyChoices field returns an array of objects. O ChoiceArray campo retorna uma matriz de valores de enumeração.The ChoiceArray field returns an array of enumeration values. Para cada membro da matriz no ManyChoices campo, um membro correspondente é encontrado na matriz retornada ChoiceArray pelo campo.For each array member in the ManyChoices field, a corresponding member is found in the array returned by the ChoiceArray field.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::IO;

[XmlType(IncludeInSchema=false)]

public enum class ItemChoiceType
{
   None, Word, Number, DecimalNumber
};

public enum class MoreChoices
{
   None, Item, Amount, Temp
};

public ref class Choices
{
public:

   // The MyChoice field can be set to any one of 
   // the types below. 

   [XmlChoiceIdentifier("EnumType")]
   [XmlElement("Word",String::typeid)]
   [XmlElement("Number",Int32::typeid)]
   [XmlElement("DecimalNumber",Double::typeid)]
   Object^ MyChoice;

   // Don't serialize this field. The EnumType field
   // contains the enumeration value that corresponds
   // to the MyChoice field value.

   [XmlIgnore]
   ItemChoiceType EnumType;

   // The ManyChoices field can contain an array
   // of choices. Each choice must be matched to
   // an array item in the ChoiceArray field.

   [XmlChoiceIdentifier("ChoiceArray")]
   [XmlElement("Item",String::typeid)]
   [XmlElement("Amount",Int32::typeid)]
   [XmlElement("Temp",Double::typeid)]
   array<Object^>^ManyChoices;

   // TheChoiceArray field contains the enumeration
   // values, one for each item in the ManyChoices array.

   [XmlIgnore]
   array<MoreChoices>^ChoiceArray;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename );
void DeserializeObject( String^ filename );
int main()
{
   SerializeObject( "Choices.xml" );
   DeserializeObject( "Choices.xml" );
}

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Choices::typeid );
   TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   Choices^ myChoices = gcnew Choices;

   // Set the MyChoice field to a string. Set the
   // EnumType to Word.
   myChoices->MyChoice = "Book";
   myChoices->EnumType = ItemChoiceType::Word;

   // Populate an object array with three items, one
   // of each enumeration type. Set the array to the 
   // ManyChoices field.
   array<Object^>^strChoices = {"Food",5,98.6};
   myChoices->ManyChoices = strChoices;

   // For each item in the ManyChoices array, add an
   // enumeration value.
   array<MoreChoices>^ itmChoices = {MoreChoices::Item,MoreChoices::Amount,MoreChoices::Temp};
   myChoices->ChoiceArray = itmChoices;
   mySerializer->Serialize( writer, myChoices );
   writer->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Choices::typeid );

   // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
   FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Choices^ myChoices = safe_cast<Choices^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));
   fs->Close();

   // Disambiguate the MyChoice value using the enumeration.
   if ( myChoices->EnumType == ItemChoiceType::Word )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Word: {0}", myChoices->MyChoice->ToString() );
   }
   else
   if ( myChoices->EnumType == ItemChoiceType::Number )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Number: {0}", myChoices->MyChoice->ToString() );
   }
   else
   if ( myChoices->EnumType == ItemChoiceType::DecimalNumber )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "DecimalNumber: {0}", myChoices->MyChoice->ToString() );
   }

   // Disambiguate the ManyChoices values using the enumerations.
   for ( int i = 0; i < myChoices->ManyChoices->Length; i++ )
   {
      if ( myChoices->ChoiceArray[ i ] == MoreChoices::Item )
            Console::WriteLine( "Item: {0}", myChoices->ManyChoices[ i ] );
      else
      if ( myChoices->ChoiceArray[ i ] == MoreChoices::Amount )
            Console::WriteLine( "Amount: ", myChoices->ManyChoices[ i ]->ToString() );
      if ( myChoices->ChoiceArray[ i ] == MoreChoices::Temp )
            Console::WriteLine( "Temp: {0}", myChoices->ManyChoices[ i ]->ToString() );
   }
}
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;

public class Choices{
   // The MyChoice field can be set to any one of 
   // the types below. 
   [XmlChoiceIdentifier("EnumType")]
   [XmlElement("Word", typeof(string))]
   [XmlElement("Number", typeof(int))]
   [XmlElement("DecimalNumber", typeof(double))]
   public object MyChoice;

   // Don't serialize this field. The EnumType field
   // contains the enumeration value that corresponds
   // to the MyChoice field value.
   [XmlIgnore]
   public ItemChoiceType EnumType;

   // The ManyChoices field can contain an array
   // of choices. Each choice must be matched to
   // an array item in the ChoiceArray field.
   [XmlChoiceIdentifier("ChoiceArray")]
   [XmlElement("Item", typeof(string))]
   [XmlElement("Amount", typeof(int))]
   [XmlElement("Temp", typeof(double))]
   public object[] ManyChoices;

   // TheChoiceArray field contains the enumeration
   // values, one for each item in the ManyChoices array.
   [XmlIgnore]
   public MoreChoices[] ChoiceArray;
}

[XmlType(IncludeInSchema=false)]
public enum ItemChoiceType{
   None,
   Word, 
   Number,
   DecimalNumber
}

public enum MoreChoices{
   None,
   Item,
   Amount,
   Temp
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeObject("Choices.xml");
      t.DeserializeObject("Choices.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer mySerializer = 
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Choices));
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
      Choices myChoices = new Choices();

      // Set the MyChoice field to a string. Set the
      // EnumType to Word.
      myChoices.MyChoice= "Book";
      myChoices.EnumType = ItemChoiceType.Word;

      // Populate an object array with three items, one
      // of each enumeration type. Set the array to the 
      // ManyChoices field.
      object[] strChoices = new object[]{"Food",  5, 98.6};
      myChoices.ManyChoices=strChoices;

      // For each item in the ManyChoices array, add an
      // enumeration value.
      MoreChoices[] itmChoices = new MoreChoices[]
      {MoreChoices.Item, 
      MoreChoices.Amount,
      MoreChoices.Temp};
      myChoices.ChoiceArray=itmChoices;
      
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myChoices);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Choices));

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
      Choices myChoices = (Choices)
      ser.Deserialize(fs);
      fs.Close();

      // Disambiguate the MyChoice value using the enumeration.
      if(myChoices.EnumType == ItemChoiceType.Word){
           Console.WriteLine("Word: " +  
            myChoices.MyChoice.ToString());
        }
      else if(myChoices.EnumType == ItemChoiceType.Number){
           Console.WriteLine("Number: " +
            myChoices.MyChoice.ToString());
        }
      else if(myChoices.EnumType == ItemChoiceType.DecimalNumber){
           Console.WriteLine("DecimalNumber: " +
            myChoices.MyChoice.ToString());
        }

      // Disambiguate the ManyChoices values using the enumerations.
      for(int i = 0; i<myChoices.ManyChoices.Length; i++){
      if(myChoices.ChoiceArray[i] == MoreChoices.Item)
        Console.WriteLine("Item: " + (string) myChoices.ManyChoices[i]);
      else if(myChoices.ChoiceArray[i] == MoreChoices.Amount)
        Console.WriteLine("Amount: " + myChoices.ManyChoices[i].ToString());
      if(myChoices.ChoiceArray[i] == MoreChoices.Temp)
        Console.WriteLine("Temp: " + (string) myChoices.ManyChoices[i].ToString());
        }
      
   }
}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.IO

Public Class Choices
   ' The MyChoice field can be set to any one of 
   ' the types below. 
   <XmlChoiceIdentifier("EnumType"), _
   XmlElement("Word", GetType(String)), _
   XmlElement("Number", GetType(Integer)), _
   XmlElement("DecimalNumber", GetType(double))> _
   Public MyChoice As Object 

   ' Don't serialize this field. The EnumType field
   ' contains the enumeration value that corresponds
   ' to the MyChoice field value.
   <XmlIgnore> _
   Public EnumType As ItemChoiceType 

   'The ManyChoices field can contain an array
   ' of choices. Each choice must be matched to
   ' an array item in the ChoiceArray field.
   <XmlChoiceIdentifier("ChoiceArray"), _
   XmlElement("Item", GetType(string)), _
   XmlElement("Amount", GetType(Integer)), _
   XmlElement("Temp", GetType(double))> _
   Public ManyChoices() As Object

   ' TheChoiceArray field contains the enumeration
   ' values, one for each item in the ManyChoices array.
   <XmlIgnore> _
   Public ChoiceArray() As MoreChoices
End Class

<XmlType(IncludeInSchema:=false)> _
Public Enum ItemChoiceType
   None
   Word 
   Number
   DecimalNumber
End Enum

<XmlType(IncludeInSchema:=false)> _
Public Enum MoreChoices
   None
   Item
   Amount
   Temp
End Enum

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t  As Test = New Test()
      t.SerializeObject("Choices.xml")
      t.DeserializeObject("Choices.xml")
   End Sub

   private Sub SerializeObject(filename As string)
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer = _
      New XmlSerializer(GetType(Choices))
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)
      Dim myChoices As Choices = New Choices()

      ' Set the MyChoice field to a string. Set the
      ' EnumType to Word.
      myChoices.MyChoice= "Book"
      myChoices.EnumType = ItemChoiceType.Word

      ' Populate an object array with three items, one
      ' of each enumeration type. Set the array to the 
      ' ManyChoices field.
      Dim strChoices () As Object = New object(){"Food",  5, 98.6}
      myChoices.ManyChoices=strChoices

      ' For each item in the ManyChoices array, add an
      ' enumeration value.
      Dim itmChoices () As MoreChoices = New MoreChoices() _
      {MoreChoices.Item, _
      MoreChoices.Amount, _
      MoreChoices.Temp}
      myChoices.ChoiceArray=itmChoices
      
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myChoices)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As string)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Choices))
      

      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      Dim fs As FileStream = New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
      
      Dim myChoices As Choices = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs), Choices)

      fs.Close()

      ' Disambiguate the MyChoice value Imports the enumeration.
      if myChoices.EnumType = ItemChoiceType.Word Then
           Console.WriteLine("Word: " & _
           myChoices.MyChoice.ToString())
        
      else if myChoices.EnumType = ItemChoiceType.Number Then 
           Console.WriteLine("Number: " & _
            myChoices.MyChoice.ToString())
        
      else if myChoices.EnumType = ItemChoiceType.DecimalNumber Then
         Console.WriteLine("DecimalNumber: " & _
            myChoices.MyChoice.ToString())
        End If

      ' Disambiguate the ManyChoices values Imports the enumerations.
      Dim i As Integer
      for i = 0 to myChoices.ManyChoices.Length -1
      if myChoices.ChoiceArray(i) = MoreChoices.Item Then
        Console.WriteLine("Item: " +  _
        myChoices.ManyChoices(i).ToString())
      else if myChoices.ChoiceArray(i) = MoreChoices.Amount Then
        Console.WriteLine("Amount: " + _
        myChoices.ManyChoices(i).ToString())
      else if (myChoices.ChoiceArray(i) = MoreChoices.Temp)
        Console.WriteLine("Temp: " + _
        myChoices.ManyChoices(i).ToString())
        End If
        Next i
      
   End Sub
End Class

Comentários

A definição de elemento de esquema xsi:choice XML chamada é usada para definir um elemento complexo que pode conter apenas um filho em uma instância (maxOccurs = 1).The XML schema element definition named xsi:choice is used to define a complex element that can contain only one child in an instance (maxoccurs = 1). Esse filho pode ser um dos vários tipos e pode ter um dos vários nomes.That child can be one of several types, and it can have one of several names. Cada nome é associado a um tipo específico; no entanto, vários nomes podem ser associados ao mesmo tipo.Each name is associated with a specific type; however, several names can be associated with the same type. Por isso, uma instância desse elemento é indistinta.Because of this, an instance of such an element is indistinct. Por exemplo, considere o seguinte fragmento de esquema que define um elemento indistinto chamado MyChoice.For example, consider the following schema fragment that defines such an indistinct element named MyChoice.

<xsd:complexType name="MyChoice">  
 <xsd:sequence>  
 <xsd:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">  
 <xsd:element minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" name="ChoiceOne" type="xsd:string" />  
 <xsd:element minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" name="ChoiceTwo" type="xsd:string" />  
 </xsd:choice>  
 </xsd:sequence>  
</xsd:complexType>  

O XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute permite que você atribua um valor de enumeração especial a cada instância do membro.The XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute allows you to assign a special enumeration value to each instance of the member. Você deve criar a enumeração por conta própria ou pode ser gerada pela ferramenta de definição de esquema XML (XSD. exe).You must either create the enumeration yourself or it can be generated by the XML Schema Definition Tool (Xsd.exe). O código C# a seguir mostra como XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute o é aplicado a Item um campo; MemberName a propriedade identifica o campo que contém a enumeração que é usada mais para detectar a escolha.The following C# code shows how the XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute is applied to an Item field; the MemberName property identifies the field that contains the enumeration that is further used to detect the choice.

public class Choices{  
 [XmlChoiceIdentifier("ItemType")]  
 [XmlChoiceIdentifier("ChoiceOne")]  
 [XmlChoiceIdentifier("ChoiceTwo")]  
 public string MyChoice;  
  
 // Do not serialize this next field:  
 [XmlIgnore]  
 public ItemChoiceType ItemType;  
}  
// Do not include this enumeration in the XML schema.  
[XmlType(IncludeInSchema = false)]  
public enum ItemChoiceType{  
 ChoiceOne,  
 ChoiceTwo,  
}  

Quando esse código estiver em vigor, você poderá serializar e desserializar essa classe definindo o ItemType campo como uma enumeração apropriada.When this code is in place, you can serialize and deserialize this class by setting the ItemType field to an appropriate enumeration. Por exemplo, para serializar Choice a classe, C# o código é semelhante ao seguinte.For example, to serialize the Choice class, the C# code resembles the following.

Choices mc = new Choices();  
mc.MyChoice = "Item Choice One";  
mc.ItemType = ItemChoiceType.ChoiceOne;  

Ao desserializar, o C# código é semelhante ao seguinte:When deserializing, the C# code resembles the following:

MyChoice mc = (MyChoice) myXmlSerializer.Deserialize(myReader);  
if(mc.ItemType == ItemChoiceType.ChoiceOne)  
 {  
     // Handle choice one.  
 }  
if(mc.ItemType == ItemChoiceType.ChoiceTwo)  
 {  
     // Handle choice two.  
 }  
if(mc.ItemType != null)  
 {  
     throw CreateUnknownTypeException(mc.Item);  
 }  

Há um segundo cenário quando o XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute é usado.There is a second scenario when the XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute is used. No esquema a seguir, o membro é um campo que retorna uma matriz de itens (maxOccurs = "não vinculado").In the following schema, the member is a field that returns an array of items (maxOccurs="unbounded"). A matriz pode conter objetos da primeira opção ("D-a-t-a") e da segunda opção ("MoreData").The array can contain objects of the first choice ("D-a-t-a"), and of the second choice ("MoreData").

<xsd:complexType name="MyChoice">  
 <xsd:sequence>  
 <xsd:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">  
 <xsd:element minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" name="D-a-t-a" type="xsd:string" />  
 <xsd:element minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" name="MoreData" type="xsd:string" />  
 </xsd:choice>  
 </xsd:sequence>  
</xsd:complexType>  

Em seguida, a classe resultante usa um campo para retornar uma matriz de itens.The resulting class then uses a field to return an array of items. Para cada item na matriz, uma enumeração correspondente ItemChoiceType também deve ser encontrada.For each item in the array, a corresponding ItemChoiceType enumeration must also be found. As enumerações correspondentes estão contidas na matriz retornada pelo ItemsElementName campo.The matching enumerations are contained in the array returned by the ItemsElementName field.

public class MyChoice {  
 [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlElementAttribute("D-a-t-a", typeof(string), IsNullable=false)]  
 [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlElementAttribute("MoreData", typeof(string), IsNullable=false)]  
 [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute("ItemsElementName")]  
 public string[] Items;  
 [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlElementAttribute(IsNullable=false)]  
 [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlIgnoreAttribute()]  
 public ItemsChoiceType[] ItemsElementName;  
}  
[System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTypeAttribute(IncludeInSchema=false)]  
public enum ItemsChoiceType {  
 [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlEnumAttribute("D-a-t-a")]  
 Data,  
 MoreData,  
}  

Ao desserializar um objeto que inclui uma variedade de opções, use uma estrutura de controle (como um if... Então... outra estrutura) para determinar como desserializar um valor específico.When deserializing an object that includes a range of choices, use a control structure (such as an if...then...else structure) to determine how to deserialize a particular value. Na estrutura de controle, verifique o valor de enumeração e Desserialize o valor de acordo.In the control structure, check the enumeration value and deserialize the value accordingly.

Construtores

XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute()

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute class.

XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute(String)

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the XmlChoiceIdentifierAttribute class.

Propriedades

MemberName

Obtém ou define o nome do campo que retorna a enumeração a ser usada ao detectar tipos.Gets or sets the name of the field that returns the enumeration to use when detecting types.

TypeId

Quando implementado em uma classe derivada, obtém um identificador exclusivo para este Attribute.When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Herdado de Attribute)

Métodos

Equals(Object)

Retorna um valor que indica se essa instância é igual a um objeto especificado.Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Herdado de Attribute)
GetHashCode()

Retorna o código hash para essa instância.Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Herdado de Attribute)
GetType()

Obtém o Type da instância atual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Herdado de Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

Quando substituído em uma classe derivada, indica se o valor dessa instância é o valor padrão para a classe derivada.When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Herdado de Attribute)
Match(Object)

Quando substituído em uma classe derivada, retorna um valor que indica se essa instância é igual a um objeto especificado.When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Herdado de Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

Cria uma cópia superficial do Object atual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Herdado de Object)
ToString()

Retorna uma cadeia de caracteres que representa o objeto atual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Herdado de Object)

Implantações explícitas de interface

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Mapeia um conjunto de nomes para um conjunto correspondente de identificadores de expedição.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Herdado de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Recupera as informações de tipo para um objeto, que pode ser usado para obter as informações de tipo para uma interface.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Herdado de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Retorna o número de interfaces de informações do tipo que um objeto fornece (0 ou 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Herdado de Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Fornece acesso a propriedades e métodos expostos por um objeto.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Herdado de Attribute)

Aplica-se a

Veja também