X509Certificate2.PublicKey Свойство

Определение

Получает объект PublicKey, связанный с сертификатом.

public:
 property System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::PublicKey ^ PublicKey { System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::PublicKey ^ get(); };
public System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey PublicKey { get; }
member this.PublicKey : System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey
Public ReadOnly Property PublicKey As PublicKey

Значение свойства

PublicKey

Объект PublicKey.

Исключения

Значение ключа не является значением RSA или DSA, или ключ не читается.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода создается исполняемый файл командной строки, который принимает файл сертификата в качестве аргумента и выводит различные свойства сертификата в консоль.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
int main()
{
   try
   {
      X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store( "MY",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
      store->Open( static_cast<OpenFlags>(OpenFlags::ReadOnly | OpenFlags::OpenExistingOnly) );
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ collection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ fcollection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(collection->Find( X509FindType::FindByTimeValid, DateTime::Now, false ));
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ scollection = X509Certificate2UI::SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag::MultiSelection);
      Console::WriteLine( "Number of certificates: {0}{1}", scollection->Count, Environment::NewLine );
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = scollection->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum->Current);
         array<Byte>^rawdata = x509->RawData;
         Console::WriteLine( "Content Type: {0}{1}", X509Certificate2::GetCertContentType( rawdata ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Friendly Name: {0}{1}", x509->FriendlyName, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}", x509->Verify(), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Simple Name: {0}{1}", x509->GetNameInfo( X509NameType::SimpleName, true ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}", x509->SignatureAlgorithm->FriendlyName, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Private Key: {0}{1}", x509->PrivateKey->ToXmlString( false ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Public Key: {0}{1}", x509->PublicKey->Key->ToXmlString( false ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}", x509->Archived, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}", x509->RawData->Length, Environment::NewLine );
         x509->Reset();
      }
      store->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Information could not be written out for this certificate." );
   }

}
using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

class CertSelect
{
    static void Main()
    {
        X509Store store = new X509Store("MY",StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

        X509Certificate2Collection collection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
        X509Certificate2Collection fcollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid,DateTime.Now,false);
        X509Certificate2Collection scollection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection);
        Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}",scollection.Count,Environment.NewLine);

        foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in scollection)
        {
            try
            {
                byte[] rawdata = x509.RawData;
                Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}",X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}",x509.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}",x509.Verify(),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}",x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName,true),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}",x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}",x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}",x509.Archived,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}",x509.RawData.Length,Environment.NewLine);
                X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509);
                x509.Reset();
            }
            catch (CryptographicException)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.");
            }
        }
        store.Close();
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates

Class CertSelect

    Shared Sub Main()

        Dim store As New X509Store("MY", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly Or OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)

        Dim collection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Dim fcollection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid, DateTime.Now, False), X509Certificate2Collection)
        Dim scollection As X509Certificate2Collection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select", "Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate", X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection)
        Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}", scollection.Count, Environment.NewLine)
         
        For Each x509 As X509Certificate2 In scollection
            Try
                Dim rawdata As Byte() = x509.RawData
                Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}", X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}", x509.FriendlyName, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}", x509.Verify(), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}", x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName, True), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}", x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}", x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(False), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}", x509.Archived, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}", x509.RawData.Length, Environment.NewLine)
                X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509)
                x509.Reset()         
             Catch cExcept As CryptographicException
                 Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.")
             End Try
        Next x509

        store.Close()
    End Sub
End Class

Комментарии

Это свойство возвращает PublicKey объект, содержащий идентификатор объекта (Oid), представляющий алгоритм открытого ключа, параметры в кодировке ASN.1 и значение ключа в кодировке ASN.1.

Ключ также можно получить в AsymmetricAlgorithm качестве объекта, ссылаясь PublicKey на свойство. Это свойство поддерживает только ключи RSA или DSA, поэтому оно возвращает RSACryptoServiceProvider DSACryptoServiceProvider либо объект, представляющий открытый ключ.

Применяется к