AsyncCallback Делегат

Определение

Ссылается на метод, который должен вызываться при завершении соответствующей асинхронной операции.References a method to be called when a corresponding asynchronous operation completes.

public delegate void AsyncCallback(IAsyncResult ^ ar);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public delegate void AsyncCallback(IAsyncResult ar);
type AsyncCallback = delegate of IAsyncResult -> unit
Public Delegate Sub AsyncCallback(ar As IAsyncResult)

Параметры

ar
IAsyncResult

Результат асинхронной операции.The result of the asynchronous operation.

Наследование
AsyncCallback
Атрибуты

Примеры

В следующем примере кода асинхронные методы класса Dns используются для получения из службы доменных имен (DNS) сведений об указанных пользователем компьютерах.The following code example demonstrates using asynchronous methods in the Dns class to retrieve Domain Name System (DNS) information for user-specified computers. Этот пример создает делегат AsyncCallback, который ссылается на метод ProcessDnsInformation.This example creates an AsyncCallback delegate that references the ProcessDnsInformation method. Этот метод вызывается один раз для каждого асинхронного запроса сведений DNS.This method is called once for each asynchronous request for DNS information.

/*
The following example demonstrates using asynchronous methods to
get Domain Name System information for the specified host computers.
This example uses a delegate to obtain the results of each asynchronous 
operation.
*/

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Threading;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Collections;

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class UseDelegateForAsyncCallback
    {
        static int requestCounter;
        static ArrayList hostData = new ArrayList();
        static StringCollection hostNames = new StringCollection();
        static void UpdateUserInterface()
        {
            // Print a message to indicate that the application
            // is still working on the remaining requests.
            Console.WriteLine("{0} requests remaining.", requestCounter);
        }
        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create the delegate that will process the results of the 
            // asynchronous request.
            AsyncCallback callBack = new AsyncCallback(ProcessDnsInformation);
            string host;
            do
            {
                Console.Write(" Enter the name of a host computer or <enter> to finish: ");
                host = Console.ReadLine();
                if (host.Length > 0)
                {
                    // Increment the request counter in a thread safe manner.
                    Interlocked.Increment(ref requestCounter);
                    // Start the asynchronous request for DNS information.
                    Dns.BeginGetHostEntry(host, callBack, host);
                 }
            } while (host.Length > 0);
            // The user has entered all of the host names for lookup.
            // Now wait until the threads complete.
            while (requestCounter > 0)
            {
                UpdateUserInterface();
            }
            // Display the results.
            for (int i = 0; i< hostNames.Count; i++)
            {
                object data = hostData [i];
                string message = data as string;
                // A SocketException was thrown.
                if (message != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Request for {0} returned message: {1}", 
                        hostNames[i], message);
                    continue;
                }
                // Get the results.
                IPHostEntry h = (IPHostEntry) data;
                string[] aliases = h.Aliases;
                IPAddress[] addresses = h.AddressList;
                if (aliases.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Aliases for {0}", hostNames[i]);
                    for (int j = 0; j < aliases.Length; j++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("{0}", aliases[j]);
                    }
                }
                if (addresses.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Addresses for {0}", hostNames[i]);
                    for (int k = 0; k < addresses.Length; k++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("{0}",addresses[k].ToString());
                    }
                }
            }
       }

        // The following method is called when each asynchronous operation completes.
        static void ProcessDnsInformation(IAsyncResult result)
        {
            string hostName = (string) result.AsyncState;
            hostNames.Add(hostName);
            try 
            {
                // Get the results.
                IPHostEntry host = Dns.EndGetHostEntry(result);
                hostData.Add(host);
            }
            // Store the exception message.
            catch (SocketException e)
            {
                hostData.Add(e.Message);
            }
            finally 
            {
                // Decrement the request counter in a thread-safe manner.
                Interlocked.Decrement(ref requestCounter);
            }
        }
    }
}

'The following example demonstrates using asynchronous methods to
'get Domain Name System information for the specified host computers.
'This example uses a delegate to obtain the results of each asynchronous 
'operation.

Imports System.Net
Imports System.Net.Sockets
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Collections

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations

    Public Class UseDelegateForAsyncCallback
    
        Dim Shared requestCounter as Integer
        Dim Shared hostData as ArrayList = new ArrayList()
        Dim Shared hostNames as StringCollection = new StringCollection()
        Shared Sub UpdateUserInterface()
        
            ' Print a message to indicate that the application
            ' is still working on the remaining requests.
            Console.WriteLine("{0} requests remaining.", requestCounter)
        End Sub
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            ' Create the delegate that will process the results of the 
            ' asynchronous request.
            Dim callBack as AsyncCallback
            Dim host as string
            Dim i, j, k as Integer
            callback = AddressOf ProcessDnsInformation
            Do
                Console.Write(" Enter the name of a host computer or <enter> to finish: ")
                host = Console.ReadLine()
                If host.Length > 0
                    ' Increment the request counter in a thread safe manner.
                    Interlocked.Increment(requestCounter)
                    ' Start the asynchronous request for DNS information.
                    Dns.BeginGetHostEntry(host, callBack, host)
                End If
            Loop While (host.Length > 0)
            
            ' The user has entered all of the host names for lookup.
            ' Now wait until the threads complete.
            Do While requestCounter > 0
            
                UpdateUserInterface()
            Loop
            
            ' Display the results.
            For i = 0 To hostNames.Count -1
                Dim dataObject as Object = hostData (i)
                Dim message as String 
                
                ' Was a SocketException was thrown?
                If TypeOf dataObject is String
                    message = CType(dataObject, String)
                    Console.WriteLine("Request for {0} returned message: {1}", _ 
                        hostNames(i), message)
                Else
                    ' Get the results.
                    Dim h as IPHostEntry = CType(dataObject, IPHostEntry) 
                    Dim aliases() as String = h.Aliases
                    Dim addresses() as IPAddress = h.AddressList
                    If aliases.Length > 0
                        Console.WriteLine("Aliases for 0}", hostNames(i))
                        For j = 0 To aliases.Length -1
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}", aliases(j))
                        Next j
                    End If
                    If addresses.Length > 0
                        Console.WriteLine("Addresses for {0}", hostNames(i))
                        For k = 0 To addresses.Length -1
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}",addresses(k).ToString())
                        Next k
                    End If
                End If
            Next i
       End Sub

        ' The following method is called when each asynchronous operation completes.
        Shared Sub ProcessDnsInformation(result as IAsyncResult)
        
            Dim hostName as String = CType(result.AsyncState, String)
            hostNames.Add(hostName)
            Try 
                ' Get the results.
                Dim host as IPHostEntry = Dns.EndGetHostEntry(result)
                hostData.Add(host)
            ' Store the exception message.
            Catch e as SocketException
                hostData.Add(e.Message)
            Finally 
                ' Decrement the request counter in a thread-safe manner.
                Interlocked.Decrement(requestCounter)
            End Try
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

Комментарии

AsyncCallback Используйте делегат для обработки результатов асинхронной операции в отдельном потоке.Use an AsyncCallback delegate to process the results of an asynchronous operation in a separate thread. AsyncCallback Делегат представляет метод обратного вызова, который вызывается после завершения асинхронной операции.The AsyncCallback delegate represents a callback method that is called when the asynchronous operation completes. Метод обратного вызова принимает IAsyncResult параметр, который затем используется для получения результатов асинхронной операции.The callback method takes an IAsyncResult parameter, which is subsequently used to obtain the results of the asynchronous operation.

Дополнительные сведения об асинхронном программировании см. в разделе использование делегата AsyncCallback для завершения асинхронной операции и использование делегата AsyncCallback и объекта состояния в асинхронной модели на основе событий (EAP).For more information about asynchronous programming, see Using an AsyncCallback Delegate to End an Asynchronous Operation and Using an AsyncCallback Delegate and State Object in Event-based Asynchronous Pattern (EAP).

Методы расширения

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Получает объект, представляющий метод, представленный указанным делегатом.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Применяется к

Дополнительно