ArrayList.FixedSize Метод

Определение

Возвращает оболочку списка фиксированного размера, в которой элементы можно изменять, но нельзя добавлять или удалять.Returns a list wrapper with a fixed size, where elements are allowed to be modified, but not added or removed.

Перегрузки

FixedSize(ArrayList)

Возвращает оболочку ArrayList фиксированного размера.Returns an ArrayList wrapper with a fixed size.

FixedSize(IList)

Возвращает оболочку IList фиксированного размера.Returns an IList wrapper with a fixed size.

FixedSize(ArrayList)

Возвращает оболочку ArrayList фиксированного размера.Returns an ArrayList wrapper with a fixed size.

public:
 static System::Collections::ArrayList ^ FixedSize(System::Collections::ArrayList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.ArrayList FixedSize (System.Collections.ArrayList list);
static member FixedSize : System.Collections.ArrayList -> System.Collections.ArrayList
Public Shared Function FixedSize (list As ArrayList) As ArrayList

Параметры

list
ArrayList

Класс ArrayList, для которого создается оболочка.The ArrayList to wrap.

Возвраты

Оболочка ArrayList фиксированного размера.An ArrayList wrapper with a fixed size.

Исключения

Свойство list имеет значение null.list is null.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано, как создать обертку фиксированного размера вокруг ArrayList.The following code example shows how to create a fixed-size wrapper around an ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList, char mySeparator );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Create a fixed-size wrapper around the ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myFixedSizeAL = ArrayList::FixedSize( myAL );
   
   // Display whether the ArrayLists have a fixed size or not.
   Console::WriteLine( "myAL {0}.", myAL->IsFixedSize ? (String^)"has a fixed size" : "does not have a fixed size" );
   Console::WriteLine( "myFixedSizeAL {0}.", myFixedSizeAL->IsFixedSize ? (String^)"has a fixed size" : "does not have a fixed size" );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   // Display both ArrayLists.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initially," );
   Console::Write( "Standard  :" );
   PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
   Console::Write( "Fixed size:" );
   PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );
   
   // Sort is allowed in the fixed-size ArrayList.
   myFixedSizeAL->Sort();
   
   // Display both ArrayLists.
   Console::WriteLine( "After Sort," );
   Console::Write( "Standard  :" );
   PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
   Console::Write( "Fixed size:" );
   PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );
   
   // Reverse is allowed in the fixed-size ArrayList.
   myFixedSizeAL->Reverse();
   
   // Display both ArrayLists.
   Console::WriteLine( "After Reverse," );
   Console::Write( "Standard  :" );
   PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
   Console::Write( "Fixed size:" );
   PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );
   
   // Add an element to the standard ArrayList.
   myAL->Add( "AddMe" );
   
   // Display both ArrayLists.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding to the standard ArrayList," );
   Console::Write( "Standard  :" );
   PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
   Console::Write( "Fixed size:" );
   PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   // Adding or inserting elements to the fixed-size ArrayList throws an exception.
   try
   {
      myFixedSizeAL->Add( "AddMe2" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception: {0}", myException );
   }

   try
   {
      myFixedSizeAL->Insert( 3, "InsertMe" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception: {0}", myException );
   }

}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList, char mySeparator )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
 This code produces the following output.
 
 myAL does not have a fixed size.
 myFixedSizeAL has a fixed size.

 Initially,
 Standard  : The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
 Fixed size: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
 After Sort,
 Standard  : brown dog fox jumps lazy over quick the The
 Fixed size: brown dog fox jumps lazy over quick the The
 After Reverse,
 Standard  : The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown
 Fixed size: The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown
 After adding to the standard ArrayList,
 Standard  : The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown AddMe
 Fixed size: The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown AddMe

 Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection was of a fixed size.
    at System.Collections.FixedSizeArrayList.Add(Object obj)
    at SamplesArrayList.Main()
 Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection was of a fixed size.
    at System.Collections.FixedSizeArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object obj)
    at SamplesArrayList.Main()

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );

      // Create a fixed-size wrapper around the ArrayList.
      ArrayList myFixedSizeAL = ArrayList.FixedSize( myAL );

      // Display whether the ArrayLists have a fixed size or not.
      Console.WriteLine( "myAL {0}.", myAL.IsFixedSize ? "has a fixed size" : "does not have a fixed size" );
      Console.WriteLine( "myFixedSizeAL {0}.", myFixedSizeAL.IsFixedSize ? "has a fixed size" : "does not have a fixed size" );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Display both ArrayLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initially," );
      Console.Write( "Standard  :" );
      PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
      Console.Write( "Fixed size:" );
      PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );

      // Sort is allowed in the fixed-size ArrayList.
      myFixedSizeAL.Sort();

      // Display both ArrayLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "After Sort," );
      Console.Write( "Standard  :" );
      PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
      Console.Write( "Fixed size:" );
      PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );

      // Reverse is allowed in the fixed-size ArrayList.
      myFixedSizeAL.Reverse();

      // Display both ArrayLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "After Reverse," );
      Console.Write( "Standard  :" );
      PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
      Console.Write( "Fixed size:" );
      PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );

      // Add an element to the standard ArrayList.
      myAL.Add( "AddMe" );

      // Display both ArrayLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding to the standard ArrayList," );
      Console.Write( "Standard  :" );
      PrintValues( myAL, ' ' );
      Console.Write( "Fixed size:" );
      PrintValues( myFixedSizeAL, ' ' );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Adding or inserting elements to the fixed-size ArrayList throws an exception.
      try  {
         myFixedSizeAL.Add( "AddMe2" );
      } catch ( Exception myException )  {
         Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
      }
      try  {
         myFixedSizeAL.Insert( 3, "InsertMe" );
      } catch ( Exception myException )  {
         Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
      }
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList, char mySeparator )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}
/*
This code produces the following output.

myAL does not have a fixed size.
myFixedSizeAL has a fixed size.

Initially,
Standard  : The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
Fixed size: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
After Sort,
Standard  : brown dog fox jumps lazy over quick the The
Fixed size: brown dog fox jumps lazy over quick the The
After Reverse,
Standard  : The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown
Fixed size: The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown
After adding to the standard ArrayList,
Standard  : The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown AddMe
Fixed size: The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown AddMe

Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection was of a fixed size.
   at System.Collections.FixedSizeArrayList.Add(Object obj)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()
Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection was of a fixed size.
   at System.Collections.FixedSizeArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object obj)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()

*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        myAL.Add("over")
        myAL.Add("the")
        myAL.Add("lazy")
        myAL.Add("dog")
        
        ' Create a fixed-size wrapper around the ArrayList.
        Dim myFixedSizeAL As ArrayList = ArrayList.FixedSize(myAL)
        
        ' Display whether the ArrayLists have a fixed size or not.
        Dim msg As String
        If myAL.IsFixedSize Then
            msg = "has a fixed size"
        Else
            msg = "does not have a fixed size"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("myAL {0}.", msg)
        If myFixedSizeAL.IsFixedSize Then
            msg = "has a fixed size"
        Else
            msg = "does not have a fixed size"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("myFixedSizeAL {0}.", msg)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Display both ArrayLists.
        Console.WriteLine("Initially,")
        Console.Write("Standard  :")
        PrintValues(myAL, " "c)
        Console.Write("Fixed size:")
        PrintValues(myFixedSizeAL, " "c)
        
        ' Sort is allowed in the fixed-size ArrayList.
        myFixedSizeAL.Sort()
        
        ' Display both ArrayLists.
        Console.WriteLine("After Sort,")
        Console.Write("Standard  :")
        PrintValues(myAL, " "c)
        Console.Write("Fixed size:")
        PrintValues(myFixedSizeAL, " "c)
        
        ' Reverse is allowed in the fixed-size ArrayList.
        myFixedSizeAL.Reverse()
        
        ' Display both ArrayLists.
        Console.WriteLine("After Reverse,")
        Console.Write("Standard  :")
        PrintValues(myAL, " "c)
        Console.Write("Fixed size:")
        PrintValues(myFixedSizeAL, " "c)
        
        ' Add an element to the standard ArrayList.
        myAL.Add("AddMe")
        
        ' Display both ArrayLists.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding to the standard ArrayList,")
        Console.Write("Standard  :")
        PrintValues(myAL, " "c)
        Console.Write("Fixed size:")
        PrintValues(myFixedSizeAL, " "c)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Adding or inserting elements to the fixed-size ArrayList throws an exception.
        Try
            myFixedSizeAL.Add("AddMe2")
        Catch myException As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString())
        End Try
        Try
            myFixedSizeAL.Insert(3, "InsertMe")
        Catch myException As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable, mySeparator As Char)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' myAL does not have a fixed size.
' myFixedSizeAL has a fixed size.
' 
' Initially,
' Standard  : The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
' Fixed size: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
' After Sort,
' Standard  : brown dog fox jumps lazy over quick the The
' Fixed size: brown dog fox jumps lazy over quick the The
' After Reverse,
' Standard  : The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown
' Fixed size: The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown
' After adding to the standard ArrayList,
' Standard  : The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown AddMe
' Fixed size: The the quick over lazy jumps fox dog brown AddMe
' 
' Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection was of a fixed size.
'    at System.Collections.FixedSizeArrayList.Add(Object obj)
'    at SamplesArrayList.Main()
' Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection was of a fixed size.
'    at System.Collections.FixedSizeArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object obj)
'    at SamplesArrayList.Main()

Комментарии

Эту оболочку можно использовать для предотвращения добавления и удаления из исходного ArrayList.This wrapper can be used to prevent additions to and deletions from the original ArrayList. Элементы можно по-прежнему изменять или заменять.The elements can still be modified or replaced.

Коллекция с фиксированным размером — это просто коллекция с оболочкой, которая предотвращает добавление и удаление элементов. Таким образом, если в базовую коллекцию вносятся изменения, включая добавление или удаление элементов, Коллекция фиксированного размера отражает эти изменения.A collection with a fixed size is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents adding and removing elements; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, including the addition or removal of elements, the fixed-size collection reflects those changes.

Этот метод является операцией O(1).This method is an O(1) operation.

FixedSize(IList)

Возвращает оболочку IList фиксированного размера.Returns an IList wrapper with a fixed size.

public:
 static System::Collections::IList ^ FixedSize(System::Collections::IList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.IList FixedSize (System.Collections.IList list);
static member FixedSize : System.Collections.IList -> System.Collections.IList
Public Shared Function FixedSize (list As IList) As IList

Параметры

list
IList

Класс IList, для которого создается оболочка.The IList to wrap.

Возвраты

Оболочка IList фиксированного размера.An IList wrapper with a fixed size.

Исключения

Свойство list имеет значение null.list is null.

Комментарии

Эту оболочку можно использовать для предотвращения добавления и удаления из исходного IList.This wrapper can be used to prevent additions to and deletions from the original IList. Элементы можно по-прежнему изменять или заменять.The elements can still be modified or replaced.

Коллекция с фиксированным размером — это просто коллекция с оболочкой, которая предотвращает добавление и удаление элементов. Таким образом, если в базовую коллекцию вносятся изменения, включая добавление или удаление элементов, Коллекция фиксированного размера отражает эти изменения.A collection with a fixed size is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents adding and removing elements; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, including the addition or removal of elements, the fixed-size collection reflects those changes.

Этот метод является операцией O(1).This method is an O(1) operation.

Применяется к