ArrayList.TrimToSize Метод

Определение

Задает значение емкости, равное действительному количеству элементов в ArrayList.Sets the capacity to the actual number of elements in the ArrayList.

public:
 virtual void TrimToSize();
public virtual void TrimToSize ();
abstract member TrimToSize : unit -> unit
override this.TrimToSize : unit -> unit
Public Overridable Sub TrimToSize ()

Исключения

Объект ArrayList доступен только для чтения.The ArrayList is read-only.

- или --or- ArrayList имеет фиксированный размер.The ArrayList has a fixed size.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано, как обрезать неиспользуемые части ArrayList и как удалить значения ArrayList.The following code example shows how to trim the unused portions of the ArrayList and how to clear the values of the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   
   // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initially," );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL->Count );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL->Capacity );
   Console::Write( "   Values:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Trim the ArrayList.
   myAL->TrimToSize();
   
   // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After TrimToSize," );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL->Count );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL->Capacity );
   Console::Write( "   Values:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Clear the ArrayList.
   myAL->Clear();
   
   // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After Clear," );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL->Count );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL->Capacity );
   Console::Write( "   Values:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Trim the ArrayList again.
   myAL->TrimToSize();
   
   // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After the second TrimToSize," );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL->Count );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL->Capacity );
   Console::Write( "   Values:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 Initially,
    Count    : 5
    Capacity : 16
    Values:    The    quick    brown    fox    jumps
 After TrimToSize,
    Count    : 5
    Capacity : 5
    Values:    The    quick    brown    fox    jumps
 After Clear,
    Count    : 0
    Capacity : 5
    Values:
 After the second TrimToSize,
    Count    : 0
    Capacity : 16
    Values:
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );

      // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initially," );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity );
      Console.Write( "   Values:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Trim the ArrayList.
      myAL.TrimToSize();

      // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After TrimToSize," );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity );
      Console.Write( "   Values:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Clear the ArrayList.
      myAL.Clear();

      // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After Clear," );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity );
      Console.Write( "   Values:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Trim the ArrayList again.
      myAL.TrimToSize();

      // Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the second TrimToSize," );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity );
      Console.Write( "   Values:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

Initially,
   Count    : 5
   Capacity : 16
   Values:    The    quick    brown    fox    jumps
After TrimToSize,
   Count    : 5
   Capacity : 5
   Values:    The    quick    brown    fox    jumps
After Clear,
   Count    : 0
   Capacity : 5
   Values:
After the second TrimToSize,
   Count    : 0
   Capacity : 16
   Values:
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        
        ' Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("Initially,")
        Console.WriteLine("   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count)
        Console.WriteLine("   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity)
        Console.Write("   Values:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Trim the ArrayList.
        myAL.TrimToSize()
        
        ' Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After TrimToSize,")
        Console.WriteLine("   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count)
        Console.WriteLine("   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity)
        Console.Write("   Values:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Clear the ArrayList.
        myAL.Clear()
        
        ' Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After Clear,")
        Console.WriteLine("   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count)
        Console.WriteLine("   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity)
        Console.Write("   Values:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Trim the ArrayList again.
        myAL.TrimToSize()
        
        ' Displays the count, capacity and values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After the second TrimToSize,")
        Console.WriteLine("   Count    : {0}", myAL.Count)
        Console.WriteLine("   Capacity : {0}", myAL.Capacity)
        Console.Write("   Values:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' Initially,
'    Count    : 5
'    Capacity : 16
'    Values:    The    quick    brown    fox    jumps
' After TrimToSize,
'    Count    : 5
'    Capacity : 5
'    Values:    The    quick    brown    fox    jumps
' After Clear,
'    Count    : 0
'    Capacity : 5
'    Values:
' After the second TrimToSize,
'    Count    : 0
'    Capacity : 16
'    Values:

Комментарии

Этот метод можно использовать для снижения нагрузки на память коллекции, если в коллекцию не добавляются новые элементы.This method can be used to minimize a collection's memory overhead if no new elements will be added to the collection.

Чтобы сбросить ArrayList в исходное состояние, вызовите метод Clear перед вызовом TrimToSize.To reset a ArrayList to its initial state, call the Clear method before calling TrimToSize. Удаление пустой ArrayList задает емкость объекта ArrayList емкость по умолчанию.Trimming an empty ArrayList sets the capacity of the ArrayList to the default capacity.

Этот метод является операцией O(n), где nCount.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Применяется к

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