Console.Read Console.Read Console.Read Console.Read Method

Определение

Читает следующий символ из стандартного входного потока.Reads the next character from the standard input stream.

public:
 static int Read();
public static int Read ();
static member Read : unit -> int
Public Shared Function Read () As Integer

Возвраты

Следующий символ из входного потока или значение минус единица (-1), если доступных для чтения символов не осталось.The next character from the input stream, or negative one (-1) if there are currently no more characters to be read.

Исключения

Ошибка ввода/вывода.An I/O error occurred.

Примеры

В следующем примере демонстрируется Read метод.The following example demonstrates the Read method.

// This example demonstrates the Console.Read() method.
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   String^ m1 = "\nType a string of text then press Enter. "
   "Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:\n";
   String^ m2 = "Character '{0}' is hexadecimal 0x{1:x4}.";
   String^ m3 = "Character     is hexadecimal 0x{0:x4}.";
   Char ch;
   int x;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( m1 );
   do
   {
      x = Console::Read();
      try
      {
         ch = Convert::ToChar( x );
         if ( Char::IsWhiteSpace( ch ) )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( m3, x );
            if ( ch == 0x0a )
                        Console::WriteLine( m1 );
         }
         else
                  Console::WriteLine( m2, ch, x );
      }
      catch ( OverflowException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "{0} Value read = {1}.", e->Message, x );
         ch = Char::MinValue;
         Console::WriteLine( m1 );
      }

   }
   while ( ch != '+' );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

The quick brown fox.
Character 'T' is hexadecimal 0x0054.
Character 'h' is hexadecimal 0x0068.
Character 'e' is hexadecimal 0x0065.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'q' is hexadecimal 0x0071.
Character 'u' is hexadecimal 0x0075.
Character 'i' is hexadecimal 0x0069.
Character 'c' is hexadecimal 0x0063.
Character 'k' is hexadecimal 0x006b.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'b' is hexadecimal 0x0062.
Character 'r' is hexadecimal 0x0072.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'w' is hexadecimal 0x0077.
Character 'n' is hexadecimal 0x006e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'f' is hexadecimal 0x0066.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'x' is hexadecimal 0x0078.
Character '.' is hexadecimal 0x002e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000d.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000a.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

^Z
Value was either too large or too small for a character. Value read = -1.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

+
Character '+' is hexadecimal 0x002b.

*/
// This example demonstrates the Console.Read() method.
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string m1 = "\nType a string of text then press Enter. " +
                "Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:\n";
    string m2 = "Character '{0}' is hexadecimal 0x{1:x4}.";
    string m3 = "Character     is hexadecimal 0x{0:x4}.";
    char ch;
    int x;
//
    Console.WriteLine(m1);
    do  
        {
        x = Console.Read();
        try 
            {
            ch = Convert.ToChar(x);
            if (Char.IsWhiteSpace(ch))
               {
               Console.WriteLine(m3, x);
               if (ch == 0x0a) 
                   Console.WriteLine(m1);
               }
            else
               Console.WriteLine(m2, ch, x);
            }
        catch (OverflowException e) 
            {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} Value read = {1}.", e.Message, x);
            ch = Char.MinValue;
            Console.WriteLine(m1);
            }
        } while (ch != '+');
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

The quick brown fox.
Character 'T' is hexadecimal 0x0054.
Character 'h' is hexadecimal 0x0068.
Character 'e' is hexadecimal 0x0065.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'q' is hexadecimal 0x0071.
Character 'u' is hexadecimal 0x0075.
Character 'i' is hexadecimal 0x0069.
Character 'c' is hexadecimal 0x0063.
Character 'k' is hexadecimal 0x006b.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'b' is hexadecimal 0x0062.
Character 'r' is hexadecimal 0x0072.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'w' is hexadecimal 0x0077.
Character 'n' is hexadecimal 0x006e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'f' is hexadecimal 0x0066.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'x' is hexadecimal 0x0078.
Character '.' is hexadecimal 0x002e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000d.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000a.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

^Z
Value was either too large or too small for a character. Value read = -1.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

+
Character '+' is hexadecimal 0x002b.

*/
' This example demonstrates the Console.Read() method.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim m1 As String = _
                vbCrLf & _
                "Type a string of text then press Enter. " & _
                "Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:" & _
                vbCrLf
      Dim m2 As String = "Character '{0}' is hexadecimal 0x{1:x4}."
      Dim m3 As String = "Character     is hexadecimal 0x{0:x4}."
      Dim ch As Char
      Dim x As Integer
      '
      Console.WriteLine(m1)
      Do
         x = Console.Read()
         Try
            ch = Convert.ToChar(x)
            If Char.IsWhiteSpace(ch) Then
               Console.WriteLine(m3, x)
               If ch = vbLf Then
                  Console.WriteLine(m1)
               End If
            Else
               Console.WriteLine(m2, ch, x)
            End If
         Catch e As OverflowException
            Console.WriteLine("{0} Value read = {1}.", e.Message, x)
            ch = Char.MinValue
            Console.WriteLine(m1)
         End Try
      Loop While ch <> "+"c
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Sample
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:
'
'The quick brown fox.
'Character 'T' is hexadecimal 0x0054.
'Character 'h' is hexadecimal 0x0068.
'Character 'e' is hexadecimal 0x0065.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
'Character 'q' is hexadecimal 0x0071.
'Character 'u' is hexadecimal 0x0075.
'Character 'i' is hexadecimal 0x0069.
'Character 'c' is hexadecimal 0x0063.
'Character 'k' is hexadecimal 0x006b.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
'Character 'b' is hexadecimal 0x0062.
'Character 'r' is hexadecimal 0x0072.
'Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
'Character 'w' is hexadecimal 0x0077.
'Character 'n' is hexadecimal 0x006e.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
'Character 'f' is hexadecimal 0x0066.
'Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
'Character 'x' is hexadecimal 0x0078.
'Character '.' is hexadecimal 0x002e.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x000d.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x000a.
'
'Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:
'
'^Z
'Value was either too large or too small for a character. Value read = -1.
'
'Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:
'
'+
'Character '+' is hexadecimal 0x002b.
'

Комментарии

Read Метод блокируется до ввода входных символов; она завершается при нажатии клавиши Enter ключ.The Read method blocks its return while you type input characters; it terminates when you press the Enter key. Нажатие клавиши ВВОД добавляет последовательность завершения зависящая от платформы строка во входные данные (например, Windows присоединяет последовательность перевода строки возврат каретки).Pressing Enter appends a platform-dependent line termination sequence to your input (for example, Windows appends a carriage return-linefeed sequence). Последующие вызовы Read метод получения вашего входной один символ за раз.Subsequent calls to the Read method retrieve your input one character at a time. После получения последнего персонажа Read блокирует возврат еще раз, и цикл повторяется.After the final character is retrieved, Read blocks its return again and the cycle repeats.

Важно!

ReadLine Метод, или KeyAvailable свойство и ReadKey метод предпочтительнее Read метод.The ReadLine method, or the KeyAvailable property and ReadKey method are preferable to using the Read method.

Обратите внимание на то, что метод не возвращает -1, если только вы выполните одно из следующих действий:Note that the method does not return -1 unless you perform one of the following actions:

  • Клавишу Control клавиши-модификатора и Z клавиши консоли (Ctrl + Z), который сигнализирует условие конец файла.Simultaneously press the Control modifier key and Z console key (Ctrl+Z), which signals the end-of-file condition.

  • Нажмите клавишу с эквивалентным ключом, сигнализирующее о условие конец файла, например функциональная клавиша F6 в Windows.Press an equivalent key that signals the end-of-file condition, such as the F6 function key in Windows.

  • Перенаправление потока входных данных к источнику, например, текстовый файл, который имеет Фактический символ окончания файла.Redirect the input stream to a source, such as a text file, that has an actual end-of-file character.

Применяется к

Дополнительно