Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Method

Определение

Извлекает значение текущего объекта Nullable<T> или значение по умолчанию.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or a default value.

Перегрузки

GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault()

Извлекает значение текущего объекта Nullable<T> или значение базового типа этого объекта по умолчанию.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the default value of the underlying type.

GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T)

Извлекает значение текущего объекта Nullable<T> или заданное значение по умолчанию.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the specified default value.

GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault()

Извлекает значение текущего объекта Nullable<T> или значение базового типа этого объекта по умолчанию.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the default value of the underlying type.

public:
 T GetValueOrDefault();
public T GetValueOrDefault ();
member this.GetValueOrDefault : unit -> 'T
Public Function GetValueOrDefault () As T

Возвраты

T T T T

Значение свойства Value, если свойство HasValue имеет значение true; в противном случае — значение базового типа по умолчанию.The value of the Value property if the HasValue property is true; otherwise, the default value of the underlying type.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода извлекает значение Nullable<T> объекта, если определен; в противном случае это значение, возвращается значение по умолчанию или определенных по умолчанию.The following code example retrieves the value of a Nullable<T> object if that value is defined; otherwise, it retrieves the default value or a specific default value.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault methods.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    float? mySingle = 12.34f;
    float? yourSingle = -1.0f;

   Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***\n");
// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.

    Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    mySingle = 12.34f;
    yourSingle = -1.0f;

    Console.Write("\n*** Display a value or the ");
    Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***\n");

// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-222.22f);
    Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-333.33f);
    Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle);

    }

// Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
// The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
// each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
// nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
// string ("").
    public static void Display(string title, float? dspMySingle, float? dspYourSingle)
    {
    Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", 
                      title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle);    
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]

*** Display a value or the specified default value ***

B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]

*/
' This code example demonstrates the 
' Nullable(Of T).GetValueOrDefault methods.

Imports System

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim mySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = 12.34F 
        Dim yourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = - 1.0F 
        
        Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***" & vbCrLf)
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        mySingle = 12.34F
        yourSingle = - 1.0F
        
        Console.Write(vbCrLf & "*** Display a value or the ")
        Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***" & vbCrLf)
        
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 222.22F)
        Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 333.33F)
        Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle)
    
    End Sub 'Main
     
    
    ' Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
    ' The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
    ' each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
    ' nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
    ' string ("").

    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, _
                              ByVal dspMySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single), _
                              ByVal dspYourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single))
        If (True) Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", _
                               title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle)
        End If
    End Sub 'Display
End Class 'Sample

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]
'
'*** Display a value or the specified default value ***
'
'B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]
'

Комментарии

GetValueOrDefault Метод возвращает значение, даже если HasValue свойство false (в отличие от Value свойство, которое вызывает исключение).The GetValueOrDefault method returns a value even if the HasValue property is false (unlike the Value property, which throws an exception). Если HasValue свойство false, метод возвращает по умолчанию значение базового типа.If the HasValue property is false, the method returns the default value of the underlying type.

Дополнительно

GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T)

Извлекает значение текущего объекта Nullable<T> или заданное значение по умолчанию.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the specified default value.

public:
 T GetValueOrDefault(T defaultValue);
public T GetValueOrDefault (T defaultValue);
member this.GetValueOrDefault : 'T -> 'T
Public Function GetValueOrDefault (defaultValue As T) As T

Параметры

defaultValue
T T T T

Значение, которое следует вернуть, если свойство HasValue имеет значение false.A value to return if the HasValue property is false.

Возвраты

T T T T

Значение свойства Value, если свойство HasValue имеет значение true; в противном случае значение параметра defaultValue.The value of the Value property if the HasValue property is true; otherwise, the defaultValue parameter.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода извлекает значение Nullable<T> объекта, если определен; в противном случае это значение, возвращается значение по умолчанию или определенных по умолчанию.The following code example retrieves the value of a Nullable<T> object if that value is defined; otherwise, it retrieves the default value or a specific default value.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault methods.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    float? mySingle = 12.34f;
    float? yourSingle = -1.0f;

   Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***\n");
// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.

    Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    mySingle = 12.34f;
    yourSingle = -1.0f;

    Console.Write("\n*** Display a value or the ");
    Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***\n");

// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-222.22f);
    Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-333.33f);
    Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle);

    }

// Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
// The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
// each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
// nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
// string ("").
    public static void Display(string title, float? dspMySingle, float? dspYourSingle)
    {
    Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", 
                      title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle);    
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]

*** Display a value or the specified default value ***

B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]

*/
' This code example demonstrates the 
' Nullable(Of T).GetValueOrDefault methods.

Imports System

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim mySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = 12.34F 
        Dim yourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = - 1.0F 
        
        Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***" & vbCrLf)
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        mySingle = 12.34F
        yourSingle = - 1.0F
        
        Console.Write(vbCrLf & "*** Display a value or the ")
        Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***" & vbCrLf)
        
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 222.22F)
        Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 333.33F)
        Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle)
    
    End Sub 'Main
     
    
    ' Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
    ' The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
    ' each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
    ' nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
    ' string ("").

    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, _
                              ByVal dspMySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single), _
                              ByVal dspYourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single))
        If (True) Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", _
                               title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle)
        End If
    End Sub 'Display
End Class 'Sample

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]
'
'*** Display a value or the specified default value ***
'
'B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]
'

Комментарии

GetValueOrDefault Метод возвращает значение, даже если HasValue свойство false (в отличие от Value свойство, которое вызывает исключение).The GetValueOrDefault method returns a value even if the HasValue property is false (unlike the Value property, which throws an exception).

Дополнительно

Применяется к