CustomAttributeBuilder CustomAttributeBuilder CustomAttributeBuilder CustomAttributeBuilder Class

Определение

Помогает при построения пользовательских атрибутов.Helps build custom attributes.

public ref class CustomAttributeBuilder : System::Runtime::InteropServices::_CustomAttributeBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class CustomAttributeBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._CustomAttributeBuilder
type CustomAttributeBuilder = class
    interface _CustomAttributeBuilder
Public Class CustomAttributeBuilder
Implements _CustomAttributeBuilder
Наследование
CustomAttributeBuilderCustomAttributeBuilderCustomAttributeBuilderCustomAttributeBuilder
Атрибуты
Реализации

Примеры

В следующем образце кода показано использование CustomAttributeBuilder.The following code sample illustrates the use of CustomAttributeBuilder.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;

// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public ref class ClassCreator: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ creator;

public:

   property String^ Creator 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return creator;
      }

   }
   ClassCreator( String^ name )
   {
      this->creator = name;
   }

};


// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public ref class DateLastUpdated: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ dateUpdated;

public:

   property String^ DateUpdated 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return dateUpdated;
      }

   }
   DateLastUpdated( String^ theDate )
   {
      this->dateUpdated = theDate;
   }

};

Type^ BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
{
   AppDomain^ currentDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
   AssemblyName^ myAsmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
   myAsmName->Name = "MyAssembly";
   AssemblyBuilder^ myAsmBuilder = currentDomain->DefineDynamicAssembly( myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::Run );
   ModuleBuilder^ myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder->DefineDynamicModule( "MyModule" );
   
   // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
   TypeBuilder^ myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder->DefineType( "MyType", TypeAttributes::Public );
   array<Type^>^temp6 = {String::typeid};
   array<Type^>^ctorParams = temp6;
   ConstructorInfo^ classCtorInfo = ClassCreator::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp0 = {"Joe Programmer"};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp0 );
   myTypeBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder );
   
   // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
   array<Type^>^temp1 = gcnew array<Type^>(0);
   MethodBuilder^ myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineMethod( "HelloWorld", MethodAttributes::Public, nullptr, temp1 );
   array<Type^>^temp7 = {String::typeid};
   ctorParams = temp7;
   classCtorInfo = DateLastUpdated::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp2 = {DateTime::Now.ToString()};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder2 = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp2 );
   myMethodBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder2 );
   ILGenerator^ myIL = myMethodBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   myIL->EmitWriteLine( "Hello, world!" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   return myTypeBuilder->CreateType();
}

int main()
{
   Type^ myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();
   Object^ myInstance = Activator::CreateInstance( myType );
   array<Object^>^customAttrs = myType->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':" );
   Object^ attrVal = nullptr;
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp3 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = ClassCreator::typeid->InvokeMember( "Creator", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp3 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':" );
   customAttrs = myType->GetMember( "HelloWorld" )[ 0 ]->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum2->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp4 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = DateLastUpdated::typeid->InvokeMember( "DateUpdated", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp4 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   array<Object^>^temp5 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
   Console::WriteLine( myType->InvokeMember( "HelloWorld", BindingFlags::InvokeMethod, nullptr, myInstance, temp5 ) );
}

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;


// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public class ClassCreator: Attribute

{
   private string creator;
   public string Creator 
   {
    get
    {
       return creator;
    }
   }	

   public ClassCreator(string name)
   {
      this.creator = name;
   }

}

// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public class DateLastUpdated: Attribute

{
   private string dateUpdated;
   public string DateUpdated
   {
    get
    {
       return dateUpdated;
    }
   }

   public DateLastUpdated(string theDate)
   {
    this.dateUpdated = theDate;
   } 

}

class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo

{

   public static Type BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
   {
    
    AppDomain currentDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    
    AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
    myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly";

    AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
                       myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

    ModuleBuilder myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule");

    // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.

    TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType",
                        TypeAttributes.Public);
    
    Type[] ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    ConstructorInfo classCtorInfo = typeof(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { "Joe Programmer" });

    myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder);

    // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.

    MethodBuilder myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld",
                    MethodAttributes.Public,
                    null,
                    new Type[] { });

    ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    classCtorInfo = typeof(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder2 = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { DateTime.Now.ToString() });

    myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2);

    ILGenerator myIL = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

    return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
    
   }

   public static void Main() 
   {

    Type myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();

    object myInstance = Activator.CreateInstance(myType);

    object[] customAttrs = myType.GetCustomAttributes(true);

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':");

    object attrVal = null;

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs) 
    {
       attrVal = typeof(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("Creator", 
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':");

    customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")[0].GetCustomAttributes(true);	

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs) 
    {
       attrVal = typeof(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("DateUpdated", 
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("---");

    Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld",
              BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
              null, myInstance, new object[] { }));
                           
    
   }

}


Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _


' We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
Public Class ClassCreator

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private creator As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetCreator() As String
      Get
         Return creator
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(name As String)
      Me.creator = name
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

' We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
Public Class DateLastUpdated

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private dateUpdated As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetDateUpdated() As String
      Get
         Return dateUpdated
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(theDate As String)
      Me.dateUpdated = theDate
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

Class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo
   
   Public Shared Function BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod() As Type
      
      Dim currentDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, _
                            AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run)
      
      Dim myModBuilder As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule")
      
      ' First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
      Dim myTypeBuilder As TypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType", _
                            TypeAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim ctorParams() As Type = {GetType(String)}
      Dim classCtorInfo As ConstructorInfo = GetType(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {"Joe Programmer"})
      
      myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder)
      
      ' Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
      Dim myMethodBuilder As MethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld", _
                    MethodAttributes.Public, Nothing, New Type() {})
      
      ctorParams = New Type() {GetType(String)}
      classCtorInfo = GetType(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder2 As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {DateTime.Now.ToString()})
      
      myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2)
      
      Dim myIL As ILGenerator = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      Return myTypeBuilder.CreateType()

   End Function 'BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      Dim myType As Type = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
      
      Dim myInstance As Object = Activator.CreateInstance(myType)
      
      Dim customAttrs As Object() = myType.GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':")
      
      Dim attrVal As Object = Nothing
      
      Dim customAttr As Object
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("GetCreator", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':")
      
      customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")(0).GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("GetDateUpdated", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, _
                        Nothing, myInstance, New Object() {}))
   End Sub

End Class

Комментарии

CustomAttributeBuilder Используйте объект, возвращаемый конструктором, для описания настраиваемого атрибута.Use the CustomAttributeBuilder object returned by the constructor to describe the custom attribute. Свяжите с экземпляром построителя, SetCustomAttribute вызвав метод для этого экземпляра построителя. CustomAttributeAssociate the CustomAttribute with a builder instance by calling the SetCustomAttribute method on that builder instance. Например, создайте CustomAttributeBuilder для описания AssemblyCultureAttribute экземпляра, AssemblyCultureAttribute указав конструктор и его аргумент.For example, create a CustomAttributeBuilder to describe an instance of AssemblyCultureAttribute by supplying the constructor of AssemblyCultureAttribute and its argument. Затем вызовите SetCustomAttribute AssemblyBuilder для, чтобы установить ассоциацию.Then call SetCustomAttribute on an AssemblyBuilder to establish the association.

Конструкторы

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[])

Инициализирует экземпляр класса CustomAttributeBuilder, передавая конструктор для настраиваемого атрибута и аргументы в конструктор.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute and the arguments to the constructor.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

Инициализирует экземпляр класса CustomAttributeBuilder с передачей конструктора для пользовательских атрибутов, аргументов этого конструктора, а также набора пар поля и значения.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named field/value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[])

Инициализирует экземпляр класса CustomAttributeBuilder с передачей конструктора для пользовательских атрибутов, аргументов этого конструктора, а также набора поименованных пар значений или свойств.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named property or value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[]) CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

Инициализирует экземпляр класса CustomAttributeBuilder с передачей конструктора для пользовательских атрибутов, аргументов этого конструктора, набора поименованных пар значений или свойств, а также набора поименованных пар значений или полей.Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, a set of named property or value pairs, and a set of named field or value pairs.

Явные реализации интерфейса

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Сопоставляет набор имен соответствующему набору идентификаторов диспетчеризации.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Возвращает сведения о типе объекта, которые затем могут использоваться для получения сведений о типе интерфейса.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can then be used to get the type information for an interface.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Возвращает количество предоставляемых объектом интерфейсов для доступа к сведениям о типе (0 или 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

_CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Предоставляет доступ к открытым свойствам и методам объекта.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

Методы

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли заданный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Применяется к