LocalVariableInfo Класс

Определение

Обнаруживает атрибуты локальной переменной и предоставляет доступ к ее метаданным.Discovers the attributes of a local variable and provides access to local variable metadata.

public ref class LocalVariableInfo
public class LocalVariableInfo
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class LocalVariableInfo
type LocalVariableInfo = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type LocalVariableInfo = class
Public Class LocalVariableInfo
Наследование
LocalVariableInfo
Производный
Атрибуты

Примеры

В следующем примере определяется метод теста с именем MethodBodyExample и отображаются сведения о его локальной переменной.The following example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample, and displays its local variable information. GetMethodBodyМетод используется для получения MethodBody объекта для метода теста.The GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. LocalVariablesЗатем свойство используется для получения списка LocalVariableInfo объектов и для вывода их типов и порядка индексов.The LocalVariables property is then used to obtain a list of LocalVariableInfo objects and to display their types and index order.

Этот пример кода является частью большого примера, приведенного для MethodBody класса.This code example is part of a larger example provided for the MethodBody class.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}",
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}",
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)

// Display information about the local variables in the
// method body.
Console::WriteLine();
for each (LocalVariableInfo^ lvi in mb->LocalVariables)
{
    Console::WriteLine("Local variable: {0}", lvi);
}

// Display information about the local variables in the
// method body.
Console.WriteLine();
foreach (LocalVariableInfo lvi in mb.LocalVariables)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Local variable: {0}", lvi);
}

' Display information about the local variables in the
' method body.
Console.WriteLine()
For Each lvi As LocalVariableInfo In mb.LocalVariables
    Console.WriteLine("Local variable: {0}", lvi)
Next
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }
        }

        // This filter clause selects only exceptions that derive
        // from the ArgumentException class.
        // Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself,
        // are not handled by this filter clause.
        catch (ArgumentException ex) when (ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(typeof(ArgumentException)))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType());
        }

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}",
                ex.GetType());
        }
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3
//Local variable: System.ArgumentException (0)
//Local variable: System.String (1)
//Local variable: System.Int32 (2)
//
//Local variable: System.Int32 (0)
//Local variable: System.String (1)
//Local variable: System.Exception (2)
//Local variable: System.Boolean (3)
'
'Local variable: System.Int32 (0)
'Local variable: System.String (1)
'Local variable: System.ArgumentException (2)
'Local variable: System.Exception (3)

Комментарии

Чтобы получить список локальных переменных в методе, используйте MethodBody.LocalVariables свойство.To get a list of local variables in a method, use the MethodBody.LocalVariables property. Используйте MethodBase.GetMethodBody метод, чтобы получить MethodBody объект для MethodInfo объекта.Use the MethodBase.GetMethodBody method to obtain the MethodBody for a MethodInfo object.

Примечание

Имена локальных переменных не сохраняются в метаданных.Local variable names are not persisted in metadata. На промежуточном языке MSIL доступ к локальным переменным осуществляется по их положению в сигнатуре локальной переменной.In Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL), local variables are accessed by their position in the local variable signature.

Конструкторы

LocalVariableInfo()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса LocalVariableInfo.Initializes a new instance of the LocalVariableInfo class.

Свойства

IsPinned

Получает значение Boolean, определяющее, закреплен ли в памяти объект, на который ссылается локальная переменная.Gets a Boolean value that indicates whether the object referred to by the local variable is pinned in memory.

LocalIndex

Возвращает индекс локальной переменной в основном тексте метода.Gets the index of the local variable within the method body.

LocalType

Возвращает тип локальной переменной.Gets the type of the local variable.

Методы

Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли указанный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
ToString()

Возвращает понятную для пользователя строку, описывающую локальную переменную.Returns a user-readable string that describes the local variable.

Применяется к

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