AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute Класс

Определение

Позволяет частично доверенному коду вызывать сборку.Allows an assembly to be called by partially trusted code. Без этого объявления использовать сборку могут только полностью доверенные вызывающие объекты.Without this declaration, only fully trusted callers are able to use the assembly. Этот класс не наследуется.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Assembly, AllowMultiple=false, Inherited=false)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute : Attribute
type AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Наследование
AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute
Атрибуты

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как использовать класс AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute.The following example shows how to use the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute class.

// The following HTML code can be used to call the user control in this sample.
//
//  <OBJECT id="usercontrol" classid="usercontrol.dll#UserControl.UserControl1" width="800"
//  height="300" style="font-size:12;">
// To run this test control you must create a strong name key, snkey.snk, and
// a code group that gives full trust to assemblies signed with snkey.snk.
// The user control displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of
// the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must
// contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.
// Caution  This sample demonstrates the use of the Assert method.  Calling Assert removes the
// requirement that all code in the call chain must be granted permission to access the specified
// resource, it can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or inappropriately. Therefore,
// it should be used with great caution.  Assert should always be followed with a RevertAssert
// command to restore the security settings.
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Data.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Data;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Runtime::CompilerServices;

// This strong name key is used to create a code group that gives permissions to this assembly.
// The AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute requires the assembly to be signed with a strong name key.
// This attribute is necessary since the control is called by either an intranet or Internet
// Web page that should be running under restricted permissions.
// The userControl1 displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
// the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
// contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.

[assembly:AssemblyKeyFile("snKey.snk")];
[assembly:AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")];
[assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers];
public ref class UserControl1: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
private:
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ textBox1;
   System::Windows::Forms::ListBox^ listBox1;

   // Required designer variable.
   System::ComponentModel::Container^ components;

public:
// Demand the zone requirement for the calling application.
[ZoneIdentityPermission(SecurityAction::Demand, Zone = SecurityZone::Intranet)]
   UserControl1()
   {
      
      // This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer.
      InitializeComponent();
      
      // The OpenFileDialog box should not require any special permissions.
      OpenFileDialog^ fileDialog = gcnew OpenFileDialog;
      if ( fileDialog->ShowDialog() == DialogResult::OK )
      {
         
         // Reading the name of the selected file from the OpenFileDialog box
         // and reading the file requires FileIOPermission.  The user control should 
         // have this permission granted through its code group; the Web page that calls the 
         // control should not have this permission.  The Assert command prevents a stack walk 
         // that would fail because the caller does not have the required FileIOPermission.  
         // The use of Assert can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or 
         // inappropriately. Therefore, it should be used with great caution.
         // The Assert command should be followed by a RevertAssert as soon as the file operation 
         // is completed.
         (gcnew FileIOPermission( PermissionState::Unrestricted ))->Assert();
         textBox1->Text = fileDialog->FileName;

         // Display the contents of the file in the text box.
         FileStream^ fsIn = gcnew FileStream( textBox1->Text,FileMode::Open,FileAccess::Read,FileShare::Read );
         StreamReader^ sr = gcnew StreamReader( fsIn );
         
         // Process every line in the file
         for ( String ^ Line = sr->ReadLine(); Line != nullptr; Line = sr->ReadLine() )
         {
            listBox1->Items->Add( Line );

         }

         // file operations.
         FileIOPermission::RevertAssert();
      }
   }

private:

   /// <summary>
   /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
   /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
   /// </summary>
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->textBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->listBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ListBox;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      
      // 
      // textBox1
      // 
      this->textBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 208, 112 );
      this->textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
      this->textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 320, 20 );
      this->textBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->textBox1->Text = "textBox1";
      this->textBox1->TextChanged += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&UserControl1::textBox1_TextChanged );
      
      // 
      // listBox1
      // 
      this->listBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 200, 184 );
      this->listBox1->Name = "listBox1";
      this->listBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 336, 108 );
      this->listBox1->TabIndex = 1;
      
      // 
      // UserControl1
      // 
      this->Controls->Add( this->listBox1 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->textBox1 );
      this->Name = "UserControl1";
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 592, 400 );
      this->Load += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&UserControl1::UserControl1_Load );
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

   void UserControl1_Load( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ ){}

   void textBox1_TextChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ ){}

};

// The following HTML code can be used to call the user control in this sample.
//
//		<OBJECT id="usercontrol" classid="usercontrol.dll#UserControl.UserControl1" width="800"
//		height="300" style="font-size:12;">

// To run this test control you must create a strong name key, snkey.snk, and 
// a code group that gives full trust to assemblies signed with snkey.snk.

// The user control displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
// the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
// contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.

// Caution  This sample demonstrates the use of the Assert method.  Calling Assert removes the 
// requirement that all code in the call chain must be granted permission to access the specified 
// resource, it can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or inappropriately. Therefore, 
// it should be used with great caution.  Assert should always be followed with a RevertAssert 
// command to restore the security settings.


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Data;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.IO;
using System.Security;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

// This strong name key is used to create a code group that gives permissions to this assembly.
[assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("snKey.snk")]
[assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")]

// The AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute requires the assembly to be signed with a strong name key.
// This attribute is necessary since the control is called by either an intranet or Internet
// Web page that should be running under restricted permissions.
[assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers]
namespace UserControl
{
    // The userControl1 displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
    // the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
    // contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.
    public class UserControl1 : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ListBox listBox1;
        // Required designer variable.
        private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

              // Demand the zone requirement for the calling application.
              [ZoneIdentityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Zone = SecurityZone.Intranet)]
        public UserControl1()
        {
            // This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer.
            InitializeComponent();

            // The OpenFileDialog box should not require any special permissions.
            OpenFileDialog fileDialog = new OpenFileDialog();
            if(fileDialog.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                // Reading the name of the selected file from the OpenFileDialog box
                // and reading the file requires FileIOPermission.  The user control should 
                // have this permission granted through its code group; the Web page that calls the 
                // control should not have this permission.  The Assert command prevents a stack walk 
                // that would fail because the caller does not have the required FileIOPermission.  
                // The use of Assert can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or 
                // inappropriately. Therefore, it should be used with great caution.
                // The Assert command should be followed by a RevertAssert as soon as the file operation 
                // is completed.
                new FileIOPermission(PermissionState.Unrestricted).Assert();
                textBox1.Text = fileDialog.FileName;
                // Display the contents of the file in the text box.
                FileStream fsIn = new FileStream(textBox1.Text, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, 
                    FileShare.Read);
                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fsIn);
            
                // Process every line in the file
                for (String Line = sr.ReadLine(); Line != null; Line = sr.ReadLine()) 
                {
                    listBox1.Items.Add(Line);
                }
                // It is very important to call RevertAssert to restore the stack walk for
                // file operations.
                FileIOPermission.RevertAssert();
            }

        }

        // Clean up any resources being used.
        protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
        {
            if( disposing )
            {
                if( components != null )
                    components.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose( disposing );
        }

        #region Component Designer generated code
        /// <summary>
        /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
        /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
        /// </summary>
        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.listBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // textBox1
            // 
            this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(208, 112);
            this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
            this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(320, 20);
            this.textBox1.TabIndex = 0;
            this.textBox1.Text = "textBox1";
            this.textBox1.TextChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.textBox1_TextChanged);
            // 
            // listBox1
            // 
            this.listBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(200, 184);
            this.listBox1.Name = "listBox1";
            this.listBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(336, 108);
            this.listBox1.TabIndex = 1;
            // 
            // UserControl1
            // 
            this.Controls.Add(this.listBox1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
            this.Name = "UserControl1";
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(592, 400);
            this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.UserControl1_Load);
            this.ResumeLayout(false);

        }
        #endregion

        private void UserControl1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
        
        }

        private void textBox1_TextChanged(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
        
        }


    }
}
' The following HTML code can be used to call the user control in this sample.
'
'		<OBJECT id="usercontrol" classid="usercontrol.dll#UserControl.UserControl1" width="800"
'		height="300" style="font-size:12;">
' To run this test control you must create a strong name key, snkey.snk, and 
' a code group that gives full trust to assemblies signed with snkey.snk.
' The user control displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
' the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
' contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.
' Caution  This sample demonstrates the use of the Assert method.  Calling Assert removes the 
' requirement that all code in the call chain must be granted permission to access the specified 
' resource, it can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or inappropriately. Therefore, 
' it should be used with great caution.  Assert should always be followed with a RevertAssert 
' command to restore the security settings.

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

' This strong name key is used to create a code group that gives permissions to this assembly.

<Assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("snKey.snk")> 

<Assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")> 
' The AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute requires the assembly to be signed with a strong name key.
' This attribute is necessary since the control is called by either an intranet or Internet
' Web page that should be running under restricted permissions.

<Assembly: AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers()> 

' The userControl1 displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
' the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
' contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.

'Demand the zone requirement for the calling application.
<ZoneIdentityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Zone:=SecurityZone.Intranet)> _
Public Class UserControl1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    Private WithEvents textBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
    Private listBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox
    ' Required designer variable.
    Private components As System.ComponentModel.Container = Nothing


    Public Sub New()
        ' This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer.
        InitializeComponent()

        ' The OpenFileDialog box should not require any special permissions.
        Dim fileDialog As New OpenFileDialog
        If fileDialog.ShowDialog() = DialogResult.OK Then
            ' Reading the name of the selected file from the OpenFileDialog box
            ' and reading the file requires FileIOPermission.  The user control should 
            ' have this permission granted through its code group; the Web page that calls the 
            ' control should not have this permission.  The Assert command prevents a stack walk 
            ' that would fail because the caller does not have the required FileIOPermission.  
            ' The use of Assert can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or 
            ' inappropriately. Therefore, it should be used with great caution.
            ' The Assert command should be followed by a RevertAssert as soon as the file operation 
            ' is completed.
            Dim fileIOPermission As New FileIOPermission(PermissionState.Unrestricted)
            fileIOPermission.Assert()
            textBox1.Text = fileDialog.FileName
            ' Display the contents of the file in the text box.
            Dim fsIn As New FileStream(textBox1.Text, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read)
            Dim sr As New StreamReader(fsIn)

            ' Process every line in the file
            Dim Line As String
            Line = sr.ReadLine()
            While Not (Line Is Nothing)
                listBox1.Items.Add(Line)
                Line = sr.ReadLine()
            End While
            ' It is very important to call RevertAssert to restore the stack walk for
            ' file operations.
            fileIOPermission.RevertAssert()
        End If
    End Sub


    ' Clean up any resources being used.
    Protected Overloads Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
                components.Dispose()
            End If
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub


    ' Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
    ' the contents of this method with the code editor.
    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.textBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.listBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        ' 
        ' textBox1
        ' 
        Me.textBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(208, 112)
        Me.textBox1.Name = "textBox1"
        Me.textBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(320, 20)
        Me.textBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.textBox1.Text = "textBox1"
        ' 
        ' listBox1
        ' 
        Me.listBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(200, 184)
        Me.listBox1.Name = "listBox1"
        Me.listBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(336, 108)
        Me.listBox1.TabIndex = 1
        ' 
        ' UserControl1
        ' 
        Me.Controls.Add(listBox1)
        Me.Controls.Add(textBox1)
        Me.Name = "UserControl1"
        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(592, 400)
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Private Sub UserControl1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    End Sub

    Private Sub textBox1_TextChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.TextChanged
    End Sub
End Class

Комментарии

Важно!

Частично доверенный код больше не поддерживается.Partially trusted code is no longer supported. Этот атрибут не влияет на .NET Core.This attribute has no effect in .NET Core.

Примечание

@No__t-0 содержит новые правила безопасности, влияющие на поведение атрибута AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (см. раздел прозрачный для системы безопасности код, уровень 2).The .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 introduces new security rules that affect the behavior of the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute attribute (see Security-Transparent Code, Level 2). В .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 весь код по умолчанию имеет прозрачный для безопасности, то есть частично доверенный.In the .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4, all code defaults to security-transparent, that is, partially trusted. Однако можно добавить заметки для отдельных типов и членов, чтобы назначить им другие атрибуты прозрачности.However, you can annotate individual types and members to assign them other transparency attributes. Сведения об этом и других изменениях безопасности см. в разделе изменения в системе безопасности.For this and other security changes, see Security Changes.

Сборки .NET Framework версии 2,0 () должны иметь строгие имена, чтобы эффективно использовать атрибут AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA)..NET Framework version 2.0 () assemblies must be strong-named to effectively use the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA) attribute. сборки .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 () не обязательно должны иметь строгие имена, чтобы атрибут APTCA действовал, и они могут содержать прозрачный, критически важный для безопасности и безопасный код..NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 () assemblies do not have to be strong-named for the APTCA attribute to be effective, and they can contain transparent, security-critical and security-safe-critical code. Дополнительные сведения о применении атрибутов на уровне сборки см. в разделе применение атрибутов.For more information about applying attributes at the assembly level, see Applying Attributes.

По умолчанию, если сборка со строгим именем не применяет этот атрибут явно на уровне сборки, она может быть вызвана только другими сборками, которым предоставлено полное доверие.By default, if a strong-named, assembly does not explicitly apply this attribute at the assembly level, it can be called only by other assemblies that are granted full trust. Это ограничение применяется путем размещения LinkDemand для FullTrust при каждом открытом или защищенном методе для каждого общедоступного класса в сборке.This restriction is enforced by placing a LinkDemand for FullTrust on every public or protected method on every publicly accessible class in the assembly. Сборки, которые должны вызываться частично доверенным кодом, могут объявить свое намерение с помощью AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute.Assemblies that are intended to be called by partially trusted code can declare their intent through the use of AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute. Примером объявления в C# является [assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers]; примером в Visual Basic является <assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers>.An example of the declaration in C# is [assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers]; an example in Visual Basic is <assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers>.

Внимание!

Наличие этого атрибута уровня сборки предотвращает поведение по умолчанию при выполнении проверок безопасности FullTrust @ no__t-1 и делает сборку вызываемой из любой другой сборки (частично или полностью доверенной).The presence of this assembly-level attribute prevents the default behavior of placing FullTrustLinkDemand security checks, and makes the assembly callable from any other (partially or fully trusted) assembly.

При наличии атрибута APTCA все остальные проверки безопасности функционируют так, как задумано, включая любые существующие декларативные атрибуты безопасности уровня класса или метода.When the APTCA attribute is present, all other security checks function as intended, including any class-level or method-level declarative security attributes that are present. Этот атрибут блокирует только неявное, полностью доверенное требование вызывающего.This attribute blocks only the implicit, fully trusted caller demand.

Это не декларативный атрибут безопасности, а обычный атрибут (он является производным от System.Attribute, а не от System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAttribute).This is not a declarative security attribute, but a regular attribute (it derives from System.Attribute, not from System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAttribute).

Дополнительные сведения см. в разделе Использование библиотек из частично доверенного кода.For more information, see Using Libraries from Partially Trusted Code.

Конструкторы

AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute class.

Свойства

PartialTrustVisibilityLevel

Получает или задает видимость по умолчанию с частичным доверием для кода, отмеченного атрибутом AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA).Gets or sets the default partial trust visibility for code that is marked with the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA) attribute.

TypeId

При реализации в производном классе возвращает уникальный идентификатор для этого Attribute.When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)

Методы

Equals(Object)

Возвращает значение, показывающее, равен ли экземпляр указанному объекту.Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
GetHashCode()

Возвращает хэш-код данного экземпляра.Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

При переопределении в производном классе указывает, является ли значение этого экземпляра значением по умолчанию для производного класса.When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
Match(Object)

При переопределении в производном классе возвращает значение, указывающее, является ли этот экземпляр равным заданному объекту.When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)

Явные реализации интерфейса

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Сопоставляет набор имен соответствующему набору идентификаторов диспетчеризации.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Возвращает сведения о типе объекта, которые можно использовать для получения сведений о типе интерфейса.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Возвращает количество предоставляемых объектом интерфейсов для доступа к сведениям о типе (0 или 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Унаследовано от Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Предоставляет доступ к открытым свойствам и методам объекта.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Унаследовано от Attribute)

Применяется к