X509Store X509Store X509Store X509Store Class

Определение

Представляет хранилище X.509, которое является физическими хранилищем, используемым для хранения и управления сертификатами X.509.Represents an X.509 store, which is a physical store where certificates are persisted and managed. Этот класс не наследуется.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class X509Store sealed : IDisposable
public sealed class X509Store : IDisposable
type X509Store = class
    interface IDisposable
Public NotInheritable Class X509Store
Implements IDisposable
Наследование
X509StoreX509StoreX509StoreX509Store
Реализации

Примеры

Этот раздел содержит два примера.This section contains two examples. В первом примере показано, как можно открыть стандартные хранилища X. 509 и отобразить количество сертификатов в каждом из них.The first example demonstrates how you can open standard X.509 stores and list the number of certificates in each.

Во втором примере показано, как можно добавлять и удалять отдельные сертификаты и диапазоны сертификатов.The second example demonstrates how you can add and remove single certificates and ranges of certificates.

Пример 1Example 1

В этом примере предпринимается попытка открыть каждое стандартное хранилище в каждом стандартном расположении на текущем компьютере.This example tries to open each standard store in each standard location on the current computer. На ней выводится сводка, показывающая, существует ли каждое хранилище, и, если да, то число сертификатов, которое он содержит.It prints a summary that shows whether each store exists and, if so, the number of certificates it contains.

В примере создается X509Store объект для каждого сочетания стандартного имени и стандартного расположения.The example creates an X509Store object for each combination of standard name and standard location. Он вызывает Open метод OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly с флагом, который открывает физическое хранилище, только если оно уже существует.It calls the Open method with the OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly flag, which opens the physical store only if it already exists. Если физическое хранилище существует, в примере используются Nameсвойства, Locationи Certificates , чтобы отобразить количество сертификатов в хранилище.If the physical store exists, the example uses the Name, Location, and Certificates properties to display the number of certificates in the store.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

public class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nExists Certs Name and Location");
        Console.WriteLine("------ ----- -------------------------");

        foreach (StoreLocation storeLocation in (StoreLocation[]) 
            Enum.GetValues(typeof(StoreLocation)))
        {
            foreach (StoreName storeName in (StoreName[]) 
                Enum.GetValues(typeof(StoreName)))
            {
                X509Store store = new X509Store(storeName, storeLocation);

                try
                {
                    store.Open(OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

                    Console.WriteLine("Yes    {0,4}  {1}, {2}", 
                        store.Certificates.Count, store.Name, store.Location);
                }   
                catch (CryptographicException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("No           {0}, {1}", 
                        store.Name, store.Location);
                }
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

Exists Certs Name and Location
------ ----- -------------------------
Yes       1  AddressBook, CurrentUser
Yes      25  AuthRoot, CurrentUser
Yes     136  CA, CurrentUser
Yes      55  Disallowed, CurrentUser
Yes      20  My, CurrentUser
Yes      36  Root, CurrentUser
Yes       0  TrustedPeople, CurrentUser
Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, CurrentUser

No           AddressBook, LocalMachine
Yes      25  AuthRoot, LocalMachine
Yes     131  CA, LocalMachine
Yes      55  Disallowed, LocalMachine
Yes       3  My, LocalMachine
Yes      36  Root, LocalMachine
Yes       0  TrustedPeople, LocalMachine
Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, LocalMachine

 */
Option Strict On

Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates

Module Example

    Sub Main()

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Exists Certs Name and Location")
        Console.WriteLine("------ ----- -------------------------")

        For Each storeLocation As StoreLocation In _
                CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(StoreLocation)), StoreLocation())

            For Each storeName As StoreName In _
                    CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(StoreName)), StoreName())

                Dim store As New X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation)

                Try
                    store.Open(OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)
                    Console.WriteLine("Yes    {0,4}  {1}, {2}", _
                        store.Certificates.Count, store.Name, store.Location)
                Catch e As CryptographicException
                    Console.WriteLine("No           {0}, {1}", _
                        store.Name, store.Location)
                End Try
            Next

            Console.WriteLine()
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' This example produces output similar to the following:

'Exists Certs Name and Location
'------ ----- -------------------------
'Yes       1  AddressBook, CurrentUser
'Yes      25  AuthRoot, CurrentUser
'Yes     136  CA, CurrentUser
'Yes      55  Disallowed, CurrentUser
'Yes      20  My, CurrentUser
'Yes      36  Root, CurrentUser
'Yes       0  TrustedPeople, CurrentUser
'Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, CurrentUser

'No           AddressBook, LocalMachine
'Yes      25  AuthRoot, LocalMachine
'Yes     131  CA, LocalMachine
'Yes      55  Disallowed, LocalMachine
'Yes       3  My, LocalMachine
'Yes      36  Root, LocalMachine
'Yes       0  TrustedPeople, LocalMachine
'Yes       1  TrustedPublisher, LocalMachine

Пример 2Example 2

В этом примере открывается хранилище сертификатов X. 509, добавляются и удаляются сертификаты, а затем закрывается хранилище.This example opens an X.509 certificate store, adds and deletes certificates, and then closes the store. Предполагается, что у вас есть три сертификата для добавления в локальное хранилище и удаления из него.It assumes that you have three certificates to add to and remove from a local store.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   
   //Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
   X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store( "teststore",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
   store->Open( OpenFlags::ReadWrite );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate = gcnew X509Certificate2;
   
   //Create certificates from certificate files.
   //You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate1 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate2 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate5 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   
   //Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ collection = gcnew X509Certificate2Collection;
   collection->Add( certificate2 );
   collection->Add( certificate5 );
   
   //Add certificates to the store.
   store->Add( certificate1 );
   store->AddRange( collection );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "Store name: {0}", store->Name );
   Console::WriteLine( "Store location: {0}", store->Location );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = storecollection->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
   }

   
   //Remove a certificate.
   store->Remove( certificate1 );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection2 = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}Store name: {0}", store->Name, Environment::NewLine );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = storecollection2->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
   {
      X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum1->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
   }

   
   //Remove a range of certificates.
   store->RemoveRange( collection );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection3 = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}Store name: {0}", store->Name, Environment::NewLine );
   if ( storecollection3->Count == 0 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Store contains no certificates." );
   }
   else
   {
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = storecollection3->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
      {
         X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum2->Current);
         Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
      }
   }

   
   //Close the store.
   store->Close();
}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.IO;

public class X509store2
{
	public static void Main (string[] args)
	{
		//Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
		X509Store store = new X509Store ("teststore", StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
		store.Open (OpenFlags.ReadWrite);
		X509Certificate2 certificate = new X509Certificate2 ();

		//Create certificates from certificate files.
		//You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
		X509Certificate2 certificate1 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");
		X509Certificate2 certificate2 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");
		X509Certificate2 certificate5 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");

		//Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
		X509Certificate2Collection collection = new X509Certificate2Collection ();
		collection.Add (certificate2);
		collection.Add (certificate5);

		//Add certificates to the store.
		store.Add (certificate1);
		store.AddRange (collection);

		X509Certificate2Collection storecollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
		Console.WriteLine ("Store name: {0}", store.Name);
		Console.WriteLine ("Store location: {0}", store.Location);
		foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}",x509.Subject);
		}

		//Remove a certificate.
		store.Remove (certificate1);
		X509Certificate2Collection storecollection2 = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
		Console.WriteLine ("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine);
		foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection2)
		{
			Console.WriteLine ("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject);
		}

		//Remove a range of certificates.
		store.RemoveRange (collection);
		X509Certificate2Collection storecollection3 = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
		Console.WriteLine ("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine);
		if (storecollection3.Count == 0)
		{
			Console.WriteLine ("Store contains no certificates.");
		}
		else
		{
			foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection3)
			{
				Console.WriteLine ("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject);
			}
		}

		//Close the store.
		store.Close ();
	}	
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.IO



Class X509store2

    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        'Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
        Dim store As New X509Store("teststore", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadWrite)
        Dim certificate As New X509Certificate2()

        'Create certificates from certificate files.
        'You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
        Dim certificate1 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")
        Dim certificate2 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")
        Dim certificate5 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")

        'Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
        Dim collection As New X509Certificate2Collection()
        collection.Add(certificate2)
        collection.Add(certificate5)

        'Add certificates to the store.
        store.Add(certificate1)
        store.AddRange(collection)

        Dim storecollection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("Store name: {0}", store.Name)
        Console.WriteLine("Store location: {0}", store.Location)
        Dim x509 As X509Certificate2
        For Each x509 In storecollection
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject)
        Next x509

        'Remove a certificate.
        store.Remove(certificate1)
        Dim storecollection2 As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine)
        Dim x509a As X509Certificate2
        For Each x509a In storecollection2
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509a.Subject)
        Next x509a

        'Remove a range of certificates.
        store.RemoveRange(collection)
        Dim storecollection3 As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine)
        If storecollection3.Count = 0 Then
            Console.WriteLine("Store contains no certificates.")
        Else
            Dim x509b As X509Certificate2
            For Each x509b In storecollection3
                Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509b.Subject)
            Next x509b
        End If

        'Close the store.
        store.Close()

    End Sub
End Class

Комментарии

Используйте этот класс для работы с хранилищем X. 509.Use this class to work with an X.509 store.

Важно!

Начиная с .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6, этот тип IDisposable реализует интерфейс.Starting with the .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6, this type implements the IDisposable interface. По окончании использования выдаленную ему память следует прямо или косвенно освободить.When you have finished using the type, you should dispose of it either directly or indirectly. Чтобы сделать это прямо, вызовите его метод Dispose в блоке try/catch.To dispose of the type directly, call its Dispose method in a try/catch block. Чтобы сделать это косвенно, используйте языковые конструкции, такие как using (в C#) или Using (в Visual Basic).To dispose of it indirectly, use a language construct such as using (in C#) or Using (in Visual Basic). Дополнительные сведения см. в разделе "Использование объекта, реализующего IDisposable" в статье об интерфейсе IDisposable.For more information, see the "Using an Object that Implements IDisposable" section in the IDisposable interface topic.

Для приложений, предназначенных .NET Framework 4.5.2.NET Framework 4.5.2 для и более ранних X509Store версий, IDisposable класс не реализует интерфейс и поэтому не имеет Dispose метода.For apps that target the .NET Framework 4.5.2.NET Framework 4.5.2 and earlier versions, the X509Store class does not implement the IDisposable interface and therefore does not have a Dispose method.

Конструкторы

X509Store() X509Store() X509Store() X509Store()

Инициализирует новый класс X509Store с использованием личных сертификатов из хранилища текущего пользователя.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the personal certificates of the current user store.

X509Store(IntPtr) X509Store(IntPtr) X509Store(IntPtr) X509Store(IntPtr)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса X509Store с помощью дескриптора Intptr в хранилище HCERTSTORE.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using an Intptr handle to an HCERTSTORE store.

X509Store(StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreLocation)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса X509Store, используя указанное значение StoreLocation.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified StoreLocation value.

X509Store(StoreName) X509Store(StoreName) X509Store(StoreName) X509Store(StoreName)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса X509Store, используя указанное значение StoreName.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified StoreName value.

X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса X509Store, используя указанные объекты StoreName и значения StoreLocation.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified StoreName and StoreLocation values.

X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(StoreName, StoreLocation, OpenFlags)
X509Store(String) X509Store(String) X509Store(String) X509Store(String)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса X509Store, используя указанное имя хранилища.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using the specified store name.

X509Store(String, StoreLocation) X509Store(String, StoreLocation) X509Store(String, StoreLocation) X509Store(String, StoreLocation)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса X509Store с помощью строки, представляющей значение из перечисления StoreName и StoreLocation.Initializes a new instance of the X509Store class using a string that represents a value from the StoreName enumeration and a value from the StoreLocation enumeration.

X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags) X509Store(String, StoreLocation, OpenFlags)

Свойства

Certificates Certificates Certificates Certificates

Возвращает коллекцию сертификатов, расположенную в хранилище сертификатов X.509.Returns a collection of certificates located in an X.509 certificate store.

IsOpen IsOpen IsOpen IsOpen
Location Location Location Location

Получает расположение хранилища сертификатов X.509.Gets the location of the X.509 certificate store.

Name Name Name Name

Получает имя хранилища сертификатов X.509.Gets the name of the X.509 certificate store.

StoreHandle StoreHandle StoreHandle StoreHandle

Получает дескриптор IntPtr в хранилище HCERTSTORE.Gets an IntPtr handle to an HCERTSTORE store.

Методы

Add(X509Certificate2) Add(X509Certificate2) Add(X509Certificate2) Add(X509Certificate2)

Добавляет сертификат в хранилище сертификатов X.509.Adds a certificate to an X.509 certificate store.

AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection) AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection) AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection) AddRange(X509Certificate2Collection)

Добавляет коллекцию сертификатов в хранилище сертификатов X.509.Adds a collection of certificates to an X.509 certificate store.

Close() Close() Close() Close()

Закрывает хранилище сертификатов X.509.Closes an X.509 certificate store.

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Освобождает ресурсы, используемые этим классом X509Store.Releases the resources used by this X509Store.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли заданный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Open(OpenFlags) Open(OpenFlags) Open(OpenFlags) Open(OpenFlags)

Открывает хранилище сертификатов X.509 или создает новое хранилище, в зависимости от параметров флага OpenFlags.Opens an X.509 certificate store or creates a new store, depending on OpenFlags flag settings.

Remove(X509Certificate2) Remove(X509Certificate2) Remove(X509Certificate2) Remove(X509Certificate2)

Удаляет сертификат из хранилища сертификатов X.509.Removes a certificate from an X.509 certificate store.

RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection) RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection) RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection) RemoveRange(X509Certificate2Collection)

Удаляет диапазон сертификатов из хранилища сертификатов X.509.Removes a range of certificates from an X.509 certificate store.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Применяется к