EncryptedKey Класс

Определение

Представляет элемент <EncryptedKey> в XML-шифровании.Represents the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption. Этот класс не наследуется.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class EncryptedKey sealed : System::Security::Cryptography::Xml::EncryptedType
public sealed class EncryptedKey : System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptedType
type EncryptedKey = class
    inherit EncryptedType
Public NotInheritable Class EncryptedKey
Inherits EncryptedType
Наследование
EncryptedKey

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как зашифровать и расшифровать XML-элемент с помощью EncryptedKey класса.The following example illustrates how to encrypt and decrypt an XML element by using the EncryptedKey class. В этом примере на консоль выводятся значения различных свойств EncryptedKey класса.This example then displays the values of various properties of the EncryptedKey class to the console.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.
        RSA rsaKey = RSA.Create();

        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }
    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");
        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Aes key.
        Aes sessionKey = Aes.Create();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);
    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();
    }

    static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
    {
        // Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
        XmlElement encryptedKey = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")[0] as XmlElement;

        // Create a new EncryptedKey object.
        EncryptedKey k = new EncryptedKey();

        // Load the XML from the document to
        // initialize the EncryptedKey object.
        k.LoadXml(encryptedKey);

        // Display the properties.
        // Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);
        if (k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient);

        if (k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey As RSA = RSA.Create()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptParam As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncryptParam Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptParam)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Aes key.
        Dim sessionKey As Aes = Aes.Create()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub


    Sub InspectElement(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument)
        ' Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
        Dim encryptedKey As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")(0)

        ' Create a new EncryptedKey object.
        Dim k As New EncryptedKey()

        ' Load the XML from the document to
        ' initialize the EncryptedKey object.
        k.LoadXml(encryptedKey)

        ' Display the properties.
        ' Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml)
        If k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties(0).GetXml().InnerXml)
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient)

        If k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList(0).GetXml().InnerXml)
        End If

    End Sub
End Module

Комментарии

Этот класс представляет <EncryptedKey> элемент в XML-шифровании.This class represents the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption. <EncryptedKey>Элемент используется для отправки ключей шифрования.The <EncryptedKey> element is used to send encryption keys. Его можно создать в отдельном XML-документе, поместить в документ приложения или внутри <EncryptedData> элемента в качестве дочернего элемента <KeyInfo> .It can be created in a stand-alone XML document, be placed within an application document, or be inside an <EncryptedData> element as a child of a <KeyInfo> element. Значение ключа всегда шифруется для получателя.The key value is always encrypted to the recipient. При <EncryptedKey> расшифровке полученный ключ становится доступным для <EncryptionMethod> алгоритма без дополнительной обработки.When <EncryptedKey> is decrypted, the resulting key is made available to the <EncryptionMethod> algorithm without any additional processing.

<EncryptedKey>Элемент аналогичен <EncryptedData> элементу EncryptedData класса, за исключением того, что зашифрованные данные всегда являются ключевым значением.The <EncryptedKey> element is similar to the <EncryptedData> element of the EncryptedData class except that the data encrypted is always a key value.

Конструкторы

EncryptedKey()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса EncryptedKey.Initializes a new instance of the EncryptedKey class.

Свойства

CarriedKeyName

Получает или задает необязательный элемент <CarriedKeyName> в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the optional <CarriedKeyName> element in XML encryption.

CipherData

Получает или задает значение CipherData для экземпляра класса EncryptedType.Gets or sets the CipherData value for an instance of an EncryptedType class.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
Encoding

Получает или задает атрибут Encoding экземпляра EncryptedType в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the Encoding attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
EncryptionMethod

Получает или задает элемент <EncryptionMethod> для XML-шифрования.Gets or sets the <EncryptionMethod> element for XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
EncryptionProperties

Получает или задает элемент <EncryptionProperties> в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the <EncryptionProperties> element in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
Id

Получает или задает атрибут Id экземпляра EncryptedType в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the Id attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
KeyInfo

Получает или задает элемент <KeyInfo> в XML-шифровании.Gets of sets the <KeyInfo> element in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
MimeType

Получает или задает атрибут MimeType экземпляра EncryptedType в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the MimeType attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
Recipient

Получает или задает необязательный атрибут Recipient в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the optional Recipient attribute in XML encryption.

ReferenceList

Получает или задает элемент <ReferenceList> в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the <ReferenceList> element in XML encryption.

Type

Получает или задает атрибут Type экземпляра EncryptedType в XML-шифровании.Gets or sets the Type attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)

Методы

AddProperty(EncryptionProperty)

Добавляет дочерний элемент <EncryptionProperty> в элемент <EncryptedProperties> в текущем объекте EncryptedType при XML-шифровании.Adds an <EncryptionProperty> child element to the <EncryptedProperties> element in the current EncryptedType object in XML encryption.

(Унаследовано от EncryptedType)
AddReference(DataReference)

Добавляет элемент <DataReference> в элемент <ReferenceList>.Adds a <DataReference> element to the <ReferenceList> element.

AddReference(KeyReference)

Добавляет элемент <KeyReference> в элемент <ReferenceList>.Adds a <KeyReference> element to the <ReferenceList> element.

Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли указанный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetXml()

Возвращает XML-представление объекта EncryptedKey.Returns the XML representation of the EncryptedKey object.

LoadXml(XmlElement)

Загружает указанные сведения XML в элемент <EncryptedKey> при XML-шифровании.Loads the specified XML information into the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption.

MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)

Применяется к