ParallelLoopState.ShouldExitCurrentIteration Свойство

Определение

Получает значение, указывающее, следует ли текущей итерации цикла завершить работу на основе запросов от этой или других итераций.Gets whether the current iteration of the loop should exit based on requests made by this or other iterations.

public:
 property bool ShouldExitCurrentIteration { bool get(); };
public bool ShouldExitCurrentIteration { get; }
member this.ShouldExitCurrentIteration : bool
Public ReadOnly Property ShouldExitCurrentIteration As Boolean

Значение свойства

Boolean

Значение true, если текущая итерация должна завершать работу; в противном случае — значение false.true if the current iteration should exit; otherwise, false.

Примеры

В следующем примере выполняется параллельное выполнение до 100 итераций цикла.The following example executes up to 100 iterations of a loop in parallel. Каждая итерация приостанавливается на случайный интервал от 1 до 1 000 миллисекунд.Each iteration pauses for a random interval from 1 to 1,000 milliseconds. Генерируемое случайным образом значение определяет, на какой итерации цикла Break вызывается метод.A randomly generated value determines on which iteration of the loop the Break method is called. Это предотвращает выполнение итераций, индекс которых больше LowestBreakIteration значения свойства, начиная с вызова Break метода, но не влияет на итерации, которые уже начали выполняться.This prevents iterations whose index is greater than the LowestBreakIteration property value from starting after the call to the Break method, but it does not affect any iterations that have already begun executing. Чтобы предотвратить их завершение, каждая итерация вызывает метод, ShouldExitCurrentIteration чтобы проверить, вызвал ли другой перебор Break метод.To prevent these from completing, each iteration calls the ShouldExitCurrentIteration method to check whether another iteration has called the Break method. Если да, то итерация проверяет значение LowestBreakIteration Свойства и, если оно больше, чем значение индекса текущей итерации, возвращает немедленно.If so, the iteration checks the value of the LowestBreakIteration property and, if it is greater than the current iteration's index value, returns immediately.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        var rnd = new Random();
        int breakIndex = rnd.Next(1, 11);

        Console.WriteLine($"Will call Break at iteration {breakIndex}\n");

        var result = Parallel.For(1, 101, (i, state) => 
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Beginning iteration {i}");
            int delay;
            lock (rnd)
                delay = rnd.Next(1, 1001);
            Thread.Sleep(delay);

            if (state.ShouldExitCurrentIteration)
            {
                if (state.LowestBreakIteration < i)
                    return;
            }

            if (i == breakIndex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Break in iteration {i}");
                state.Break();
            }

            Console.WriteLine($"Completed iteration {i}");
        });

        if (result.LowestBreakIteration.HasValue)
            Console.WriteLine($"\nLowest Break Iteration: {result.LowestBreakIteration}");
        else
            Console.WriteLine($"\nNo lowest break iteration.");
    }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Will call Break at iteration 8
//
//       Beginning iteration 1
//       Beginning iteration 13
//       Beginning iteration 97
//       Beginning iteration 25
//       Beginning iteration 49
//       Beginning iteration 37
//       Beginning iteration 85
//       Beginning iteration 73
//       Beginning iteration 61
//       Completed iteration 85
//       Beginning iteration 86
//       Completed iteration 61
//       Beginning iteration 62
//       Completed iteration 86
//       Beginning iteration 87
//       Completed iteration 37
//       Beginning iteration 38
//       Completed iteration 38
//       Beginning iteration 39
//       Completed iteration 25
//       Beginning iteration 26
//       Completed iteration 26
//       Beginning iteration 27
//       Completed iteration 73
//       Beginning iteration 74
//       Completed iteration 62
//       Beginning iteration 63
//       Completed iteration 39
//       Beginning iteration 40
//       Completed iteration 40
//       Beginning iteration 41
//       Completed iteration 13
//       Beginning iteration 14
//       Completed iteration 1
//       Beginning iteration 2
//       Completed iteration 97
//       Beginning iteration 98
//       Completed iteration 49
//       Beginning iteration 50
//       Completed iteration 87
//       Completed iteration 27
//       Beginning iteration 28
//       Completed iteration 50
//       Beginning iteration 51
//       Beginning iteration 88
//       Completed iteration 14
//       Beginning iteration 15
//       Completed iteration 15
//       Completed iteration 2
//       Beginning iteration 3
//       Beginning iteration 16
//       Completed iteration 63
//       Beginning iteration 64
//       Completed iteration 74
//       Beginning iteration 75
//       Completed iteration 41
//       Beginning iteration 42
//       Completed iteration 28
//       Beginning iteration 29
//       Completed iteration 29
//       Beginning iteration 30
//       Completed iteration 98
//       Beginning iteration 99
//       Completed iteration 64
//       Beginning iteration 65
//       Completed iteration 42
//       Beginning iteration 43
//       Completed iteration 88
//       Beginning iteration 89
//       Completed iteration 51
//       Beginning iteration 52
//       Completed iteration 16
//       Beginning iteration 17
//       Completed iteration 43
//       Beginning iteration 44
//       Completed iteration 44
//       Beginning iteration 45
//       Completed iteration 99
//       Beginning iteration 4
//       Completed iteration 3
//       Beginning iteration 8
//       Completed iteration 4
//       Beginning iteration 5
//       Completed iteration 52
//       Beginning iteration 53
//       Completed iteration 75
//       Beginning iteration 76
//       Completed iteration 76
//       Beginning iteration 77
//       Completed iteration 65
//       Beginning iteration 66
//       Completed iteration 5
//       Beginning iteration 6
//       Completed iteration 89
//       Beginning iteration 90
//       Completed iteration 30
//       Beginning iteration 31
//       Break in iteration 8
//       Completed iteration 8
//       Completed iteration 6
//       Beginning iteration 7
//       Completed iteration 7
//
//       Lowest Break Iteration: 8
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim rnd As New Random()
      Dim breakIndex As Integer = rnd.Next(1, 11)
      Dim lowest As New Nullable(Of Long)()

      Console.WriteLine("Will call Break at iteration {0}", breakIndex)
      Console.WriteLine()

      Dim result = Parallel.For(1, 101, Sub(i, state)
                                            Console.WriteLine("Beginning iteration {0}", i)
                                            Dim delay As Integer
                                            Monitor.Enter(rnd)
                                               delay = rnd.Next(1, 1001)
                                            Monitor.Exit(rnd)
                                            Thread.Sleep(delay)

                                            If state.ShouldExitCurrentIteration Then
                                               If state.LowestBreakIteration < i Then
                                                  Return
                                               End If
                                            End If

                                            If i = breakIndex Then
                                               Console.WriteLine("Break in iteration {0}", i)
                                               state.Break()
                                               If state.LowestBreakIteration.HasValue Then
                                                  If lowest < state.LowestBreakIteration Then
                                                     lowest = state.LowestBreakIteration
                                                  Else
                                                     lowest = state.LowestBreakIteration
                                                  End If
                                               End If
                                            End If

                                            Console.WriteLine("Completed iteration {0}", i)
                                       End Sub )
         Console.WriteLine()
         If lowest.HasValue Then
            Console.WriteLine("Lowest Break Iteration: {0}", lowest)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("No lowest break iteration.")
         End If
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Will call Break at iteration 8
'
'       Beginning iteration 1
'       Beginning iteration 13
'       Beginning iteration 97
'       Beginning iteration 25
'       Beginning iteration 49
'       Beginning iteration 37
'       Beginning iteration 85
'       Beginning iteration 73
'       Beginning iteration 61
'       Completed iteration 85
'       Beginning iteration 86
'       Completed iteration 61
'       Beginning iteration 62
'       Completed iteration 86
'       Beginning iteration 87
'       Completed iteration 37
'       Beginning iteration 38
'       Completed iteration 38
'       Beginning iteration 39
'       Completed iteration 25
'       Beginning iteration 26
'       Completed iteration 26
'       Beginning iteration 27
'       Completed iteration 73
'       Beginning iteration 74
'       Completed iteration 62
'       Beginning iteration 63
'       Completed iteration 39
'       Beginning iteration 40
'       Completed iteration 40
'       Beginning iteration 41
'       Completed iteration 13
'       Beginning iteration 14
'       Completed iteration 1
'       Beginning iteration 2
'       Completed iteration 97
'       Beginning iteration 98
'       Completed iteration 49
'       Beginning iteration 50
'       Completed iteration 87
'       Completed iteration 27
'       Beginning iteration 28
'       Completed iteration 50
'       Beginning iteration 51
'       Beginning iteration 88
'       Completed iteration 14
'       Beginning iteration 15
'       Completed iteration 15
'       Completed iteration 2
'       Beginning iteration 3
'       Beginning iteration 16
'       Completed iteration 63
'       Beginning iteration 64
'       Completed iteration 74
'       Beginning iteration 75
'       Completed iteration 41
'       Beginning iteration 42
'       Completed iteration 28
'       Beginning iteration 29
'       Completed iteration 29
'       Beginning iteration 30
'       Completed iteration 98
'       Beginning iteration 99
'       Completed iteration 64
'       Beginning iteration 65
'       Completed iteration 42
'       Beginning iteration 43
'       Completed iteration 88
'       Beginning iteration 89
'       Completed iteration 51
'       Beginning iteration 52
'       Completed iteration 16
'       Beginning iteration 17
'       Completed iteration 43
'       Beginning iteration 44
'       Completed iteration 44
'       Beginning iteration 45
'       Completed iteration 99
'       Beginning iteration 4
'       Completed iteration 3
'       Beginning iteration 8
'       Completed iteration 4
'       Beginning iteration 5
'       Completed iteration 52
'       Beginning iteration 53
'       Completed iteration 75
'       Beginning iteration 76
'       Completed iteration 76
'       Beginning iteration 77
'       Completed iteration 65
'       Beginning iteration 66
'       Completed iteration 5
'       Beginning iteration 6
'       Completed iteration 89
'       Beginning iteration 90
'       Completed iteration 30
'       Beginning iteration 31
'       Break in iteration 8
'       Completed iteration 8
'       Completed iteration 6
'       Beginning iteration 7
'       Completed iteration 7
'
'       Lowest Break Iteration: 8

Комментарии

ShouldExitCurrentIterationДля свойства задано true любое из следующих условий:The ShouldExitCurrentIteration property is set to true under any of the following conditions:

  • Итерация цикла вызывает Break или Stop .An iteration of the loop calls Break or Stop.

  • Итерация цикла создает исключение.An iteration of the loop throws an exception.

  • Цикл отменен.The loop is canceled.

Если это свойство имеет значение true , Parallel класс будет заранее пытаться запретить выполнение дополнительных итераций цикла.When this property is true, the Parallel class will proactively attempt to prohibit additional iterations of the loop from starting execution. Однако возможны случаи, когда не удается предотвратить запуск дополнительных итераций.However, there may be cases where it is unable to prevent additional iterations from starting.

Это также может быть так, что долго выполняющаяся итерация уже начала выполнение.It may also be the case that a long-running iteration has already begun execution. В таких случаях итерации могут явно проверить ShouldExitCurrentIteration свойство и прекратить выполнение, если свойство возвращает значение true .In such cases, iterations may explicitly check the ShouldExitCurrentIteration property and cease execution if the property returns true.

Применяется к

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