CommandEventHandler CommandEventHandler CommandEventHandler CommandEventHandler Delegate

Определение

Представляет метод, обрабатывающий событие Command.Represents the method that will handle the Command event.

public delegate void CommandEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, CommandEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void CommandEventHandler(object sender, CommandEventArgs e);
type CommandEventHandler = delegate of obj * CommandEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub CommandEventHandler(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs)

Параметры

sender
Object Object Object Object

Источник события.The source of the event.

e
CommandEventArgs CommandEventArgs CommandEventArgs CommandEventArgs

Объект CommandEventArgs, содержащий данные события.A CommandEventArgs that contains the event data.

Наследование
CommandEventHandlerCommandEventHandlerCommandEventHandlerCommandEventHandler

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как задать и закодировать обработчик для Command события Button элемента управления.The following example demonstrates how to specify and code a handler for the Command event of a Button control. В этом примере обработчик событий задается декларативно с OnClick помощью свойства Button элемента управления.This example specifies the event handler declaratively, using the OnClick property of the Button control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      void CommandBtn_Click(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         switch(e.CommandName)
         {

            case "Sort":

               // Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List((String)e.CommandArgument);
               break;

            case "Submit":

               // Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Submit button";

               // Test whether the command argument is an empty string ("").
               if((String)e.CommandArgument == "")
               {
                  // End the message.
                  Message.Text += ".";
               }
               else
               {
                  // Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text += ", however the command argument is not recogized.";
               }                
               break;

            default:

               // The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized.";
               break; 

         }

      }

      void Sort_List(string commandArgument)
      {

         switch(commandArgument)
         {

            case "Ascending":
 
               // Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Ascending button.";
               break;

            case "Descending":
              
               // Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Descending button.";
               break;

            default:
        
               // The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized.";
               break;

         }

      }

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click on one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Sub CommandBtn_Click(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs) 

         Select e.CommandName

            Case "Sort"

               ' Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List(CType(e.CommandArgument, String))

            Case "Submit"

               ' Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Submit button"

               ' Test whether the command argument is an empty string ("").
               If CType(e.CommandArgument , String) = "" Then
              
                  ' End the message.
                  Message.Text &= "."
               
               Else
               
                  ' Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text &= ", however the command argument is not recogized."
               
               End If                

            Case Else

               ' The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Sort_List(commandArgument As String)

         Select commandArgument

            Case "Ascending"
 
               ' Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Ascending button."

            Case "Descending"
              
               ' Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Descending button."

            Case Else
        
               ' The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click on one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

В следующем примере кода показано, как задать обработчик событий и программным образом добавить его в событие в Page_Load методе.The following code example demonstrates how to specify the event handler and programmatically add it to the event in the Page_Load method.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      void CommandBtn_Click(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         switch(e.CommandName)
         {

            case "Sort":

               // Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List((String)e.CommandArgument);
               break;

            case "Submit":

               // Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Submit</b> button";

               // Test whether the Command Argument is an empty string ("").
               if((String)e.CommandArgument == "")
               {
                  // End the message.
                  Message.Text += ".";
               }
               else
               {
                  // Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text += ", but the command argument is not recogized.";
               }                
               break;

            default:

               // The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized.";
               break; 

         }

      }

      void Sort_List(string commandArgument)
      {

         switch(commandArgument)
         {

            case "Ascending":
 
               // Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Ascending</b> button.";
               break;

            case "Descending":
              
               // Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Descending</b> button.";
               break;

            default:
        
               // The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized.";
               break;

         }

      }

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Manually register the event-handling method for the Command  
         // event of the Button controls.
         Button1.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button2.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button3.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button4.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button5.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);

      }

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Sub CommandBtn_Click(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs) 

         Select e.CommandName

            Case "Sort"

               ' Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List(CType(e.CommandArgument, String))

            Case "Submit"

               ' Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Submit</b> button"

               ' Test whether the Command Argument is an empty string ("").
               If CType(e.CommandArgument , String) = "" Then
              
                  ' End the message.
                  Message.Text &= "."
               
               Else
               
                  ' Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text &= ", but the command argument is not recogized."
               
               End If                

            Case Else

               ' The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Sort_List(commandArgument As String)

         Select commandArgument

            Case "Ascending"
 
               ' Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Ascending</b> button."

            Case "Descending"
              
               ' Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Descending</b> button."

            Case Else
        
               ' The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Manually register the event-handling method for the Command  
         ' event of the Button controls.
         AddHandler Button1.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button2.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button3.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button4.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button5.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>
 
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />
 
      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>
       
      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Комментарии

Событие возникает ImageButton LinkButton при щелчке элемента управления ,или.Button CommandThe Command event is raised when a Button, ImageButton, or LinkButton control is clicked.

При создании делегата CommandEventHandler необходимо указать метод, обрабатывающий событие.When you create a CommandEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. Чтобы связать событие с обработчиком событий, нужно добавить в событие экземпляр делегата.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. Обработчик событий вызывается всякий раз, когда происходит событие, если делегат не удален.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. Дополнительные сведения о делегатах обработчиков событий см. в разделе обработка и вызов событий.For more information about event handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

Методы расширения

GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Получает объект, представляющий метод, представленный указанным делегатом.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Применяется к

Дополнительно