FormView.ItemInserted Событие

Определение

Происходит при нажатии кнопки вставки в элементе управления FormView после выполнения операции вставки.Occurs when an Insert button within a FormView control is clicked, but after the insert operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::FormViewInsertedEventHandler ^ ItemInserted;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewInsertedEventHandler ItemInserted;
member this.ItemInserted : System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewInsertedEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemInserted As FormViewInsertedEventHandler 

Тип события

FormViewInsertedEventHandler

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как использовать ItemInserted событие, чтобы определить, произошло ли исключение во время операции вставки.The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemInserted event to determine whether an exception occurred during an insert operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted(Object sender, FormViewInsertedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the insert operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      // record was inserted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      // does not raise an exception, but prevents the insert
      // operation from completing.
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record inserted successfully.";
      }
      else
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the insert operation.";
        
        // Use the KeepInInsertMode property to remain in insert mode
        // when an error occurs during the insert operation.
        e.KeepInInsertMode = true;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;
      
      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
      e.KeepInInsertMode = true;
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserted="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted"  
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewInsertedEventArgs)
  
    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the insert operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      ' record was inserted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      ' does not raise an exception, but prevents the insert
      ' operation from completing.
      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then
      
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record inserted successfully."
      
      Else
      
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the insert operation."
        
        ' Use the KeepInInsertMode property to remain in insert mode
        ' when an error occurs during the insert operation.
        e.KeepInInsertMode = True
      
      End If
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message
      
      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True
      e.KeepInInsertMode = True
    
    End If
        
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserted="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted"  
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Комментарии

FormViewЭлемент управления вызывает ItemInserted событие, когда нажата кнопка вставки (кнопка со свойством, равным CommandName INSERT) в элементе управления, но после FormView вставки записи в элемент управления.The FormView control raises the ItemInserted event when an Insert button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Insert") within the control is clicked, but after the FormView control inserts the record. Это позволяет предоставить метод обработки событий, выполняющий пользовательскую подпрограммы, например проверку результатов операции вставки, при возникновении этого события.This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as checking the results of an insert operation, whenever this event occurs.

FormViewInsertedEventArgsОбъект передается методу обработки событий, который позволяет определить количество затронутых записей и все исключения, которые могли произойти.A FormViewInsertedEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the number of records affected and any exceptions that might have occurred. Чтобы определить количество записей, затронутых операцией INSERT, используйте AffectedRows свойство.To determine the number of records affected by the insert operation, use the AffectedRows property. Используйте Exception свойство, чтобы определить, возникли ли какие либо исключения.Use the Exception property to determine whether any exceptions occurred. Можно также указать, было ли исключение обработано в методе обработки событий, задав ExceptionHandled свойство.You can also indicate whether the exception was handled in the event-handling method by setting the ExceptionHandled property. Если необходимо получить доступ к значениям вставленной записи, используйте Values свойство.If you need to access the values of the inserted record, use the Values property.

По умолчанию FormView элемент управления возвращается в режим, заданный DefaultMode свойством после операции вставки.By default, the FormView control returns to the mode specified by the DefaultMode property after an insert operation. Чтобы FormView элемент управления оставался в режиме вставки, задайте KeepInInsertMode для свойства значение true .To keep the FormView control in insert mode, set the KeepInInsertMode property to true.

Дополнительные сведения об обработке событий см. в разделе обработка и вызов событий.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Применяется к

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