AccessibleObject Класс

Определение

Предоставляет сведения, которые приложения, предоставляющие специальные возможности, используют при настройке пользовательского интерфейса приложения для пользователей с ограниченными возможностями.Provides information that accessibility applications use to adjust an application's user interface (UI) for users with impairments.

public ref class AccessibleObject : System::Runtime::InteropServices::StandardOleMarshalObject, Accessibility::IAccessible, System::Reflection::IReflect
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class AccessibleObject : System.Runtime.InteropServices.StandardOleMarshalObject, Accessibility.IAccessible, System.Reflection.IReflect
type AccessibleObject = class
    inherit StandardOleMarshalObject
    interface IReflect
    interface IAccessible
Public Class AccessibleObject
Inherits StandardOleMarshalObject
Implements IAccessible, IReflect
Наследование
AccessibleObject
Производный
Атрибуты
Реализации

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано создание элемента управления диаграммы с поддержкой специальных возможностей с помощью классов AccessibleObject и Control.ControlAccessibleObject для предоставления доступной информации.The following code example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. Элемент управления отображает две кривые вместе с условными обозначениями.The control plots two curves along with a legend. Класс ChartControlAccessibleObject, который является производным от ControlAccessibleObject, используется в методе CreateAccessibilityInstance для предоставления настраиваемой информации, доступной для элемента управления диаграммы.The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. Поскольку условные обозначения диаграммы не являются фактическим элементом управления на основе Control, а отрисовывается элементом управления диаграммы, он не имеет встроенных доступных сведений.Because the chart legend is not an actual Control -based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not have any built-in accessible information. В связи с этим класс ChartControlAccessibleObject переопределяет метод GetChild для возврата CurveLegendAccessibleObject, который представляет доступную информацию для каждой части условных обозначений.Because of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. Если приложение, поддерживающее доступ, использует этот элемент управления, элемент управления может предоставить необходимые сведения о специальных возможностях.When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

#using <Accessibility.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

// Declare a chart control that demonstrates accessibility in Windows Forms.
public ref class ChartControl: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
public:
   ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject;

   // forward declaration
   // Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
   ref class CurveLegend
   {

      // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information
      // associated with the CurveLegend object.
   public:
      ref class CurveLegendAccessibleObject: public AccessibleObject
      {
      private:
         CurveLegend^ curveLegend;

      public:
         CurveLegendAccessibleObject( CurveLegend^ curveLegend )
            : AccessibleObject()
         {
            this->curveLegend = curveLegend;
         }


      private:

         property ChartControlAccessibleObject^ ChartControl 
         {

            // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
            ChartControlAccessibleObject^ get()
            {
               return dynamic_cast<ChartControlAccessibleObject^>(Parent);
            }

         }

      internal:

         property int ID 
         {

            // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
            int get()
            {
               for ( int i = 0; i < ChartControl->GetChildCount(); i++ )
               {
                  if ( ChartControl->GetChild( i ) == this )
                  {
                     return i;
                  }

               }
               return  -1;
            }

         }

      public:

         property Rectangle Bounds 
         {

            // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual Rectangle get() override
            {
               
               // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
               Point loc = curveLegend->Location;
               return Rectangle(curveLegend->chart->PointToScreen( loc ),curveLegend->Size);
            }

         }

         property String^ Name 
         {

            // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual String^ get() override
            {
               return curveLegend->Name;
            }

            virtual void set( String^ value ) override
            {
               curveLegend->Name = value;
            }

         }

         property AccessibleObject^ Parent 
         {

            // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
            // This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual AccessibleObject^ get() override
            {
               return curveLegend->chart->AccessibilityObject;
            }

         }

         property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
         {

            // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
            {
               return ::AccessibleRole::StaticText;
            }

         }

         property AccessibleStates State 
         {

            // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend.
            // This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual AccessibleStates get() override
            {
               AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates::Selectable;
               if ( curveLegend->Selected )
               {
                  state = static_cast<AccessibleStates>(state | AccessibleStates::Selected);
               }

               return state;
            }

         }

         // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleObject^ Navigate( AccessibleNavigation navdir ) override
         {
            
            // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
            // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
            return ChartControl->NavigateFromChild( this, navdir );
         }


         // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual void Select( AccessibleSelection selection ) override
         {
            
            // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
            // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
            ChartControl->SelectChild( this, selection );
         }

      };


   private:

      // class CurveLgendAccessibleObject
      String^ name;
      ChartControl^ chart;
      CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ accObj;
      bool selected;
      Point location;

   public:
      CurveLegend( ChartControl^ chart, String^ name )
      {
         this->chart = chart;
         this->name = name;
         selected = true;
      }


      property AccessibleObject^ AccessibilityObject 
      {

         // Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.
         AccessibleObject^ get()
         {
            if ( accObj == nullptr )
            {
               accObj = gcnew CurveLegendAccessibleObject( this );
            }

            return accObj;
         }

      }

      property Rectangle Bounds 
      {

         // Gets the bounds for the curve legend.
         Rectangle get()
         {
            return Rectangle(Location,Size);
         }

      }

      property Point Location 
      {

         // Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.
         Point get()
         {
            return location;
         }

         void set( Point value )
         {
            location = value;
            chart->Invalidate();
            
            // Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
            // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents::LocationChange
            // tells the chart the reason for the notification.
            chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( AccessibleEvents::LocationChange, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
         }

      }

      property String^ Name 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.
         String^ get()
         {
            return name;
         }

         void set( String^ value )
         {
            if ( name != value )
            {
               name = value;
               chart->Invalidate();
               
               // Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
               // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents::NameChange
               // tells the chart the reason for the notification.
               chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( AccessibleEvents::NameChange, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
            }
         }

      }

      property bool Selected 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.
         bool get()
         {
            return selected;
         }

         void set( bool value )
         {
            if ( selected != value )
            {
               selected = value;
               chart->Invalidate();
               
               // Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
               // the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value depends upon
               // if the selection is true (AccessibleEvents::SelectionAdd) or
               // false (AccessibleEvents::SelectionRemove).
               chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( selected ? AccessibleEvents::SelectionAdd : AccessibleEvents::SelectionRemove, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
            }
         }

      }

      property System::Drawing::Size Size 
      {

         // Gets the Size for the curve legend.
         System::Drawing::Size get()
         {
            int legendHeight = chart->Font->Height + 4;
            Graphics^ g = chart->CreateGraphics();
            int legendWidth = (int)g->MeasureString( Name, chart->Font ).Width + 4;
            return System::Drawing::Size( legendWidth, legendHeight );
         }

      }

   };


private:

   // class CurveLegend
   CurveLegend^ legend1;
   CurveLegend^ legend2;

public:
   ChartControl()
   {
      
      // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint .
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::ResizeRedraw, true );
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::DoubleBuffer, true );
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::AllPaintingInWmPaint, true );
      this->BackColor = System::Drawing::Color::White;
      this->Name = "ChartControl";
      this->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &ChartControl::ChartControl_Click );
      this->QueryAccessibilityHelp += gcnew System::Windows::Forms::QueryAccessibilityHelpEventHandler( this, &ChartControl::ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp );
      
      // The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
      // represents the parts of the legend.
      legend1 = gcnew CurveLegend( this,"A" );
      legend1->Location = Point(20,30);
      legend2 = gcnew CurveLegend( this,"B" );
      legend2->Location = Point(20,50);
   }



protected:
   // Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject
   // for the entire chart.
   virtual AccessibleObject^ CreateAccessibilityInstance() override
   {
      return gcnew ChartControlAccessibleObject( this );
   }

   virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      
      // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint .
      System::Windows::Forms::UserControl::OnPaint( e );
      Rectangle bounds = this->ClientRectangle;
      int border = 5;
      
      // Draws the legends first.
      StringFormat^ format = gcnew StringFormat;
      format->Alignment = StringAlignment::Center;
      format->LineAlignment = StringAlignment::Center;
      if ( legend1 != nullptr )
      {
         if ( legend1->Selected )
         {
            e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Blue ), legend1->Bounds );
         }
         else
         {
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Blue, legend1->Bounds );
         }

         e->Graphics->DrawString( legend1->Name, this->Font, Brushes::Black, legend1->Bounds, format );
      }

      if ( legend2 != nullptr )
      {
         if ( legend2->Selected )
         {
            e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Red ), legend2->Bounds );
         }
         else
         {
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Red, legend2->Bounds );
         }

         e->Graphics->DrawString( legend2->Name, this->Font, Brushes::Black, legend2->Bounds, format );
      }

      
      // Charts out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
      bounds.Inflate(  -border,  -border );
      array<Point>^ temp1 = {Point(bounds.Left,bounds.Bottom),Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),Point(bounds.Right,bounds.Top)};
      array<Point>^curve1 = temp1;
      array<Point>^ temp2 = {Point(bounds.Left,bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3),Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),Point(bounds.Right,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)};
      array<Point>^curve2 = temp2;
      
      // Draws the actual curve only if it is selected.
      if ( legend1->Selected )
            e->Graphics->DrawCurve( Pens::Blue, curve1 );

      if ( legend2->Selected )
            e->Graphics->DrawCurve( Pens::Red, curve2 );

      e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Blue, bounds );
   }

   // Handles the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
   void ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs^ e )
   {
      e->HelpString = "Displays chart data";
   }

   // Handles the Click event for the chart.
   // Toggles the selection of whatever legend was clicked on
   void ChartControl_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      Point pt = this->PointToClient( Control::MousePosition );
      if ( legend1->Bounds.Contains( pt ) )
      {
         legend1->Selected =  !legend1->Selected;
      }
      else
      if ( legend2->Bounds.Contains( pt ) )
      {
         legend2->Selected =  !legend2->Selected;
      }
   }


public:

   property array<CurveLegend^>^ Legends 
   {

      // Gets an array of CurveLengends used in the Chart.
      array<CurveLegend^>^ get()
      {
         array<CurveLegend^>^temp3 = {legend1,legend2};
         return temp3;
      }

   }

   // Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
   // The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl::CreateAccessibilityInstance .
   ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject: public ControlAccessibleObject
   {
   private:
      ChartControl^ chartControl;

   public:
      ChartControlAccessibleObject( ChartControl^ ctrl )
         : ControlAccessibleObject( ctrl )
      {
         chartControl = ctrl;
      }


      property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
      {

         // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
         {
            return ::AccessibleRole::Chart;
         }

      }

      property AccessibleStates State 
      {

         // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleStates get() override
         {
            return AccessibleStates::ReadOnly;
         }

      }

      // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so
      // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
      virtual int GetChildCount() override
      {
         return chartControl->Legends->Length;
      }


      // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
      virtual AccessibleObject^ GetChild( int index ) override
      {
         if ( index >= 0 && index < chartControl->Legends->Length )
         {
            return chartControl->Legends[ index ]->AccessibilityObject;
         }

         return nullptr;
      }


   internal:

      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
      // the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
      AccessibleObject^ NavigateFromChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleNavigation navdir )
      {
         switch ( navdir )
         {
            case AccessibleNavigation::Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation::Next:
               return GetChild( child->ID + 1 );

            case AccessibleNavigation::Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation::Previous:
               return GetChild( child->ID - 1 );
         }
         return nullptr;
      }


      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
      // in the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
      void SelectChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleSelection selection )
      {
         int childID = child->ID;
         
         // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
         // AccessibleSelection value.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::TakeSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            for ( int i = 0; i < chartControl->Legends->Length; i++ )
            {
               if ( i == childID )
               {
                  chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = true;
               }
               else
               {
                  chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = false;
               }

            }
            
            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::AddSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = true;
            }
            
            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::RemoveSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = false;
            }
         }
      }

   };

   // class ChartControlAccessibleObject
};


// class ChartControl
public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:

   // Test out the Chart Control.
   ChartControl^ chart1;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      
      // Create a chart control and add it to the form.
      this->chart1 = gcnew ChartControl;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 920, 566 );
      this->chart1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 47, 16 );
      this->chart1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 600, 400 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->chart1 );
   }

};


// class Form1

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace ChartControl
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        // Test out the Chart Control.
        private ChartControl chart1;

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1() {
            // Create a chart control and add it to the form.
            this.chart1 = new ChartControl();
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(920, 566);

            this.chart1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(47, 16);
            this.chart1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(600, 400);

            this.Controls.Add(this.chart1);
        }
    }

    // Declare a chart control that demonstrates accessibility in Windows Forms.
    public class ChartControl : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    {
        private CurveLegend legend1;
        private CurveLegend legend2; 

        public ChartControl()
        {
            // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.ResizeRedraw, true);
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.DoubleBuffer, true);
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint, true);

            this.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White;
            this.Name = "ChartControl";

            this.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.ChartControl_Click);
            this.QueryAccessibilityHelp += 
                new System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventHandler(
                                        this.ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp);

            // The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
            // represents the parts of the legend.
            legend1 = new CurveLegend(this, "A");
            legend1.Location = new Point(20, 30);
            legend2 = new CurveLegend(this, "B");        
            legend2.Location = new Point(20, 50);
        }

        // Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject 
        // for the entire chart.
        protected override AccessibleObject CreateAccessibilityInstance() 
        {            
            return new ChartControlAccessibleObject(this);
        }

        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e) 
        {
            // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            base.OnPaint(e);

            Rectangle bounds = this.ClientRectangle;
            int border = 5;

            // Draws the legends first.
            StringFormat format = new StringFormat();
            format.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
            format.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center;
            
            if (legend1 != null) {
                if (legend1.Selected) {
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(Color.Blue), legend1.Bounds);
                } else {
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, legend1.Bounds);
                }

                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend1.Name, this.Font, Brushes.Black, legend1.Bounds, format);                
            }
            if (legend2 != null) {
                if (legend2.Selected) {
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(Color.Red), legend2.Bounds);
                } else {
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, legend2.Bounds);
                }
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend2.Name, this.Font, Brushes.Black, legend2.Bounds, format);
            }            

            // Charts out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
            bounds.Inflate(-border, -border);
            Point[] curve1 = new Point[] {new Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom),
                            new Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),
                            new Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3, (bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),
                            new Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top)};

            Point[] curve2 = new Point[] {new Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3),
                            new Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),
                            new Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3, (bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),
                            new Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)};

            // Draws the actual curve only if it is selected.
            if (legend1.Selected) e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Blue, curve1);
            if (legend2.Selected) e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Red, curve2);

            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, bounds);            
        }

        // Handles the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
        private void ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp(object sender, 
                                    System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs e)
        {            
            e.HelpString = "Displays chart data";
        }          

        // Handles the Click event for the chart. 
        // Toggles the selection of whatever legend was clicked on
        private void ChartControl_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Point pt = this.PointToClient(Control.MousePosition);
            if (legend1.Bounds.Contains(pt)) {
                legend1.Selected = !legend1.Selected;

            } else if (legend2.Bounds.Contains(pt)) {
                legend2.Selected = !legend2.Selected;
            }
        }

        // Gets an array of CurveLengends used in the Chart.
        public CurveLegend[] Legends
        {   
            get {                
                return new CurveLegend[] { legend1, legend2 };
            }            
        }                

        // Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
        // The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
        public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
        {
            ChartControl chartControl;

            public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
            {
                chartControl = ctrl;
            }

            // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
            public override AccessibleRole Role
            {  
                get {
                    return AccessibleRole.Chart;
                }
            }

            // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
            public override AccessibleStates State
            {  
                get {                    
                    return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
                }
            }

            // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
            // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
            public override int GetChildCount()
            {  
                return chartControl.Legends.Length;
            }

            // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
            public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
            {  
                if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
                    return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
                }                
                return null;
            }

            // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
            // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
            internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                        AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
            {  
                switch(navdir) {
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                        return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                        
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                        return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
                }
                return null;
            }

            // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
            // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
            internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
            {   
                int childID = child.ID;

                // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
                // AccessibleSelection value.
                if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
                    for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                        if (i == childID) {
                            chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                        } else {
                            chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                        }
                    }

                    // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
                    if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                        chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
                    }

                    // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
                    if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                        chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
                    }
                }            
            }
        }

        // Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
        public class CurveLegend 
        {
            private string name;
            private ChartControl chart;
            private CurveLegendAccessibleObject accObj;
            private bool selected = true;
            private Point location;

            public CurveLegend(ChartControl chart, string name) 
            {
                this.chart = chart;
                this.name = name;
            }

            // Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.
            public AccessibleObject AccessibilityObject
            {
                get
                {
                    accObj ??= new CurveLegendAccessibleObject(this);
                    return accObj;
                }
            }
            
            // Gets the bounds for the curve legend.
            public Rectangle Bounds
            {   
                get
                {
                    return new Rectangle(Location, Size);
                }
            }

            // Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.
            public Point Location
            {   
                get {
                    return location;
                }
                set {
                    location = value;
                    chart.Invalidate();

                    // Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
                    // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.LocationChange
                    // tells the chart the reason for the notification.

                    chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.LocationChange, 
                        ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                }
            }            
        
            // Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.
            public string Name
            {   
                get {
                    return name;
                }
                set {
                    if (name != value) 
                    {
                        name = value;
                        chart.Invalidate();

                        // Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
                        // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.NameChange
                        // tells the chart the reason for the notification.

                        chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.NameChange, 
                            ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.
            public bool Selected
            {   
                get {
                    return selected;
                }
                set {
                    if (selected != value) 
                    {
                        selected = value;
                        chart.Invalidate();

                        // Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
                        // the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value depends upon
                        // if the selection is true (AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd) or 
                        // false (AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove).
                        chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(
                            selected ? AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd : AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove, 
                            ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Gets the Size for the curve legend.
            public Size Size
            {   
                get {                    
                    int legendHeight = chart.Font.Height + 4;
                    Graphics g = chart.CreateGraphics();
                    int legendWidth = (int)g.MeasureString(Name, chart.Font).Width + 4;            

                    return new Size(legendWidth, legendHeight);
                }
            }
    
            // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
            // associated with the CurveLegend object.
            public class CurveLegendAccessibleObject : AccessibleObject
            {
                private CurveLegend curveLegend;

                public CurveLegendAccessibleObject(CurveLegend curveLegend) : base() 
                {
                    this.curveLegend = curveLegend;                    
                }                

                // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
                private ChartControlAccessibleObject ChartControl
                {   
                    get {
                        return Parent as ChartControlAccessibleObject;
                    }
                }

                // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
                internal int ID
                {
                    get {
                        for(int i = 0; i < ChartControl.GetChildCount(); i++) {
                            if (ChartControl.GetChild(i) == this) {
                                return i;
                            }
                        }
                        return -1;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override Rectangle Bounds
                {
                    get {                        
                        // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
                        Point loc = curveLegend.Location;
                        return new Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size);
                    }
                }

                // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override string Name
                {
                    get {
                        return curveLegend.Name;
                    }
                    set {
                        curveLegend.Name = value;                        
                    }
                }

                // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
                // This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleObject Parent
                {
                    get {
                        return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleRole Role 
                {
                    get {
                        return AccessibleRole.StaticText;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
                // This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleStates State 
                {
                    get {
                        AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates.Selectable;
                        if (curveLegend.Selected) 
                        {
                            state |= AccessibleStates.Selected;
                        }
                        return state;
                    }
                }

                // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleObject Navigate(AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
                {
                    // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
                    // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(this, navdir);
                }

                // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override void Select(AccessibleSelection selection) 
                {
                    // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
                    // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    ChartControl.SelectChild(this, selection);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
Option Explicit

Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace ChartControlNameSpace
    
    Public Class Form1 
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Test out the Chart Control.
        Private chart1 As ChartControl

        <System.STAThread()> _
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub

        Public Sub New() 
            ' Create a chart control and add it to the form.
            Me.chart1 = New ChartControl()
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(920, 566)

            Me.chart1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(47, 16)
            Me.chart1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(600, 400)

            Me.Controls.Add(Me.chart1)
        End Sub
    End Class

    ' Declares a chart control that demonstrates Accessibility in Windows Forms.
    Public Class ChartControl
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl

        Private legend1 As CurveLegend
        Private legend2 As CurveLegend
        
        Public Sub New()
            ' The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.ResizeRedraw, True)
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.DoubleBuffer, True)
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint, True)
            
            Me.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White
            Me.Name = "ChartControl"

            ' The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
            ' represent the parts of the legend.
            legend1 = New CurveLegend(Me, "A")
            legend1.Location = New Point(20, 30)
            legend2 = New CurveLegend(Me, "B")
            legend2.Location = New Point(20, 50)
        End Sub
              
        ' Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject 
        ' for the entire chart.
        Protected Overrides Function CreateAccessibilityInstance() As AccessibleObject
            Return New ChartControlAccessibleObject(Me)
        End Function 

        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(e As PaintEventArgs)
            ' The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            MyBase.OnPaint(e)
            
            Dim bounds As Rectangle = Me.ClientRectangle
            Dim border As Integer = 5
            
            ' Draw the legends first.
            Dim format As New StringFormat()
            format.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
            format.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center
            
            If (legend1 IsNot Nothing) Then
                If legend1.Selected Then
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(Color.Blue), legend1.Bounds)
                Else
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, legend1.Bounds)
                End If
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend1.Name, Me.Font, Brushes.Black, RectangleF.op_Implicit(legend1.Bounds), format)
            End If
            If (legend2 IsNot Nothing) Then
                If legend2.Selected Then
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(Color.Red), legend2.Bounds)
                Else
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, legend2.Bounds)
                End If
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend2.Name, Me.Font, Brushes.Black, RectangleF.op_Implicit(legend2.Bounds), format)
            End If
            
            ' Chart out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
            bounds.Inflate(-border, -border)
            Dim curve1() As Point = {New Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top)}

            Dim curve2() As Point = {New Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)}
            
            ' Draw the actual curve only if it is selected.
            If legend1.Selected Then
                e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Blue, curve1)
            End If
            If legend2.Selected Then
                e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Red, curve2)
            End If 
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, bounds)
        End Sub
        
        ' Handle the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
        Private Sub ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp(sender As Object, _
                           e As System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs) Handles MyBase.QueryAccessibilityHelp
            e.HelpString = "Displays chart data"
        End Sub 

        ' Handle the Click event for the chart. 
        ' Toggle the selection of whatever legend was clicked.     
        Private Sub ChartControl_Click(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Click

            Dim pt As Point = Me.PointToClient(Control.MousePosition)
            If legend1.Bounds.Contains(pt) Then
                legend1.Selected = Not legend1.Selected
            Else
                If legend2.Bounds.Contains(pt) Then
                    legend2.Selected = Not legend2.Selected
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        ' Get an array of the CurveLengends used in the Chart.
        Public ReadOnly Property Legends() As CurveLegend()
            Get
                Return New CurveLegend() {legend1, legend2}
            End Get
        End Property
        
        Protected Sub ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(ByVal accEvent As AccessibleEvents, ByVal childID As Integer)
            AccessibilityNotifyClients(accEvent, childID) 
        End Sub

        ' Inner Class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
        ' associated with the ChartControl.
        ' The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the         ' ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
        Public Class ChartControlAccessibleObject
            Inherits Control.ControlAccessibleObject

            Private chartControl As ChartControl
            
            Public Sub New(ctrl As ChartControl)
                MyBase.New(ctrl)
                chartControl = ctrl
            End Sub
            
            ' Get the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
                Get
                    Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.Chart
                End Get
            End Property
            
            ' Get the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
                Get
                    Return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly
                End Get
            End Property                        
            
            ' The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
            ' return the number of ChartLengend objects.            
            Public Overrides Function GetChildCount() As Integer
                Return chartControl.Legends.Length
            End Function 
            
            ' Get the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
            Public Overrides Function GetChild(index As Integer) As AccessibleObject
                If index >= 0 And index < chartControl.Legends.Length Then
                    Return chartControl.Legends(index).AccessibilityObject
                End If
                Return Nothing
            End Function 
            
            ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            ' to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
            ' the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
            Friend Function NavigateFromChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, _
                                            navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
                Select Case navdir
                    Case AccessibleNavigation.Down, AccessibleNavigation.Next
                            Return GetChild(child.ID + 1)
                    
                    Case AccessibleNavigation.Up, AccessibleNavigation.Previous
                            Return GetChild(child.ID - 1)
                End Select
                Return Nothing
            End Function            

            ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            ' to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used 
            ' in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.            
            Friend Sub SelectChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, selection As AccessibleSelection)
                Dim childID As Integer = child.ID
                
                ' Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
                ' AccessibleSelection value.
                If (selection And AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) <> 0 Then
                    Dim i As Integer
                    For i = 0 To chartControl.Legends.Length - 1
                        If i = childID Then
                            chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = True
                        Else
                            chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = False
                        End If
                    Next i
                    
                    ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
                    If (selection And AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) <> 0 Then
                        chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = True
                    End If

                    ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.                    
                    If (selection And AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) <> 0 Then
                        chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = False
                    End If
                End If
            End Sub
        End Class

        ' Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
        Public Class CurveLegend
            Private m_name As String
            Private chart As ChartControl
            Private accObj As CurveLegendAccessibleObject
            Private m_selected As Boolean = True
            Private m_location As Point
            
            Public Sub New(chart As ChartControl, name As String)
                Me.chart = chart
                Me.m_name = name
            End Sub

            ' Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property AccessibilityObject() As AccessibleObject
                Get
                    If accObj Is Nothing Then
                        accObj = New CurveLegendAccessibleObject(Me)
                    End If
                    Return accObj
                End Get
            End Property
            
            ' Gets the bounds for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
                Get
                    Return New Rectangle(Location, Size)
                End Get
            End Property

            ' Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Location() As Point
                Get
                    Return m_location
                End Get
                Set
                    m_location = value
                    chart.Invalidate()

                    ' Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
                    ' the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.LocationChange
                    ' tells the chart the reason for the notification.
                    chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.LocationChange, _
                            CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID)
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Name() As String
                Get
                    Return m_name
                End Get
                Set
                    If m_name <> value Then
                        m_name = value
                        chart.Invalidate()

                        ' Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
                        ' the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.NameChange
                        ' tells the chart the reason for the notification. 
                        chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.NameChange, _
                                CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID)
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Selected() As Boolean
                Get
                    Return m_selected
                End Get
                Set
                    If m_selected <> value Then
                        m_selected = value
                        chart.Invalidate()

                        ' Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
                        ' the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value varies
                        ' on whether the selection is true (AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd) or 
                        ' false (AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove). 
                        If m_selected Then
                            chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd, _
                                    CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID) 
                        Else
                            chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove, _
                                    CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID) 
                        End If
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets the Size for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property Size() As Size
                Get
                    Dim legendHeight As Integer = chart.Font.Height + 4
                    Dim g As Graphics = chart.CreateGraphics()
                    Dim legendWidth As Integer = CInt(g.MeasureString(Name, chart.Font).Width) + 4
                    
                    Return New Size(legendWidth, legendHeight)
                End Get
            End Property
            
            
            ' Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
            ' associated with the CurveLegend object.
            Public Class CurveLegendAccessibleObject
                Inherits AccessibleObject

                Private curveLegend As CurveLegend
                
                Public Sub New(curveLegend As CurveLegend)
                    Me.curveLegend = curveLegend
                End Sub
                
                ' Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.                
                Private ReadOnly Property ChartControl() As ChartControlAccessibleObject
                    Get
                        Return CType(Parent, ChartControlAccessibleObject)
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Friend helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.                
                Friend ReadOnly Property ID() As Integer
                    Get
                        Dim i As Integer
                        For i = 0 To (ChartControl.GetChildCount()) - 1
                            If ChartControl.GetChild(i) Is Me Then
                                Return i
                            End If
                        Next i
                        Return - 1
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
                    Get
                        ' The bounds is in screen coordinates.
                        Dim loc As Point = curveLegend.Location
                        Return New Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size)
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides Property Name() As String
                    Get
                        Return curveLegend.Name
                    End Get
                    Set
                        curveLegend.Name = value
                    End Set
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
                ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Parent() As AccessibleObject
                    Get
                        Return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
                    Get
                        Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.StaticText
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
                ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
                    Get
                        Dim stateTemp As AccessibleStates = AccessibleStates.Selectable
                        If curveLegend.Selected Then
                            stateTemp = stateTemp Or AccessibleStates.Selected
                        End If
                        Return stateTemp
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides Function Navigate(navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
                    ' Use the Friend NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
                    ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    Return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(Me, navdir)
                End Function
                
                ' Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                Public Overrides Sub [Select](selection As AccessibleSelection)

                    ' Use the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
                    ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    ChartControl.SelectChild(Me, selection)
                End Sub

            End Class

        End Class

    End Class

End Namespace 'ChartControlNameSpace

Комментарии

Приложения со специальными возможностями могут настраивать функции приложения для повышения удобства работы пользователей с ограниченными возможностями.Accessibility applications can adjust features of the application to improve usability for users with disabilities.

Для пользователей с ослабленным зрением можно настроить программное обеспечение и компоненты операционной системы в соответствии с потребностями.For users who are visually impaired, you can adjust software and operating system features to comply with their needs. Например, можно увеличить текст и изображения и отобразить их с контрастом.For example, you can enlarge text and images and render them with a contrast. Кроме того, можно обеспечить отправку цветов с помощью соответствующих цветов.In addition, you can accommodate color-blindness with the appropriate use of colors. Для пользователей с серьезными нарушениями зрения компьютеры доступны с помощью вспомогательных средств проверки экрана, которые преобразуют текст на экране в речь или на динамическое, обновляемое изображение Брайля.For users who are severely visually impaired, computers are accessible with screen review aids that translate on-screen text to speech or to a dynamic, refreshable, Braille display.

Для пользователей с недостаточной слухом можно создавать программы, использующие визуальные подсказки, например мигающие панель инструментов. также можно отображать речевые сообщения в виде текста.For users who are hard of hearing, you can design programs that use visual cues, such as a flashing toolbar; or you can display spoken messages as text. Например, если этот параметр включен, функция SoundSentry (специальные возможности) на панели управления предоставляет визуальное предупреждение всякий раз, когда система создает звуковой сигнал.For example, when turned on, the SoundSentry feature, an accessibility option in Control Panel, provides a visual warning whenever the system makes an alarm sound.

Для пользователей с ограниченными возможностями разработки можно создавать элементы управления, позволяющие уточнять или исключать использование клавиатуры и мыши, тем самым улучшая специальные возможности компьютера.For users with motion disabilities, you can design controls that refine or eliminate keyboard and mouse use, thereby improving computer accessibility. Панель управления предлагает помощь.Control Panel offers assistance. Например, одним из альтернативных способов является использование цифровой клавиатуры вместо мыши для навигации.For example, one alternative is to use the numeric keypad instead of the mouse for navigation. Другой вариант, именуемый StickyKeys, позволяет пользователям, которые не могут удерживать два или более клавиш за один раз (например, CTRL + P), получить тот же результат, введя по одному ключу за раз.Another option, called StickyKeys, enables users who cannot hold down two or more keys at a time (such as CTRL+P) to get the same result by typing one key at a time.

Для пользователей с некачественными и языковыми нарушениями можно разрабатывать программные программы в соответствии с потребностями.For users with cognitive and language disabilities, you can design software programs to better accommodate their needs. Например, использование последовательности видных или куед, несложный вывод, меньшее количество слов и уровень чтения, предназначенный для простейших школьных стандартов, может помочь этим пользователям.For example, using conspicuous or cued sequencing, uncomplicated displays, fewer words, and a reading level targeted to elementary school standards can benefit these users.

Для пользователей с захватом от можно разработать программные программы, чтобы устранить заставляющегоные закономерности.For users with seizure disorders, you can design software programs to eliminate seizure provoking patterns.

Дополнительные сведения о специальных возможностях, включая сведения о приложениях специальных возможностей, см. в документации по Microsoft Accessibility в библиотеке MSDN или на веб-сайте Майкрософт.For more information about accessibility, including information about accessibility applications, see the documentation for Microsoft Accessibility in the MSDN library or at the Microsoft Web site.

Примечание

Чтобы использовать AccessibleObject, необходимо добавить ссылку на сборку Accessibility, установленную с .NET Framework.NET Framework.To use the AccessibleObject, you must add a reference to the Accessibility assembly installed with the .NET Framework.NET Framework. Windows Forms поддерживает только Active Accessibility 2,0.Windows Forms only supports Active Accessibility 2.0.

Примечания для тех, кто наследует этот метод

При наследовании от этого класса можно переопределить все члены.When you inherit from this class, you can override all the members.

Конструкторы

AccessibleObject()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса AccessibleObject.Initializes a new instance of the AccessibleObject class.

Свойства

Bounds

Возвращает расположение и размер доступного объекта.Gets the location and size of the accessible object.

DefaultAction

Получает строку, описывающую выполняемое по умолчанию действие объекта.Gets a string that describes the default action of the object. Не все объекты имеют действия по умолчанию.Not all objects have a default action.

Description

Получает строку, описывающую внешний вид указанного объекта.Gets a string that describes the visual appearance of the specified object. Не все объекты имеют описание.Not all objects have a description.

Help

Получает описание действий, выполняемых объектом, и порядка его использования.Gets a description of what the object does or how the object is used.

KeyboardShortcut

Получает сочетание клавиш или клавишу доступа для объекта со специальными возможностями.Gets the shortcut key or access key for the accessible object.

Name

Получает или задает имя объекта.Gets or sets the object name.

Parent

Возвращает родительский объект доступного объекта.Gets the parent of an accessible object.

Role

Возвращает роль данного доступного объекта.Gets the role of this accessible object.

State

Получает состояние данного доступного объекта.Gets the state of this accessible object.

Value

Получает или задает значение объекта с поддержкой специальных возможностей.Gets or sets the value of an accessible object.

Методы

CreateObjRef(Type)

Создает объект, который содержит всю необходимую информацию для создания прокси-сервера, используемого для взаимодействия с удаленным объектом.Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Унаследовано от MarshalByRefObject)
DoDefaultAction()

Выполняет действие по умолчанию, сопоставленное с объектом со специальными возможностями.Performs the default action associated with this accessible object.

Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли заданный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetChild(Int32)

Извлекает доступный дочерний элемент, соответствующий указанному индексу.Retrieves the accessible child corresponding to the specified index.

GetChildCount()

Извлекает число дочерних объектов, принадлежащих доступному объекту.Retrieves the number of children belonging to an accessible object.

GetFocused()

Извлекает объект, получивший фокус ввода.Retrieves the object that has the keyboard focus.

GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetHelpTopic(String)

Получает идентификатор для идентификатора раздела справки и путь к файлу справки, связанному с данным объектом со специальными возможностями.Gets an identifier for a Help topic identifier and the path to the Help file associated with this accessible object.

GetLifetimeService()

Извлекает объект обслуживания во время существования, который управляет политикой времени существования данного экземпляра.Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Унаследовано от MarshalByRefObject)
GetSelected()

Извлекает выбранный в данный момент дочерний объект.Retrieves the currently selected child.

GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
HitTest(Int32, Int32)

Получает дочерний объект с указанными экранными координатами.Retrieves the child object at the specified screen coordinates.

InitializeLifetimeService()

Получает объект службы времени существования для управления политикой времени существования для этого экземпляра.Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Унаследовано от MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта MarshalByRefObject.Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Унаследовано от MarshalByRefObject)
Navigate(AccessibleNavigation)

Переходит к другому доступному объекту.Navigates to another accessible object.

RaiseAutomationNotification(AutomationNotificationKind, AutomationNotificationProcessing, String)

Вызывает событие уведомления автоматизации пользовательского интерфейса.Raises the UI automation notification event.

RaiseLiveRegionChanged()

Вызывает событие автоматизации пользовательского интерфейса LiveRegionChanged.Raises the LiveRegionChanged UI automation event.

Select(AccessibleSelection)

Изменяет выделение или перемещает фокус ввода объекта со специальными возможностями.Modifies the selection or moves the keyboard focus of the accessible object.

ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
UseStdAccessibleObjects(IntPtr)

Сопоставляет объект с экземпляром объекта AccessibleObject на основании дескриптора объекта.Associates an object with an instance of an AccessibleObject based on the handle of the object.

UseStdAccessibleObjects(IntPtr, Int32)

Сопоставляет объект с экземпляром объектаAccessibleObject на основании дескриптора и идентификатора объекта.Associates an object with an instance of an AccessibleObject based on the handle and the object id of the object.

Явные реализации интерфейса

IAccessible.accChildCount

Получает число дочерних интерфейсов, принадлежащих этому объекту.Gets the number of child interfaces that belong to this object. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accChildCount.For a description of this member, see accChildCount.

IAccessible.accDoDefaultAction(Object)

Выполняет действие по умолчанию для указанного объекта.Performs the specified object's default action. Не все объекты имеют действия по умолчанию.Not all objects have a default action. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accDoDefaultAction(Object).For a description of this member, see accDoDefaultAction(Object).

IAccessible.accFocus

Получает объект, получивший фокус ввода.Gets the object that has the keyboard focus. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accFocus.For a description of this member, see accFocus.

IAccessible.accHitTest(Int32, Int32)

Получает дочерний объект с указанными экранными координатами.Gets the child object at the specified screen coordinates. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accHitTest(Int32, Int32).For a description of this member, see accHitTest(Int32, Int32).

IAccessible.accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object)

Получает текущее расположение объекта на экране.Gets the object's current screen location. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accNavigate(Int32, Object)

Переходит к объекту со специальными возможностями, расположение которого задается относительно текущего объекта.Navigates to an accessible object relative to the current object. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accNavigate(Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accNavigate(Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accParent

Получает родительский объект со специальными возможностями для данного объекта.Gets the parent accessible object of this object. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accParent.For a description of this member, see accParent.

IAccessible.accSelect(Int32, Object)

Изменяет выделение или перемещает фокус ввода объекта со специальными возможностями.Modifies the selection or moves the keyboard focus of the accessible object. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accSelect(Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accSelect(Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accSelection

Получает выбранные дочерние объекты для объекта со специальными возможностями.Gets the selected child objects of an accessible object. Описание этого члена см. в разделе accSelection.For a description of this member, see accSelection.

IAccessible.get_accChild(Object)

Извлекает указанный дочерний объект.Retrieves a specified child object.

IAccessible.get_accDefaultAction(Object)

Возвращает строку, которая описывает выполняемое по умолчанию действие заданного объекта.Returns a string that indicates the specified object's default action.

IAccessible.get_accDescription(Object)

Возвращает строку, которая описывает внешний вид указанного доступного объекта.Returns a string that describes the visual appearance of the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accHelp(Object)

Получает полный путь файла WinHelp, который связан с указанным доступным объектом.Retrieves the full path of the WinHelp file that is associated with the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accHelpTopic(String, Object)

Извлекает полный путь к файлу WinHelp, который связан с указанным объектом, а также идентификатор определенного раздела в этом файле.Retrieves the full path of a WinHelp file that is associated with the specified object along with the identifier of a specific topic in the file.

IAccessible.get_accKeyboardShortcut(Object)

Извлекает сочетание клавиш или клавишу доступа для указанного объекта.Retrieves the specified object's keyboard shortcut or access key.

IAccessible.get_accName(Object)

Извлекает имя указанного объекта.Retrieves the name of the specified object.

IAccessible.get_accRole(Object)

Получает информацию, которая описывает роль указанного объекта.Retrieves information that describes the role of the specified object.

IAccessible.get_accState(Object)

Извлекает текущее состояние указанного доступного объекта.Retrieves the current state of the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accValue(Object)

Извлекает значение указанного доступного объекта.Retrieves the value of the specified accessible object. Не все объекты имеют значение.Not all objects have a value.

IAccessible.set_accName(Object, String)

Присваивает новое доступное имя указанному элементу.Assigns a new accessible name to the specified element.

IAccessible.set_accValue(Object, String)

Присваивает новое значение указанному элементу.Assigns a new value to the specified element.

IReflect.GetField(String, BindingFlags)

Получает объект FieldInfo, соответствующий заданному полю и флагу привязки.Gets the FieldInfo object corresponding to the specified field and binding flag. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetField(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetField(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetFields(BindingFlags)

Получает массив объектов FieldInfo, соответствующих всем полям текущего класса.Gets an array of FieldInfo objects corresponding to all fields of the current class. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetFields(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetFields(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMember(String, BindingFlags)

Получает массив объектов MemberInfo, соответствующих всем открытым элементам или всем элементам, которые удовлетворяют заданному имени.Gets an array of MemberInfo objects corresponding to all public members or to all members that match a specified name. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetMember(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMember(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMembers(BindingFlags)

Получает массив объектов MemberInfo, соответствующих всем открытым элементам или всем элементам текущего класса.Gets an array of MemberInfo objects corresponding either to all public members or to all members of the current class. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetMembers(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMembers(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMethod(String, BindingFlags)

Получает объект MethodInfo, соответствующий заданному методу при заданных ограничениях поиска.Gets a MethodInfo object corresponding to a specified method under specified search constraints. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetMethod(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMethod(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[])

Получает объект MethodInfo, соответствующий заданному методу, используя для выбора среди перегруженных версий метода массив Type.Gets a MethodInfo object corresponding to a specified method, using a Type array to choose from among overloaded methods. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).For a description of this member, see GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).

IReflect.GetMethods(BindingFlags)

Получает массив объектов MethodInfo со всеми открытыми методами или всеми методами текущего класса.Gets an array of MethodInfo objects with all public methods or all methods of the current class. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetMethods(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMethods(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperties(BindingFlags)

Получает массив объектов PropertyInfo, соответствующих всем открытым свойствам или всем свойствам текущего класса.Gets an array of PropertyInfo objects corresponding to all public properties or to all properties of the current class. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetProperties(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetProperties(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperty(String, BindingFlags)

Получает объект PropertyInfo, соответствующий заданному свойству при заданных ограничениях поиска.Gets a PropertyInfo object corresponding to a specified property under specified search constraints. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetProperty(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetProperty(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[])

Получает объект PropertyInfo, соответствующий заданному свойству при заданных ограничениях поиска.Gets a PropertyInfo object corresponding to a specified property with specified search constraints. Описание этого члена см. в разделе GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).For a description of this member, see GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).

IReflect.InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[])

Вызывает заданный элемент.Invokes a specified member. Описание этого члена см. в разделе InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]).For a description of this member, see InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]).

IReflect.UnderlyingSystemType

Получает базовый тип, представляющий объект IReflect.Gets the underlying type that represents the IReflect object. Описание этого члена см. в разделе UnderlyingSystemType.For a description of this member, see UnderlyingSystemType.

Применяется к