ListControl.DisplayMember Свойство


Получает или задает свойство отображения для объекта ListControl.Gets or sets the property to display for this ListControl.

 property System::String ^ DisplayMember { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Windows.Forms.Design.DataMemberFieldConverter, System.Design, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Windows.Forms.Design.DataMemberFieldConverter, System.Design, Version=1.0.5000.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Windows.Forms.Design.DataMemberFieldConverter, System.Design, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Windows.Forms.Design.DataMemberFieldConverter, System.Windows.Forms.Design, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
public string DisplayMember { get; set; }
member this.DisplayMember : string with get, set
Public Property DisplayMember As String

Значение свойства

Значение с типом String, которое указывает имя свойства объекта и содержится в коллекции, указанной свойством DataSource.A String specifying the name of an object property that is contained in the collection specified by the DataSource property. Значение по умолчанию — пустая строка ("").The default is an empty string ("").



Следующий пример кода является полным приложением, которое показывает, как можно использовать DataSource, DisplayMember, ValueMember и SelectedValue членов класса ListControl, как реализовано в классе ListBox.The following code example is a complete application that shows how you can use DataSource, DisplayMember, ValueMember, and SelectedValue members of the ListControl class as implemented by the ListBox class. В примере загружается ArrayList и список.The example loads an ArrayList and the list box. Когда пользователь выбирает элемент в списке, выбранное значение используется для возврата данных, связанных с выбранным элементом.When the user selects an item in the list box, the selected value is used to return the data associated with the selected item.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections;
public ref class USState
   String^ myShortName;
   String^ myLongName;

   USState( String^ strLongName, String^ strShortName )
      this->myShortName = strShortName;
      this->myLongName = strLongName;

   property String^ ShortName 
      String^ get()
         return myShortName;

   property String^ LongName 
      String^ get()
         return myLongName;


public ref class ListBoxSample3: public Form
   ListBox^ ListBox1;
   Label^ label1;
   TextBox^ textBox1;

      ListBox1 = gcnew ListBox;
      label1 = gcnew Label;
      textBox1 = gcnew TextBox;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size(307, 206 );
      this->Text = "ListBox Sample3";
      ListBox1->Location = Point(54,16);
      ListBox1->Name = "ListBox1";
      ListBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 240, 130 );
      label1->Location = Point(14,150);
      label1->Name = "label1";
      label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size(40, 24);
      label1->Text = "Value";
      textBox1->Location = Point(54,150);
      textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
      textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 240, 24 );
      array<Control^>^temp2 = {ListBox1,label1, textBox1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp2 );

      // Populate the list box using an array as DataSource. 
      // DisplayMember is used to display just the long name of each state.
      ArrayList^ USStates = gcnew ArrayList;
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Alabama","AL" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Washington","WA" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "West Virginia","WV" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Wisconsin","WI" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Wyoming","WY" ) );
      ListBox1->DataSource = USStates;
      ListBox1->DisplayMember = "LongName";
      ListBox1->ValueMember = "ShortName";
      ListBox1->SelectedValueChanged += gcnew EventHandler( this, &ListBoxSample3::ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged );
      ListBox1->SetSelected(0, false);

   void InitializeComponent(){}

   void ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
      if ( ListBox1->SelectedIndex != -1 )
            textBox1->Text = ListBox1->SelectedValue->ToString();

int main()
   Application::Run( gcnew ListBoxSample3 );
using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;

namespace MyListControlSample
    public class ListBoxSample3 : Form
        private ListBox ListBox1 = new ListBox();
        private Label label1 = new Label();
        private TextBox textBox1 = new TextBox();

        static void Main()
            Application.Run(new ListBoxSample3());

        public ListBoxSample3()
            this.ClientSize = new Size(307, 206);
            this.Text = "ListBox Sample3";

            ListBox1.Location = new Point(54, 16);
            ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1";
            ListBox1.Size = new Size(240, 130);

            label1.Location = new Point(14, 150);
            label1.Name = "label1";
            label1.Size = new Size(40, 24);
            label1.Text = "Value";

            textBox1.Location = new Point(54, 150);
            textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
            textBox1.Size = new Size(240, 24);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] { ListBox1, label1, textBox1 });

            // Populate the list box using an array as DataSource.
            ArrayList USStates = new ArrayList();
            USStates.Add(new USState("Alabama", "AL"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("Washington", "WA"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("West Virginia", "WV"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("Wisconsin", "WI"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("Wyoming", "WY"));
            ListBox1.DataSource = USStates;

            // Set the long name as the property to be displayed and the short
            // name as the value to be returned when a row is selected.  Here
            // these are properties; if we were binding to a database table or
            // query these could be column names.
            ListBox1.DisplayMember = "LongName";
            ListBox1.ValueMember = "ShortName";

            // Bind the SelectedValueChanged event to our handler for it.
            ListBox1.SelectedValueChanged += 
                new EventHandler(ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged);

            // Ensure the form opens with no rows selected.

        private void InitializeComponent()

        private void ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
            if (ListBox1.SelectedIndex != -1)
                textBox1.Text = ListBox1.SelectedValue.ToString();
                // If we also wanted to get the displayed text we could use
                // the SelectedItem item property:
                // string s = ((USState)ListBox1.SelectedItem).LongName;

    public class USState
        private string myShortName;
        private string myLongName;

        public USState(string strLongName, string strShortName)

            this.myShortName = strShortName;
            this.myLongName = strLongName;

        public string ShortName
                return myShortName;

        public string LongName

                return myLongName;

Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections

Public Class ListBoxSample3
    Inherits Form

    Private ListBox1 As New ListBox()
    Private label1 As New Label()
    Private textBox1 As New TextBox()

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New ListBoxSample3())
    End Sub

    Public Sub New()
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(307, 206)
        Me.Text = "ListBox Sample3"

        ListBox1.Location = New Point(54, 16)
        ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1"
        ListBox1.Size = New Size(240, 130)

        label1.Location = New Point(14, 150)
        label1.Name = "label1"
        label1.Size = New Size(40, 24)
        label1.Text = "Value"

        textBox1.Location = New Point(54, 150)
        textBox1.Name = "textBox1"
        textBox1.Size = New Size(240, 24)

        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {ListBox1, label1, textBox1})

        ' Populate the list box using an array as DataSource. 
        Dim USStates As New ArrayList()
        USStates.Add(New USState("Alabama", "AL"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("Washington", "WA"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("West Virginia", "WV"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("Wisconsin", "WI"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("Wyoming", "WY"))
        ListBox1.DataSource = USStates

        ' Set the long name as the property to be displayed and the short
        ' name as the value to be returned when a row is selected.  Here
        ' these are properties; if we were binding to a database table or
        ' query these could be column names.
        ListBox1.DisplayMember = "LongName"
        ListBox1.ValueMember = "ShortName"

        ' Bind the SelectedValueChanged event to our handler for it.
        AddHandler ListBox1.SelectedValueChanged, AddressOf ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged

        ' Ensure the form opens with no rows selected.
    End Sub

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
    End Sub

    Private Sub ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        If ListBox1.SelectedIndex <> -1 Then
            textBox1.Text = ListBox1.SelectedValue.ToString()
            ' If we also wanted to get the displayed text we could use
            ' the SelectedItem item property:
            ' Dim s = CType(ListBox1.SelectedItem, USState).LongName
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

Public Class USState
    Private myShortName As String
    Private myLongName As String

    Public Sub New(ByVal strLongName As String, ByVal strShortName As String)
        Me.myShortName = strShortName
        Me.myLongName = strLongName
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property ShortName() As String
            Return myShortName
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property LongName() As String
            Return myLongName
        End Get
    End Property

End Class


Элементы управления, которые наследуют от ListControl, могут отображать различные типы объектов.The controls that inherit from ListControl can display diverse types of objects. Если указанное свойство не существует в объекте или значение DisplayMember является пустой строкой (""), вместо этого отображаются результаты метода ToString объекта.If the specified property does not exist on the object or the value of DisplayMember is an empty string (""), the results of the object's ToString method are displayed instead.

Если новый отображаемый элемент не может быть задан, сохраняется предыдущий параметр отображаемого элемента.If the new display member cannot be set, the previous display member setting is maintained.

Применяется к