XmlSerializer.UnknownAttribute Событие

Определение

Происходит, когда во время десериализации XmlSerializer встречает атрибут XML неизвестного типа.Occurs when the XmlSerializer encounters an XML attribute of unknown type during deserialization.

public:
 event System::Xml::Serialization::XmlAttributeEventHandler ^ UnknownAttribute;
public event System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeEventHandler UnknownAttribute;
member this.UnknownAttribute : System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeEventHandler 
Public Custom Event UnknownAttribute As XmlAttributeEventHandler 

Примеры

В следующем примере выводятся сведения о любых неизвестных атрибутах, обнаруженных при десериализации XML-документа.The following example prints information about any unknown attributes encountered while deserializing an XML document.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;
};

public ref class Test
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Test^ t = gcnew Test;
      
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t->DeserializeObject( "UnknownAttributes.xml" );
   }

private:
   void Serializer_UnknownAttribute( Object^ sender, XmlAttributeEventArgs^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Unknown Attribute" );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t{0} {1}", e->Attr->Name, e->Attr->InnerXml );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LineNumber: {0}", e->LineNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LinePosition: {0}", e->LinePosition );
      Group^ x = dynamic_cast<Group^>(e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
      Console::WriteLine( x->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( sender );
   }

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );

      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser->UnknownAttribute += gcnew XmlAttributeEventHandler( this, &Test::Serializer_UnknownAttribute );

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      Group^ g = dynamic_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));
      fs->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group{
   public string GroupName;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownAttributes.xml");
   }
   private void Serializer_UnknownAttribute(object sender, XmlAttributeEventArgs e){
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Attribute");
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + e.Attr.Name + " " + e.Attr.InnerXml);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LineNumber: " + e.LineNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LinePosition: " + e.LinePosition);
      
      Group x  = (Group) e.ObjectBeingDeserialized;
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString());
   }
   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser.UnknownAttribute+=new XmlAttributeEventHandler(Serializer_UnknownAttribute);
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
     Group g = (Group) ser.Deserialize(fs);
     fs.Close();
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = new Test()
      ' Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownAttributes.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub Serializer_UnknownAttribute _
   (sender As Object , e As XmlAttributeEventArgs)
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Attribute")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.Attr.Name + " " & e.Attr.InnerXml)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LineNumber & ":"  & e.LineNumber)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LinePosition & ":"   & e.LinePosition)
      
      Dim x As Group = CType( e.ObjectBeingDeserialized, Group)
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString())
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      AddHandler ser.UnknownAttribute, _
      AddressOf Serializer_UnknownAttribute 
      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     Dim fs As FileStream  = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
     Dim g  As Group = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs),Group)
     fs.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

Комментарии

По умолчанию после вызова метода Deserialize XmlSerializer игнорирует XML-атрибуты неизвестных типов.By default, after calling the Deserialize method, the XmlSerializer ignores XML attributes of unknown types. Однако это событие можно использовать для управления такими типами узлов.However, you can use this event to handle such node types.

Если десериализуемый экземпляр класса содержит поле, возвращающее массив объектов XmlAttribute и к этому полю применен XmlAnyAttributeAttribute, то событие UnknownAttribute не происходит.If the instance of the class being deserialized contains a field that returns an array of XmlAttribute objects and an XmlAnyAttributeAttribute has been applied to the field, the UnknownAttribute event does not occur. Вместо этого все неизвестные атрибуты XML собираются в массив.Instead, all unknown XML attributes are collected into the array.

Применяется к

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